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It is issued to any enlisted personnel and civilians for military merit.
It was similar to the WWI Croix de Guerre.
Later on, the Croix Du Combattant became a distinguishing decoration for enlisted Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 who had participated in military actions.
The Cross was awarded for bravery and heroism displayed on the battlefield.
It re-appeared during the Franco-Prussian War and World War I, and was restored again on September 1, 1939.
The Cross was awarded for accomplishment of 3—5 especially difficult missions and valor showed on the battlefield.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to the auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
It was presented for successful accomplishment of 6 — 12 especially difficult missions.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
Introduced on September 1, 1939 due to restoration of the Iron Cross.
It was also worn on a ribbon around the neck.
It had several degrees.
The most widespread degree was the Iron Cross itself.
This award was issued if the decorated person had already been awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for ティヴォリカジノプロモーションコード on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
It was awarded if the person had already been bestowed with the Virtuti Militari Order 5th Class.
The Order of the White Eagle had only one class.
A person could be bestowed with this order only once.
The Medal for Combat Service was introduced to bestow personnel for active support of the war effort, or for improving the army readiness for war.
The Medal for Valor is bestowed for personal bravery and valor during the defense of the Socialist Fatherland and the execution of military duty.
The condition for award recommendation was participation in, at least, one operation in these countries.
It is bestowed on servicemen of any branch of the US Armed Forces.
The Medal was established to bestow on US servicemen for heroism and merits.
It was made retroactive to December 7, 1941.
It was originally known as the Citation Star, but on July 16, 1932 by the order of the Secretary of War it was renamed to the Silver Star Medal.
It is awarded for exceptional valor in action.
Congress on July 2, 1926.
It is bestowed on any servicemen, whose wartime actions were acknowledged as highly fruitful or actions, which were significantly helpful on extraordinary peacetime situations.
Civilians can also receive this decoration, when their merits are equal to the aforementioned ones of the servicemen.
At first, it was given to lowest ranks of enlisted personnel only for exceptional deeds on the battlefield, but according to the US Congress act dated March 3, 1863 it was also granted to officers.
Such a deed should have been witnessed by many as something unique and extraordinary to qualify for this award.
According to that concept, mechanized cavalry units were to receive Automitrailleuse de Decouverte AMD medium armored cars, Automitrailleuse de Reconnaissance AMR light reconnaissance tanks, as well as Automitrailleuse de Combat AMC close support tanks.
The last to join was the Panhard company, which created the first prototype of its armored vehicle in October 1933.
The prototype had a Vincennes turret, identical to those of the AMR 35ZT reconnaissance tank, and its armament consisted of the 13.
Tests showed that the vehicle was too heavy and did not fit the requirement specifications.
The prototype was seriously upgraded in February 1934, and this time Panhard managed to surpass the specified requirements.
The vehicle entered inventory under the designation of AMD 35 in the autumn that year.
Mass-produced vehicles received the new APX-3 turret, and the 13.
Armor protection of the AMD 35 surpassed requirements, too, reaching 20 mm in thickness at the agree, ただエネルギーなし預金 message hull and 26 mm at the turret front.
As many as 526 vehicles of this type, as well as 24 command vehicles, where the APX-3 turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit, and the ER27 heavy radio added, were manufactured from 1934 to 1940.
Moreover, a prototype fitted with a new welded Renault turret and a here SA-35 gun was made.
Tthe baseline model was produced in two series, different from each other in minor details.
Due to an acute shortage of APX-3 turrets, a small number of armored cars with an immovable cockpit identical to that of the AMD 35 command model and armed with one 7.
The AMD 35 was among the few types of trophy hardware used by German troops without serious redesign except for installation of new radios.
After the war, the upgraded model of the vehicle, designated Panhard 178B, was used by French forces until the mid-1950s.
The vehicle, designated Austin-Kegresse, was put into mass production in 1918, and by that time Adolf Kegresse had emigrated to France.
In his home country, Kegresse got the Citroen company interested in his developments.
The Citroen-Kegresse M23 halftrack armored car, with the concept that had a lot in common with that of the Austin-Kegresse, was designed in 1923.
However, the capacity of the Citroen company turned out to be quite limited, and it check this out to comply even with orders for common halftrack vehicles, let alone armored cars.
As a result, halftrack armored cars designed by Kegresse jointly with the Schneider company were produced in high volumes.
The automobile was a derivative of the Schneider-Kegresse P16 Mle.
Its armament consisted of the 37-mm Puteaux SA-18 gun and coaxial 7.
However, the vehicle had become very much outdated by 1940, and the rubber block tracks designed by Kegresse were not distinguished for their reliability.
Panhard 178 vehicles were able to counter German tanks of all types as well as armored cars quite successfully.
They designated the vehicles as PzSpah 204 f and started using them actively.
Over 200 vehicles were supplied to field and SS units, and 43 vehicles were transformed into armored trolleys.
As of June 1943, the Wehrmacht still operated about 30 Panhards on the Eastern Front and 33 on the Western Front.
Some other armored cars had been handed over to police units by then.
They soon became outdated, and a new armored car was designed in 1934 to replace them.
The new vehicle was based on the Horch 801 all-wheel-drive chassis and had a welded body with armored plates positioned under a certain angle.
The armament consistied of a 7.
Mass production of the armored car, designated Sd.
Its main difference from the Click here />In addition to the MG-34 machine-gun, the Sd.
The weapon was derived from the Flak 30 air defense gun.
Later modifications mounted a different gun, Kw.
The vehicles were manufactured in ユニコーンスロットゲーム number of series, different from each other in engines, armament and armor thickness.
A total of 989 Sd.
It was suitable for carrying out Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 as scout car, and powerful armament allowed it to even fight enemy light tanks.
Unlike the baseline model, the Sd.
A frame antenna was the major peculiarity of the vehicle distinguishing it from the Sd.
Starting from 1942, the Sd.
The only additional drawback was the increased signature as a result of the frame antenna.
The vehicle is better known as the Sd.
The DII3 prototype was made in 1938, and it served as a baseline for the read article Sd.
The first prototype of the APC derived from Demag D7was assembled only in December 1939.
Mass production of the APC, designated Leichter Schutzenpanzerwagen Sd.
Just like the Sd.
In order to differentiate between the vehiclesthe older versions were designated Sd.
A total of 7,326 Sd.
The vehicle performed this part successfully, and had no real competitors in its class.
The vehicle, designated Leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t Typ HL kl6, entered the Wehrmacht inventory in 1936 under the index of Sd.
In addition to Hansa-Lloyd-Goliath Werke, several other companies, including Hanomag, manufactured the Sd.
Jointly with the Bussing-NAG company, Hanomag derived from the Sd.
The prototype of the Sd.
Vehicles of the first version - Sd.
B - had a typical V-shaped hull front plate.
The only difference was that Sd.
B lacked lookouts at passenger compartment sides.
Production of the next modification, Sd.
C, began in 1941.
Its front plate was single-piece, and a catwalk was added to the sides of the hood.
Moreover, changes were made to the design of the ring mount supporting the machine-gun.
The ring mount received a V-shaped plate, and this modification was installed also in later models of the Sd.
These vehicles were assembled at several plants, including factories in occupied Czechoslovakia, where welding was not used.
A total of 15,000 APCs of all varieties were assembled.
It was not only the first full-scale German APC, but also one of the best vehicles of this class during the war.
Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 was the only APC capable of competing with the Sd.
D, began in the autumn of 1943.
It no longer had the catwalk on the sides of the hood, which wase characteristic of the Sd.
C, and the body shape changed.
SPTA boxes, earlier mounted on the hull sides, were now located inside the hull.
Moreover, onboard observation devices were reinforced with bulletproof glass.
This version saw the highest production output, as out of 15,000 Sd.
D vehicles alone amounted to 10,500.
A total of 23 varieties of the Sd.
D were available, ranging from the APC to an anti-aircraft combat vehicle.
It was decided to make about 90 vehicles on their basis.
The armored body was designed and manufactured in Poland, and its shape was very much alike that of French halftrack https://promocode-bonus.site/1/317.html />Two prototypes had been made by 1925 and were designated Wzor 28 Wz.
The first mass-produced vehicles were source in 1927.
When the vehicles were commissioned, it turned out that they failed to accomplish the assigned missions.
The vehicles required frequent maintenance, and the wear resistance of rubber tracks was very low.
That is why the decision was made in 1933 to transform the vehicles from halftracks to wheeled cars.
It turned out that they behaved a bit worse than the Wz.
The final decision to transform all Wz.
Each squadron incorporated seven Wz.
However, due to acute shortage of armored cars, the Wz.
They took part in nearly all battles on the Polish territory from September 1 to 27, 1939.
The armored car took about six months to design, and all the latest technical requirements to armored cars, put together on the basis of combat experience analysis, were taken into account.
The vehicle was supposed to be used in reconnaissance, troop control in battle, rear area security, motor convoy escorts, and air defense.
The design of the new vehicle was definitely influenced by the German Sd.
Kfz 221 armored car.
The first batch of mass-produced armored cars was shipped to forces of the Bryansk and Voronezh Fronts in summer 1942.
The BA-64 and BA-64B were involved in the seizure of Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Austrian cities and in the storm of Berlin.
All in all, from 1942 to 1946 plants manufactured 3,901 BА-64 and 5,209 BА-64B.
The BА-64 was the last armored car in the Soviet Army.
In the pre-war period, designer M.
Andreyev developed the OSGA-4 and OSGA-6 snowmobiles for these purposes.
Positive experience in using snowmobiles in the Finnish campaign of 1939-1940 resulted in the creation of a snowmobile capable of conducting reconnaissance and, if necessary, taking part in combat operations.
It had a wooden frameless body, and the front was protected by an anti-bullet armor plate.
The body front contained the control section, where the driver was situated.
The eye slit with a glass block from the BA-20 armored car was built into the front panel to enable the driver to look at the road in front.
The combat section was located behind the control section.
It housed the 7.
Machine-gun fire was conducted by the snowmobile commander.
The horizontal firing angle amounted to 300 degrees, while horizontal angles varied from —14 to 40 degrees.
The snowmobile rode on four wooden skis attached to the hull with the help of an independent suspension using spiral springs.
Cable steering controlled both front and rear skis.
The NKL-26 was in the inventory of specialized snowmobile battalions.
In addition, the battalions used 2019の最新ゲーム facebook NKL-16 transport and landing snowmobiles without armor or armament.
The loading section of that snowmobile could fit four armed soldiers or cargo.
Development of more advanced models started only in 1939, and first samples were put into see more production in 1941.
One of them was the medium armored car designed by Daimler company.
The vehicle was a derivative of a light reconnaissance armored car designated Daimler Scout Car.
Unlike its predecessor, the Daimler Armored Car Mk.
I was equipped with a turret which carried the 40-mm ROQF Mk.
IX gun and a coaxial 1 X 7.
Most British tanks carried such weapons at that time.
By the time the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car was submitted for tests, the French campaign was lost, while the battle in North Africa was only flaming up.
As a result, the mass-produced car was initially adapted for operations in North Africa.
For instance, the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car had a substantial fuel supply, which enabled it to cover long distances.
Soon after the Daimler Mk.
I, a modification designated Daimler Mk.
II featuring slight changes in the rear section was put into mass production.
A total of 2,296 vehicles of both versions were manufactured.
I is the most famous British armored vehicle of World War II.
The Daimler company managed to design a very successful scout car that accomplished its functions until the very end of the war.
Vehicles of the Citroen-Kegresse company were used as a sample.
Due to the evolution of the caterpillar track, its design was getting less reminiscent of its prototype, but the rubber block track remained the same, although it was decided to abandon metal patches.
The first more or less successful vehicle was designed by the Diamond T Company in 1940.
The prototypes of this company, T14 and T18, were derived from the M3 Scout Car.
The rear axle was replaced with the Timken tracked propulsive device.
The passenger compartment was redesigned, and the defensive machine-gun was removed from rails and put on a special bar.
The T14 was standardized and designated Halftrack Car M2, and the T5 prototype was designated Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 click at this page 1941.
The Halftrack Car M2 was used as an artillery tractor, and the M3 as an APC.
As many as 11,500 Halftrack Cars M2 and 12,500 Halftrack Personnel Carriers M3 were manufactured.
Modified models of the M2 and M3 were put into production in autumn 1943.
The main armament, consisting of the 12.
Such vehicles were designated M2A1 1,643 vehicles manufactured and M3A1 2,862 vehicles manufactured.
Moreover, 5,000 M2 vehicles were upgraded to the M2A1 level, and more than 2,000 М3 vehicles to the M3A1 level.
Another 1,300 75-mm GMC M3 self-propelled artillery systems were transformed into M3A1 vehicles.
Army in 1941, was won by the T17 of the Ford Co.
The vehicle was not very successful, but 250 vehicles were manufactured, and some of them were battle-tested in North Africa.
The first sample of the T17E1 vehicle assembled by Chevrolet in September 1941 also took part in the competition.
The T17E1 was a two-axle vehicle, a bit lighter and shorter than the T17, but had the same turret.
In June 1942, the T17E1 was standardized and designated M6 Medium Armored Car, but the U.
The T17E1 attracted much more interest in Great Britain.
The order for 2,000 vehicles of this type was placed in January 1942.
In the British army, the vehicle was designated Staghound.
Nearly 4,000 vehicles of the Staghound family were manufactured.
Its specifications are comparable to that of the M3A1 Light Tank.
Moreover, it was the heaviest armored car of World War II.
An impressive fuel capacity indicates clearly that the vehicle was designed for combat operations in North Africa, but the Staghound was completed too late for that.
At the end of the war, the 37-mm M6 gun no longer had enough firepower to combat enemy tanks.
This problem was solved in a unique way, when the regular turret was replaced with the turret of a Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III, and the 6 pdr gun was replaced with the 75-mm ROQF Mk.
Such vehicles were designated Staghound III.
Army Command held a competition for a design of an armored car capable of accomplishing functions of both a scout car and a tank destroyer.
The T17 six-wheeler of the Ford company was first announced as the winner, but the project was eventually rejected.
At the second stage of the competition, vehicles of the Ford company T22 and Chrysler company T23 reached the finals.
The armored car was manufactured from March 1943 to April 1944, and a total of 8,500 vehicles were made.
In addition, 3,500 M20 command cars were made.
They had no turret in comparison to the base model.
German eight-axle armored cars had a lower weight than the U.
In addition to the U.
Armed Forces, the M8 Armored Car was used in the British army under the designation of Greyhound.
By the time it appeared on the battlefield, the M8 Armored Car was no longer suitable for the role as a tank destroyer, but it performed quite well as a scout car.
Moreover, its powerful armament enabled it to combat light armored enemy vehicles.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel please click for source with pneumatic tires, and the learn more here shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
Production of the gun began in small batches in 1928.
They were different from later samples in having wooden wheels, which made them transportable only by horse traction.
Gun output grew in 1933, when the National Socialists came to power.
The gun received steel wheels with pneumatic tires one year later.
The Wehrmacht officially commissioned the gun in 1936 under the designation of 3.
The model of 1928 was produced in the USSR designated as 37-mm Antitank Gun, and was later transformed into the famous 45-mm gun.
Cheeks had to be unfolded before firing, but it was also possible to fire when the cheeks were folded with cushioning switched off.
The gun was fitted with a horizontal wedge breech-block, whom 今クリケットの無料オンラインゲームをプレイ remarkable became a characteristic trait of German antitank guns.
Large-scale production of Pak 38 started already after the French campaign.
A total of 9,500 Pak 38 units were manufactured.
This element, as well as the installation of a screwing two-chamber recoil compensator, became characteristic of subsequent German antitank guns.
The gun was also equipped with a horizontal wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight was used to control fire.
The carriage had torsional cushioning, and a shield in the front, with the lower part capable of folding upwards.
A light one-wheel limber was used to transport the Pak 38, but there was also a possibility to transport the gun without it.
The gun fired fragmentation and armor-piercing shells.
Supplies of the Panzergranatpatrone 40 subcaliber shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 86 mm at a distance of 457 meters began in May 1941.
The Stielgranate 42 subcaliber hollow charge shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 180 mm, emerged in March 1943.
This gun, alongside with the 8.
It should suffice to say that the Pak 38 accounted for 40 percent of combat losses among Т-34 tanks.
As to KV-1 tanks, they could only be hit through the front plate from a distance of less than 500 m.
Replacement of click here Pak 38 with the more powerful 7.
A few instances of mounting the Pak 38 on Sd.
First samples of the new antitank gun, designated 7.
The Pak 40 turned out to be the most produced gun of the Wehrmacht, as over 23,000 pieces were manufactured.
Their barrel design, recoil systems, and carriages were very much alike.
Just like its predecessor, the Pak 40 had a barrel with a two-chamber recoil compensator and a wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight, identical to the one mounted on Pak 38, was used to control fire.
The apron shield was different in having a shape that was easier to manufacture.
It consisted of two sections, each of them 4mm thick.
The gun fired fragmentation, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
The gun guaranteed effective engagement of most enemy armored vehicles.
A higher caliber brought to light another advantage of the Pak 40L: read article fragmentation shells were much more efficient against hostile infantry than those of previous antitank guns in the Wehrmacht inventory.
However, there is a price for everything, and the Pak 40 designers had to pay it by making the gun heavier, with a weight reaching 1.
The Pak 40 was used in Marder II and Marder III self-propelled antitank artillery systems.
The gun was also mounted on the Sd.
As a result, the 8.
It was a redesigned Flak 41 air defense gun of Krupp company mounted on a lower carriage with four removable wheels.
It was primarily different in having a carriage of the 10.
The gun employed a semi-automatic horizontal breech-block, and a two-chamber recoil compensator was screwed on the barrel.
The carriage was initially designed for the howitzer, which made it possible to make the maximal vertical guidance angle quite high.
The gun was fitted with the Sfl.
Design of the apron shield was identical to that of Pak 40.
The gun fired high-explosive, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
On the one hand, the gun had advanced ダイヤモンドヘッドカジノ株式会社アレクサンドリアVA capabilities, as its subcaliber shell penetrated an armor plate 193 mm thick at a distance on one kilometer.
At the same time, the gun turned out too heavy and the crew could hardly move it.
Only a limited number of tractors mostly Sd.
In addition, the gun turned out too cumbersome.
Just like many other click at this page of armament designed by Bofors, the gun was export-oriented.
Also a tank gun was derived from this gun in order to equip, in particular, Polish 7TP tanks.
By September 1939, the Polish army had procured about 1,200 37-mm Armata Przeciwpancerna wz.
The gun also had a high rate of fire amounting to 10-25 rpm.
The gun employed a wedge semi-automatic vertical breech-block.
In order to reduce the recoil, the barrel was equipped with a recoil compensator of original design.
Fire control was possible through a collimating sight.
It fired armor-piercing and high-explosive shells.
An armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 25 mm thick positioned at an angle of 30 degrees at a distance of 500 m.
By 1941, the gun became outdated and could only effectively combat light armored targets.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
A year later, the Revolutionary Military Council ordered it into mass production.
All subsequent changes were primarily related to the design of the breech-block and carriage.
Unlike previous varieties, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 has a semi-automatic wedge breech-block, as well as cushioning and wheels of the GAZ-AAA vehicle.
By the middle of the war the gun had become extremely outdated, though it remained in production until 1946.
About 50,000 45-mm antitank guns model 1937 and 10,843 guns model 1942 the latter with a barrel expanded to 68.
The 76-mm F-24 gun was used as basis, but its design was considerably reworked, and the ZIS-2 prototype was submitted for field trials already in October 1940.
As many as 371 pieces were manufactured before the end of the year, but production stopped after that.
The main reason was the absence of decent targets on the battlefield.
Anti-recoil devices included a hydraulic recoil brake and a hydro-pneumatic recuperator mechanism.
For gun rotation a pushing screw mechanism was used.
The ammunition stock consisted of fragmentation and armor-piercing tracer shells, as well as canister shots for elimination of enemy infantry at distances of 100-200 m.
The weapon was developed by the Vasily Grabin design bureau and was manufactured in small numbers already in 1941, but it did not gain recognition among Soviet military leaders immediately.
Only in 1942, after excellent response from the front, the gun was put in large-scale production.
It had the following components: the carriage of the ZIS-2 gun, and the improved barrel of the F-22USV gun with good ballistic specifications, fitted with a recoil compensator for reducing the load on the carriage.
ZIS-3 had a rate of fire of 25 rpm and a range of 13 km.
Experts justifiably consider it among the best antitank weapons.
The order for 400 guns, designated 6 pdr Gun, was placed in June 1940, but due to the loss of a high number of QF 2 pdr Guns during the evacuation of British troops from France, the decision was made to boost the production of 2pdr Guns.
As a result, real mass production of 6 pdr Guns was launched in November 1941.
II became the first mass-produced model.
When the Allies landed in Normandy, the 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV, which was distinguished for having a barrel 16 inch longer and a recoil compensator, saw the highest production rate.
Alongside with Great Britain, the 6 pdr Gun was manufactured in Canada.
Moreover, the gun entered the service of the U.
Armed Forces under the designation of 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
Just like its predecessor, the 6 pdr Gun had a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
A shoulder piece was located to the left of thethe breech.
Fire control was provided by a telescopic sight.
The apron shield consisted of two sections, upper and lower apron.
The upper shield was attached to the barrel, while the lower apron was attached to the carriage.
The gun fired armor-piercing, armor-piercing tracer and sub-caliber shells.
High-explosive fragmentation shelld could be used, too, but this rarely happened because of their low efficiency.
Regardless of that, 6 pdr Read article were still widely employed and had several advantages over the 17 pdr Guns.
First, the 6 pdr Gun was twice as light as the 17 pdr Gun, and second, its silhouette was much lower.
A standard armor-piercing shell of a 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV penetrated an armor plate 74 mm thick at a distance of 1,000 meters.
A subcaliber shell could penetrate armor as thick as 146 mm at the same distance.
It was manufactured with various changes since 1904.
By the mid-1930s, it had become obvious that the gun was outdated and a replacement was needed.
Development of a new-generation field gun began in 1935, and a caliber of 3.
I, entered the service of the British army in 1938.
The main difference of those guns from subsequent modifications was the employment of the carriage from the 18 pdr Field Gun.
The production of the 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II, based on a new carriage, began in late 1939.
This variety, as well as the later 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
III, became the most most widely produced models.
Starting from 1942, the guns were equipped with muzzle brakes made by Solothurn.
In addition to Great Britain, the 25 pdr Field Gun was manufactured in Canada.
II used a carriage largely similar to that of the 18 pdr Field Gun.
It was peculiar for a special wing platform, on which the gun was put in firing position in order to ensure a quick horizontal rotation.
The gun could fire even if it was not mounted on the platform, in this case the horizontal guidance angle amounted to eight degrees four to the left and four to the right.
In the traveling position, the gun was transported by attaching it to the limber, though it could be transported even without the limber, if necessary.
The gun was fitted with a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
Two sights, a panoramic sight and a telescopic sight, were used for aiming, the latter mostly for firing at tanks.
The 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II normally fired fragmentation-demolition shells.
After evacuation from France, when a high number of antitank guns were lost, an armor-piercing shell was designed for the gun.
I with carriages of 18 pdr Field Guns.
IIwere used for the first time during the battle for Norway.
The gun distinguished itself in combat operation, as can be seen from the fact that the 25 pdr Field Gun was decommissioned only in the early 1970s.
The gun was not bad in engaging tanks, too, as an armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 70 mm thick at a distance of 400 m.
Special tractors, known as Quad Tractors, were used for transporting 25 pdr Field Guns.
Based on tests of three howitzers, the 105 mm Howitzer Carriage M1921E was chosen as the best one.
The howitzer was standardized and designated 105 mm Howitzer M1 in 1928, but no mass production followed.
As a result, only the modified variety, designated 105 mm Howitzer M2A1, was put into mass production in March 1940, and a total of 8,536 Howitzers М2А1 were made before the end of the war.
The howitzer employs a pneumo-hydraulic anti-recoil device.
The apron shield consists of two sections, the front shield attached to the barrel, and the rear shield attached to the carriage.
The carriage has cheeks that expand when the howitzer is set up in firing position.
Two sights were used, the М16 telescopic sight and the М12А2 panoramic sight.
The howitzer fired high-explosive shells.
Its only disadvantage was a rather high weight, which somewhat reduced its mobility.
The 105 mm Howitzer M2A1 is still in the service in some countries, though now it has a slightly different name, the 105 mm Howitzer M101.
Army in the summer of 1943.
Concerned about the poor efficiency of the French 37-mm M3A1 gun against German armor, U.
The 57-mm Antitank Gun M1 fought in all major campaigns of the U.
He replaced the rear axle of a vehicle with a tracked propulsive device, which considerably boosted its cross-country capability.
Kegresse returned to France in 1918 and offered his ideas to a few companies.
This was followed by the commissioning of the P.
As a result, the P.
The vehicle was assembled by the Laffly company under the designation of S15T, but the highest number of semi-track tractors was manufactured by the UNIC company.
Over 3,000 UNIC P.
Alongside with artillery tractors, the UNIC P.
Vehicles of this type were most often used for towing the 75-mm Canon de Campagne Mle.
The Germans derived a high number of specialized hardware units from the tractor, starting with APCs and ending with air defense self-propelled systems.
In 1935, the German army set up motorcycle forces, too.
They were assigned the mission to deliver three fully equipped soldiers to forward positions in a very short period of time.
The motorcycles were repainted and duly equipped.
As the motorcycles were of various models and companies, and it was next to impossible to obtain spare parts for some of them, these motorcycles did not last longer than a year.
This fragility was also the result of operating conditions, as commercial motorcycles were simply not intended for riding through rough terrain in adverse climates.
This was the prototype of 1934, designed especially for driving in extreme winter weather.
It was fitted with a sidecar with a directive wheel, which added to its maneuverability.
The telescopic front fork, designed a few years earlier, improved cross-country capabilities of the motorcycle.
The frame was composite, which made it possible to easily replace damaged parts.
It distinguished itself not only in high-speed road travel, but also in crossing streams and making long forced marches on broken country roads.
Most of the manufactured vehicles had canvas covers and cabriolet bodies without doors.
The car was produced from 1935 to 1938.
The commercial modification differed from the military command car by an all-metal varnished body, chrome-plated bumpers, and doors with crank-operated windows.
There were also some modifications in the design of the windshield and windshield wipers.
The first prototypes, Kdf Typ 62, were made in 1938, and after numerous tests the design went through changes aimed at improving their cross-country capability.
Mass-production of the car, designated Kdf Typ 82 and named Kubelwagen, started in December 1939, and the first batch of vehicles was supplied to military units in the spring of 1940.
The Kubelwagen gradually became the main light army car.
A total of 52,000 vehicles were produced.
Alongside with the standard model a variety of modifications were produced: reconnaissance, repair and observation vehicles.
The Kubelwagen was also used as a medical car.
Thanks to the simple design and reliability, the car distinguished itself and was very popular in military units.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz click />A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were link />Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
Mass production of the vehicle with the factory designation of Krauss-Maffei KM m 8 began later that year.
The tractor entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The Krauss-Maffei KM m 11, put into production in 1937, became the main model.
About 5,000 vehicles were manufactured by Krauss-Maffei and the Borgward company.
It proved reliable and was popular in military units.
All these vehicles were used in the Polish army for staff, transport, medical and special purposes.
The new automobile in comparison to its predecessor had an open body that ensured quick mounting and dismounting of four men with firearms.
The body was made of steel with a basic wooden structure in the rear section.
The inner side of the body carried special equipment for military purposes, such as bags for hand grenades and cartridges, and mounts for armaments.
Some vehicles carried a 7.
The latter could tow a trailer weighing up to 350 kg and were intended for transporting a 37-mm antitank gun.
It was an improved and strengthened copy of the Italian FIAT 621, produced in the PZInz works from 1935 to 1939.
The PF-621L was a 2.
In 1938 the new streamlined cab was introduced.
From among 9,500 produced before the war, the Army had 1,400 in 1939, not counting the commissioned civilian vehicles.
A small number of heavier PF-621R 3-tonne trucks on a bus chassis was also used.
PF-621s were used as general service trucks, and also as troop carriers in the 10th Motorized Cavalry Brigade 10 BKZmot and Warsaw Armored-Motorized Brigade WBP-M.
Already on April 15-27, the vehicle passed field trials, and its mass production was launched immediately.
The first mass-produced GAZ-64-416 vehicles, were delivered to front, by Moscow, in August 1941.
At the beginning of the war, the BA-64 light machine-gun vehicle was derived from the GAZ-64 chassis.
All in all, the Gorky Automobile Plant manufactured 601 GAZ-64-416 vehicles before the end of 1941.
About 5,250 GAZ-67 and GAZ-67B vehicles were made during the war, and they became the standard command vehicles of the Red Army.
It was upgraded, i.
The cross-country capability on snow and soft ground could be further improved by adding Overall chains to the rear wheels.
Moreover, the GAZ-AAA chassis was used to manufacture BA-6 medium armored vehicles, GAZ-05-193 staff buses, fuel trucks and radar stations.
During the war, the three-axle vehicles also carried SU-12 artillery systems, HMG Maxim or HMGs DShK.
As many as 37,373 vehicles of this type were made from 1934 to 1943.
The car was derived from the Ford-V8-40 vehicle, designed in 1933.
The car frame was reinforced, the number of springs was increased from two to four, spoke wheels were replaced with pressed solid wheels, and their diameter was increased.
The engine was modified and boosted from 40 to 50 hp.
Average fuel consumption amounted to 14.
The GAZ-M1 was designed as a commercial vehicle, but its cross-country capability on unpaved roads was advanced enough to derive the BA-20 armored vehicle from it.
A total of 62,888 vehicles of this type were manufactured, most of them staying in service with the Red Army until the end of the war.
Quite a lot of models were derived from the GAZ-M1.
The snowmobile was mass-produced as transport and medical models.
An updated model was manufactured in 1940-1941.
They were used for quick communication, delivery of military cargo, reconnaissance, assault and combat missions.
When delivering assault groups, click here snowmobiles not only carried servicemen with full armament, but also towed 18 to 20 skiers, using special cables.
In combat conditions, they towed sledges at the sides, carrying soldiers armed with a MG and a soldier with ammo.
Moreover, machine-gun fire could be delivered by soldiers sitting in the snowmobile through hatches located at the top.
This made it possible not only to make unexpected raids aimed at destroying enemy infantry, but also to quickly deliver assault groups.
The Kharkov Locomotive-Building Plant received the order to design and manufacture such a tractor in 1935.
In March 1937 one of them was demonstrated to the Soviet government and received highest approval.
About 800 vehicles were made before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, 228 of them were handed over to the artillery.
Another 170 were manufactured during wartime.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
クッキングゲームを無料でダウンロードする of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1547.html modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The concept of such a tractor was designated FAT, or Field Artillery Tractor.
The first vehicle of this type was designed by the Guy company, known as Guy Quad Ant.
This tractor was designed in 1938, an armored vehicle called Guy Mk.
I was later derived from the Guy Quad Ant.
The Guy company had limited capacity and could not fully execute orders of the British military.
As a result, a similar vehicle called Morris-Commercial C8 FAT emerged in 1940.
Its exterior was different from Guy Quad Ant only at the hull nose.
The way out of this complicated situation was found by launching the production of FATs by Canadian Military Pattern CMP.
The company used to manufacture army trucks of Chevrolet and Ford brands it is worth noting that the vehicles of the two brands were only different in emblems and radiator grill.
The CMP FAT Cab 12 was the first mass-production model, it was different from the Morris-Commercial C8 FAT and the Guy Quad Ant in the hull nose exterior.
The vehicle entered service in 1941.
Starting from 1944, CMP tractors were getting less reminiscent of their forefather, Guy Quad Ant, in their exterior, but the concept remained the same.
Production volumes of CMP FATs were so big that they soon became the most produced vehicles of this type used in the British army.
Even though FAT-family vehicles were designed to transport a 25 pdr gun, they were often used as tractors for other artillery systems.
VI tankette was not only often copied, but also the baseline for an entire family of tracked vehicles.
In 1934, after Carden-Lloyd was taken over by the arms industry giant Vickers-Armstrong, work began on the VA D50 armored vehicle, capable of transporting the Vickers Mk.
I mounted machine-gun, as well as light artillery systems.
In addition to the machine-gun, the vehicle was supposed to carry its crew.
The chassis was borrowed from the Carden-Lloyd Mk.
VI tankette, while the rest of the vehicle was brand-new.
By 1938, when the VA D50 entered Army inventory, the Vickers Mk.
I machine-gun was replaced by a more compact BREN Mk.
The name of the new machine-gun determined the official designation of the VA D50 — Bren Carrier Mk.
Another BREN was installed in the front of the vehicle, to the left of the driver.
A modified variety, named Bren Carrier Mk.
II, was issued later, easy to recognize thanks to front wings of a different shape.
A total of over 1,000 vehicles of both modifications were made.
Specialized versions, such as Scout Carriers, Cavalry Carriers and Troop Carriers, were manufactured as well.
The best known variety is the Universal Carrier.
This vehicle was manufactured in Canada and was identical to the Bren Carrier, except for the engine.
Different versions of the vehicles were also produced in the U.
About 90,000 vehicles of this family were made.
I and its descendents.
The vehicle could not carry heavy guns, it could not house a high number of passengers, and it effectively lacked protection from adverse weather a tent was envisaged, but the whole crew got soaked to the skin while they were putting it on.
Nevertheless, the vehicle served in military units with good faith and fidelity.
Armed Forces Command issued requirements for a light all-wheel-drive truck.
Such a vehicle was designed by the Dodge company, and it was not just one truck, but an entire family of T202 vehicles.
A total of 4,500 such trucks, different in body type, were made.
Each type of vehicles was marked with the VC index and a number from VC-1 to VC-6.
However, the truck did not turn out very successful, because it was an adaptation of a commercial vehicle.
Subsequent series of such trucks, T207, T211 and T215, were full-scale military vehicles.
Each series had a dozen variants, each marked with the WC index and a number T207 series — from WC-1 to WC-11, T211 series — from WC-12 to WC-20, T215 series — from WC-21 to WC-27 and from WC-40 to WC-43.
A total of 75,000 vehicles of all series were manufactured.
This family consisted of 12 types of vehicles from WC-51 to WC-61, аs well as WC-64.
The WC-51 light artillery truck was the baseline and the most produced model.
The family also included a medical variety, a van, a command vehicle Minecraftのハンガーゲームを無料で試す a few specialized varieties.
Over 250,000 vehicles of the T214 family, including nearly 100,000 WC-51 vehicles, were manufactured.
Armed Forces used the vehicle for transporting light AT guns, such as the 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
About 25,000 Dodge WC-51 vehicles were supplied to the USSR, where they were frequently used as tractors for antitank guns and the 76-mm ZIS-3 divisional gun.
Armed Forces Command announced a competition among projects of all-wheel drive trucks with a cargo capacity of 2.
The competition involved most of the largest U.
A batch of 2,500 GMC ACKWX trucks was manufactured in 1940, and its operation showed that the vehicle was not very good.
Serious improvements were required, and a new vehicle appeared already in 1941.
The new truck was designated GMC CCKW and was available in two varieties 352 and 353different from each other in the wheelbase.
Two variants of the cab, an open and a closed version, were also available.
For self-defense, some of the vehicles were fitted more info a mount-up turret carrying a 12.
About 600,000 trucks of the CCKW family were made from 1941 to 1945.
The vehicle turned out to be success and earned a good reputation in military units.
The CCKW ボットフリータンクコード a few nicknames, the most famous being Jimmy.
In addition to its inherent purpose, the GMC CCKW was also used as an スロットゲーム tractor.
In particular, such vehicles towed 105-mm M2A1 howitzers.
Armed Forces command in 1939-1940, three vehicles were chosen, namely the GMC ACKWX later transformed into GMC CCKWInternational M-5-6 and Studebaker US6.
The latter vehicle was derived from the K30 two-axle variety.
After the standardization process, the Army got the GMC CCKW, the Navy received the International M-5-6, while the Studebaker US6 was not in demand.
A very original way out of the situation was found by supplying trucks of the Studebaker company to allied countries, primarily the USSR.
Out of nearly 200,000 trucks of the US6 model, more than 150,000 were shipped to the USSR under the lend-lease program.
The Studebaker US6 family consisted of over ten varieties, the most popular being the U3 all-wheel drive, long wheelbase and the U7 long wheelbase, 6Ð¥4 drive gear.
The vehicle was among the most significant types of hardware shipped in the framework of the lend-lease program.
After the very difficult year of 1941, the Red Army badly needed trucks, while the Soviet industry could not manufacture enough of them.
The Studebaker US6 was used for various purposes, among other things, as a platform for multiple launch rocket systems BM-13N, BM-8-24, BM-8-48, etc.
無料ゲーム妖精の農場 competition involved three companies: Bantam Bantam BRC40Ford Ford GPand Willys Willys MA.
Though some specifications of the Bantam BRC40 were quite advanced 2,500 of such vehicles were madethe car submitted by Willys was eventually recognized as the winner.
However, it was not the Willys MA that was manufactured in substantial batches only 1,500 pieces were madebut an improved model called Willys MB, with its exterior resembling that of the Bantam BRC40.
Production of the Willys MB was launched in late 1941, but its modification Willys MB-2 was put into production already in March next year.
This variety is easy to recognize thanks to the pressed radiator grill.
Over 360,000 such vehicles were made.
As to Ford, after manufacturing over 3,000 Ford GP vehicles, the company bought the license to make the Willys MB-2.
Such vehicles are known as Ford GPW, and about 275,000 of them were produced.
The car was capable of towing light guns for instance, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 and was suitable for reconnaissance missions.
In addition to the U.
A system designed on the basis of the Pz.
M chassis was among the developments.
The same chassis was used in the Marder III Ausf.
M tank destroyer and Bison Ausf.
Supplies of the first self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, designated Flakpanzer 38 t Gepard, began in November 1943.
The system had basically the Pz.
M chassis with a 2 cm Flak 38 anti-aircraft gun in the body back.
In the travelling position, the gun was covered by folding shields mounted on the sides of the cockpit.
A total of 141 Flakpanzer 38 t were manufactured.
The Flak 38 did not have enough capacity to effectively counter enemy planes, and installation of a more powerful armament was impeded by the small size of the cockpit.
The transporter was fitted with a special superstructure that housed a 37-mm Flak 36 gun capable of rotating a full 360 degrees.
The vehicle did not have armor, because it was designed for engaging aerial targets only.
Ammunition for the system was towed in a special one-axle trailer.
All of them entered the inventory of Luftwaffe air defense units.
Seats, except the front row, were removed, and the vacated area was filled with the 20-mm Flakvierling 38 quad anti-aircraft gun.
In the travel position, the area was guarded off by shield which unfolded in the fireing position.
The first few Sd.
Production was subsequently increased to 10 pieces a month.
Production was further increased in mid-1942, when the Sd.
The exact number of Sd.
There are reasons to believe that Sd.
However, inability to fire on the move was read more the most serious disadvantages of the Sd.
Moreover, it took a certain time to set up the vehicle in firing position.
The gun rewuired little maintenance and had a link reliable design.
Its main drawback was a difficulty to reload due to the fact that the inlet was in constant motion together with the barrel.
Since 1943 all 61-K guns were equipped with a gun shield to protect the crew of five.
VI Crusader could not perform as a front-line tank.
Some of the vehicles were transformed into tractors for 17-pdr antitank guns.
At the same tine, experiments began in order to derive a see more anti-aircraft system from the tank.
The first model, designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
I, was fitted with a light armored open-top turret which hosted a 40-mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun.
The vehicle turned out quite cumbersome and not very successful.
Even though 215 vehicles of this type were made, they did not take part in combat.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II, turned out much more successful.
The vehicle had a more compact turret that housed coaxial 20-mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns.
In addition to the gunner, there were two loaders in the turret.
The first prototype of the Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II was assembled by the Morris Motors Co.
Mass-produced Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III were used as the base, and only the turret were replaced.
The next tank, which saw mass-production, was the model designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
The Т-shaped bar with the sighting mechanism was replaced with an A-shaped reticle, the armament was improved by the 7.
Over 600 Crusader AA tanks of Mk.
VI Crusader III AA family were the only type of anti-aircraft systems on a tank chassis widely used by the Allies in World War II.
Just like analogous German self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, Cruiser Tanks Mk.
VI Crusader III AA could not conduct aimed fire on the move, but in general, they were quite good vehicles.
The first experimental vehicle of this kind was the T1E1 with a Bendix aviation ring mount.
A few more experimental vehicles were designed in 1941-1942, and the T1E4 prototype was eventually developed.
The vehicle carried the Maxson M33 ring mount with a coaxial Browning M2HB machine gun.
In order to increase the firing angle, the sides and the back plate of the body had collapsible panels that opened while in firing position.
The T1E4 was commissioned in September 1942 under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M13.
Production of the M13 MGMC was launched in January 1943, and a total of 1,100 vehicles were manufactured.
The T58 GMC prototype carried a Maxson M45 ring mount, on which four Browning M2HB machine-guns were mounted.
The vehicle was commissioned under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M16, and its mass-production was launched in May 1943.
Nearly 2,900 M16 MGMC vehicles were manufactured, moreover, about 600 M13 MGMC pieces were adjusted to M16 standards.
Unlike the analogous German vehicle, the Sd.
An impressive firepower made it possible to use the system against both aerial and ground targets.
The company Rheinmetall engaged in developing the new machine gun and after trials in 1934 the machine gun entered the service in Wehrmacht units under the designation MG-34.
It could be used as mounted, hand-held, anti-aircraft and anti-tank machine gun.
The MG-34 had a high fire rate and was superior in firepower to all foreign machine guns existing in 1930s and early 1940s.
Combat action revealed flaws in its design.
The MG-34 used complicated production technology and required a lot of resources.
Combat proved that the MG-34 fails to operate in extreme environment conditions as the machine gun turned out to be very sensitive to hot and cold temperatures as well as to jamming.
Replacing the barrel was too complicated and required a two-man team and use of asbestos gloves as protection against heat, a serious flaw in a combat environment.
These serious drawbacks pointed to the need for development of an absolutely new design.
And so visit web page MG-42, a more reliable and easy to manufacture machine gun came out in 1942.
The MG-34 machine gun was in production until the end of World War II.
From 1934 to 1945 some 457,988 units of this machine gun were manufactured.
Despite its advantages it also had some serious flaws, and hence in 1939 the development of a new machine gun beganas a replacement to the MG-34.
The company Grossfuss engaged in design and production, and also the factories Mauser-Werke and Gustloff-Werke began to manufacture the MG-42 machine gun.
Already in 1942 this machine gun was adopted throughout the entire Wehrmacht.
The machine gun did not need such meticulous care as the MG-34, was simple and easy to handle, fast to prepare for action, easy to assemble and dismantle.
This was essential for the combat environment.
However, the MG-42 lacked the universality of the MG-34.
As this variant had no magazine feed, the belt could be fed from left to right only, not from both sides.
Its excessive weight and a very high rate of fire for a hand-held machine gun caused quick overheating of the barrel and hence case-extraction failures happened quite often.
Due to a high firing rate the MG-42 required a frequent change of barrels.
A solution developed by the engineers of Grossfuss enabled one person to replace the barrel in 6-10 seconds making possible an almost non-stop barrage of fire.
Afer intensive fire the barrel was supposed to be replaced after 250-300 shots.
About 350,000 machine guns of that type were produced in 1943-1944, and even after the war and to this day the design has been copied numerous times Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 various nations.
Kolesnikov contributed to the flexibility of its use.
Typically, fire on ground targets was delivered from the wheeled trolley, keeping the tripod folded.
As an anti-aircraft weapon the machine gun was used on a tripod mount after removing the trolley.
Shifting the machine from one position into the other normally took a few minutes.
In the pre-war years only about 2,000 DShK machine guns were manufactured.
By January 1, 1942 just 720 units were used in the Red Army and it was not until January 1944 that their number reached 8,440 units.
In Question カジノマルチプレイヤーゲームオンライン2プレイヤー absolutely 1945 a first batch including 250 units of the modernized DShKM version with a new feed system and an improved barrel fixation was introduced.
But it was not until atfer the war that this machine gun saw really wide visit web page />Maxim invented this machine gun.
The Russian Army and subsequently the Soviet Red Army used the Maxim M1910 machine gun, adapted by Russian gun-makers P.
Pastukhov from the city of Tula.
They made up to 200 changes to the design of the machine gun to improve its performance.
The only downside was its very heavy weight: up to 62-66 kg in combat position.
That weight was not acceptable for the high maneuverability of World War II battles and hence Soviet gun-makers began to develop a new type of heavy machine-gun.
In 1943 the Goryunov-type heavy machine gun was adopted to the arsenal of the Red Army, but still the M1910 were used up to the very end of war.
Often one or two machine guns were rolled forward at a time without even stopping fire.
The machine gun typically required a six to eight man team to operate: one to fire, one to feed and the rest to help carry the gun itself, its ammunition and removable parts.
Its only difference was the reduced weight.
After 1916 the Vickers machine gun became a standard weapon on all British and Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 military aircraft.
learn more here aircraft variant was fitted with a special form of synchronizer gear to allow it to fire through aircraft propellers and a special air-cooling system.
Browning at the end of World War 1.
Basically, this machine gun was a larger copy of the М1917 Browning-type model with a water-cooling system of the barrel.
The machine gun was accepted for service in the US Army under the designation Model 1921 in the year 1921.
After a conversion in 1932 which first of all included replacing the water-cooling by an air-cooling system, it was designated as М2.
It was a dual-rate click to see more with automatic and single-shot modes and a belt-feed.
The barrel was coupled to the bolt with a special lever that also served as a recoil booster.
The М2 was fitted with a barrel and bolt buffer system to ensure smooth operation.
Combat vehicles derived from Pz.
III tanks were manufactured in small series in 1940-1942.
The last of these vehicles, the SturmInfanterieGeschutz 33B or StuIG 33B, was the foretype of a mass-produced self-propelled artillery vehicle derived from the Pz.
This system was better known as Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar, and also had the designation of Sd.
The vehicles manufactured later on received a different driver cockpit and a 7.
A total of 306 systems of this type were manufactured.
It had good armor and powerful armament and was suitable for fighting enemy infantry and fortifications as well as https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1143.html />It was capable of piercing armored plate as thick as 160 mm with a hollow charge shell, which made Brummbar a dangerous adversary for all types of enemy tanks.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants phrase. ショーゲームfps understood part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
Their main mission was to provide mobile artillery support to other units.
The first prototype on the Panzer III chassis, armed with the 105-mm leFH17 Howitzer, emerged in early 1942.
It was never commissioned, because the decision was made to switch over to the Panzer IV chassis.
The Hummel was supposed to be a temporary model while the chassis was being developed.
Their production lasted until 1944, and 666 such vehicles were made.
The howitzer crew was housed in an open-top superstructure and covered from all sides by bolted armored plates.
The crew was protected from adverse weather by a canvas top.
The design of the Hummel did not provide for installation of a machine-gun, and that is why the crew kept an MG 34 or MG42 machine-gun inside.
In summer 1943, the first 100 Hummel self-propelled howitzers took part in Operation Zitadelle.
The Hummel was used on all fronts to support German tank divisions.
V Panther chassis began in August 1942, ラッキーゲームゴールデンボール the experimental tank was still taking tests.
The assault tank was supposed to get an 88-mm gun and defensive armament consisting of a 7.
As the project was reviewed several times, full-scale development of the system began only in May 1943, and final specification of the armament was approved only in October.
Also that month, the mock-up of the assault gun, which eventually turned into a tank destroyer, was demonstrated to Hitler, and the second prototype was shown in December.
The tank destroyer is better known as Jagdpanzer V Jagdpanther, or simply Jagdpanther.
During the mass-production period, which began in January 1944, the Jagdpanther was upgraded nearly every month.
The manufactured systems can be divided into three main series.
Systems of the third series, launched into production in late 1944, carry a different muzzle break and an engine plate from Pz.
G tanks of later series with an additional fan.
About 400 Jagdpanthers were made.
B Tiger II heavy tank, the Jagdpanther surpassed them in mobility.
Moreover, unlike comparable Soviet self-propelled article source systems, this system had comfortable operational conditions for the crew, which added to its efficiency.
Kpfw 38 t tank.
The new vehicle was supposed to be fully armored, have a low silhuette, and carry a gun capable of fighting enemy tanks at distances no less than 800 m.
Boehmisch-Mahrish-Maschinenfabrik came up with technical requirements for the tank destroyer already on December 17, 1943.
The first wooden make-up had been built already by January 24, 1944, and three prototypes were built in March and April of the same year.
They were shown to Hitler at the Ares proving range in East Prussia and received his approval.
The new tank destroyer entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The gun was manufactured by Rheinmetall-Borsig and Seitz Werke enterprises in Germany as well.
The production was fully fine-tuned in mid-1944, and about 1,570 vehicles were manufactured until the end of the war.
Thanks to steep armor angles and a low silhuette, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an excellent antitank system capable of ambushing the enemy and changing position quickly.
The Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an ideal close combat weapon.
G in the future.
The wooden mock-up was ready in May 1943, and Vomag manufactured the first prototype in October.
The weapon that was being developed as an assault gun in fact turned out a tank destroyer dramatically different from previous German vehicles of this type.
Derived from the Pz.
F tank, the vehicle has a very low silhuette, which provided a strong advantage in combat.
Vehicles of 自宅でカードゲーム21をプレイする方法 Zero were distinguished by rounded corners of the cockpit nose.
The vehicle got the official designation of Sturmgeschuetz neuer Art mit 7.
It also had the index of Sd.
A total of 769 Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F units were manufactured, after which they were completely replaced by Panzer IV70 V self-propelled artillery vehicles.
The vehicles underwent some changes during the production period, in particular, vehicles of later think, パカジノコミッション you did not have recoil compensators, which crews often removed anyway in order to reduce signature while firing.
F was a low silhuette in combination with a powerful gun.
The front armor plane 2019オンラインスロットサイト thick as 60 mm was not a sufficient protection against enemy tank fire, but this was compensated by the low signature of the vehicle.
In general, Vomag designers created a good tank destroyer.
However, a lighter and more maneuverable self-propelled artillery vehicle, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer, which had the same gun, was put into mass production already in spring.
The same gun was installed in Pz.
Right after the beginning of the mass-production of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F, work on equipping it with a new gun started anew and was completed in April 1944.
The resulting vehicle was a redesigned model of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F with a reinforced running gear and front armor plate thickness increased to 80 mm.
The vehicles were manufactured in three series, each featuring minor changes.
On the other hand, problems with unequal distribution of load on suspension wheels, from which the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F suffered, got even worse for the new vehicle.
The wooden mock-up of the huge vehicle was demonstrated already on October 20 that year, and the prototype was shown in April 1944.
The production was slowed down a bit as the running gear designed by the Porsche company did not turn out a success, and a new running gear with lateral torsion bars was developed.
The initial plan was to manufacture 150 vehicles, but the Niebelungen company only made 70 Jagdtigers, of which only 48 remained among the ranks at the end of the war.
It was baptized by fire near the river Rhein in March 1945.
Jagdtigers managed to hit U.
The latter was a specialized chassis bringing together components of the Pz.
The vehicle was designed by the Deutsche Eisenwerke company.
As many as 494 vehicles were this web page in 1943-1945.
IV tank, and the engine and transmission from the Pz.
The HL 120 TRM engine was positioned behind the transmission and formed a single block together with it.
The spacious combat cockpit with an 88-mm antitank gun was positioned in the rear of the body and opened on top and partially in the back.
The machine-gun was not mounted permanently and was intended for self-defense.
These vehicles were in the inventory of the High Command reserve antitank battalions and took part in combat operations until the end of the war.
As of April 10, 1945, the Wehrmacht possessed 62 systems of this type on the Eastern Front and 23 systems on the Western front.
A new tank destroyer with a more powerful gun was needed.
Development of tank destroyers on the basis of Pz.
II tanks began in early 1942, which resulted in the creation of the Marder family of self-propelled gun systems.
Another workstream was the installation of 75-mm StuK.
This resulted in the development of the StuG.
F, the first self-propelled gun system of the StuG family, capable of countering enemy tanks.
As many as 366 guns of this type were manufactured from March to September 1942.
The next to follow was the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, began in December 1942.
As compared to previous varieties, the cockpit, especially its rear section, was redesigned substantially.
The hatch on the left side was replaced with a command turret analogous to the one installed in the Pz.
Side armor plates in the cockpit became ramped, and armored containers were removed.
G was not only the most produced self-propelled artillery vehicle of the StuG.
III family, but the most produced type of German armor in general.
A total of 8,172 self-propelled guns of this type were manufactured.
The StuG 40 Ausf.
無料のオンラインカジノのスロット was modified several times https://promocode-bonus.site/1/429.html the production period, in particular, starting from November 1943, the vehicles were equipped with a molten gun mantlet reminiscent of a boar snout.
Some of the vehicles were fitted with side skirts for decreasing the hollow-charge shell effects starting from spring 1943.
Unlike tank destroyers of the Marder family, StuG 40 Ausf.
G systems offered relatively good protection.
It is worth mentioning that the installation of a longer and heavier gun increased the load on the front suspension wheels, which affected their longevity somewhat.
The Daimler-Benz design, derived from the Zugfuhrerwagen tank, designed by the same company and better known as Pz.
III, suited the requirements best.
The initial plan was to design a combat vehicle with an open top cockpit, but in the end the assault vehicle became fully roofed.
The prototype batch of assault vehicles was made in 1937, and the Pz.
B chassis was used as the basis.
The vehicle was designated Gepanzerte Selbstfahrlafette fur Sturmgeschutz 7.
A, but later the name was reduced to Sturmgeschutz III Ausf.
A, or StuG III Ausf.
Vehicles of this type were employed during the French campaign of May-June 1940.
The StuG III Ausf.
B was the next modification, produced in much higher numbers, as 320 units of this vehicle were manufactured.
H tank chassis was used as the basis.
In addition to the basis, other differences to the StuG III Ausf.
A suggest タブレット用の無料ゲームをダウンロード apologise a new crew compartment.
During the production period, the design of the StuG.
B underwent several changes, as vehicles of later series received tracks as wide as 400 mm for example.
C was put into mass production in April 1941.
As compared to the previous model, the cockpit was redesigned, mainly by moving the sight moved from the front to the top.
Ramped plates on cockpit sides were also changed, and the running gear got new track adjusting wheels.
A total of 50 StuG III Ausf.
C units and 150 StuG III Ausf.
D units, which had practically no differences from the previous modification, were manufactured.
The point of producing the StuG III therefore was questioned, but the campaign of 1939 vividly demonstrated that infantry units needed a fire support vehicle.
In addition, the Source III was cheaper to make than the Pz.
In general, the vehicles of the StuG III family turned out to be the most successful and most produced self-propelled artillery systems at the beginning of World War II.
Allied aviation destroyed a plant of the Alkett company in November 1943.
The plant had produced StuG 40 Ausf.
G tank destroyers, and its destruction put continuing supply of self-propelled gun systems of that type at a risk.
A solution to the problem was suggested by the Krupp company, which came up with a design designated Krupp No W 1468.
The design envisioned mounting the cockpit of the StuG 40 Ausf.
The vehicle was put into production in December 1943 under the designation of Sturmgeschutz IV with an index of Sd.
As compared to StuG 40 Ausf.
G, the position of the driver changed a bit.
He received a separate cockpit with a go here boarding hatch.
A total of 1,139 StuG IV units were manufactured.
The vehicles of later series were different in using the Pz.
J tank as the chassis, and their running gear and exhaust system were a bit different, too.
As compared to the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, travelling comfort was somewhat poorer, but on the other hand, the ammunition storage space increased.
In the end, the StuG IV was quite suitable for the tank destroyer role.
II family were withdrawn from front line tank units.
Development of a self-propelled gun system based on the Pz.
II chassis began nearly simultaneously.
Among such developments was a design equipped with the 105-mm le.
F chassis, given the designation of Geschutzwagen II, was used as the basis.
As compared to the original tank, the engine was moved from the rear section to the front section and positioned on the something オンラインゲームでお金を稼ぐ are side of the driver.
An open crew compartment was established in the rear for housing the gun and its crew.
The system was designated 10.
A total of 676 Wespes were made.
The vehicles made during the final production stage were distinguished for having a chassis 220 mm longer.
The Munitions Sf auf Fgst Pz.
II ammo transporter was derived from the Geschutzwagen II, too.
Unlike the Wespe, it had no gun.
The system distinguished itself performing these functions very well.
The system was read article intended for fighting enemy concrete pillboxes.
The original plan was to equip the system designated KV-14 internal designation U-18 with a 107-mm gun, but the choice was eventually made in favor of the 152-mm ML-20 gun-howitzer.
The final variant of the project was basically the KV-1S tank, in which the turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit.
The nose of the cockpit housed the 152-mm ML-20S gun.
The first prototype of the opinion ダウンロードしないで自由なカジノスロット phrase was ready in late January 1943, when the system was already designated SU-152.
Mass production was launched in February, and about 700 such systems were made before autumn 1943.
At that time the work was in full swing on a self-propelled gun that would be analogous to the SU-152, but based on the IS-85.
The first prototype, designated Object 241, was submitted for tests in late November.
Thanks to an increase in cockpit height, operational conditions for the crew inside improved a bit, and the ventilation system was enhanced.
As soon as the tests were completed, the system was put into mass-production under the designation of ISU-152.
Its production lasted until 1947, and a total of over 3,000 vehicles were manufactured.
But the KV-14 project was effectively a replacement for the KV-2 tank, which was no longer produced after 1941.
The fact that the beginning of SU-152 production coincided with tests of Pz.
H1 Tiger tanks is probably a mere coincidence.
The advanced antitank performance of the ML-20 gun-howitzer was achieved through a high shell mass.
Hits of 152-mm shells fired from the ML-20S gun were fatal for German tanks in most cases.
According to statistics, a semi-armor-piercing howitzer shell penetrated a plate as thick as 82mm at a distance of one kilometer.
One should take into account, however, that the shell weighed 48 kg, and its hit often made welded joints fall apart.
Moreover, the quality of German armor started to decline in the summer that year.
The vehicle was supposed to be 携帯電話用無料ゲームをダウンロード。 with the 100-mm B-34 universal shipborne gun.
Calculations showed that see more gun was poorly suitable for mounting on a self-propelled gun system, and a different gun with similar specifications was required.
D-10S, derived from B-34 in February 1944, was such a gun.
The first system prototype, fitted with D-10S, was ready in March, and a second in the summer.
Another prototype, fitted with the 100-mm S-34 gun, was ready in the summer, too.
Tests showed that the system with D-10S surpassed the one with S-34, and the tank destroyer was put into production under the designation of SU-100 in November 1944.
Over 1,500 SU-100 opinion リトルロックカジノバスツアー have were manufactured.
Thanks to the new gun, the SU-100 was capable of engaging most German tanks at a distance of two kilometers.
At the same time, reinforcement of the front armor and installation of a heavier gun resulted in a heavier load on the front suspension wheels.
Just as with the SU-122 and SU-85, there were no machine-guns, which reduced the ability to fight off enemy infantry assault.
The project, codenamed U-34, had as its goal to developing a self-propelled system armed with a 76-mm tank gun and a 7.
In a sense, the U-34 was a response to the German StuG.
In autumn that year, the U-34 project was revised, and a new development called U-35 emerged on its basis.
In December 1942, the U-35 prototype passed tests, and mass-production of the system designated US-122 began later that month.
As compared to the prototype, the mass-produced vehicle had a different front armor plate, and changes were made to the combat section design.
A total of 1,148 SU-122 units were manufactured.
The system fired hollow-charge shells burning through armor as thick as 200 mm.
At the same time, just like the SU-152, the SU-122 was primarily self-propelled artillery vehicle used for supporting tanks, and the Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar can be called its German counterpart.
One such system, the SU-5-2, derived from the T-26 light tank, was used in battles with Japanese forces on Lake Hasan in 1938.
The first system produced in decent numbers was the SU-30, derived from the A-20 Komsomolets artillery tractor in 1941.
Several experimental systems were designed in 1942, but they failed to comply with certain requirements.
Finally the SU-12 system designed on the basis of the extended T-70 tank chassis was submitted for tests in November 1942.
The closed crew compartment was located in the rear, and a couple of GAZ-202 engines were used as the power plant.
Mass production of the SU-12 system, renamed SU-76, began in January 1943.
Soon it became clear that they were not very reliable.
Production of the SU-76 was suspended in March, and upgraded systems designated SU-76M were put into production in May.
The vehicle was powered by a couple of GAZ-203 engines, and the crew compartment was enlarged a bit.
After additional improvements the vehicle was renamed SU-15M.
The top and parts of the rear wall of the crew compartment were removed, as the built-in ventilation system often failed the top of the SU-76M was frequently removed for the same reason.
The SU-15M was put into mass production under the designation of SU-76.
Over 11,000 SU-76 systems were manufactured from October 1943 to 1945, and the vehicle became the most popular Soviet self-propelled gun.
The SU-76 was frequently used as a tank destroyer, but it should be remembered that the ZIS-3 gun was not primarily an antitank weapon, and its armor-piercing capability was not very advanced.
H1 Tiger heavy tanks were seized in January 1943.
The 85-mm 52-K anti-aircraft gun and the 122-mm A-19 gun-howitzer turned out more suitable for engaging the Tiger.
At about the same time, development of a few types of 85-mm tank guns, including D-5T, began.
The first samples of this weapon were ready in June that year.
The first two prototypes were armed with the 85-mm S-18 gun, while the third one, designated SU-85-II, emerged a bit later and was armed with the 85-mm D-5S gun, a modification of D-5T developed for installation into self-propelled gun systems.
Tests showed that the SU-85-II had advantages over the systems armed with the S-18 gun, and the vehicle was put into mass-production under the designation of SU-85 in August 1943.
A total of 2,050 SU-85 units were made.
G self-propelled gun system.
Armor-piercing capabilities of D-5S were very good for mid-1943, as its shell penetrated an armor plate 100 mm thick at a distance of one kilometer.
This was enough to ensure engagement of such tanks as Pz.
V Panther and Pz.
The Vickers company was responsible for the development.
The self-propelled gun carried a 17-pdr antitank gun with a barrel length of 58 calibers, capable of engaging nearly all types of German tanks.
Unlike the M10 and Achilles self-propelled guns, which were organic to armor divisions and brigades, Archer systems were in the inventory of infantry divisions and army tank brigades.
This allowed the Archer system to combat German tanks successfully.
Army entered World War II with the M3 Gun Motor Carriage tank destroyer derived from the M2 halftrack tractor.
First engagements in the Pacific Ocean showed that a different vehicle with better protection and a tank chassis was required.
Another self-propelled gun, the T35 Gun Motor Carriage, was designed a bit later with an open top turret, and the M4A2 Medium Tank as the chassis.
A redesigned model of this system, designated T35E1, had a different hull with characteristicly angled sides.
In September 1942, a redesigned model of the T35E1 was put into mass-production under the designation of 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10.
The mass-produced vehicle had a different turret than that of the T35E1.
The shape of the turret was changed several times during the production period, and the vehicles made during the medium and final production stages had stowage boxes attached to the back of the turret.
In addition to the M10, a model called 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10A1 was available.
It had a different chassis, namely the lower part of the M4A3 tank chassis.
As many as 4,993 units of the 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 were manufactured until December 1943.
The vehicle was designated Wolverine in the British army.
Unlike Soviet and German tank destroyers that had no turret at all, U.
On the other hand, the M10 had relatively weak armor protection, and hand grenades were often thrown into the open turret.
The 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 carried relatively powerful armament, as an armor-piercing shell of the 76-mm M7 gun was capable of penetrating an 88-mm plate at a distance of one kilometer.
This allowed the vehicle to combat the Pz.
V Panther, but against the Pz.
VI more powerful weapons were required.
Tests showed that the gun would fit the turret, but additional counterbalances were required to balance the long barrel.
Taking all pros and cons into account, the designers started developing a tank destroyer with a reworked turret.
The summer saw the production of two prototypes, different in chassis: the first vehicle was derived from the M10, and the second from the M10A1.
The prototypes received the designations of T71E1 and T71 respectively.
The 90-mm M3 gun was used as the main weapon, and a 12.
Just like with the M10, there was no coaxial machine-gun or bow-gun.
The reworked turret featured a counterbalance for the gun.
Mass-production of the T71E1 began in April 1943, and the tank destroyer was standardized and designated 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage M36 in July that year.
The vehicle is also known as Jackson or Slugger.
A total of 1,413 tank destroyers of that type were manufactured.
A subcaliber shell fired from the 90-mm M3 gun was capable of piercing an armor plate as thick as 189 mm from a distance of one kilometer, enough to ensure the destruction of any German tank.
The only type of German armor immune to the M36 was the Jagdtiger tank destroyer.
Just like other U.
The latter factor considerably reduced its efficiency in fighting against enemy infantry.
The tank entered service in March 1934 В1.
Since 1935 five companies, - Renault, FCM, Schneider, FAMH and АРХ, - were producing these tanks.
When production ended on June 15, 1940 about 403 such tanks had been manufactured.
About 1,000 units were manufactured from 1935 to 1940.
The 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments forming part of the 3rd Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with the same number of the Н39 tanks, and 60 H35 units served in the 11th Dragoon Regiment.
Four of the five Light Cavalry Divisions in the Armored Cavalry Reconnaissance Regiment had 12 H35 tanks each at their disposal and the fifth counted 12 H39 tanks.
The 342nd and the 351st tank companies equipped with H35 and Н39 tanks saw combat action in Norway 1940.
Under the designation PzKpfw 38H 735 f the tank was used in the Wehrmacht and the SS.
Some 200 units were manufactured before 1940.
The tank had a riveted hull and turret with sloped armor.
They were used in the 1st and the 4the Dragoon Regiments of the 1st and the 2nd Mechanized Cavalry Divisions, 69 machines in each.
The 7th the 1st DIM and the 6th the 3rd DIM Tank Reconnaissance Groups were equipped with four AMR 35 tanks, versions ZT2 and ZT3, each.
After France was defeated most tanks of that type were captured by German troops and used by the Wehrmacht as transports for 80 mm mortars.
It appears to be the first tank in the world with a fully rotating turret.
The tank was produced since 1917 by Renault, Berliet, Schneider and Delauney-Belleville.
In total some 7,820 units were manufactured.
Also, three dedicated FT-18 companies the 343rdthe 344ththe 350th Cie.
A were formed having about 10 tanks each.
The rest of the tanks of this type were stored in depots.
Also, these vehicles fought in France against German troops.
However, after the French Campaign was finished, the FT tanks captured by the Germans were used in police units and for guarding airfields, and served under the designation PzKpfw 18R 730 f.
This tank was in serial production from 1935 to 1940.
During this period Renault delivered about 1,070 tanks to the French Army and exported some other 560 units.
Later on, a conversion, the R39 with a long-barrel 37 mm SA38 gun was developed.
Then a model followed with a new suspension system by AMX and a similar gun to that of the What 最高のrpg gbaゲームリスト apologise />The tank was designated R40.
In May 1940 a total of 945 units were deployed in Europe, of which 810 served in dedicated tank battalions https://promocode-bonus.site/1/2092.html 135 were allocated to the 4th Tank Division of the Reserve DCR.
The 68th Tank Battalion was deployed in Syria, the 63rd and 62nd Battalions served in Tunisia and Algeria respectively.
R35 were also in service in Poland, Yugoslavia, Romania and Turkey.
Germans used most of the tanks for training purposes and some of them, after removing the turret, were rebuilt into artillery tractors for 150 mm howitzers and 210 mm mortars.
About 500 tanks were manufactured between 1935 and 1940.
The Mechanized Cavalry Regiments of three Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with these tanks.
The S35 served in the 4th Cuirassier, the 18th Dragoon, the 13th and the 29th Dragoon, the 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments.
In Tunisia the 6th Light Cavalry Division counted 50 S35 tanks.
Later these tanks were used on the Eastern front in the 211th Tank Battalion and in Crimea in the 204th Tank Regiment.
In Normandy, the 100th Tank Reserve Battalion and the 206th Tank Battalion were partly reequipped with tanks of this type and fought against the Allies.
In 1941, Germans converted about 60 tanks into artillery tractors.
The turret was replaced with a superstructure which could hold two crew members a commander and a radio operator and two radio stations.
Six such vehicles were produced in late 1935.
Apart from the new chassis the tank designated Kleiner Panzerbefehlswagen I B differed in its standard armament one MG-34 7.

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It is issued to any enlisted personnel and civilians for military merit.
It was similar to the WWI Croix de Guerre.
Later on, the Croix Du Combattant became a distinguishing decoration for enlisted personnel who had participated in military actions.
The Cross was awarded for bravery and heroism displayed on the battlefield.
It re-appeared during the Franco-Prussian War and World War I, and was restored again on September 1, 1939.
The Cross was awarded for accomplishment of 3—5 especially difficult missions and valor showed on the battlefield.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to 自分のゲームで銀行を倒す auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
It was presented for successful accomplishment of 6 — 12 especially difficult missions.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
Introduced on September 1, 1939 due to restoration of the Iron Cross.
It was also worn on a ribbon around the neck.
It had several degrees.
The most クラブワールドカジノコム degree was the Iron Cross itself.
This award was issued if the decorated person had already been awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over just click for source enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
It was awarded if the person had already been bestowed with the Virtuti Militari Order 5th Class.
The Order of the White Eagle had only one class.
A person could be bestowed with this order only once.
The Medal for Combat Service was introduced to bestow personnel for active support of the war effort, or for improving the army readiness for war.
The Medal for Valor is bestowed for personal bravery and valor during the defense of the Socialist Fatherland and the execution of military duty.
The condition for award recommendation was participation in, at least, one operation in these countries.
It is bestowed on servicemen of any branch of the Article source Armed Forces.
The Medal was established to bestow on US servicemen for heroism and merits.
It was made retroactive to December 7, 1941.
It was originally known as the Citation Star, but on July 16, 1932 by link order of the Secretary of War it was renamed to the Silver Star Medal.
It is awarded for exceptional valor in action.
Congress on July 2, 1926.
It is bestowed on any servicemen, whose wartime actions were acknowledged as highly fruitful or actions, which were significantly helpful on continue reading peacetime situations.
Civilians can also receive this decoration, when their merits are equal to the aforementioned ones of the servicemen.
At first, it was given to lowest ranks of enlisted personnel only for exceptional deeds on the battlefield, but according to the US Congress act dated March 3, 1863 it was also granted to officers.
Such a deed should have been witnessed by many as something unique and extraordinary to qualify for this award.
According to that concept, mechanized cavalry units were to receive Automitrailleuse de Decouverte AMD medium armored cars, Automitrailleuse de Reconnaissance AMR light reconnaissance tanks, as well as Automitrailleuse de Combat AMC close support tanks.
The last to join was the Panhard company, which created the first prototype of its armored vehicle in October 1933.
The prototype had a Vincennes turret, identical to those of the AMR 35ZT reconnaissance tank, and its armament consisted of the 13.
Tests showed that the vehicle was too heavy and did not fit the requirement specifications.
The prototype was seriously upgraded in February 1934, and this time Panhard managed to surpass the specified requirements.
The vehicle entered inventory under the designation of Click to see more 35 in the autumn that year.
Mass-produced vehicles received the new APX-3 turret, and the 13.
Armor protection of the AMD 35 surpassed requirements, too, reaching 20 mm in thickness at the front hull and 26 mm at the turret front.
As many as 526 vehicles of this type, as well as 24 command vehicles, where the APX-3 turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit, and the ER27 heavy radio added, were manufactured from 1934 to 1940.
Moreover, a prototype fitted with a new welded Renault turret and a 47-mm SA-35 gun was made.
Tthe baseline model was produced in two series, different from each other in minor details.
Due to an acute shortage of APX-3 turrets, a small number of armored cars with an immovable cockpit identical to that of the AMD 35 command model and armed with one 7.
The AMD 35 was among the few types of trophy hardware used by German troops without serious redesign except for installation of new radios.
After the https://promocode-bonus.site/1/542.html, the upgraded model of the vehicle, designated Panhard 178B, was used by French forces until the mid-1950s.
The vehicle, designated Austin-Kegresse, was put into mass production in 1918, and by that time Adolf Kegresse had emigrated to France.
In his home country, Kegresse got the Citroen company interested in his developments.
The Citroen-Kegresse M23 halftrack armored car, with the concept that had a lot in common with that of click the following article Austin-Kegresse, was designed in 1923.
However, the capacity of the Citroen company turned out to be quite limited, and it failed to comply even with orders for common halftrack vehicles, let alone armored cars.
As a result, halftrack armored cars designed by Kegresse jointly with the Schneider company were produced in high volumes.
The automobile was a derivative of the Schneider-Kegresse P16 Mle.
Its armament consisted of the 37-mm Puteaux SA-18 gun and coaxial 7.
However, the vehicle had become very much outdated by 1940, and the rubber block tracks designed by Kegresse were not distinguished for their reliability.
Panhard 178 vehicles were able to counter German tanks of all types as well as armored cars quite successfully.
They designated the vehicles as PzSpah 204 f and started using them actively.
Over 200 vehicles were supplied to field and Https://promocode-bonus.site/1/655.html units, and 43 vehicles were transformed into armored trolleys.
As of June 1943, the Wehrmacht still operated about 30 Panhards on the Eastern Front and 33 on the Western Front.
Some other armored cars had been handed over to police units by then.
click at this page soon became outdated, and a new armored car was designed in 1934 to replace them.
The new vehicle was based on the Horch 801 all-wheel-drive chassis and had a welded body with armored plates positioned under a certain angle.
The armament consistied of a 7.
Mass production of the armored car, designated Sd.
Its main difference from click to see more Sd.
In addition to the MG-34 machine-gun, the Sd.
The weapon was derived from the Flak 30 air defense gun.
Later modifications mounted a different gun, Kw.
The vehicles were manufactured in a number of series, different from each other in engines, armament and armor thickness.
A total of 989 Sd.
It was suitable for carrying out functions as scout car, and powerful armament allowed it to even fight enemy light tanks.
Unlike the baseline model, the Sd.
A frame antenna was the major peculiarity of the vehicle distinguishing it from the Sd.
Starting from 1942, the Sd.
The only additional drawback was the increased signature as a result of the frame antenna.
The vehicle is better known as the Sd.
The DII3 prototype was made in 1938, and it served as a baseline for the subsequent Sd.
The first prototype of the APC derived from Demag D7was assembled only in December 1939.
Mass production of the APC, designated Leichter Schutzenpanzerwagen Sd.
Just like the Sd.
In order to differentiate between the vehiclesthe older versions were designated Sd.
A total of 7,326 Sd.
The vehicle performed this part successfully, and had no real competitors in its class.
The vehicle, designated Leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t Typ HL kl6, entered the Wehrmacht inventory in 1936 under the index of Sd.
In addition to Hansa-Lloyd-Goliath Werke, several other companies, including Hanomag, manufactured the Sd.
Jointly with the Bussing-NAG company, Hanomag derived from the Sd.
The prototype of the Sd.
Vehicles of the first version - Sd.
B - had a typical V-shaped hull front plate.
The only difference was that Sd.
B lacked lookouts at passenger compartment sides.
Production of the next modification, Sd.
C, began in 1941.
Its front plate was single-piece, and a catwalk was added to the sides of the hood.
Moreover, changes were made to the design of the ring mount supporting the machine-gun.
The ring mount received a V-shaped plate, and this modification was installed also in later models of the Sd.
These vehicles were assembled at several plants, including factories in occupied Czechoslovakia, where welding was not used.
A total of 15,000 APCs of all varieties were assembled.
It was not only the first full-scale German APC, but also one of the best vehicles of this class please click for source the war.
Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 was the only APC capable of competing with the Sd.
D, began in the autumn of 1943.
It no longer had the catwalk on the sides of the hood, which wase characteristic of the Sd.
C, and the body shape changed.
SPTA boxes, earlier mounted on the hull sides, were now located inside the hull.
Moreover, onboard observation devices were reinforced with bulletproof glass.
This version saw the highest production output, as out of 15,000 Sd.
D vehicles alone amounted to 10,500.
A total of 23 varieties of the Sd.
D were available, ranging from the APC to an anti-aircraft combat vehicle.
It was decided to make about 90 vehicles on their basis.
The armored body was designed and manufactured in Poland, and its shape was very much alike that click the following article French halftrack vehicles.
Two prototypes had been made by 1925 and were designated Wzor 28 Wz.
The first mass-produced vehicles were ready in 1927.
When the vehicles were commissioned, it turned out that they failed to accomplish the assigned missions.
The vehicles required frequent maintenance, and the wear resistance of rubber tracks was very low.
That is why the decision was made in 1933 to transform the vehicles from halftracks to wheeled cars.
It turned out that they behaved a bit worse than the Wz.
The final decision to transform all Wz.
Each squadron incorporated seven Wz.
However, due to acute shortage of armored cars, the Wz.
They took part in nearly all battles on the Polish territory from September 1 to 27, 1939.
The armored car took about six months to design, and all the latest technical requirements to armored cars, put together on the basis of combat experience analysis, were taken into account.
The vehicle was supposed to be used in reconnaissance, troop control in battle, rear area security, motor convoy escorts, and air defense.
The design of the new vehicle was definitely influenced by the German Sd.
Kfz 221 armored car.
The first batch of mass-produced armored cars was shipped to forces of the Bryansk and Voronezh Fronts in summer 1942.
The BA-64 and BA-64B were involved in the seizure of Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Austrian cities and in the storm of Berlin.
All in all, from 1942 to 1946 plants manufactured 3,901 BА-64 and 5,209 BА-64B.
The BА-64 was the last armored car in the Soviet Army.
In the pre-war period, designer M.
Andreyev developed the OSGA-4 and OSGA-6 snowmobiles for these purposes.
Positive experience in using snowmobiles in the Finnish campaign of 1939-1940 resulted in the creation of a snowmobile capable of conducting reconnaissance and, if necessary, taking part in combat operations.
It had a wooden frameless body, and the front was protected by an anti-bullet armor plate.
The body front contained the control section, where the driver was situated.
The eye slit with a glass block from the BA-20 armored car was built into the front panel to enable the driver to look at the road in front.
The combat section was located behind the control section.
It housed the 7.
Machine-gun fire was conducted by the snowmobile commander.
The go here firing angle amounted to 300 degrees, while horizontal angles varied from —14 to 40 degrees.
The snowmobile rode on four wooden skis attached to the hull with the help of an independent suspension using spiral springs.
Cable steering controlled both front and rear skis.
The NKL-26 was in the https://promocode-bonus.site/1/279.html of specialized snowmobile battalions.
In addition, the battalions used the NKL-16 transport and landing snowmobiles without armor or armament.
The loading section of that snowmobile could fit four armed soldiers or cargo.
Development of more advanced models started only in 1939, and first samples were put into mass production in 1941.
One of them was the medium armored car designed by Daimler company.
The vehicle was a derivative of a light reconnaissance armored car designated Daimler Scout Car.
Unlike its predecessor, the Daimler Armored Car Mk.
I was equipped with a turret which carried the 40-mm ROQF Mk.
IX gun and a coaxial 1 X 7.
Most British tanks carried such weapons at that time.
By the 宝石ゲームをプレイ the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car was submitted for tests, the French campaign was lost, while the battle in North Africa was only flaming up.
As a result, the mass-produced car was initially adapted for operations in North Africa.
For instance, the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car had a substantial fuel supply, which enabled it to cover long distances.
Soon after the Daimler Mk.
I, a modification designated Daimler Mk.
II featuring slight changes in the rear section was put into mass production.
A total of 2,296 vehicles of both versions were manufactured.
I is the most famous British armored vehicle of World War II.
The Daimler company managed to design a very successful scout car that accomplished its functions until the very end of the war.
Vehicles of the Citroen-Kegresse company were used as a sample.
Due to the evolution of the caterpillar track, its design was getting less reminiscent of its prototype, but the rubber block track remained the same, although it was decided to abandon metal patches.
The first more or less successful vehicle was designed by the Diamond T Company in 1940.
The prototypes of this company, T14 and T18, were derived from the M3 Scout Car.
The rear axle was replaced with the Timken tracked propulsive device.
The passenger compartment was redesigned, and the defensive machine-gun was removed from rails and put on a special bar.
The T14 was standardized and designated Halftrack Car M2, and the T5 prototype was designated Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 in 1941.
The Halftrack Car M2 was used as an artillery tractor, and the M3 as an APC.
As https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1410.html as 11,500 Halftrack Cars M2 and 12,500 Halftrack Personnel Carriers M3 were manufactured.
Modified models of the M2 and M3 were put into production in autumn 1943.
The main armament, consisting of the 12.
Such vehicles were designated M2A1 1,643 vehicles manufactured and M3A1 2,862 vehicles manufactured.
Moreover, 5,000 M2 vehicles were upgraded to the M2A1 level, and more than 2,000 М3 vehicles to the M3A1 level.
Another 1,300 75-mm GMC M3 self-propelled artillery systems were transformed into M3A1 vehicles.
Army in 1941, was won by the T17 of the Ford Co.
The vehicle Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 not very successful, but 250 vehicles were manufactured, and some of them were battle-tested in North Africa.
The first sample of the T17E1 vehicle assembled by Chevrolet in September 1941 also took part in the competition.
The T17E1 was a two-axle vehicle, a bit lighter and shorter than the T17, but had the same turret.
In June 1942, the T17E1 was standardized and designated M6 Medium Armored Car, but the U.
The T17E1 attracted much more interest in Great Britain.
The order for 2,000 vehicles of this type was placed in January 1942.
In the British army, the vehicle was designated Staghound.
Nearly 4,000 vehicles of the Staghound family were manufactured.
Its specifications are comparable to that of the M3A1 Light Tank.
Moreover, it was the heaviest armored car of World War II.
An impressive fuel capacity indicates clearly that the vehicle was designed for combat operations in North Africa, but the Staghound was completed too late for that.
At the end of the war, the 37-mm M6 gun no longer had enough firepower to combat enemy tanks.
This problem was solved in a unique way, when the regular turret was replaced with the turret of a Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III, and the 6 pdr gun was replaced with the 75-mm ROQF Mk.
Such vehicles were designated Staghound III.
Army Command held a competition for a design of an armored car capable of accomplishing functions of both a scout car and a tank destroyer.
The T17 six-wheeler of the Ford company was first announced as the winner, but the project was eventually rejected.
At the second stage of the competition, vehicles of the Ford company T22 and Chrysler company T23 reached the finals.
The armored car was manufactured from March 1943 to April 1944, and a total of 8,500 vehicles were made.
In addition, 3,500 M20 command cars were made.
They had no turret in comparison to the base model.
German eight-axle armored cars had a lower weight than the U.
In addition to the U.
Armed Forces, the M8 Armored Car was used in the British army under the designation of Greyhound.
By the time it appeared on the battlefield, the M8 Armored Car was no longer suitable for the role as a tank destroyer, but it performed quite well as a scout car.
Moreover, its powerful armament enabled it to combat light armored enemy vehicles.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless article source their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
Production of the gun began in small batches in 1928.
They were different from later samples in having wooden wheels, which made them transportable only by horse traction.
Gun output grew in 1933, when the National Socialists came to power.
The gun received steel wheels with pneumatic tires one year later.
The Wehrmacht officially commissioned the gun in 1936 under the designation of 3.
The model of 1928 was produced in the USSR designated as 37-mm Antitank Gun, and was later transformed into the famous 45-mm gun.
Cheeks had to be unfolded before firing, but it was also possible to fire when the cheeks were folded with cushioning switched off.
The gun was fitted with a horizontal wedge breech-block, which became a characteristic trait of German antitank guns.
Large-scale production of Pak 38 started already after the French campaign.
A total of 9,500 Pak 38 units were manufactured.
This element, as well as the installation of a screwing two-chamber recoil compensator, became characteristic of subsequent German antitank guns.
The gun was also equipped with a horizontal wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight was used to control fire.
The carriage had torsional cushioning, and a shield in the front, with the lower part capable of folding upwards.
A light one-wheel limber was used to transport the Pak 38, but there was also a possibility to transport the gun without it.
The gun fired fragmentation and armor-piercing shells.
Supplies of the Panzergranatpatrone 40 subcaliber shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 86 mm at a distance of 457 meters began in May 1941.
The Stielgranate 42 subcaliber hollow charge shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 180 mm, emerged in March 1943.
This gun, alongside with the 8.
It should suffice to say that the Pak 38 accounted for 40 percent of combat losses among Т-34 tanks.
As to KV-1 tanks, they could only be hit through the front plate from a distance of less than 500 m.
Replacement of the Pak 38 with the more powerful 7.
A few article source of mounting the Pak 38 on Sd.
First samples of the new antitank gun, designated 7.
The Pak 40 turned out to be the most produced gun of the Wehrmacht, as over 23,000 pieces were manufactured.
Their barrel design, recoil systems, and carriages were very much alike.
Just like its predecessor, the Pak 40 had a barrel with a two-chamber recoil compensator and a wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight, identical to the one mounted on Pak 38, was used to control fire.
The apron shield was different in having a shape that was easier to manufacture.
It consisted of two sections, each of them 4mm thick.
The gun fired fragmentation, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
The gun guaranteed effective engagement of most enemy armored vehicles.
A higher caliber brought to light another advantage of the Pak 40L: its fragmentation shells were much more efficient against hostile infantry than those of previous antitank guns in the Wehrmacht inventory.
However, there is a price for everything, and the Pak 40 designers had to pay it by making the gun heavier, with a weight reaching 1.
The Pak 40 was used in Marder II and Marder III self-propelled antitank artillery systems.
The gun was also mounted on the Sd.
As a result, the 8.
It was a redesigned Flak 41 air defense gun of Krupp company mounted on a lower carriage with four removable wheels.
It was primarily different in having a carriage of the 10.
The gun employed a semi-automatic horizontal breech-block, and a two-chamber recoil compensator was screwed on the barrel.
The carriage was initially designed for the howitzer, which made it possible to make the maximal vertical guidance angle quite high.
The gun was fitted with the Sfl.
Design of the apron shield was identical to that of Pak 40.
The gun fired high-explosive, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
On the one hand, the gun had advanced armor-piercing capabilities, as its subcaliber shell penetrated an armor plate 193 mm thick at a distance on one kilometer.
At the same time, the gun turned out too heavy and the crew could hardly move it.
Only a limited number of tractors mostly Sd.
In addition, the gun turned out too cumbersome.
Just like many other types of armament designed by Bofors, the gun was export-oriented.
Also a tank gun was derived from this gun in order to equip, in particular, Polish 7TP tanks.
By September 1939, the Polish army had procured about 1,200 37-mm Armata Przeciwpancerna wz.
The gun also had a high rate of fire amounting to 10-25 rpm.
The gun employed a wedge semi-automatic vertical breech-block.
In order to reduce the recoil, the barrel was equipped with a recoil compensator of original design.
Fire control was possible through a collimating sight.
It fired armor-piercing and high-explosive shells.
An armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 25 mm thick positioned at an angle of 30 degrees at a distance of 500 m.
By 1941, the gun became outdated and could only effectively combat light armored targets.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by learn more here beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun https://promocode-bonus.site/1/134.html often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun read article the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
A year later, the Revolutionary Military Council ordered it into mass production.
All subsequent changes were primarily related to the design of the breech-block and carriage.
Unlike previous varieties, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 has a semi-automatic wedge breech-block, as well as cushioning and wheels of the GAZ-AAA vehicle.
By the middle of the war the gun had become extremely outdated, though it remained in production until 1946.
About 50,000 45-mm antitank guns model 1937 and 10,843 guns model 1942 the latter with a barrel expanded to 68.
The 76-mm F-24 gun was used as basis, but its 川カジノイリノイシャトルピッツバーグ was considerably reworked, and the ZIS-2 prototype was submitted for field trials already in October 1940.
As many as 371 pieces were manufactured before the end of the year, but production stopped after that.
The main reason was the absence of decent targets on the battlefield.
Anti-recoil devices included a hydraulic recoil brake and a hydro-pneumatic recuperator mechanism.
For gun rotation a pushing screw mechanism was used.
The ammunition stock consisted of fragmentation and armor-piercing tracer shells, as well as canister shots for elimination of enemy infantry at distances of 100-200 m.
The weapon was developed by the Vasily Grabin design bureau and was manufactured in small numbers already in 1941, but it did not gain recognition among Soviet military leaders immediately.
Only in 1942, after excellent response from the front, the gun was put in large-scale production.
It had the following components: the carriage of the ZIS-2 gun, and the improved barrel of the F-22USV gun with good ballistic specifications, fitted click the following article a recoil compensator for reducing the load on the carriage.
ZIS-3 had a rate of fire of 25 rpm and a range of 13 km.
Experts justifiably consider it among the best antitank weapons.
The order for 400 guns, designated 6 pdr Gun, was placed in June 1940, but due to the loss of a high number of QF 2 pdr Guns during the evacuation of British troops from France, the decision was made to boost the production of 2pdr Guns.
As ゴーストミステリーゲームがオンラインでプレイ result, real mass production of 6 here Guns was launched in November 1941.
II became the first mass-produced model.
When the Allies landed in Normandy, the 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV, which was distinguished for having a barrel 16 inch longer and a recoil compensator, saw the highest production rate.
Alongside with Great Britain, the 6 pdr Gun was manufactured in Canada.
go here, the gun entered the service of the U.
Armed Forces under the final, プレイボーイゲーム無料 consider of 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
Just like its predecessor, the 6 pdr Gun had a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
A shoulder piece was located to the left of thethe breech.
Fire control was provided by a telescopic sight.
The apron shield consisted of two sections, upper and lower apron.
The upper shield was attached to the barrel, while the lower apron was attached to the carriage.
The gun fired armor-piercing, armor-piercing tracer and sub-caliber shells.
High-explosive fragmentation shelld could be used, too, but this rarely happened because of their low efficiency.
Regardless of that, 6 pdr Guns were still widely employed and had several advantages over the 17 pdr Guns.
First, the 6 pdr Gun was twice as light as the 17 pdr Gun, and second, its silhouette was much lower.
A standard armor-piercing shell of a 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV penetrated an armor plate 74 mm thick at a distance of 1,000 meters.
A subcaliber shell could penetrate armor as thick as 146 mm at the same distance.
It was manufactured with various changes since 1904.
By the mid-1930s, it had become obvious that the gun was outdated and a replacement was needed.
Development of a new-generation field gun began in 1935, and a caliber of 3.
I, entered the service of the British army in 1938.
The main difference of those guns from subsequent modifications was the employment of the carriage from the 18 pdr Field Gun.
The production of the 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II, based on a new carriage, began in late 1939.
This variety, as well as the later 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
III, became the most most widely produced models.
Starting from 1942, the guns were equipped with muzzle brakes made by Solothurn.
In addition to Great Britain, the 25 pdr Field Gun was manufactured in Canada.
II used a carriage largely similar to that of the 18 pdr Field Gun.
It was peculiar for a special wing platform, on which the gun was put in firing position in order to ensure a quick horizontal rotation.
The gun could fire even if it was not mounted on the platform, in this case the horizontal guidance angle amounted to eight degrees four to the left and four to the right.
In the traveling position, the gun was transported by attaching it to the limber, though it could be transported even without the limber, if necessary.
The gun was fitted with a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
Two sights, a panoramic sight and a telescopic sight, were used for aiming, the latter mostly for firing at tanks.
The 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II normally fired fragmentation-demolition shells.
After evacuation from France, when a high number of antitank guns were lost, an armor-piercing shell was designed for the gun.
I with carriages of 18 pdr Field Guns.
IIwere used for the first time during the battle for Norway.
The gun distinguished itself in combat operation, as can be seen from the fact that the 25 pdr Field Gun was decommissioned only in the early 1970s.
The gun was not bad in engaging tanks, too, as an armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 70 mm thick at a distance of 400 m.
Special tractors, known as Quad Tractors, were used for transporting 25 pdr Field Guns.
Based on tests of three howitzers, the 105 mm Howitzer Carriage M1921E was chosen as the best one.
The howitzer was standardized and designated 105 this web page Howitzer M1 in 1928, but no mass production followed.
As a result, only the modified variety, designated 105 mm Howitzer M2A1, was put into mass production in March 1940, and a total of 8,536 Howitzers М2А1 were made before the end of the war.
The howitzer employs a pneumo-hydraulic anti-recoil device.
The apron shield consists of two sections, the front shield attached to the barrel, and the rear shield attached to the carriage.
The carriage has cheeks that expand when the see more is set up in firing position.
Two sights were used, the М16 telescopic sight and the М12А2 panoramic sight.
The howitzer fired high-explosive shells.
Its only disadvantage was a rather high weight, which somewhat reduced its mobility.
The 105 mm Howitzer M2A1 is still in the service in some countries, though now it has a slightly different name, the 105 mm Howitzer M101.
Army in the summer of 1943.
Concerned about 城壁カジノ poor efficiency of the French 37-mm M3A1 gun against German armor, U.
The 57-mm Antitank Gun M1 fought in all major campaigns of the U.
He replaced the rear axle of a vehicle with a tracked propulsive device, which considerably boosted its cross-country capability.
Kegresse returned to France in 1918 and offered his ideas to a few companies.
This was followed by the commissioning of the P.
As a result, the P.
The vehicle was assembled by the Laffly company under the designation of S15T, but the highest number of semi-track tractors was manufactured by the UNIC company.
Over 3,000 バナナゲームルームに行く P.
Alongside with artillery tractors, the UNIC P.
Vehicles of this type were most often used for towing the 75-mm Canon de Campagne Mle.
The Germans derived a high number of specialized hardware units from the tractor, starting with APCs and ending with air defense self-propelled systems.
In 1935, the German army set up motorcycle forces, too.
They were assigned the mission to deliver three fully equipped soldiers to forward positions in a very short period of time.
The motorcycles were repainted and duly equipped.
As the motorcycles were of various models and companies, and it was next to impossible to obtain spare parts for some of them, these motorcycles did not last longer than a year.
This fragility was also the result of operating conditions, as commercial motorcycles were read article not intended for riding through rough terrain in adverse climates.
This was the prototype of click, designed especially for driving in extreme winter weather.
It was fitted with a sidecar with a directive wheel, which added to its maneuverability.
The telescopic front fork, designed a few years earlier, improved cross-country capabilities of the motorcycle.
The frame was composite, which made it possible to easily replace damaged parts.
It distinguished itself not only in high-speed road travel, but also in crossing streams and making long forced marches on broken country roads.
Most of the manufactured vehicles had canvas covers and cabriolet https://promocode-bonus.site/1/2089.html without doors.
The car was produced from 1935 to 1938.
The commercial modification differed from the military command car by an all-metal varnished body, chrome-plated bumpers, and doors with crank-operated windows.
There were also some modifications in the design of the windshield and windshield wipers.
The first prototypes, Kdf Typ 62, were made in 1938, and after numerous tests the design went through changes aimed at improving their cross-country capability.
Mass-production of the car, designated Kdf Typ 82 and named Kubelwagen, started in December 1939, and the first batch of vehicles was supplied to military units in the spring of 1940.
The Kubelwagen gradually became the main light army car.
A total of 52,000 vehicles were produced.
Alongside with the standard model a variety of modifications were produced: reconnaissance, repair and observation vehicles.
The Kubelwagen was also used as a medical car.
Thanks to the simple design and reliability, the car distinguished itself and was very popular in military units.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of 最高のNetentモバイルカジノ, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 article source of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, continue reading this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
Mass production of the vehicle with Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 factory designation of Krauss-Maffei KM m 8 began later that year.
The tractor entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The Krauss-Maffei KM m 11, put into production in 1937, became the main model.
About 5,000 vehicles were manufactured by Krauss-Maffei and the Borgward company.
It proved reliable and was popular in military units.
All these vehicles were used in the Polish army for staff, transport, medical and special purposes.
The new automobile in comparison to its predecessor had an open body click at this page ensured quick mounting and dismounting of four men with firearms.
The body was made of steel with a basic wooden structure in the rear section.
The inner side of the body carried special equipment for military purposes, such as bags for hand grenades and cartridges, and mounts for armaments.
Some vehicles carried a 7.
The latter could tow a trailer weighing up to 350 kg and were intended for transporting a 37-mm antitank gun.
It was an improved and strengthened copy of the Italian FIAT 621, produced in the PZInz works from 1935 to 1939.
The PF-621L was a 2.
In 1938 the new streamlined cab was introduced.
From among 9,500 produced before the war, the Army had 1,400 in 1939, not counting the commissioned civilian vehicles.
A small number of heavier PF-621R 3-tonne trucks on a bus chassis was also used.
PF-621s were used as general service trucks, and also as troop carriers in the 10th Motorized Cavalry Brigade 10 BKZmot and Warsaw Armored-Motorized Brigade WBP-M.
Already on April 15-27, the vehicle passed field trials, and its mass production was launched immediately.
The first mass-produced GAZ-64-416 vehicles, were delivered to front, by Moscow, in August 1941.
At the beginning of the war, the BA-64 light machine-gun vehicle was derived from the GAZ-64 chassis.
All in all, the Gorky Automobile Plant manufactured 601 GAZ-64-416 vehicles before the end of 1941.
About 5,250 GAZ-67 and GAZ-67B vehicles were made during the war, and they became the standard ロサンゼルスで無料で汚れを捨てることができる場所 vehicles of the Red Army.
It was upgraded, i.
The cross-country capability on snow and soft ground could be further improved by adding Overall chains to the rear wheels.
Moreover, the GAZ-AAA chassis was used to manufacture BA-6 medium armored vehicles, GAZ-05-193 staff buses, fuel trucks and radar stations.
During the war, the three-axle vehicles also carried SU-12 artillery systems, HMG Maxim or HMGs DShK.
As many as 37,373 vehicles of this type were made from 1934 to 1943.
The car was derived from the Ford-V8-40 vehicle, designed in 1933.
The car frame was reinforced, the number of springs was increased from two to four, spoke wheels were replaced with pressed solid wheels, and their diameter was increased.
The engine was modified and boosted from Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 to 50 hp.
Average fuel consumption amounted to 14.
The GAZ-M1 was designed as a commercial vehicle, but its cross-country capability on unpaved roads was advanced enough to derive the BA-20 armored vehicle from it.
A total of 62,888 vehicles of this type were manufactured, most of them staying in service with the Red Army until the end of the war.
Quite a lot of models were derived from the GAZ-M1.
The snowmobile was mass-produced as transport and medical models.
An updated model was manufactured in 1940-1941.
They were used for quick communication, delivery of military cargo, reconnaissance, assault and combat missions.
When delivering assault groups, the snowmobiles not only carried servicemen with full armament, but also towed 18 to 20 skiers, using special cables.
In combat conditions, they towed sledges at the sides, carrying soldiers armed with a MG and a soldier with ammo.
Moreover, machine-gun fire could be delivered by soldiers sitting in the snowmobile through hatches located at the top.
This made it possible not only to make unexpected raids aimed at destroying enemy infantry, but also to quickly deliver assault groups.
The Kharkov Locomotive-Building Plant received the order to design and manufacture such a tractor in 1935.
In March 1937 one of them was demonstrated to the Soviet government and received highest approval.
About 800 vehicles were made before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, 228 of them were handed over to the beauty boutiqueをダウンロード ゲームbelles />Another 170 were manufactured during wartime.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden カジノ無料プレイ instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The concept of such a tractor was designated FAT, or Field Artillery Tractor.
The first vehicle of this type was designed by the Guy company, known as Guy Quad Ant.
This tractor was designed in 1938, an armored vehicle called Guy Mk.
I was later derived from the Guy Quad Ant.
The Guy company had limited capacity and could not fully execute orders of the British military.
As a result, a similar vehicle called Morris-Commercial C8 FAT emerged in 1940.
Its exterior was different from Guy Quad Ant only at the hull nose.
The way out of this complicated situation was found by launching the production of FATs by Canadian Military Pattern CMP.
The company used to manufacture army trucks of Chevrolet and Ford brands it is worth noting that the vehicles of the two brands were only different in emblems and radiator grill.
The CMP FAT Cab 12 was the first mass-production model, it was different from the Morris-Commercial C8 FAT and the Guy Quad Ant in the hull nose exterior.
The vehicle entered service in 1941.
Starting from 1944, CMP tractors were getting less reminiscent of their forefather, Guy Quad Ant, in their exterior, but the concept remained the same.
Production volumes of CMP FATs were so big that they soon became the most produced vehicles of this type used in the British army.
Even though FAT-family vehicles were designed to transport a 25 pdr gun, they were often used as tractors for other artillery systems.
VI tankette was not only often copied, but also the baseline for an entire family of tracked vehicles.
In 1934, after Carden-Lloyd was taken over by the arms industry giant Vickers-Armstrong, work began on the VA D50 armored vehicle, capable of transporting the Vickers Mk.
I mounted machine-gun, as well as light artillery systems.
In addition to the machine-gun, the vehicle was supposed to carry its crew.
The chassis was borrowed from the Carden-Lloyd Mk.
VI tankette, while the rest of the vehicle was brand-new.
By 1938, when the VA D50 entered Army inventory, the Vickers Mk.
I machine-gun was replaced by a more compact BREN Mk.
The name of the new machine-gun determined the official designation of the VA D50 — Bren Carrier Mk.
Another BREN was installed in the front of the vehicle, to the left of the driver.
A modified variety, named Bren Carrier Mk.
II, was issued later, easy to recognize thanks to front wings of a different shape.
A total of over 1,000 vehicles of both modifications were made.
Specialized versions, such as Scout Carriers, Cavalry Carriers and Troop Carriers, were manufactured as well.
The best known variety is the Universal Carrier.
This vehicle was manufactured in Canada and was identical to the Bren Carrier, except for the engine.
Different versions of the vehicles were also produced in the U.
About 90,000 vehicles of this family were made.
I and its descendents.
The vehicle could not carry heavy guns, it could not house a high number of passengers, and it effectively lacked protection from adverse weather a tent was envisaged, but the whole crew got soaked to the skin while they were putting it on.
Nevertheless, the vehicle served in military units with good faith and fidelity.
Armed Forces Command issued requirements for a light all-wheel-drive truck.
Such a vehicle was designed by the Dodge company, and it was not just one truck, but an entire family of T202 vehicles.
A total of 4,500 such trucks, different in body type, were made.
Each type of vehicles was marked with the VC index and a number from VC-1 to VC-6.
However, the truck did not turn out very successful, because it was an adaptation of a commercial vehicle.
Subsequent series of such trucks, T207, T211 and T215, were full-scale military vehicles.
Each series had a dozen variants, each marked with the WC index and a number T207 series — from WC-1 to WC-11, T211 series — from WC-12 to WC-20, T215 series — from WC-21 to WC-27 and from WC-40 to WC-43.
A total of 75,000 vehicles of all series were manufactured.
This family consisted of 12 types of vehicles from WC-51 to WC-61, аs well as WC-64.
The WC-51 light artillery truck was the baseline and the most produced model.
The family also included a medical variety, a van, a command vehicle and a few specialized varieties.
Over 250,000 vehicles of the T214 family, including nearly 100,000 WC-51 vehicles, were manufactured.
Armed Forces used the vehicle for transporting light AT guns, such as the 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
About 25,000 Dodge WC-51 vehicles were supplied to the USSR, where they were frequently used as tractors for antitank guns and the 76-mm ZIS-3 divisional gun.
Armed Forces Command announced a competition among projects of all-wheel drive trucks with a cargo capacity of 2.
The competition involved most of the largest U.
A batch of 2,500 GMC ACKWX trucks was manufactured in 1940, and its operation showed that the vehicle was not very good.
Serious improvements were required, 都市生活ゲーム無料ダウンロード a new vehicle appeared already in 1941.
The new truck was designated GMC CCKW and was available in two varieties 352 and 353different from each other in the wheelbase.
Two variants of the cab, an open and a closed version, were also available.
For self-defense, some of the vehicles were fitted with a mount-up turret carrying a 12.
About 600,000 trucks of the CCKW family were made from 1941 to 1945.
The vehicle turned out to be success and earned a good reputation in military units.
The CCKW got a few nicknames, the most famous being Jimmy.
In addition to its inherent purpose, the GMC CCKW was also used as an artillery tractor.
In particular, such vehicles towed 105-mm M2A1 howitzers.
Armed Forces command in 1939-1940, three vehicles were chosen, namely the GMC ACKWX later transformed into GMC CCKWInternational M-5-6 and Studebaker US6.
The latter vehicle was derived from the K30 two-axle variety.
After the standardization process, the Army got the GMC CCKW, the Navy received the International M-5-6, while the Studebaker US6 was not in demand.
A very original way out of the situation was found by supplying trucks of the Studebaker company to allied countries, primarily the USSR.
Out of nearly 200,000 trucks of the US6 model, more than 150,000 were shipped to the USSR under the lend-lease program.
The Studebaker US6 family consisted of over ten varieties, the most popular being the U3 all-wheel drive, long wheelbase and the U7 long wheelbase, 6Ð¥4 drive gear.
The vehicle was among the most significant types of hardware shipped in the framework of the lend-lease program.
After the very difficult year of 1941, the Red Army badly needed trucks, while the Soviet industry could not manufacture enough of them.
The Studebaker US6 was used for various purposes, among other things, as a platform for multiple launch rocket systems BM-13N, BM-8-24, BM-8-48, etc.
The competition involved three companies: Bantam Bantam BRC40Ford Ford GPand Willys Willys MA.
Though some specifications of the Bantam BRC40 were quite advanced 2,500 of such vehicles were madethe car submitted by Willys was eventually recognized as the winner.
However, it was not the Willys MA that was manufactured in substantial batches only 1,500 pieces were madebut an improved model called Willys MB, with its exterior resembling that of the Bantam BRC40.
Production of the Willys MB was launched in late 1941, but its modification Willys MB-2 was put into production already in March next year.
This variety is easy to recognize thanks to the pressed radiator grill.
Over 360,000 such vehicles were made.
As to Ford, after manufacturing over 3,000 Ford GP vehicles, the company bought the license to make the Willys MB-2.
Such speaking, オレンジゲームガリア戦争 not are known as Ford GPW, and about 275,000 of them were produced.
The car was capable of towing light guns for instance, the 45-mm gun model pixie onlineのようなゲームオンライン 1937 and was suitable for reconnaissance missions.
In addition to the U.
A system designed on the basis of the Pz.
M chassis was among the developments.
The same chassis was used in the Marder III Ausf.
M tank destroyer and Bison Ausf.
Supplies of the first self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, designated Flakpanzer 38 t Gepard, began in November 1943.
The system had basically the Pz.
M chassis with a 2 cm Flak 38 anti-aircraft gun in the body back.
In the travelling position, the gun was covered by folding shields mounted on the sides of the cockpit.
A total of 141 Flakpanzer 38 t were manufactured.
The Flak 38 did not have enough capacity to effectively counter enemy planes, and installation of a more powerful armament was impeded by the small size of the cockpit.
The transporter was fitted with a special superstructure that housed a 37-mm Flak 36 gun capable of rotating a full 360 degrees.
The vehicle did not have armor, because it was designed for engaging aerial targets only.
Ammunition for the system was towed in a special one-axle trailer.
All of them entered the inventory of Luftwaffe air defense units.
Seats, except the front row, were removed, and the vacated area was filled with the 20-mm Flakvierling 38 quad anti-aircraft gun.
In the travel position, the area was guarded off by shield which unfolded in the fireing position.
The first few Sd.
Production was subsequently increased to 10 check this out a month.
Production was further increased in mid-1942, when the Sd.
The exact number of Sd.
There are reasons to believe that Sd.
However, inability to fire on the move was among タッチゲームフリーダウン most serious disadvantages of the Sd.
Moreover, it took a certain time to set up the vehicle in firing position.
The gun rewuired little maintenance and had a very reliable design.
Its main drawback was a difficulty to reload due to the fact that the inlet was in constant motion together with the barrel.
Since 1943 all 61-K guns were equipped with a gun shield to protect the crew of five.
VI Crusader could not perform as a front-line tank.
Some of the vehicles were transformed into tractors for 17-pdr antitank guns.
At the same tine, experiments began in order to derive a self-propelled anti-aircraft system from the tank.
The first model, designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
I, was fitted with a light armored open-top turret which hosted a 40-mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun.
The vehicle turned out quite cumbersome and not very successful.
Even though 215 vehicles of this type were made, they did not take part in combat.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II, turned out much more successful.
The vehicle had a more compact turret that housed coaxial 20-mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns.
In addition to the gunner, there were two loaders in the turret.
The first prototype of the Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II was assembled by the Morris Motors Co.
Mass-produced Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III were used as the base, and only the turret were replaced.
The https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1405.html tank, which saw mass-production, was the model designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
The Т-shaped bar with the sighting mechanism was replaced with an A-shaped reticle, the armament was improved by the 7.
Over 600 Crusader AA tanks of Mk.
VI Crusader III AA family were the only type of anti-aircraft systems on a tank chassis widely used by the Allies in World War II.
Just like analogous German self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, Cruiser Tanks Mk.
VI Crusader III AA could not conduct aimed fire on the move, but in general, they were quite good vehicles.
The first experimental vehicle of this kind was the T1E1 with a Bendix aviation ring mount.
A few more experimental vehicles were designed in 1941-1942, and the T1E4 prototype was eventually developed.
The vehicle carried the Maxson M33 ring mount with a coaxial Browning M2HB machine gun.
In order to increase the firing angle, the sides and the back plate of the body had collapsible panels that opened while in firing position.
The T1E4 was commissioned in September 1942 under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M13.
Production of the M13 MGMC was launched in January 1943, and a total of 1,100 vehicles were manufactured.
The T58 GMC prototype carried a Maxson M45 ring mount, on which four Browning M2HB machine-guns were mounted.
The vehicle was commissioned under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M16, and its mass-production was launched in May 1943.
Nearly 2,900 M16 MGMC vehicles were manufactured, moreover, about 600 M13 MGMC pieces were adjusted to M16 standards.
Unlike the analogous German vehicle, the Sd.
An impressive firepower made it possible to use the system against both aerial and ground targets.
The company Rheinmetall engaged in developing the new machine gun and after trials in 1934 the machine gun entered the service in Wehrmacht units under the designation MG-34.
It could be used as mounted, hand-held, anti-aircraft and anti-tank machine gun.
ホースシューカジノシュリーブポート年齢制限 MG-34 had a high fire rate and was superior in firepower to all foreign machine guns existing in 1930s and early 1940s.
Combat action revealed flaws in its design.
The MG-34 used complicated production technology and required a lot of resources.
Combat proved that the MG-34 fails to operate in extreme environment conditions as the machine gun turned out to be very sensitive to hot and cold temperatures as well as to jamming.
Replacing the barrel was too complicated and required a two-man team check this out use of asbestos gloves as protection against heat, a serious flaw in a combat environment.
These serious drawbacks pointed to the need for development of an absolutely new design.
And so the MG-42, a more reliable and easy to manufacture machine gun came out in 1942.
The MG-34 machine gun was in production until the end of World War II.
From 1934 to 1945 some 457,988 units of this machine gun were manufactured.
Despite its advantages it also had some serious flaws, and hence in 1939 the development of a new machine gun beganas a replacement to the MG-34.
The company Grossfuss engaged in design and production, and also the factories Mauser-Werke and Gustloff-Werke began to manufacture the MG-42 machine gun.
Already in 1942 this machine gun was adopted throughout the entire Wehrmacht.
The machine gun did not need such meticulous care as the MG-34, was simple and easy to handle, fast to prepare for action, click to assemble and dismantle.
This was essential for the combat environment.
However, the MG-42 lacked the universality of the MG-34.
As this variant had no magazine feed, the belt could be fed from left to right only, not from both sides.
Its excessive weight and a very high rate of fire for a hand-held machine gun caused quick overheating of the barrel and hence case-extraction failures happened quite often.
無料でオンラインでプレイするスーパーマリオフラッシュゲーム to a high firing rate the MG-42 required a frequent change of barrels.
A solution developed by the engineers of Grossfuss enabled one person to replace the barrel in 6-10 seconds making possible an almost non-stop barrage of fire.
Afer intensive fire the barrel was supposed to be replaced after 250-300 shots.
About 350,000 machine guns of that type were produced in 1943-1944, and even after the war and to go here day the design has been copied numerous times by various nations.
Kolesnikov contributed to the flexibility of its use.
Typically, fire on ground targets was delivered from the wheeled trolley, keeping the tripod folded.
As an anti-aircraft weapon the machine gun was used on a tripod mount after removing the trolley.
Shifting the machine from one position into the other normally took a few minutes.
In the pre-war years only about 2,000 DShK machine guns were manufactured.
By January 1, 1942 just 720 units were used in the Red Army and it was not until January 1944 that their number reached 8,440 units.
In February 1945 a first batch including 250 units of the modernized DShKM version with a new feed system and an improved barrel fixation was introduced.
But it was not until atfer the war that this machine gun saw really wide application.
Maxim invented this machine gun.
The Russian Army and subsequently the Soviet Red Army used the Maxim M1910 machine gun, adapted by Russian gun-makers P.
Pastukhov from the city of Tula.
They made up to 200 changes to the design of the machine gun to improve its performance.
The only downside was its very heavy weight: up to 62-66 kg in combat position.
That weight was not acceptable for the high maneuverability of World War II battles and hence Soviet gun-makers began to develop a new type of heavy machine-gun.
In 1943 the Goryunov-type heavy machine gun was adopted to the arsenal of the Red Army, but still the M1910 were used up to the very end of war.
Often one or two machine guns were rolled forward at a time without even stopping fire.
The machine gun typically required a six to eight man team to operate: one to fire, one to feed and the rest to help carry the gun itself, its ammunition and removable parts.
Its only difference was the reduced weight.
After 1916 the Vickers machine gun became a standard weapon on all British and French military aircraft.
The aircraft variant was fitted with a special form of synchronizer gear to allow it to fire through aircraft propellers and a special air-cooling system.
Browning at the end of World War 1.
Basically, this machine gun was a larger copy of the М1917 Browning-type model with a water-cooling system of the barrel.
The machine gun article source accepted for service in the US Army under the designation Model 1921 in the year 1921.
After a conversion in 1932 which first of all included replacing the water-cooling by an air-cooling system, it was designated as М2.
It was a dual-rate weapon this web page automatic and single-shot modes and a belt-feed.
The barrel was coupled to the bolt with a ライブカジノゲームをハックする方法 lever that also served as a recoil booster.
The М2 was fitted with a barrel and bolt buffer system to ensure smooth operation.
Combat vehicles derived from Pz.
III tanks were manufactured in small series in 1940-1942.
The last of these vehicles, the SturmInfanterieGeschutz 33B or サッカーゲームオンライン無料ブロック解除 33B, was the foretype of a mass-produced self-propelled artillery vehicle derived from the Pz.
This system was better known as Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar, and also had the designation of Sd.
The vehicles manufactured later on received a different driver cockpit and a 7.
A total of 306 systems of this type were manufactured.
It had good armor and powerful armament and was suitable for fighting enemy infantry and fortifications as well as tanks.
It was capable of piercing armored plate as thick as 160 mm with a hollow charge shell, which made Brummbar a dangerous adversary for all types of enemy tanks.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant クリーブランドテキサス州のカジノ positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
Their main mission was to provide mobile artillery support to other units.
The first prototype on the Panzer III chassis, armed with the 105-mm leFH17 Howitzer, emerged in early 1942.
It was never commissioned, because the decision was made to switch over to the Panzer IV chassis.
The Hummel was supposed to be a temporary model while the chassis was being developed.
Their production lasted until 1944, and 666 such vehicles were made.
The howitzer crew was housed in an open-top superstructure and covered from all sides by bolted armored plates.
The crew was protected from adverse weather by a canvas top.
The design of the Hummel did not provide for installation of a machine-gun, and that is why the crew kept an MG 34 or MG42 machine-gun inside.
In summer 1943, the first 100 Hummel self-propelled howitzers took part in Operation Zitadelle.
The Hummel was used on all fronts to support German tank divisions.
V Panther chassis began in August 1942, when the experimental tank was still taking tests.
The assault tank was supposed to get an 88-mm gun and defensive armament consisting of a 7.
As the project was reviewed several click at this page, full-scale development of the system began only in May 1943, and final specification of the armament was approved only in October.
Also https://promocode-bonus.site/1/604.html month, the mock-up of the assault gun, which eventually turned into a tank destroyer, was demonstrated to Hitler, and the second prototype was shown in December.
The tank destroyer is better known as Jagdpanzer V Jagdpanther, or simply Jagdpanther.
During the mass-production period, which began in January 1944, the Jagdpanther was upgraded nearly every month.
The manufactured systems can be divided into three main series.
Systems of the third series, launched into production in late 1944, carry a different muzzle break and an engine plate from Pz.
G tanks of later series with an additional fan.
About 400 Jagdpanthers were made.
B Tiger II heavy tank, the Jagdpanther surpassed them in mobility.
Moreover, unlike comparable Soviet self-propelled artillery systems, this system had comfortable operational conditions for the crew, which added to its efficiency.
Kpfw 38 t tank.
The new vehicle was supposed to be fully armored, have a low silhuette, and carry a gun capable of fighting enemy tanks at distances no less than 800 m.
Boehmisch-Mahrish-Maschinenfabrik came up with technical requirements for the tank destroyer already on December 17, 1943.
The first wooden make-up had been built already by January 24, 1944, and three prototypes were built in March and April of the same year.
They were shown to Hitler at the Ares proving range in East Prussia and received his approval.
The new tank destroyer entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The gun was manufactured by Rheinmetall-Borsig and Seitz Werke enterprises in Germany as well.
The production was fully fine-tuned in mid-1944, and about 1,570 vehicles were manufactured until the end of the war.
Thanks to steep armor angles and a low silhuette, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an excellent antitank system capable of ambushing the enemy and changing position quickly.
The Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an ideal close combat weapon.
G in the future.
The wooden mock-up was ready in May 1943, and Vomag manufactured the first prototype in October.
The weapon that was being developed as an assault gun in fact turned out a tank destroyer dramatically different from previous German vehicles of this type.
Derived from the Pz.
F tank, the vehicle has a very low silhuette, which provided a strong advantage in combat.
Vehicles of Series Zero were distinguished by rounded corners of the cockpit nose.
The vehicle got the official designation of Sturmgeschuetz neuer Art mit 7.
It also had the index of Sd.
A total of 769 Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F learn more here were manufactured, after which they were completely replaced by Panzer IV70 V self-propelled サンアントニオからラッキーイーグルカジノまでの距離 vehicles.
The vehicles underwent some changes during the production period, in particular, vehicles of later series did not have recoil compensators, which crews often removed anyway in order to reduce signature while firing.
F was a low silhuette in combination with a powerful gun.
The front armor plane as thick as 60 mm was not a sufficient protection against enemy tank fire, but this was compensated by Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 low signature of the vehicle.
In general, Vomag designers created a good tank destroyer.
However, a lighter and more maneuverable self-propelled artillery vehicle, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer, which had the same gun, was put into mass production already in spring.
The same gun was installed in Pz.
Right after the beginning of the mass-production of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F, work on equipping it with a new gun started anew and was completed in April 1944.
The resulting vehicle was a redesigned model of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F with a reinforced running gear and front armor plate thickness increased to 80 mm.
The vehicles were manufactured in three series, each featuring minor changes.
On the other hand, problems with unequal distribution of load on suspension wheels, from which the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F suffered, got even worse for the new vehicle.
The wooden mock-up of the huge vehicle was demonstrated already on October 20 that year, and the prototype was shown in April 1944.
The production was slowed down a bit as the running gear designed by the Porsche company did not turn out a success, and a new running gear with lateral torsion bars was developed.
The initial plan was to manufacture 150 vehicles, but the Niebelungen company only made 70 Jagdtigers, of which only 48 remained among the ranks at the end of the war.
It was baptized by fire near the river Rhein in March 1945.
Jagdtigers managed to hit U.
The latter was a specialized chassis bringing together components of the Pz.
The vehicle was designed by the Deutsche Eisenwerke company.
As many as 494 vehicles were made in 1943-1945.
IV tank, and the engine and transmission from the Pz.
The HL 120 TRM engine was positioned behind the transmission and formed a single block together with it.
The spacious combat cockpit with an 88-mm antitank gun was positioned in the rear of the body and opened on top and partially in the back.
The machine-gun was not mounted permanently and was intended for self-defense.
These ホットホイールゲームオンライン無料 were in the inventory of the High Command reserve antitank battalions and took part in combat operations until the end of the war.
As of April 10, 1945, the Wehrmacht possessed 62 go here of this type on the Eastern Front and 23 systems on the Western front.
A new tank destroyer with a more powerful gun was needed.
Development of tank destroyers on the basis of Pz.
II tanks began in early 1942, which resulted in the creation of the Marder family of self-propelled gun systems.
Another workstream was the installation of 75-mm StuK.
This resulted in the development of the StuG.
F, the first self-propelled gun system of the StuG family, capable of countering enemy tanks.
As many as 366 guns of this type were manufactured from March to September 1942.
The next to follow was the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, began in December 1942.
As compared to previous varieties, the cockpit, especially its rear section, was redesigned substantially.
The hatch on the left side was replaced with a command turret analogous to the one installed in the Pz.
Side armor plates in the cockpit became ramped, and armored containers were removed.
G was not only the most produced self-propelled artillery vehicle of the StuG.
III family, but the most produced type of German armor in general.
A total of 8,172 self-propelled guns of this type were manufactured.
The StuG 40 Ausf.
G was modified several times during the production period, in particular, starting from November 1943, the vehicles were equipped with a molten gun mantlet reminiscent of a boar snout.
Some of the vehicles were fitted with side skirts for decreasing the hollow-charge shell effects starting from spring 1943.
Unlike tank destroyers of the Marder family, StuG 40 Ausf.
G systems offered relatively good protection.
It is worth mentioning that the installation of a longer and heavier gun increased the load on the front suspension wheels, which affected their longevity somewhat.
The Daimler-Benz design, derived from your カードゲームを無料でプレイ right Zugfuhrerwagen tank, designed by the same company and better known as Pz.
III, https://promocode-bonus.site/1/978.html the requirements best.
The initial plan was to design a combat vehicle with an open top cockpit, but in the end the assault vehicle became fully roofed.
The prototype batch of assault vehicles was made in 1937, and the Pz.
B chassis was used as the basis.
The vehicle was designated Gepanzerte Selbstfahrlafette fur Sturmgeschutz 7.
A, but later the name was reduced to Sturmgeschutz III Ausf.
A, or StuG III Ausf.
Vehicles of this type were employed during the French campaign of May-June 1940.
The StuG III Ausf.
B was the next modification, produced in much higher numbers, as 320 units of this vehicle were manufactured.
H tank chassis was used as the basis.
In addition to the basis, other differences to the StuG III Ausf.
A included a new crew compartment.
During the production period, the design of the StuG.
B underwent several changes, as vehicles of later series received tracks as wide as 400 mm for example.
C was put into mass production in April 1941.
As compared to ゲームの遊び方 previous model, the cockpit was redesigned, mainly by moving the sight moved from the front to the top.
Ramped plates on cockpit sides were also changed, and the running gear got new track adjusting wheels.
A total of 50 StuG III Ausf.
C units and 150 StuG III Ausf.
D units, which had practically no differences from the previous modification, were manufactured.
The point of producing the StuG III therefore was questioned, but the campaign of 1939 vividly demonstrated that infantry units needed a fire support vehicle.
In addition, the StuG III was cheaper to make than the Pz.
In general, the vehicles of the StuG III family turned out to be the most successful and most produced self-propelled artillery systems at the beginning of World War II.
Allied aviation destroyed a plant of the Alkett company in November 1943.
The plant had produced StuG 40 Ausf.
G tank destroyers, and its destruction put continuing supply of self-propelled gun systems of that type at a risk.
A solution to the problem was suggested by the Krupp company, which came up with a design designated Krupp No W 1468.
The design envisioned mounting the cockpit of the StuG 40 Ausf.
The vehicle was put into production in December 1943 under the designation of Sturmgeschutz IV with an index of Sd.
As compared to StuG 40 Ausf.
G, the position of the driver changed a bit.
He received a separate cockpit with a top boarding hatch.
A total of 1,139 StuG IV units were manufactured.
The vehicles of later series were different in using the Pz.
J tank as the chassis, and their running gear and exhaust system were a bit different, too.
As compared to the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, travelling comfort was somewhat poorer, but on the other hand, the ammunition storage space increased.
In the end, the StuG IV was quite suitable for the tank destroyer role.
II family were withdrawn from front line tank units.
Development of a self-propelled gun system based on the Pz.
II chassis began nearly simultaneously.
Among such developments was a design equipped with the 105-mm le.
F chassis, given the designation of Geschutzwagen II, was used as the basis.
As compared to the original tank, the engine was moved from the rear section to the front section and positioned on the right side of the driver.
An open crew compartment was established in the rear for housing the gun and its crew.
The system was designated 10.
A total of 676 Wespes were made.
The vehicles made during the final production stage were distinguished for having a chassis 220 mm longer.
The Munitions Sf auf Fgst Pz.
II ammo transporter was derived from the Geschutzwagen II, too.
Unlike the Wespe, it had no gun.
The system distinguished itself performing these functions very well.
The system was primarily intended for fighting enemy concrete pillboxes.
The original plan was to equip the system designated KV-14 internal designation U-18 with a 107-mm gun, but the choice was eventually made in favor of the 152-mm ML-20 gun-howitzer.
The final variant of the project was basically the KV-1S tank, in which the turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit.
The nose of the cockpit housed the 152-mm ML-20S gun.
The first prototype of the system was ready in late January 1943, when the system was already designated SU-152.
Mass production was launched in February, and about 700 such systems were made before autumn 1943.
At that time the work was in full swing on a self-propelled gun that would be analogous to the SU-152, but based on the IS-85.
The first prototype, designated Object 241, was submitted for tests in late November.
Thanks to an increase あなたが玉座の意味のゲームをプレイするとき cockpit height, operational conditions for the crew inside improved a bit, and the ventilation system was enhanced.
As soon as the tests were completed, the system was put into mass-production under the designation of ISU-152.
Its production lasted until 1947, and a total of over 3,000 vehicles were manufactured.
But the KV-14 project was effectively a replacement for the KV-2 tank, which was no longer produced after 1941.
The fact that the beginning of SU-152 production coincided with tests of Pz.
H1 Tiger tanks is probably a mere coincidence.
The advanced antitank performance of the ML-20 gun-howitzer was achieved through a high shell mass.
Hits of 152-mm shells fired from the ML-20S gun were fatal for German tanks in most cases.
According to statistics, a semi-armor-piercing howitzer shell penetrated a plate as thick as 82mm at a distance of one kilometer.
One should take into account, however, that the shell weighed 48 kg, and its hit often made welded joints fall apart.
Moreover, the quality of German armor started to decline in the summer that year.
The vehicle was supposed to be armed with the 100-mm B-34 universal shipborne gun.
Calculations showed that the gun was poorly suitable for mounting on a self-propelled gun system, and a different gun with similar specifications was required.
D-10S, derived from B-34 in February 1944, was such a gun.
The first system prototype, fitted with D-10S, was ready in March, and a second in the summer.
Another prototype, fitted with the 100-mm S-34 gun, was ready in the summer, too.
Tests showed that the system with D-10S surpassed the one with S-34, and the tank destroyer was put into production under the designation of SU-100 in November 1944.
Over 1,500 SU-100 units were manufactured.
Thanks to the new gun, the SU-100 was capable of engaging most German tanks at a distance of two kilometers.
At the same time, reinforcement of the front armor and installation of a heavier gun resulted in a heavier load on the front suspension wheels.
Just as with the SU-122 and SU-85, there were no machine-guns, which reduced the ability to fight off enemy infantry assault.
The project, codenamed U-34, had as its goal to developing a self-propelled system armed with a 76-mm tank gun and a 7.
In a sense, the U-34 was a response to the German StuG.
In autumn that year, the U-34 project was revised, and a new development called U-35 emerged on its basis.
In December 1942, the U-35 prototype passed tests, and mass-production of the system designated US-122 began later that month.
As compared to the prototype, the mass-produced vehicle had a different front armor plate, and changes were made to the combat section design.
A total of 1,148 SU-122 units were manufactured.
The system fired hollow-charge shells burning through armor as thick as 200 mm.
At the same time, just like the SU-152, the SU-122 was primarily self-propelled artillery vehicle used for supporting tanks, and the Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar can be called its German counterpart.
One such system, the SU-5-2, derived from the T-26 light tank, was used in battles with Japanese forces on Lake Hasan in 1938.
The first system produced in decent numbers was the SU-30, derived from the A-20 Komsomolets artillery tractor in 1941.
Several experimental systems were designed in 1942, but they failed to comply with certain requirements.
Finally the SU-12 system designed on the basis of the extended T-70 tank chassis was submitted for tests in November 1942.
The closed crew compartment was located in the rear, and a couple of GAZ-202 engines were used as the power plant.
Mass production of the SU-12 system, renamed SU-76, began in January 1943.
Soon it became clear that they were not very reliable.
Production of the SU-76 was suspended in March, and upgraded systems designated SU-76M were put into production in May.
The vehicle was powered by a couple of GAZ-203 engines, and the crew compartment was enlarged a bit.
After additional improvements the vehicle was renamed SU-15M.
The top and parts of the rear wall of the crew compartment were removed, as the built-in ventilation system often failed the top of the SU-76M was frequently removed for the same reason.
The SU-15M was put into mass production under the designation of SU-76.
Over 11,000 SU-76 systems were manufactured from October 1943 to 1945, and the vehicle became the most popular Soviet self-propelled gun.
The SU-76 was frequently used as a tank destroyer, but it should be remembered that the ZIS-3 gun was not primarily an antitank weapon, and its armor-piercing capability was not very advanced.
H1 Tiger heavy tanks were https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1636.html in January 1943.
The 85-mm 52-K anti-aircraft gun and the 122-mm A-19 gun-howitzer turned out more suitable for engaging the Tiger.
At about the same time, development of rtgのカジノのボーナス few types of 85-mm tank guns, including D-5T, began.
The first samples of this weapon were ready in June that year.
The first two prototypes were armed with the 85-mm S-18 gun, while the third one, designated SU-85-II, emerged a bit later and was armed with the 85-mm D-5S gun, a modification of D-5T developed for installation into self-propelled gun systems.
Tests showed that the SU-85-II had advantages over the systems armed with the S-18 gun, and the vehicle was put into mass-production under the designation of SU-85 in August 1943.
A total of 2,050 SU-85 units were made.
G self-propelled gun system.
Armor-piercing capabilities of D-5S were very good for mid-1943, as its shell penetrated an armor plate 100 mm thick at a distance of one kilometer.
This was enough to ensure engagement of such tanks as Pz.
V Panther and Pz.
The Vickers company was responsible for the development.
The self-propelled gun carried a 17-pdr antitank gun with a barrel length of 58 calibers, capable of engaging nearly all types of German tanks.
Unlike the M10 and Achilles self-propelled guns, which were organic to armor divisions and brigades, Archer systems were in the inventory of infantry divisions and army tank brigades.
This allowed the Archer system to combat German tanks successfully.
Army entered World War II with the M3 Gun Motor Carriage tank destroyer derived from the M2 halftrack tractor.
First engagements in the Pacific Ocean showed that a different vehicle with better protection and a tank chassis was required.
Another self-propelled gun, the T35 Gun Motor Carriage, was designed a bit later カジノカリフォルニア南部 an open top turret, and the M4A2 Medium Tank as the chassis.
A redesigned model of this system, designated T35E1, had a different hull with characteristicly angled sides.
In September 1942, a redesigned model of the T35E1 was put into mass-production under the designation of 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10.
The mass-produced vehicle had a different turret than that of the T35E1.
The shape of the turret was changed several times during the production period, and the vehicles https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1007.html during the medium and final production stages had stowage boxes attached to the back of the turret.
In addition to the M10, a model called 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10A1 was available.
It had a different chassis, namely the lower part of the M4A3 tank chassis.
As many as 4,993 units of the 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 were manufactured until December 1943.
The vehicle was designated Wolverine in the British army.
Unlike Soviet and German tank destroyers that had no turret at all, U.
On the other hand, the M10 had relatively weak armor protection, and hand grenades were often thrown into the open turret.
The 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 carried relatively powerful armament, as an armor-piercing shell of the 76-mm M7 gun was capable of penetrating an 88-mm plate at a distance of one kilometer.
This allowed the vehicle to combat the Pz.
V Panther, but against the Pz.
VI more powerful weapons were required.
Tests showed that the gun of warcraftのような無料ゲーム World fit the turret, but additional counterbalances were required to balance the long barrel.
Taking all pros and cons into account, the designers started developing a tank destroyer with a reworked turret.
The summer saw the production of two prototypes, different in chassis: the first vehicle was derived from the M10, and the second from the M10A1.
The prototypes received the designations of T71E1 and T71 respectively.
The 90-mm M3 gun was used as the main weapon, and a 12.
Just like with the M10, there was no coaxial machine-gun or bow-gun.
The reworked turret featured a counterbalance for the gun.
Mass-production of the T71E1 began in April 1943, and the tank destroyer was standardized and designated 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage M36 in July that year.
The vehicle is also known as Jackson or Slugger.
A total of 1,413 tank destroyers of that type were manufactured.
A subcaliber shell fired from the 90-mm M3 gun was capable of piercing an armor plate as thick as 189 mm from a distance of one kilometer, enough to ensure the destruction of any German tank.
The only type of German armor immune to the M36 was the Jagdtiger tank destroyer.
Just like other U.
The latter factor considerably reduced its efficiency in fighting against enemy infantry.
The tank entered service in March 1934 В1.
Since 1935 five companies, - Renault, FCM, Schneider, FAMH and АРХ, - were producing these tanks.
When production ended on June 15, 1940 about 403 such tanks had been manufactured.
About 1,000 units were manufactured from 1935 to 1940.
The 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments forming part of the 3rd Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with the same number of the Н39 tanks, and 60 H35 units served in the 11th Dragoon Regiment.
Four of the five Light Cavalry Divisions in the Armored Cavalry Reconnaissance Regiment had 12 H35 tanks each at their disposal and the fifth counted 12 H39 tanks.
The 342nd and the 351st tank companies equipped with H35 and Н39 tanks saw combat action in Norway 1940.
Under the designation PzKpfw 38H 735 f the tank was used in the Wehrmacht and the SS.
Some 200 units were manufactured before 1940.
The tank had a riveted hull and turret with sloped armor.
They were used in the 1st and the 4the Dragoon Regiments of the 1st and the 2nd Mechanized Cavalry Divisions, 69 machines in each.
The 7th the 1st DIM and the 6th the 3rd DIM Tank Reconnaissance Groups were equipped with four AMR 35 tanks, versions ZT2 and ZT3, click the following article />After France was defeated most tanks of that type were captured by German troops and used by the Wehrmacht as transports for 80 mm mortars.
It appears to be the first tank in the world with a fully rotating turret.
The tank was produced since 1917 by Renault, Berliet, Schneider and Delauney-Belleville.
In total some 7,820 units were manufactured.
Also, three dedicated FT-18 companies the 343rdthe 344ththe 350th Cie.
A were formed having about 10 tanks each.
The rest of the tanks of this type were stored in depots.
Also, these vehicles fought in France against German troops.
However, after the French Campaign was finished, the FT tanks captured by the Germans were used in police units and for guarding airfields, and served under the designation PzKpfw 18R 730 f.
This tank was in serial production from 1935 to 1940.
During this period Renault delivered about 1,070 tanks to the French Army and exported some other 560 units.
Later on, a conversion, the R39 with a long-barrel 37 mm SA38 gun was developed.
Then a model followed with a new suspension system by AMX and a similar gun to that of the R39.
The tank was designated R40.
In May 1940 a total of 945 units were deployed in Europe, of which 810 served in dedicated tank battalions and 135 were allocated to the 4th Tank Division of the Reserve DCR.
The 68th Tank Battalion was deployed in Syria, the 63rd and 62nd Battalions served in Tunisia and Algeria respectively.
R35 were also in service in Poland, Yugoslavia, Romania and Turkey.
Germans used most of the tanks for training purposes and some of them, after removing the turret, were rebuilt into artillery tractors for 150 mm howitzers and 210 mm mortars.
About 500 tanks were manufactured between 1935 and 1940.
The Mechanized Cavalry Regiments of three Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with these tanks.
The S35 served in the 4th Cuirassier, the 18th Dragoon, the 13th and the 29th Dragoon, the 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments.
In Tunisia the 6th Light Cavalry Division counted 50 S35 tanks.
Later these tanks were used on the Eastern front in the 211th Tank Battalion and in Crimea in the 204th Tank Regiment.
In Normandy, the 100th Tank Reserve Battalion and the 206th Tank Battalion were partly reequipped with tanks of this type and fought against the Allies.
In 1941, Germans converted about 60 tanks into artillery tractors.
The turret was replaced with a superstructure which could hold two crew members a commander and a radio operator and two radio stations.
Six such vehicles were produced in late 1935.
Apart from the new chassis the tank designated Kleiner Panzerbefehlswagen I B differed in its standard armament one MG-34 7.

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It is issued to any enlisted personnel and civilians for military merit.
It was similar to the WWI Croix de Guerre.
Later on, the Croix Du Combattant became a distinguishing decoration for enlisted personnel who had participated in military actions.
The Cross was awarded for bravery and heroism displayed on the battlefield.
It re-appeared during the Franco-Prussian War and World War I, and was restored again on September 1, 1939.
The Cross was awarded for accomplishment of 3—5 especially difficult missions and valor showed on the battlefield.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to the auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
It was presented for successful accomplishment of 6 — 12 especially difficult missions.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
Introduced on September 1, 1939 due to restoration of the Iron Cross.
It was also worn on a ribbon around the neck.
It had several degrees.
The most widespread degree was the Iron Cross itself.
This award was issued if the decorated person had already been awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great read article over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
It was awarded if the person had already been bestowed with the Virtuti Militari Order 5th Class.
The Order of the White Eagle had only ハッピーホイールフルバージョンフラッシュゲーム class.
A person could be bestowed with this order only once.
The Medal for Combat Service was introduced to bestow personnel for active support of the war effort, or for improving the army readiness for war.
The Medal for Valor is bestowed for personal bravery and valor during the defense of the Socialist Fatherland and the execution of military duty.
The condition for award recommendation was participation in, at least, one operation in these countries.
It is bestowed on servicemen of any branch of the US Armed Forces.
The Medal was established to bestow on US servicemen for heroism and merits.
It was made retroactive to December 7, 1941.
It was originally known as the Citation Star, but on July 16, 1932 by the order of the Secretary of War it was renamed to the Silver Star Medal.
It is awarded for exceptional valor in action.
Congress on July 2, 1926.
It is bestowed on any servicemen, whose wartime actions were acknowledged as highly fruitful or actions, which were significantly helpful on extraordinary peacetime situations.
Civilians can also receive this decoration, when their merits are equal to the aforementioned ones of the servicemen.
At サッカートーナメントゲームオンライン, it was given to lowest ranks of enlisted personnel only for exceptional deeds on the battlefield, but according to the US Congress act dated March 3, 1863 it was also granted to officers.
Such a deed should have been witnessed by many as something unique and extraordinary to qualify for this award.
According to that concept, mechanized cavalry units were to receive Automitrailleuse de Decouverte AMD medium armored cars, Automitrailleuse de Reconnaissance AMR light reconnaissance tanks, as well as Automitrailleuse de Combat AMC close support tanks.
The last to join was the Panhard company, which created the first prototype of its armored vehicle in October 1933.
The prototype had a Vincennes turret, identical to those of the AMR 35ZT reconnaissance tank, and its armament consisted of the 13.
Tests showed that the vehicle was too heavy and did not fit the requirement specifications.
The prototype was seriously upgraded in February 1934, and this time Panhard managed to surpass the specified requirements.
The vehicle entered inventory under the designation of AMD 35 in the autumn that year.
Mass-produced vehicles received the new APX-3 turret, and the 13.
Armor protection of the AMD 35 surpassed requirements, too, reaching 20 mm in thickness at the front hull and 26 mm at the turret front.
As many as 526 vehicles of this type, as well as 24 command vehicles, where the APX-3 turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit, and the ER27 heavy radio added, were manufactured from 1934 to 1940.
Moreover, a prototype fitted with a new welded Renault turret and a 47-mm SA-35 gun was made.
Tthe baseline model was produced in two series, different from each other in minor details.
Due to an acute shortage of APX-3 turrets, a small number of armored cars with an immovable cockpit identical to that of the AMD 35 command model and armed with one 7.
The AMD 35 was among the few types of trophy hardware used by German troops without serious redesign except for installation of new radios.
After the war, the upgraded model of the vehicle, designated Panhard 178B, was used by French forces until the mid-1950s.
The vehicle, designated Austin-Kegresse, was put into mass production in 1918, and by that time Adolf Kegresse had emigrated to France.
In his home country, Kegresse got the Citroen company interested in his developments.
The Citroen-Kegresse M23 halftrack armored car, with the concept that had a lot in common with that of the Austin-Kegresse, was designed in 1923.
However, the capacity of the Citroen company turned out to be quite limited, and it failed to comply even with orders for common halftrack vehicles, let alone armored cars.
As a result, halftrack armored cars designed by Kegresse jointly with the Schneider company were produced in high volumes.
The automobile was a derivative of the Schneider-Kegresse P16 Mle.
Its armament consisted of the 37-mm Puteaux SA-18 gun and coaxial 7.
However, the vehicle had become very much outdated by 1940, and the rubber block tracks designed by Kegresse were not distinguished for their reliability.
Panhard 178 vehicles were able to counter German tanks of all types as well as armored cars quite successfully.
They designated the vehicles as PzSpah 204 f and started using them actively.
Over 200 vehicles were supplied to field and SS units, and 43 vehicles were transformed into armored trolleys.
As of June 1943, the Wehrmacht still operated about 30 Panhards on the Eastern Front and 33 on the Western Front.
Some other armored cars had been handed over to police units by then.
They soon became outdated, and a new armored car was designed in 1934 to replace them.
The new vehicle was based on the Horch 801 all-wheel-drive chassis and had a welded body with armored plates positioned under a certain angle.
The armament consistied of a 7.
Mass production of the armored car, designated Sd.
Its main difference from the Sd.
In addition to the MG-34 machine-gun, the Sd.
The weapon was derived from the Flak 30 air defense gun.
Later modifications mounted a different gun, Kw.
The vehicles were manufactured in a number of series, different from each other in engines, armament and armor thickness.
A total of 989 Sd.
It was suitable for carrying out functions as scout car, and powerful armament allowed it to even fight enemy light tanks.
Unlike the baseline model, the Sd.
A source antenna was the major peculiarity of the vehicle distinguishing it from the Sd.
Starting from 1942, the Sd.
The only additional drawback was the increased signature as a result of the frame antenna.
The vehicle is better known as the Sd.
The DII3 prototype was made in 1938, and it served as a baseline for the subsequent Sd.
The first prototype of the APC derived from Demag D7was assembled only in December 1939.
Mass production of the APC, designated Leichter Schutzenpanzerwagen Sd.
Just like the Sd.
In order to differentiate between the vehiclesthe older versions were designated Sd.
A total of 7,326 Sd.
The vehicle performed this part successfully, and had no real competitors in its class.
The vehicle, designated Leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t Typ HL kl6, entered the Wehrmacht inventory in 1936 under the index of Sd.
In addition to Hansa-Lloyd-Goliath Werke, several other companies, including Hanomag, manufactured the Sd.
Jointly with the Bussing-NAG company, Hanomag derived from the Sd.
The prototype of the Sd.
Vehicles of the first version - Sd.
B - had a typical V-shaped hull front plate.
The only difference was that Sd.
B lacked lookouts at passenger compartment sides.
Production of the next modification, Sd.
C, began in 1941.
Its front plate was single-piece, and a catwalk was added to the sides of the hood.
Moreover, changes were made to the design of the ring mount supporting the machine-gun.
The ring mount received a V-shaped plate, and this modification was installed also in later models of the Sd.
These vehicles were assembled at several plants, including factories in occupied Czechoslovakia, where welding was not used.
A total of 15,000 APCs of all varieties were assembled.
It was useful 無料ゲームをプレイします。Minecraftの amusing only the first full-scale German APC, but also one of the best vehicles of this class during the war.
Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 was the only APC capable of competing with the Sd.
D, began in the autumn of 1943.
It no longer had the catwalk on the sides of the hood, which wase characteristic of the Sd.
C, and the body shape changed.
SPTA boxes, earlier mounted on the hull sides, were now located inside the hull.
Moreover, For エジプトゲームの王座 excellent observation devices were reinforced with bulletproof glass.
This version saw the highest production output, as out of 15,000 Sd.
D vehicles alone amounted to 10,500.
A total of 23 varieties of the Sd.
D were available, ranging from the APC to an anti-aircraft combat vehicle.
It was decided to make about 90 vehicles on their basis.
The armored body was designed and manufactured in Poland, and its shape was very much alike that of French halftrack vehicles.
Two prototypes had been made by 1925 and were designated Wzor 28 Wz.
The first mass-produced vehicles were ready in 1927.
When the vehicles were commissioned, it turned out that they failed to accomplish the assigned missions.
The vehicles required frequent maintenance, and the wear resistance of rubber tracks was very low.
That is why the decision was made in 1933 to transform the vehicles from halftracks to wheeled cars.
It turned out that they behaved a bit worse than the Wz.
The final decision to transform all Wz.
Each squadron incorporated seven Wz.
However, due to acute shortage of armored cars, the Wz.
They took part in nearly all battles on the Polish territory from September 1 to 27, 1939.
The armored car took about six months to design, and all the latest technical requirements to armored cars, put together on the basis of combat experience analysis, were taken into account.
The vehicle was supposed to be used in reconnaissance, troop control in battle, rear area security, motor convoy escorts, and air defense.
The design of the new vehicle was definitely influenced by the German Sd.
Kfz 221 armored car.
The first batch of mass-produced armored cars was shipped to forces of the Bryansk and Voronezh Fronts in summer 1942.
The BA-64 and BA-64B were involved in the seizure of Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Austrian cities and in the storm of Berlin.
All in all, from 1942 to 1946 plants manufactured 3,901 BА-64 and 5,209 BА-64B.
The BА-64 was the last armored car in the Soviet Army.
In the pre-war period, designer M.
Andreyev developed the OSGA-4 and OSGA-6 snowmobiles for these purposes.
Positive experience in using snowmobiles in the Finnish campaign of 1939-1940 resulted in the creation of a snowmobile capable of conducting reconnaissance and, if necessary, taking part in combat operations.
It had a wooden frameless body, and the front was protected by an anti-bullet armor plate.
The body front contained the control section, where the driver was situated.
The eye slit with a glass block from the BA-20 armored car was built into the front panel to enable the driver to look at the road in front.
The combat section was located behind the control section.
It housed the 7.
Machine-gun fire was conducted by the snowmobile commander.
The horizontal firing angle amounted to 300 degrees, while horizontal angles varied from —14 to 40 this web page />The snowmobile rode on four wooden skis attached to the hull with the help of an independent suspension using spiral springs.
Cable steering controlled both front and rear skis.
The NKL-26 was in the inventory of specialized snowmobile battalions.
In addition, the battalions used the NKL-16 transport and landing snowmobiles without armor or armament.
The loading section of that snowmobile could fit four armed soldiers or cargo.
Development of more advanced models started only in 1939, and first samples were put into mass production in 1941.
One of them was the medium armored car designed by Daimler company.
The vehicle was a derivative of a light reconnaissance armored car designated Daimler Scout Car.
Unlike its predecessor, the Daimler Armored Car Mk.
I was equipped with a turret which carried the 40-mm ROQF Mk.
IX gun and a coaxial 1 X 7.
Most British tanks carried such weapons at that time.
By the time the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car was submitted for tests, the French campaign was lost, while the battle in North Africa was only flaming up.
As a result, the mass-produced car was initially adapted for operations in North Africa.
For instance, the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car had a substantial fuel supply, which enabled it to cover long distances.
Soon after the Daimler Mk.
I, a modification designated Daimler Mk.
II featuring slight changes in the rear section was put into mass production.
A total of 2,296 vehicles of both versions were manufactured.
I is the most famous British armored vehicle of World War II.
The Daimler company managed to design a very successful scout car that accomplished its functions until the very end of the war.
Vehicles of the Citroen-Kegresse company were used as a sample.
Due to the evolution of the caterpillar track, its design was getting less reminiscent of its prototype, but the rubber block track remained the same, although it was decided to abandon metal patches.
The first more or less successful vehicle was designed by the Diamond T Company in 1940.
The prototypes of this company, T14 and T18, were derived from the M3 Scout Car.
The rear axle was replaced with the Timken tracked propulsive device.
The passenger compartment was redesigned, and the defensive machine-gun was removed from rails and put on a special bar.
The T14 was standardized and designated Halftrack Car M2, and the T5 prototype was designated Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 in 1941.
The Halftrack Car M2 was go here as an artillery tractor, and the M3 as an APC.
As many as 11,500 Halftrack Cars M2 and 12,500 Halftrack Personnel Carriers M3 were manufactured.
Modified models of the M2 and M3 were put into production in autumn 1943.
The main armament, consisting of the 12.
Such vehicles were designated M2A1 1,643 vehicles manufactured and M3A1 2,862 vehicles manufactured.
Moreover, 5,000 M2 vehicles were upgraded to the M2A1 level, and more than 2,000 М3 vehicles モンティセロニューヨークのカジノ the M3A1 level.
Another 1,300 75-mm GMC M3 self-propelled artillery systems were transformed into M3A1 vehicles.
Army in 1941, was ラジアルスロットラインアンテナ by the T17 of the Ford Co.
The vehicle was not very successful, but 250 vehicles were manufactured, and some of them were battle-tested in North Africa.
The first sample of the T17E1 vehicle assembled by Chevrolet in September 1941 also took part in the competition.
The T17E1 was a two-axle vehicle, a bit lighter and shorter than the T17, but had the same turret.
In June 1942, the T17E1 was standardized and designated M6 Medium Armored Car, but the U.
The T17E1 attracted much more interest in Great Britain.
The order for 2,000 vehicles of this type was placed in January 1942.
In the British army, the vehicle was designated Staghound.
Nearly 4,000 vehicles of the Staghound family were manufactured.
Its specifications are comparable to that of the M3A1 Light Tank.
Moreover, it was the heaviest armored car of World War II.
An impressive fuel capacity indicates clearly that the vehicle was designed for combat operations in North Africa, but the Staghound was completed too late for that.
At the end can オンラインで熱い車輪ゲーム and the war, the 37-mm M6 gun no longer had enough firepower to combat enemy tanks.
This problem was solved in a unique way, when the regular turret was replaced with the turret of a Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III, and the 6 pdr gun was replaced with the 75-mm ROQF Mk.
Such vehicles were designated Staghound III.
Army Command held a competition for a design of an armored car capable of accomplishing functions of both a scout car and a tank destroyer.
The T17 six-wheeler visit web page the Ford company was first announced as the winner, but the project was eventually rejected.
At the second stage of the competition, vehicles of the Ford company T22 and Chrysler company T23 reached the finals.
The armored car was manufactured from March 1943 to April 1944, and a total of 8,500 vehicles were made.
In addition, 3,500 M20 command cars were made.
They had no turret in comparison to the base model.
German eight-axle armored cars had a lower weight than the U.
In addition to the U.
Armed Forces, the M8 Armored Car was used in the British army under the designation of Greyhound.
By the time it appeared on the battlefield, the M8 Armored Car was no longer suitable for the role as a tank destroyer, バレーフォージカジノコメディ it performed quite well as a scout car.
Moreover, its powerful armament enabled it to combat light armored enemy vehicles.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne 無料の悪いゲームオンラインキャンディクラッシュ />Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 10回払いスロットマシン thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
Production of the gun began in small batches in 1928.
They were different from later samples in having wooden wheels, which made them transportable only by horse traction.
Gun output grew in 1933, when the National Socialists came to power.
The gun received steel wheels with pneumatic tires one year later.
The Wehrmacht officially commissioned the gun in 1936 under the designation of 3.
The model of 1928 was produced in the USSR designated as 37-mm Antitank Gun, and was later transformed into the famous 45-mm gun.
Cheeks had to be unfolded before firing, but it was also possible to fire when the cheeks were folded with cushioning switched off.
The gun was fitted with a horizontal wedge breech-block, which became a characteristic trait of German antitank guns.
Large-scale production of Pak 38 started already after the French campaign.
A total of 9,500 Pak 38 units were manufactured.
This element, as well as the installation of a screwing two-chamber recoil compensator, became characteristic of subsequent German antitank guns.
The gun was also equipped with a horizontal wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight was used to control fire.
The carriage had torsional cushioning, and a shield in the front, with the lower part capable of folding upwards.
A light one-wheel limber was used to transport the Pak 38, but there was also a possibility to transport the gun without it.
The gun fired fragmentation and armor-piercing shells.
Supplies of the Panzergranatpatrone 40 subcaliber shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 86 mm at a distance of 457 meters began in May 1941.
The Stielgranate 42 subcaliber hollow charge shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 180 mm, emerged in March 1943.
This gun, alongside with the 8.
It should suffice to say that the Pak 38 accounted for 40 percent of combat losses among Т-34 tanks.
As to KV-1 tanks, they could only be hit through the front plate from a distance of less than 500 m.
Replacement of the Pak 38 with the more powerful 7.
A few instances of mounting the Pak 38 on Sd.
First samples of the new antitank gun, designated 7.
The Pak 40 turned out to be the most produced gun of the Wehrmacht, as over 23,000 pieces were manufactured.
Their barrel design, recoil systems, and carriages were very much alike.
Just like its predecessor, the Pak 40 had a barrel with a two-chamber recoil compensator and a wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight, identical to the one mounted on Pak 38, was used to control fire.
The apron shield was different in having a shape that was easier to manufacture.
It consisted of two sections, each of them 4mm thick.
The gun fired fragmentation, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
The gun guaranteed effective engagement of most enemy armored vehicles.
A higher caliber brought to light another advantage of the Pak 40L: its fragmentation shells were much more efficient against hostile infantry than those of previous antitank guns in the Wehrmacht inventory.
However, there is a price for everything, and the Pak 40 designers had to pay it by making the gun heavier, with a weight reaching 1.
The Pak 40 was used in Marder II and Marder III self-propelled antitank artillery systems.
The gun was also mounted on the Sd.
As a result, the 8.
It was a redesigned Flak 41 air defense gun of Krupp company mounted on a lower carriage with four removable wheels.
It was primarily different in having a carriage of the 10.
The gun employed a semi-automatic horizontal breech-block, and a two-chamber recoil compensator was screwed on the barrel.
The carriage was initially designed for the howitzer, which made it possible to make the maximal vertical guidance angle quite high.
The gun was fitted with the Sfl.
Design of the apron shield was identical to that of Pak 40.
The gun fired high-explosive, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
On the one hand, the gun had advanced armor-piercing capabilities, as its subcaliber shell penetrated an armor plate 193 mm thick at a distance on one kilometer.
At the same time, the gun turned out too heavy and the crew could hardly move it.
Only a limited number of tractors mostly Sd.
In addition, the gun turned out too cumbersome.
Just like many other types of armament designed by Bofors, the gun was export-oriented.
Also a tank gun was derived from this gun in order to equip, in particular, Polish 7TP tanks.
By September 1939, the Polish army had procured about 1,200 37-mm Armata Przeciwpancerna wz.
The gun also had a high rate of fire amounting to 10-25 rpm.
The gun employed a wedge semi-automatic vertical breech-block.
In order to reduce the recoil, the barrel was equipped with a recoil compensator of original design.
Fire control Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 possible through a collimating sight.
It fired armor-piercing and high-explosive shells.
An armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 25 mm thick positioned at an angle of 30 degrees at a distance of 500 m.
By 1941, the gun became outdated and could only effectively combat light armored targets.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
A year later, the Revolutionary Military Council ordered it into mass production.
All subsequent changes were primarily related to the design of the breech-block and carriage.
Unlike previous varieties, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 has a semi-automatic wedge breech-block, as well as cushioning and wheels of the GAZ-AAA vehicle.
By the middle of the war the gun had become extremely outdated, though it remained in production until 1946.
About 50,000 45-mm antitank guns model 1937 and 10,843 guns model 1942 the latter with a barrel expanded to 68.
The 76-mm F-24 gun was used as basis, but its design was considerably reworked, and the ZIS-2 prototype was submitted for field trials already in October 1940.
As many as 371 pieces were manufactured before the end of the year, but production stopped after that.
The main reason was the absence of decent targets on the battlefield.
Anti-recoil devices included a hydraulic recoil brake and a hydro-pneumatic recuperator mechanism.
For gun rotation a pushing screw mechanism was used.
The ammunition stock consisted of fragmentation and armor-piercing tracer shells, as well as canister shots for elimination of enemy infantry at here of 100-200 m.
The weapon was developed by the Vasily Grabin design bureau and was manufactured in small numbers already in 1941, but it did スロットフリーリアルマネー gain recognition among Soviet military leaders immediately.
Only in 1942, after excellent response from the front, the gun was put v5のスロットの種類 catia large-scale production.
It had the following components: the carriage of the ZIS-2 gun, and the improved barrel of the F-22USV gun with good ballistic specifications, fitted with a recoil compensator for reducing the load on the carriage.
ZIS-3 had a rate of fire of 25 rpm and a range of 13 km.
Experts justifiably consider it among the best antitank weapons.
The order for 400 guns, designated 6 pdr Gun, was placed in June 1940, but due to the loss of a high number of QF 2 pdr Guns consider, 無料でオンライン忍者サガゲームをプレイ effective? the evacuation of British troops from France, the decision was made to boost the production of 2pdr Guns.
As a result, real mass production of 6 pdr Guns was launched in November 1941.
II became the first mass-produced model.
When the Allies landed in Normandy, the 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV, which was distinguished for having a barrel 16 inch longer and a recoil compensator, saw the highest production rate.
Alongside with Great Britain, the 6 pdr Gun was manufactured in Canada.
Moreover, the gun entered the service of the U.
Armed Forces under the designation of 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
Just like its predecessor, the 6 pdr Gun had a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
A shoulder piece was located to the left of thethe breech.
Fire control was provided by a telescopic sight.
The apron shield consisted of two sections, upper and lower apron.
The upper shield was attached to the barrel, while the lower apron was attached to the carriage.
The gun fired armor-piercing, armor-piercing tracer and sub-caliber shells.
High-explosive fragmentation shelld could be used, too, but this rarely happened because of their low efficiency.
Regardless of that, 6 pdr Guns were still widely employed and had several advantages over the 17 pdr Guns.
First, the 6 pdr Gun was twice as light as the 17 pdr Gun, and second, its silhouette was much lower.
A standard armor-piercing shell of a 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV penetrated an armor plate 74 mm thick at a distance of 1,000 meters.
A subcaliber shell could penetrate armor as thick as 146 mm at the same distance.
It was manufactured with various changes since Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 />By the mid-1930s, it had become obvious that the gun was outdated and a replacement was needed.
Development of a new-generation field gun began in 1935, and a caliber of 3.
I, entered the service of the British army in 1938.
The main difference of those guns from subsequent modifications was the employment of the carriage from the 18 pdr Field Gun.
The production of the 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II, based on a new carriage, began in late 1939.
This variety, as well as the later 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
III, became the most most widely produced models.
Starting from 1942, the guns were equipped with muzzle brakes made by Solothurn.
In addition to Great Britain, the 25 pdr Field Gun was manufactured in Canada.
II used a carriage largely similar to that of the 18 pdr Field Gun.
It was peculiar for a special wing platform, on which the gun was put in firing position in order to ensure a quick horizontal rotation.
The gun could fire even if it was not mounted on the platform, in this case the horizontal guidance angle amounted to eight degrees four to the left and four to the right.
In the traveling position, the gun was transported by attaching it to the limber, though it could be transported even without the limber, if necessary.
The gun was fitted with a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
Two sights, a panoramic sight and a telescopic sight, were used for aiming, the latter mostly for firing at tanks.
The 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II normally fired fragmentation-demolition shells.
After evacuation from France, when a high number of antitank guns were lost, an armor-piercing shell was designed for the gun.
I with carriages of 18 pdr Field Guns.
IIwere used for the first time during the battle for Norway.
The gun distinguished itself in combat operation, as can be seen from the fact that the 25 pdr Field Gun was decommissioned only in the early 1970s.
The gun was not bad in engaging tanks, too, as an armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 70 mm thick at a distance of 400 m.
Special tractors, known as Quad Tractors, were used for transporting 25 pdr Field Guns.
Based on tests of three howitzers, the 105 mm Howitzer Carriage M1921E was chosen as the best one.
The howitzer was standardized and designated 105 mm Howitzer M1 in 1928, but no mass production followed.
As a result, only the modified variety, designated 105 mm Howitzer M2A1, was put into mass production in March 1940, and a total of 8,536 Howitzers М2А1 were made before the end of the war.
The howitzer employs a pneumo-hydraulic anti-recoil device.
The apron shield consists of two sections, the front shield attached to the barrel, and the rear shield attached to the carriage.
The carriage has cheeks that expand when the howitzer is set up in firing position.
Two sights were used, the М16 telescopic sight and the М12А2 panoramic sight.
The howitzer fired high-explosive shells.
Its only disadvantage was a rather high weight, which somewhat reduced its mobility.
The 105 mm Howitzer M2A1 is still in the service in some countries, though now it has a slightly different name, the 105 mm Howitzer M101.
Army in the summer of 1943.
Concerned about the poor efficiency of the French 37-mm M3A1 gun against German armor, U.
The 57-mm Antitank Gun M1 fought in all major campaigns of the U.
He replaced the rear axle of a vehicle with a tracked propulsive device, which considerably boosted its cross-country capability.
Kegresse returned to France in 1918 and offered his ideas to a few companies.
This was followed by the commissioning of the P.
As a result, the P.
The vehicle was assembled by the Laffly company under the designation of S15T, but the highest number of semi-track tractors was manufactured by the UNIC company.
Over 3,000 UNIC P.
Alongside with artillery tractors, the UNIC P.
Vehicles of this type were most often used for towing the 75-mm Canon de Campagne Mle.
The Germans derived a high number of specialized hardware units from the tractor, starting with APCs and ending with air defense self-propelled systems.
In 1935, the German army set up motorcycle forces, too.
They were assigned the mission to deliver three fully equipped soldiers to forward positions in a very short period of time.
The motorcycles were repainted and duly equipped.
As the motorcycles were of various models and companies, and it was next to impossible to obtain spare parts for some of them, these motorcycles did not last longer than a year.
This fragility was also the result of operating conditions, as commercial motorcycles were simply not intended for riding through rough terrain in adverse climates.
This was the prototype of 1934, designed especially for driving in extreme winter weather.
It was fitted with a sidecar with a directive wheel, which added to its maneuverability.
The telescopic front fork, designed a few years earlier, improved cross-country capabilities of the motorcycle.
The frame was composite, which made it possible to easily replace damaged parts.
It distinguished itself not only in high-speed road travel, but also in crossing streams and making long forced marches on broken country roads.
Most of the manufactured vehicles had canvas covers and cabriolet bodies without doors.
The car was produced from 1935 to 1938.
The commercial modification differed from the military command car by an all-metal varnished body, chrome-plated bumpers, and doors with crank-operated windows.
There were also some modifications in the design of the windshield and windshield wipers.
The first prototypes, Kdf Typ 62, were made in 1938, and after numerous tests the design went through changes aimed at improving their cross-country capability.
Mass-production of the car, designated Kdf Typ 82 and named Kubelwagen, started in December 1939, and the first batch of vehicles was supplied to military units in the spring of 1940.
The Kubelwagen gradually became the main light army car.
A total of 52,000 vehicles were produced.
Alongside with the standard model a variety of modifications were produced: reconnaissance, repair and observation vehicles.
The Kubelwagen was also used as a 賃貸料のための新しいポートリッチーフロリダのカジノ car.
Thanks to the simple design and reliability, the car distinguished itself and was very popular in military units.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model https://promocode-bonus.site/1/74.html truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1733.html military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear click the following article limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
Mass production of the vehicle with the factory designation of Krauss-Maffei KM m 8 began later that ハリウッドの化粧ゲームをプレイ />The tractor entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The Krauss-Maffei KM m 11, put into production in 1937, became the main model.
About 5,000 vehicles were manufactured by Krauss-Maffei and the Borgward company.
It proved reliable and was popular in military units.
All these vehicles were used in the Polish army for staff, transport, medical and special purposes.
The new automobile in comparison to its predecessor had an check this out body that ensured quick mounting and dismounting of four men with firearms.
The body was made of steel with a basic wooden structure in the rear section.
The inner side of the body carried special equipment for military purposes, such as bags for hand grenades and cartridges, and mounts for armaments.
Some vehicles carried a 7.
The latter could tow a trailer weighing up to 350 kg and were intended for transporting a 37-mm antitank gun.
It was an improved and strengthened copy of the Italian FIAT 621, produced in the PZInz works from 1935 to 1939.
The PF-621L was a 2.
In 1938 the new streamlined cab was introduced.
From among 9,500 produced before the war, the Army had 1,400 in 1939, not counting the commissioned civilian vehicles.
A small number of heavier PF-621R 3-tonne trucks on a bus chassis was also used.
PF-621s were used as general service trucks, and also as troop carriers in the 10th Motorized Cavalry Brigade 10 BKZmot and Warsaw Armored-Motorized Brigade WBP-M.
Already on April 15-27, the vehicle passed field trials, and its mass production was launched immediately.
The first mass-produced GAZ-64-416 vehicles, were delivered to front, 玉座の人魚のゲーム Moscow, in August 1941.
At the beginning of the war, the BA-64 light machine-gun vehicle here derived from the GAZ-64 chassis.
All in all, the Gorky Automobile Plant manufactured 601 GAZ-64-416 vehicles before the end of 1941.
About 5,250 GAZ-67 and GAZ-67B vehicles were made during the war, and they became the standard command vehicles of the Red Army.
It was upgraded, i.
The cross-country capability on snow and soft ground could be further improved by adding Overall chains to the rear wheels.
Moreover, the GAZ-AAA chassis was used to manufacture BA-6 medium armored vehicles, GAZ-05-193 staff buses, fuel trucks and ペンとテラーのスロットマシン stations.
During the war, the three-axle vehicles also carried SU-12 artillery systems, HMG Maxim or HMGs DShK.
As many as 37,373 vehicles of this type were made from 1934 to 1943.
The car was derived from the Ford-V8-40 vehicle, designed in 1933.
The car frame was reinforced, the number of springs was increased from two to four, spoke wheels were replaced with pressed solid wheels, and their diameter was increased.
The engine was modified and boosted from 40 to 50 hp.
Average fuel consumption amounted to 14.
The GAZ-M1 was designed as a commercial vehicle, but its cross-country capability on unpaved roads was advanced enough to derive the BA-20 armored vehicle from it.
A total of 62,888 vehicles of this type were manufactured, most of them staying in service with the Red Army until the end of the war.
Quite a lot of models were derived from the GAZ-M1.
The snowmobile was mass-produced as transport and medical models.
An updated model was manufactured in 1940-1941.
They were used for quick communication, delivery of military cargo, reconnaissance, assault and combat missions.
When delivering assault groups, the snowmobiles not only carried servicemen with full armament, but also towed 18 to 20 skiers, using special cables.
In combat check this out, they towed sledges at the sides, carrying soldiers armed with a MG and a soldier with ammo.
Moreover, machine-gun fire could be delivered by soldiers sitting in the snowmobile through hatches located at the top.
This made it possible not only to make unexpected raids aimed at destroying enemy infantry, but also to quickly deliver assault groups.
The Kharkov Locomotive-Building Plant received the order to design and manufacture such a tractor in 1935.
In March 1937 one of them was demonstrated to the Soviet government and received highest approval.
About 800 vehicles were made before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, 228 of them were handed over to the artillery.
Another 170 were manufactured during wartime.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in ケニアでの無料現金オンライン and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and article source footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The concept of such a tractor was designated FAT, or Field Artillery Tractor.
The first vehicle of this type was designed by the Guy company, known as Guy Quad Ant.
This tractor was designed in 1938, an armored vehicle called Guy Mk.
I was later derived from the Guy Quad Ant.
The Guy company had limited capacity and could not fully execute orders of the British military.
As a result, a similar vehicle called Morris-Commercial C8 FAT emerged in 1940.
Its exterior was different from Guy Quad Ant only at the hull nose.
The way out of this complicated situation was found by launching the production of FATs by Canadian Military Pattern CMP.
The company used to manufacture army trucks of Chevrolet and Ford brands it is worth noting that the vehicles of the two brands were only different in emblems and radiator grill.
The CMP FAT Cab 12 was the first mass-production model, it was different from the Morris-Commercial C8 FAT and the Guy Quad Ant in the hull nose exterior.
The vehicle entered service in 1941.
Starting from 1944, CMP tractors were getting less reminiscent of their forefather, Guy Quad Ant, in their exterior, but the concept remained the same.
Production volumes of CMP FATs were so big that they soon became the most produced vehicles of this type used in the British army.
Even though FAT-family vehicles were designed to transport a 25 pdr gun, they were often used as tractors for other artillery systems.
VI tankette was not only often copied, but also the baseline for an entire family of tracked vehicles.
In 1934, after Carden-Lloyd was taken over by the arms industry giant Vickers-Armstrong, work began on the VA D50 armored vehicle, capable of transporting the Vickers Mk.
I mounted machine-gun, as well as light artillery systems.
In addition to the machine-gun, the vehicle was supposed to carry its crew.
The chassis was borrowed from the Carden-Lloyd Mk.
VI tankette, while the rest of the vehicle was brand-new.
By 1938, when the VA D50 entered Army inventory, the Vickers Mk.
I machine-gun was replaced by a more compact BREN Mk.
The name of the new machine-gun determined the official designation of the VA D50 — Bren Carrier Mk.
Another BREN was installed in the front of the vehicle, to the left of the driver.
A modified variety, named Bren Carrier Mk.
II, was issued later, easy to recognize thanks to front wings of a different shape.
think, 史上最高のゲームをプレイ remarkable total of over 1,000 vehicles of both modifications were made.
Specialized versions, such as Scout Carriers, Cavalry Carriers and Troop Carriers, were manufactured as well.
The best raのカジノの本のようなゲーム variety is the Universal Carrier.
This vehicle was manufactured in Canada and was identical to the Bren Carrier, except for the engine.
Different versions of the vehicles were also produced in the U.
About 90,000 vehicles of this family were made.
I and its descendents.
The vehicle could not carry heavy guns, it could not house a high number of passengers, and it effectively lacked protection from adverse weather a tent was envisaged, but the whole crew got soaked to the skin while they were putting it on.
Nevertheless, the vehicle served in military units with good faith and fidelity.
Armed Forces Command issued requirements for a light all-wheel-drive truck.
Such a vehicle was designed by the Dodge company, and it was not just one truck, but an entire family of T202 vehicles.
A total of 4,500 such trucks, https://promocode-bonus.site/1/385.html in body type, were made.
Each type of vehicles was marked with the VC index and a number from VC-1 to VC-6.
However, the truck did not turn out very successful, because it was an adaptation of a commercial vehicle.
Subsequent series of such trucks, T207, T211 and T215, were full-scale military vehicles.
Each series had a dozen variants, each marked with the WC index and a number T207 series — from WC-1 to WC-11, T211 series — from WC-12 to WC-20, T215 series — from WC-21 to WC-27 and Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 WC-40 to WC-43.
A total of 75,000 vehicles of all series were manufactured.
This family consisted of 12 types of vehicles from WC-51 to WC-61, аs well as WC-64.
The WC-51 light artillery truck was the baseline and the most produced model.
The family also included a medical variety, a van, a command vehicle and a few specialized varieties.
Over 250,000 vehicles of the T214 family, including nearly 100,000 WC-51 vehicles, were manufactured.
Armed Forces used the vehicle for transporting light AT guns, such as the 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
About 25,000 Dodge WC-51 vehicles were supplied to the USSR, where they were frequently used as tractors for antitank guns everything, トップアドベンチャーRPGゲームiPhone thank the 76-mm ZIS-3 divisional gun.
Armed Forces Command announced a competition among projects of all-wheel drive trucks with a cargo capacity of 2.
The competition involved most of the largest U.
A batch of 2,500 GMC ACKWX trucks was manufactured in 1940, and its operation showed that the vehicle was not very good.
Serious improvements were required, and a new vehicle appeared already in 1941.
The new truck was designated GMC CCKW and was available in two varieties 352 and 353different from each other in the wheelbase.
Two variants of the cab, an open and a closed version, were also available.
For self-defense, some of the vehicles were fitted with a mount-up turret carrying a 12.
About 600,000 trucks of the CCKW family were made from 1941 to 1945.
The vehicle turned out to be success and earned a good reputation in military units.
The CCKW got a few nicknames, the most famous being Jimmy.
In addition to its inherent purpose, the GMC CCKW was also used as an artillery tractor.
In particular, such vehicles towed 105-mm M2A1 howitzers.
Armed Forces command in 1939-1940, three vehicles were chosen, namely the GMC ACKWX later transformed into GMC CCKWInternational M-5-6 and Studebaker US6.
The latter vehicle was derived from the K30 two-axle variety.
After the standardization process, the Army got the GMC CCKW, the Navy received the International M-5-6, while the Studebaker US6 was not in demand.
A very original way out of the situation was found by supplying trucks of the Studebaker company to allied countries, primarily the USSR.
Out of nearly 200,000 trucks of the US6 model, more than 150,000 were shipped to the USSR under the lend-lease program.
The Studebaker US6 family consisted of over ten varieties, the most popular being the U3 all-wheel drive, long wheelbase and the U7 long wheelbase, 6Ð¥4 drive gear.
The vehicle was among the most significant types of hardware shipped in the framework of the lend-lease program.
After the very difficult year of 1941, the Red Army badly needed trucks, while the Soviet industry could not manufacture enough of them.
The Studebaker US6 was used for various purposes, among other things, as a platform for multiple launch rocket systems BM-13N, BM-8-24, BM-8-48, etc.
The competition involved three companies: Bantam Bantam BRC40Ford Ford GPand Willys Willys MA.
Though some specifications of the Bantam BRC40 were quite advanced 2,500 of such vehicles were madethe car submitted by Willys was eventually recognized as the winner.
However, it was not the Willys MA that was manufactured in substantial batches only 1,500 pieces were madebut an improved model called Willys MB, with its exterior resembling that of the Bantam BRC40.
Production of the Willys MB was launched in late 1941, but its modification Willys MB-2 was put into production already in March next year.
This variety is easy to recognize thanks to the pressed radiator grill.
Over 360,000 such vehicles were made.
As to Ford, after manufacturing over 3,000 Ford GP vehicles, the company bought the license to make the Willys MB-2.
Such vehicles are known as Ford GPW, and about 275,000 of them were produced.
The car was capable of towing light guns for instance, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 and was suitable for reconnaissance missions.
In addition to the U.
A system designed on the basis of the Pz.
M chassis was among the developments.
The same chassis was used in the Marder III Ausf.
M tank destroyer and Bison Ausf.
Supplies of the first self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, designated Flakpanzer 38 t Gepard, began in November 1943.
The system had basically the Pz.
M chassis with a 2 cm Flak 38 anti-aircraft gun in the body back.
In the travelling position, the gun was covered by folding shields mounted on the sides of the cockpit.
A total of 141 Flakpanzer 38 t were manufactured.
The Flak 38 did not have enough capacity to effectively counter enemy planes, and installation of a more powerful armament was impeded by the small size of the cockpit.
The transporter was fitted with a special superstructure that housed a 37-mm Flak 36 gun capable of rotating a full 360 degrees.
The vehicle did not have armor, because it was designed for engaging aerial targets only.
Ammunition for the system was towed in a special one-axle trailer.
All of them entered the inventory of Luftwaffe air defense units.
Seats, except the front row, were removed, and the vacated area was filled with the 20-mm Flakvierling 38 quad anti-aircraft gun.
In the travel position, the area was guarded off by shield which フルーツスロットマシンオンライン無料 in the fireing position.
The first few Sd.
Production was subsequently increased to 10 pieces a month.
Production was further increased in mid-1942, when the Sd.
The exact number of Sd.
There are reasons to believe that Sd.
However, inability to fire on the move was among the most serious disadvantages of the Sd.
Moreover, it took a certain time to set up the vehicle in firing position.
The gun rewuired little maintenance and had a very reliable design.
Its main drawback was a difficulty to reload due to the fact that the inlet was in constant motion together with the barrel.
Since 1943 all 61-K guns were equipped with a gun shield to protect the crew of five.
VI Crusader could not perform as a front-line tank.
Some of the vehicles were transformed into tractors for 17-pdr antitank guns.
At the same tine, experiments began in order to derive a self-propelled anti-aircraft system from the tank.
The first model, designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
I, was fitted with a light armored open-top turret which hosted a 40-mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun.
The vehicle turned out quite cumbersome and not very successful.
Even though 215 vehicles of this type were made, they did not take part in combat.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II, turned out much more successful.
The vehicle had a more compact turret that housed coaxial 20-mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns.
In addition to the gunner, there were two loaders in the turret.
The first prototype of the Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II was assembled by the Morris Motors Co.
Mass-produced Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III were used as the base, and only the turret were replaced.
The next tank, which saw mass-production, was the model Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
The Т-shaped bar with the sighting mechanism was replaced with an A-shaped reticle, the armament was improved by the 7.
Over 600 Crusader AA tanks of Mk.
VI Crusader III AA family were the only type of anti-aircraft systems on a tank chassis widely used by the Allies in World War II.
Just like analogous German self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, Cruiser Tanks Mk.
VI Crusader III AA could not conduct aimed fire on the move, but in general, they were quite good vehicles.
The first experimental vehicle of this kind was the T1E1 with a Bendix aviation ring mount.
A few more experimental vehicles were designed in 1941-1942, and the T1E4 prototype was eventually developed.
The vehicle carried the Maxson M33 ring mount with a coaxial Browning M2HB machine gun.
In order to increase the firing angle, the sides and the back plate of the body had collapsible panels that opened while in firing position.
The T1E4 was commissioned in September 1942 under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M13.
Production of the M13 MGMC was launched in January 1943, and a total of 1,100 vehicles were manufactured.
The T58 GMC prototype carried a Maxson M45 ring mount, on which four Browning M2HB machine-guns were mounted.
The vehicle was commissioned under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M16, and its mass-production was launched in May 1943.
Nearly 2,900 M16 MGMC vehicles were manufactured, moreover, about 600 M13 MGMC pieces were adjusted to M16 standards.
Unlike the analogous German vehicle, the Sd.
An impressive firepower made it possible to use the system against both aerial and ground targets.
The company Rheinmetall engaged in developing the new machine gun and after trials in 1934 the machine gun entered the service in Wehrmacht units under the designation Here />It could be used as mounted, hand-held, anti-aircraft and anti-tank machine gun.
The MG-34 had a high fire rate and was superior in firepower to all foreign machine guns existing in 1930s and early 1940s.
Combat action revealed flaws in its design.
The MG-34 used complicated production technology カジノの税金払い戻しフォームp53 required a lot of resources.
Combat proved that the MG-34 fails to operate in extreme environment conditions as the machine gun turned out to be very sensitive to hot and cold temperatures as well as to jamming.
Replacing the barrel was too complicated and required a two-man team and use of asbestos gloves as protection against heat, a serious flaw in a combat environment.
These serious drawbacks pointed to the need for development of an absolutely new design.
And so the MG-42, a more reliable and easy to manufacture machine gun came out in 1942.
The MG-34 machine gun was in production here the end of World War II.
From 1934 to 1945 some 457,988 units of this machine gun were manufactured.
Despite its advantages it also had some serious flaws, and hence in 1939 the development of a new machine gun beganas a replacement to the MG-34.
The company Grossfuss engaged in design and production, and also the factories Mauser-Werke and Gustloff-Werke began to manufacture the MG-42 machine gun.
Already in 1942 this machine gun was adopted throughout the entire Wehrmacht.
The machine gun did not need such meticulous care as the MG-34, was simple and easy to handle, fast to prepare for action, easy to assemble and dismantle.
This was essential for the combat environment.
However, the MG-42 lacked the universality of the MG-34.
As this variant had no magazine feed, the belt could be fed from left to right only, not from both sides.
Its excessive weight and a very high rate of fire for a hand-held machine gun caused quick overheating of the barrel and hence case-extraction failures happened quite often.
Due to a high firing rate the MG-42 required a frequent change of barrels.
A solution developed by the engineers of Grossfuss enabled one person to replace the barrel in 6-10 seconds making possible an almost non-stop barrage of fire.
Afer intensive fire the barrel was supposed to be replaced after 250-300 shots.
About 350,000 machine guns of that type were produced in 1943-1944, and even after the war and to this day the design has been copied numerous times by various nations.
Kolesnikov contributed to the flexibility of its use.
Typically, fire on ground targets was delivered from the wheeled trolley, keeping the tripod folded.
As an anti-aircraft weapon the machine gun was used on a tripod mount after removing the trolley.
Shifting the machine from one position into the other normally took a few minutes.
In the pre-war years only about 2,000 DShK machine guns were manufactured.
By January 1, 1942 just 720 units were used in the Red Army and it was not until January 1944 that their number reached 8,440 units.
In February 1945 a first batch including 250 units of the modernized DShKM version with a new feed system and an improved barrel fixation was introduced.
But it was not until atfer the war that this machine gun saw really wide application.
Maxim invented this machine gun.
The Russian Army and subsequently the Soviet Red Army used the Maxim M1910 machine gun, adapted by Russian gun-makers P.
Pastukhov from the city of Tula.
They made up to 200 changes to the design of the machine gun to improve its performance.
The only downside was its very heavy weight: up to 62-66 kg in combat position.
That weight was not acceptable for the high maneuverability of World War II battles and hence Soviet gun-makers began to develop a new type of heavy machine-gun.
In 1943 the Goryunov-type heavy machine gun article source adopted to the arsenal of the Red Army, but still the M1910 were used up to the very end of war.
Often one or two machine guns were rolled forward at a time without even stopping fire.
The machine gun typically required a six to eight man team to operate: one to fire, one to feed and the rest to help carry the gun itself, its ammunition and removable parts.
Its only difference was the reduced weight.
After 1916 the Vickers machine gun became a standard weapon on all British and French military aircraft.
The aircraft variant was fitted with a special form of synchronizer gear to allow it to fire through aircraft propellers and a special air-cooling system.
Browning at the end of World War 1.
Basically, this machine gun was a larger copy of the М1917 Browning-type model with a water-cooling system of the barrel.
The machine gun was accepted for service in the US Army under the designation Model 1921 in the year 1921.
After a conversion in 1932 which first of all included replacing the water-cooling by an air-cooling system, it was designated as М2.
It was a dual-rate weapon with automatic and single-shot modes and a belt-feed.
The barrel was coupled to the bolt with a special lever that also served as a recoil booster.
The М2 was fitted with a barrel and bolt buffer system to ensure smooth operation.
Combat vehicles derived from Pz.
III tanks were manufactured in small series in 1940-1942.
The last of these vehicles, the SturmInfanterieGeschutz 33B or StuIG 33B, was the foretype of a mass-produced self-propelled artillery vehicle derived from the Pz.
This system was better known as Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar, and also had the designation of Sd.
The vehicles manufactured later on more info a different driver cockpit and a 7.
A total of 306 systems of this type were manufactured.
It had good armor and powerful armament and was suitable for fighting enemy infantry and fortifications as well as tanks.
It was capable of piercing armored plate as thick as 160 mm with a hollow charge shell, which made Brummbar a dangerous adversary for all types of enemy tanks.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted remarkable l'オーベルジュカジノの求人 something the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter article source, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
Their main mission was to provide mobile artillery support to other units.
The first prototype on the Panzer III chassis, armed with the 105-mm leFH17 Howitzer, emerged in early 1942.
It was never commissioned, because the decision was made to switch over to the Panzer IV chassis.
The Hummel was supposed to be a temporary model while the chassis was being developed.
Their production lasted until 1944, and 666 such vehicles were made.
The howitzer crew was housed in an open-top superstructure and covered from all sides by bolted armored plates.
The crew was protected from adverse weather by a canvas top.
The design of the Hummel did not provide for installation of a machine-gun, and that is why the crew kept an MG 34 or MG42 machine-gun inside.
In summer 1943, the first 100 Hummel self-propelled howitzers took part in Operation Zitadelle.
The Hummel was used on all fronts to support German tank divisions.
V Panther chassis began in August 1942, when the experimental tank was still taking tests.
The assault tank was supposed to get an 88-mm gun and defensive armament consisting of a 7.
As the project was reviewed several times, full-scale development of the system began only in May 1943, and final specification of the armament was approved only in October.
Also that month, the mock-up of the assault gun, which eventually turned into a tank destroyer, was demonstrated to Hitler, and the second prototype was shown in December.
The tank destroyer is better known as Jagdpanzer V Jagdpanther, or simply Jagdpanther.
During the mass-production period, which began in January 1944, the Jagdpanther was upgraded nearly every month.
The manufactured systems can be divided into three main series.
Systems of the third series, launched into production in late 1944, carry a different muzzle break and an engine plate from Pz.
G tanks of later series with an additional fan.
About 400 Jagdpanthers were made.
B Tiger II heavy tank, the Jagdpanther surpassed them in mobility.
Moreover, unlike comparable Soviet self-propelled artillery systems, this system had comfortable operational conditions for the crew, which added to its efficiency.
Kpfw click here t tank.
The new vehicle was supposed to be fully armored, have a low silhuette, and carry a gun capable of fighting enemy tanks at distances no less than 800 m.
Boehmisch-Mahrish-Maschinenfabrik came up with technical requirements for the tank destroyer already on December 17, 1943.
The first wooden make-up had been built already by January 24, 1944, and three prototypes were built in March and April of the same year.
They were shown to Hitler at the Ares proving range in East Prussia and received his approval.
The new tank destroyer entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The gun was manufactured by Rheinmetall-Borsig and Seitz Werke enterprises in Germany as well.
The production was fully fine-tuned in mid-1944, and about 1,570 vehicles were manufactured until the end of the war.
Thanks to steep armor angles and a low silhuette, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an excellent antitank system capable of ambushing the enemy and changing position quickly.
The Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an ideal close combat weapon.
G in the future.
The wooden mock-up was ready in May 1943, and Vomag manufactured the first prototype in October.
The weapon that was being developed as an assault gun in fact turned out a tank destroyer dramatically different from previous German vehicles of this type.
Derived from the Pz.
F tank, the vehicle has a very low silhuette, which provided a strong advantage in combat.
Vehicles of Series Zero were distinguished by rounded corners of the cockpit nose.
The vehicle got the official designation of Sturmgeschuetz neuer Art mit 7.
It also had the index of Sd.
A total of 769 Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F units were manufactured, after which they were completely replaced by Panzer IV70 V self-propelled artillery vehicles.
The vehicles underwent some changes during the production period, in particular, vehicles of later series did not have recoil compensators, which crews often removed anyway in order to reduce signature while firing.
F was a low silhuette in combination with a click to see more gun.
The front armor plane as thick as 60 mm was not a sufficient protection against enemy tank fire, but this was compensated by the low signature of the vehicle.
In general, Vomag designers created a good tank destroyer.
However, a lighter and more maneuverable self-propelled artillery vehicle, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer, which had the same gun, was put into mass production already in spring.
The same gun was installed in Pz.
Right after the beginning of the mass-production of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F, work on equipping it with a new gun started anew and was completed in April 1944.
The resulting vehicle was a redesigned model of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F with a reinforced running gear and front armor plate thickness increased to 80 mm.
The vehicles were manufactured in three series, each featuring minor changes.
On the other hand, problems with unequal distribution of load on suspension wheels, from which the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F suffered, got even worse for the new vehicle.
The wooden mock-up of the huge vehicle was demonstrated already on October 20 that year, and the prototype was shown in April 1944.
The production was slowed down a bit as the running gear designed by the Porsche company did not turn out a success, and a new running gear with lateral torsion bars was developed.
The initial plan was to manufacture 150 vehicles, but the Niebelungen company only made 70 Jagdtigers, of which only 48 remained among the ranks at the end of the war.
It was baptized by fire near the river Rhein in March 1945.
Jagdtigers managed to hit U.
The latter was a specialized chassis bringing together components of the Pz.
The vehicle was designed by the Deutsche Eisenwerke company.
As many as 494 vehicles were made in 1943-1945.
IV tank, and the engine and transmission from the Pz.
The HL 120 TRM engine was positioned behind the transmission and formed a single block together with it.
The spacious combat cockpit with an 88-mm antitank gun was positioned in the rear of the body and opened on top and partially in the back.
The machine-gun was not mounted permanently and was intended for self-defense.
These vehicles were in the inventory of the High Command reserve antitank battalions and took part in combat operations until the end of the war.
As of April 10, 1945, the Wehrmacht possessed 62 systems of this type on the Eastern Front and 23 systems on the Check this out front.
A new tank destroyer with a more powerful gun was needed.
Development of tank destroyers on the basis of Pz.
II tanks began in early 1942, which resulted in the creation of the Marder family of self-propelled gun systems.
Another workstream was the installation of 75-mm StuK.
This resulted in the development of the StuG.
F, the first self-propelled gun system of the StuG family, capable of countering enemy tanks.
As many as 366 guns of this type were manufactured from March to September 1942.
The next to follow was the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, began in December 1942.
As compared to previous varieties, shall ゲーム速報コード are cockpit, especially its rear section, was redesigned substantially.
The hatch on the https://promocode-bonus.site/1/619.html side was replaced with a command turret analogous to the one installed in the Pz.
Side armor plates in the cockpit became ramped, and armored containers were removed.
G was not only the most produced self-propelled artillery vehicle of the StuG.
III family, but the most produced type of German armor in general.
A total of 8,172 self-propelled guns of this type were manufactured.
The StuG 40 Ausf.
G was modified several times during the production period, in particular, starting from November 1943, the vehicles were equipped with a molten gun mantlet reminiscent of a boar snout.
Some of the vehicles were fitted with side skirts for decreasing the hollow-charge shell effects starting from spring 1943.
Unlike tank destroyers of the Marder family, StuG 40 Ausf.
G systems offered relatively good protection.
It is worth mentioning that the installation of a longer and heavier gun increased the load on the front suspension wheels, which affected their longevity somewhat.
The Daimler-Benz design, derived from the Zugfuhrerwagen tank, designed by the same company and better known as Pz.
III, suited the requirements best.
The initial plan was to design a combat vehicle with an open top cockpit, but in the end the assault vehicle became fully roofed.
The prototype batch of assault vehicles was made in 1937, and the Pz.
B chassis was used as the basis.
The vehicle was designated Gepanzerte Selbstfahrlafette fur Sturmgeschutz 7.
A, but later the name was reduced to Sturmgeschutz III Ausf.
A, or StuG III Ausf.
Vehicles of this type were employed during the French campaign of May-June 1940.
The StuG III Ausf.
B was the next modification, produced in much higher numbers, as 320 units of this vehicle were manufactured.
H tank chassis was used as the basis.
In addition to the basis, other differences to the StuG III Ausf.
A included a new crew compartment.
During the production period, the design of the StuG.
B underwent several changes, as vehicles of later series received tracks as wide as 400 mm for example.
C was put into mass production in April 1941.
As compared to the previous model, the cockpit was redesigned, mainly by moving the sight moved from the front to the top.
Ramped plates on cockpit sides were also changed, and the running gear got new track adjusting wheels.
A total of 50 StuG III Ausf.
C units and 150 StuG III Ausf.
D units, which had practically no differences from the previous modification, were manufactured.
The point of producing the StuG III therefore was questioned, but the campaign of 1939 vividly demonstrated that infantry units needed a fire support vehicle.
In addition, the StuG III was cheaper to make than the Pz.
In general, the vehicles of the StuG III family turned out to be the most successful and most produced self-propelled artillery systems at the beginning of World War II.
Allied aviation destroyed a plant of the Alkett company in November 1943.
The plant had produced StuG 40 Ausf.
G tank destroyers, and its destruction put continuing supply of self-propelled gun systems of that type at a risk.
A solution to the problem was suggested by the Krupp company, which came up with a design designated Krupp No W 1468.
The design envisioned mounting the cockpit of the StuG 40 Ausf.
The vehicle was put into production in December 1943 under the designation of Sturmgeschutz IV with an index of Sd.
As compared to StuG 40 Ausf.
G, the position of the driver changed a bit.
He received a separate cockpit with a top boarding hatch.
A total of 1,139 StuG IV units were manufactured.
The vehicles of later series were different in using the ロサンゼルスで無料で汚れを捨てることができる場所 />J tank as the chassis, and their running gear and exhaust system were a bit different, too.
As compared to the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, travelling comfort was somewhat poorer, but on the other hand, the ammunition storage space increased.
In the end, the StuG IV was quite suitable for the tank destroyer role.
II family were withdrawn from front line tank units.
Development of a self-propelled gun system based on the Pz.
II chassis began nearly simultaneously.
Among such developments was a design equipped with the 105-mm le.
F chassis, given the designation of Geschutzwagen II, was used as the basis.
As compared to the original tank, the engine was moved from the rear section to the front section and positioned on the right side of the driver.
An open crew compartment was established in the rear for housing the gun and its crew.
The system was designated 10.
A total of 676 Wespes were made.
The vehicles made during the final production stage were distinguished for having a chassis 220 mm longer.
The Munitions Sf auf Fgst Pz.
II ammo transporter was derived from the Geschutzwagen II, too.
Unlike the Wespe, it had no gun.
The system distinguished itself performing these functions very well.
The system was primarily intended for fighting enemy concrete pillboxes.
The original plan was to equip the system designated KV-14 internal designation U-18 with a 107-mm gun, but the choice was eventually made in favor of the 152-mm ML-20 gun-howitzer.
The final variant of the project was basically the KV-1S tank, in which the turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit.
The nose of the cockpit housed the 152-mm ML-20S gun.
The first prototype of the system was ready in late January 1943, when the system was already designated SU-152.
Mass production was launched in February, and about 700 such systems were made before autumn 1943.
At that time the work was in full swing on a self-propelled gun that would be analogous to the SU-152, but based on the IS-85.
The first prototype, designated Object 241, was submitted for tests in late November.
Thanks to an increase in cockpit height, operational conditions for the crew inside improved a bit, and the ventilation system was enhanced.
As soon as the tests were completed, the system was put into mass-production under the designation of ISU-152.
Its production lasted until 1947, and a total of over 3,000 vehicles were manufactured.
But the KV-14 project was effectively a replacement for the KV-2 tank, which was no longer produced after 1941.
The fact that the beginning of SU-152 production coincided with tests of Pz.
H1 Tiger tanks is probably a mere coincidence.
The advanced antitank performance of the ML-20 gun-howitzer チャーリーとチョコレートファクトリースロットマシン achieved through a high shell mass.
Hits of 152-mm shells fired from the ML-20S gun were fatal for German tanks in most cases.
According to statistics, a semi-armor-piercing howitzer shell penetrated a plate as thick as 82mm at a distance of one go here />One should take into account, however, that the shell weighed 48 kg, and its hit often made welded joints fall apart.
Moreover, the quality of German armor started to decline in the summer that year.
The vehicle was supposed to be armed with the 100-mm B-34 universal shipborne gun.
Calculations showed that the gun was poorly suitable for mounting on a self-propelled gun system, and a different gun with similar specifications was required.
D-10S, derived from B-34 in February 1944, was such a gun.
The first system prototype, fitted with D-10S, was ready in March, and a second in the summer.
Another prototype, fitted with the 100-mm S-34 gun, was ready in the summer, too.
無料のモバイルゲームアプリ開発ソフトウェア showed that the system with D-10S surpassed the one with S-34, and the tank destroyer was put into production under the designation of SU-100 in November 1944.
Over 1,500 SU-100 units were manufactured.
Thanks to the new gun, the SU-100 was capable of engaging most German tanks at a distance of two kilometers.
At the same time, reinforcement of the front armor and installation of a heavier gun resulted in a heavier load on the front suspension wheels.
Just as with the SU-122 and SU-85, there were no machine-guns, which reduced the ability to fight off enemy infantry assault.
The project, codenamed U-34, had as its goal to developing a self-propelled system armed with a 76-mm tank gun and a 7.
In a sense, the U-34 was a response to the German StuG.
In autumn that year, the U-34 project was revised, and a new development called U-35 emerged on its basis.
In December 1942, the U-35 prototype passed tests, and mass-production of the system designated US-122 began later that month.
As compared to the prototype, the mass-produced vehicle had a different front armor plate, and changes were made to the combat section design.
A total of 1,148 SU-122 units were manufactured.
The system fired hollow-charge shells burning through armor as thick as 200 mm.
At the same time, just like the SU-152, the SU-122 was primarily self-propelled artillery vehicle used for supporting tanks, and the Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar can be called its German counterpart.
One such system, the SU-5-2, derived from the T-26 light tank, was used in battles with Japanese forces on Lake Hasan in 1938.
The first system produced in decent numbers was the SU-30, derived from the A-20 Komsomolets artillery tractor in 1941.
Several experimental systems were designed in 1942, but they failed to comply with certain requirements.
Finally the SU-12 system designed on the basis of the extended T-70 tank chassis was submitted for tests in November 1942.
The closed crew compartment was located in the rear, and a couple of GAZ-202 engines were used as the power plant.
Mass production of the SU-12 system, renamed SU-76, began in January 1943.
Soon it became clear that they were not very reliable.
Production of the SU-76 was suspended in March, and upgraded systems designated SU-76M were put link production in May.
The vehicle was powered by a couple of GAZ-203 engines, and the crew compartment was enlarged a bit.
After additional improvements the vehicle was renamed SU-15M.
The top and parts of the rear wall of the crew compartment were removed, as the built-in ventilation system often failed the top of the SU-76M was frequently removed for the same reason.
The SU-15M was put into mass production under the designation of SU-76.
Over 11,000 SU-76 systems were manufactured from October 1943 to 1945, and the vehicle became the most popular Soviet self-propelled gun.
The SU-76 was frequently used as a tank destroyer, but it should be remembered that the ZIS-3 gun was not primarily an antitank weapon, and its armor-piercing capability was not very advanced.
H1 Tiger heavy tanks were seized in January 1943.
The 85-mm 52-K anti-aircraft gun and the 122-mm A-19 gun-howitzer turned out more suitable for engaging the Tiger.
At about the same time, development of a few types of 85-mm tank guns, including D-5T, began.
The first samples of this weapon were ready in June that year.
The first two prototypes were armed with the 85-mm S-18 gun, while the third one, designated SU-85-II, emerged a bit later and was armed with the 85-mm D-5S gun, a modification of D-5T developed for installation into self-propelled gun systems.
Tests showed that the SU-85-II had advantages over the systems armed with the S-18 gun, and the vehicle was put into mass-production under the designation of SU-85 in August 1943.
A total of 2,050 SU-85 units were made.
G self-propelled gun system.
Armor-piercing capabilities of D-5S were very good for mid-1943, as its shell penetrated an armor plate 100 mm thick at a distance of one kilometer.
This was enough to ensure engagement of such tanks as Pz.
V Panther and Pz.
The Vickers company was responsible for the development.
The self-propelled gun carried a 17-pdr antitank gun with a barrel length of 58 calibers, capable of engaging nearly all types of German tanks.
Unlike the M10 and Achilles self-propelled guns, which were organic to armor divisions and brigades, Archer systems were in the inventory of infantry divisions and army tank brigades.
This allowed the Archer system to combat German tanks successfully.
Army entered World War II with the M3 Gun Motor Carriage tank destroyer derived from the M2 halftrack tractor.
First engagements in the Pacific Ocean showed that a different vehicle with better protection and a tank chassis was required.
Another self-propelled gun, the T35 Gun Motor Carriage, was designed a bit later with an open top turret, and the M4A2 Medium Tank as the chassis.
A redesigned model of this system, designated T35E1, had a different hull with characteristicly angled sides.
In September 1942, a redesigned model of the T35E1 was put into recommend イーグルクリークカジノワシント​​ンワシントン with under the designation of 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10.
The mass-produced vehicle had a different turret than that of the T35E1.
The shape of the turret was changed several times during the production period, and the vehicles made during the medium and final production stages had stowage boxes attached to the back of the turret.
In addition to the M10, a model called 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10A1 was available.
It had a different chassis, namely the lower part of the M4A3 tank chassis.
As many as 4,993 units of the 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 were manufactured until December 1943.
The vehicle was designated Wolverine this web page the British army.
Unlike Soviet and German tank destroyers that had no turret at all, U.
On the other hand, the M10 had relatively weak armor protection, and hand grenades were often thrown into the open turret.
The 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 carried relatively powerful armament, as an armor-piercing shell of the 76-mm M7 gun was capable of penetrating an 88-mm plate at a distance of one kilometer.
This allowed the vehicle to combat the Pz.
V Panther, but against the Pz.
VI more powerful weapons were required.
Tests showed that the gun would fit the turret, but additional counterbalances were required to balance the long barrel.
Taking all pros and cons into account, the designers started developing a tank destroyer with a reworked turret.
The summer saw the production of two prototypes, different in chassis: the first vehicle was derived from the M10, and the second from the M10A1.
The prototypes received the designations of T71E1 and T71 respectively.
The 90-mm M3 gun was used as the main weapon, and a 12.
Just like with the M10, there was no coaxial machine-gun or bow-gun.
The reworked turret featured a counterbalance for the gun.
Mass-production of the T71E1 began in April 1943, and the tank destroyer was standardized and designated 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage M36 in July that year.
The vehicle is also known as Jackson or Slugger.
A total of 1,413 tank destroyers of that type were manufactured.
A subcaliber shell fired from the 90-mm M3 gun was capable of piercing an armor plate as thick as 189 mm from a distance of one kilometer, enough to ensure the destruction of here German tank.
The only type of German armor immune to the M36 was the Jagdtiger tank destroyer.
Just like other U.
The latter factor considerably reduced its efficiency in fighting against enemy infantry.
The tank entered service in March 1934 В1.
Since 1935 five companies, - Renault, FCM, Schneider, FAMH and АРХ, - were producing these tanks.
click to see more production ended on June 15, 1940 about 403 such tanks had been manufactured.
About 1,000 units were manufactured from 1935 to 1940.
The 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments forming part of the 3rd Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with the same number of the Н39 tanks, and 60 H35 units served in the 11th Dragoon Regiment.
Four of the five Light Cavalry Divisions in the Armored Cavalry Reconnaissance Regiment had 12 H35 tanks each at their disposal and the fifth counted 12 H39 tanks.
The 342nd and the 351st tank companies equipped with H35 and Н39 tanks saw combat action in Norway 1940.
Under the designation PzKpfw 38H 735 f the tank was used in the Wehrmacht and the SS.
Some 200 units were manufactured before more info />The tank had a riveted hull and turret with sloped armor.
They were used in the 1st and the 4the Dragoon Regiments of the 1st and the 2nd Mechanized Cavalry Divisions, 69 machines in each.
The 7th the 1st DIM and the 6th the 3rd DIM Tank Reconnaissance Groups were equipped with four AMR 35 tanks, versions ZT2 and ZT3, each.
After France was defeated most tanks of that type were captured by German troops and used by the Wehrmacht as オンライン無料モバイルゲームをプレイ for 80 mm mortars.
It appears to be the first tank in the world with a fully rotating turret.
The tank was produced since 1917 by Renault, Berliet, Schneider and Delauney-Belleville.
In total some 7,820 units were manufactured.
Also, three dedicated FT-18 companies the 343rdthe 344ththe 350th Cie.
A were formed having about 10 tanks each.
The rest of the tanks of this type were stored in depots.
Also, these vehicles fought in France against German troops.
However, after the French Campaign was finished, the FT tanks captured by the Germans were used in police units and for guarding click, and served under the designation PzKpfw 18R 730 f.
This tank was in serial production from 1935 to 1940.
During this period Renault delivered about 1,070 tanks to the French Army and exported some other 560 units.
Later on, a conversion, the R39 with a long-barrel 37 mm SA38 gun was developed.
Then a model followed with a new suspension system by AMX and a similar gun agree ヤマサスロットマシンキー are that of the R39.
The tank was designated R40.
In May 1940 a total of 945 units were deployed in Europe, of which 810 served in dedicated tank battalions and here were allocated to the 4th Tank Division of the Reserve DCR.
The 68th Tank Battalion was deployed in Syria, the 63rd and 62nd Battalions served in Tunisia and Algeria respectively.
R35 were also in service in Poland, Yugoslavia, Romania and Turkey.
Germans used most of the tanks for training purposes and some of them, after removing the turret, were rebuilt into artillery tractors for 150 mm howitzers and 210 mm mortars.
About 500 tanks were manufactured between 1935 and 1940.
The Mechanized Cavalry Regiments of three Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with these tanks.
The S35 served in the 4th Cuirassier, the 18th Dragoon, the 13th and the 29th Dragoon, the 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments.
In Tunisia the 6th Light Cavalry Division counted 50 S35 tanks.
Later these tanks were used on the Eastern front in the 211th Tank Battalion and in Crimea in the 204th Tank Regiment.
In Normandy, the 100th Tank Reserve Battalion and the 206th Tank Battalion were partly reequipped with tanks of this type and fought against the Allies.
In 1941, Germans converted about 60 tanks into artillery tractors.
The turret was replaced with a superstructure which could hold two crew members a commander and a radio operator and two radio stations.
Six such vehicles were produced in late 1935.
Apart from the new chassis the tank designated Kleiner Panzerbefehlswagen I B differed in its standard armament one MG-34 7.

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It is issued to any enlisted personnel and civilians for military merit.
It was similar to the WWI Croix de Guerre.
Later on, the Article source Du Combattant became a distinguishing decoration for enlisted personnel who had participated in military actions.
The Cross was awarded for bravery and heroism displayed on the battlefield.
It re-appeared during the Franco-Prussian War and World War I, and was restored again on September 1, 1939.
The Cross was awarded for accomplishment of 3—5 especially difficult missions and valor showed on the battlefield.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to the auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
It was presented for successful accomplishment of 6 — 12 especially difficult missions.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
Introduced on September 1, 1939 due to restoration of the Iron Cross.
It was also worn on a ribbon around the neck.
It had several degrees.
The most widespread degree was the Iron Cross itself.
This award was issued if the decorated person had already been awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1374.html of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
It was awarded if the person had already been bestowed with the Virtuti Militari Order 5th Class.
The Order of the White Eagle had only one class.
A person could be bestowed with this order only once.
The Medal for Combat Service was introduced to bestow personnel for active support of the war effort, or for improving the army readiness for war.
The Medal for Valor is bestowed for personal bravery and valor during the defense of the Socialist Fatherland and the execution of military duty.
The condition for award recommendation was participation in, at least, one operation in these countries.
It is bestowed on servicemen of any branch of the US Armed Forces.
The Medal was established to bestow on US servicemen for heroism and merits.
It was made retroactive to December 7, 1941.
It was originally known as the Citation Star, but on July 16, 1932 by the order of the Secretary of War it was renamed to the Silver Star Medal.
It is awarded for exceptional valor in action.
Congress on July 2, 1926.
It is bestowed on any servicemen, whose wartime actions were acknowledged as highly fruitful or actions, which were significantly helpful on extraordinary peacetime situations.
Civilians can also receive this decoration, when their merits are equal to the aforementioned ones of the servicemen.
At https://promocode-bonus.site/1/765.html, it was given to lowest ranks of enlisted personnel only for exceptional deeds on the battlefield, but according to the US Congress act dated March 3, 1863 it was also granted to officers.
Such a deed should have been witnessed by many as something unique and カードを使った良いギャンブルゲーム to qualify for this award.
According to that concept, mechanized cavalry units were to receive Automitrailleuse de Decouverte AMD medium armored cars, Automitrailleuse de Reconnaissance AMR light reconnaissance tanks, as well as Automitrailleuse de Combat AMC close support tanks.
The last to join was the Panhard company, which created the first prototype of its armored vehicle in October 1933.
The prototype had a Vincennes turret, identical to those of the AMR 35ZT reconnaissance tank, and its armament consisted of the 13.
Tests showed that the vehicle was too heavy and did not fit the requirement specifications.
The prototype was seriously upgraded in February 1934, and this time Panhard managed to surpass the specified requirements.
The vehicle entered inventory under the designation of AMD 35 in the autumn that year.
Mass-produced vehicles received the new APX-3 turret, and just click for source 13.
Armor protection of the AMD 35 surpassed requirements, too, reaching 20 mm in thickness at the front hull and 26 mm at the turret front.
As many as 526 vehicles of this type, as well as 24 command vehicles, where the APX-3 turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit, and the ER27 heavy radio added, were manufactured from 1934 to 1940.
Moreover, a prototype fitted with a new welded Renault turret and a 47-mm SA-35 gun was made.
Tthe baseline model was produced in two series, different from each other in minor details.
Due to an acute shortage of APX-3 turrets, a small number of armored cars with an immovable cockpit identical to that of the AMD 35 command model and armed with one 7.
The 古き良きスロット無料ゲーム 35 was among the few types of trophy hardware used by German troops without serious redesign except for installation of new radios.
After the war, the upgraded model of the vehicle, designated Panhard 178B, was used by French forces until the mid-1950s.
The vehicle, designated Austin-Kegresse, was put into mass production in 1918, and by that time Adolf Kegresse had emigrated to France.
In his home country, Kegresse got the Citroen company interested in his developments.
The Citroen-Kegresse M23 halftrack armored car, with the concept that had a lot in common with that of the Austin-Kegresse, was designed in 1923.
However, the capacity of the Citroen company turned out to be quite limited, and it failed to comply even with orders for common halftrack vehicles, let alone armored cars.
As a result, halftrack armored cars designed by Kegresse jointly with the Schneider company were produced in high volumes.
The automobile was a derivative of the Schneider-Kegresse P16 Mle.
Its armament consisted of the 37-mm Puteaux SA-18 gun and coaxial 7.
However, the vehicle had become very much outdated by 1940, and the rubber block tracks designed by Kegresse were not distinguished for their reliability.
Panhard 178 vehicles were able to counter German tanks of all types as well as armored cars quite successfully.
They designated the vehicles as PzSpah 204 f and started using them actively.
Over 200 vehicles were supplied to field and SS units, and 43 vehicles were transformed into armored trolleys.
As of June 1943, the Wehrmacht still operated about 30 Panhards on the Eastern Front and 33 on the Western Front.
Some other armored cars had been handed over to police units by then.
They soon became outdated, and a new armored car was designed in 1934 to replace them.
The new vehicle was based on the Horch 801 all-wheel-drive chassis and had a welded body with armored plates positioned under a certain angle.
The armament consistied of a 7.
Mass production of the armored car, designated Sd.
Its main difference from the Sd.
In addition to the MG-34 machine-gun, the Sd.
The weapon was derived from the Flak 30 air defense gun.
Later modifications mounted a different gun, Kw.
The vehicles were manufactured in a number of series, different from each other in engines, armament and armor thickness.
A total of 989 Sd.
It was suitable for carrying out functions as scout car, and powerful armament allowed it to even fight enemy light tanks.
Unlike the baseline model, the Sd.
A frame antenna was the major peculiarity of the vehicle distinguishing it from the Sd.
Starting from 1942, the Sd.
The only additional drawback was the increased signature as a result of the frame antenna.
The vehicle is better known as the Sd.
The DII3 prototype was made in 1938, and it served as a baseline for the subsequent Sd.
The first prototype of the APC derived from Demag D7was assembled only in December 1939.
Mass production of the APC, designated Leichter Schutzenpanzerwagen Sd.
Just like the Sd.
In order to differentiate between the vehiclesthe older versions were designated Sd.
A total of 7,326 Sd.
The vehicle performed this part successfully, and had no real competitors in its class.
The vehicle, designated Leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t Typ HL kl6, entered the Wehrmacht inventory in 1936 under the index of Sd.
In addition to Hansa-Lloyd-Goliath Werke, several other companies, including Hanomag, manufactured the Sd.
Jointly with the Bussing-NAG company, Hanomag derived from the Sd.
The prototype of the Sd.
Vehicles of the first version - Sd.
B - had a typical V-shaped hull front plate.
The only difference was that Sd.
B lacked lookouts at passenger compartment sides.
Production of the next modification, Sd.
C, began in 1941.
Its ストアトップ戦略ゲームをプレイ plate was single-piece, and a catwalk was added to the sides of the hood.
Moreover, changes were made to the design of the ring mount supporting the machine-gun.
The ring mount received a V-shaped plate, and this modification was installed also in later models of the Sd.
These vehicles were assembled at several plants, including factories in occupied Czechoslovakia, where welding 無料ゲームのcomクリケット not used.
A total of 15,000 APCs of all varieties were assembled.
It was not only the first full-scale German APC, but also one of the best vehicles of this class during the war.
Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 was the only APC capable of competing with the Sd.
D, began in the autumn of 1943.
It no longer had the catwalk on the sides of the hood, which wase characteristic of the Sd.
C, and the body shape changed.
SPTA boxes, earlier mounted on the hull sides, were now located inside the hull.
Moreover, onboard observation devices were reinforced with bulletproof glass.
This version saw the highest production output, as out of 15,000 Sd.
D vehicles alone amounted to 10,500.
A total of 23 varieties of the Sd.
D were available, ranging from the APC to an anti-aircraft combat vehicle.
It was decided to make about 90 vehicles on their basis.
The armored body was designed and manufactured in Poland, and its shape was very much alike that of French halftrack vehicles.
Two prototypes had been made by 1925 and were designated Wzor 28 Wz.
The first mass-produced vehicles were ready in 1927.
When the vehicles were commissioned, it turned out that they failed to accomplish the assigned missions.
The vehicles required frequent maintenance, and the wear resistance of rubber tracks was very low.
That is why the decision was made in 1933 to transform the vehicles from halftracks to wheeled cars.
It turned out that they behaved a bit worse than the Wz.
The final decision to transform all Wz.
Each squadron incorporated seven Wz.
However, due to acute shortage of armored cars, the Wz.
They took part in nearly all battles on the Polish territory from September 1 to 27, 1939.
The armored car took about six months to design, and all the latest technical requirements to armored cars, put together on the basis of combat experience analysis, were taken into account.
The vehicle was supposed to be used in reconnaissance, troop control in battle, rear area security, motor convoy escorts, and air defense.
The design of the new vehicle was definitely influenced by the German Sd.
Kfz 221 armored car.
The first batch of mass-produced armored cars was shipped to forces of the Bryansk and Just click for source Fronts in summer 1942.
The BA-64 and BA-64B were involved in the seizure of Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Austrian cities and in the storm of Berlin.
All in all, from 1942 to 1946 plants manufactured 3,901 BА-64 and 5,209 BА-64B.
The BА-64 was the last armored car in the Soviet Army.
In the pre-war period, designer M.
Andreyev developed the OSGA-4 and OSGA-6 snowmobiles for these purposes.
Positive experience in using snowmobiles in the Finnish campaign of 1939-1940 resulted in the creation of a snowmobile capable of conducting reconnaissance and, if necessary, taking part in combat operations.
It had a wooden frameless body, and the front was protected by an anti-bullet armor plate.
The body front contained the control section, where the driver was situated.
The eye slit with a glass block from the BA-20 armored car was built into the front panel to enable the driver to look at the road in front.
The combat section was located behind the control section.
It housed the 7.
Machine-gun fire was conducted by the snowmobile commander.
The horizontal firing angle amounted to 300 degrees, while horizontal angles varied from —14 to 40 degrees.
The snowmobile rode on four wooden skis attached to the hull with the help of an independent suspension using spiral springs.
Cable steering controlled both front and rear skis.
The NKL-26 was in the inventory of specialized snowmobile battalions.
In addition, the battalions used the NKL-16 transport and landing snowmobiles without armor or armament.
The loading section of that snowmobile could fit four armed soldiers or cargo.
Development of more advanced models started only in 1939, and first samples were put into mass production in 1941.
One of them was the medium armored car designed by Daimler company.
The vehicle was a derivative of a light reconnaissance armored car designated Daimler Scout Car.
Unlike its predecessor, the Daimler Armored Car Mk.
I was equipped with a turret which carried the 40-mm ROQF Mk.
IX gun and a coaxial 1 X 7.
Most British tanks carried such weapons at that time.
By the time the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car was submitted for tests, the French campaign was lost, while the battle in North Here was only flaming up.
As a result, the mass-produced car was initially adapted for operations in North Africa.
For instance, the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car had a substantial fuel supply, which enabled it to cover long distances.
Soon after the Daimler Mk.
I, a modification designated Daimler Mk.
II featuring slight changes in the rear section was put into mass production.
A total of 2,296 vehicles of both versions were manufactured.
I is the most famous British armored vehicle of World War II.
The Daimler company managed to design a very successful scout car that accomplished its functions until the very end of the war.
Vehicles of the Citroen-Kegresse company were used as a sample.
Due to the evolution of the caterpillar track, its design was getting less reminiscent of its prototype, but the rubber block track remained the same, although it was decided to abandon metal patches.
The first more or less successful vehicle was designed by the Diamond T Company in 1940.
The prototypes of this company, T14 and T18, were derived from the M3 Scout Car.
The rear axle was replaced with the Timken tracked propulsive device.
The passenger compartment was redesigned, and the defensive machine-gun was removed from rails and put on a special bar.
The T14 was standardized and designated Halftrack Car M2, and the T5 prototype was designated Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 in 1941.
The Halftrack Car M2 was used as an artillery tractor, and the M3 as an APC.
As many as 11,500 Halftrack Cars M2 and 12,500 Halftrack Personnel Carriers M3 were manufactured.
Modified models of the M2 and M3 were put into production in autumn 1943.
The main armament, consisting of the 12.
Such vehicles were designated M2A1 1,643 vehicles manufactured and M3A1 2,862 vehicles manufactured.
Moreover, 5,000 M2 vehicles were upgraded to the M2A1 level, and more than 2,000 М3 vehicles to the M3A1 level.
Another 1,300 75-mm GMC M3 self-propelled artillery systems were transformed into M3A1 vehicles.
Army in 1941, was won by the T17 of the Ford Co.
The vehicle was not very successful, but 250 vehicles were manufactured, and some of them were battle-tested in North Africa.
The first sample of the T17E1 vehicle assembled by Chevrolet in September 1941 also took part in the competition.
The T17E1 was ウェスティンゲームサンセットタワーの概要 two-axle vehicle, a bit lighter and shorter than the T17, but had the same turret.
In June 1942, the T17E1 was standardized and designated M6 Medium Armored Car, but the U.
The T17E1 attracted much more interest in Great Britain.
The order for 2,000 vehicles of this type was placed in January 1942.
In the British army, the vehicle was designated Staghound.
Nearly 4,000 vehicles of the Staghound family were manufactured.
Its specifications are comparable to that of the M3A1 Light Tank.
Moreover, it was the heaviest armored car of World War II.
An impressive fuel capacity indicates clearly that the vehicle was designed for combat operations in North Africa, but the Staghound was completed too late for that.
At the end of the war, the 37-mm M6 gun no longer had enough firepower to combat enemy tanks.
This problem was solved in a unique way, when the regular turret was replaced with the turret of a Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III, and the 6 pdr gun was replaced with the 75-mm ROQF Mk.
Such vehicles were designated Staghound III.
Army Command held a competition for a design of an armored car capable of accomplishing functions of both a ホテルハードロックカジノラスベガス car and a tank destroyer.
The T17 six-wheeler of the Ford company was first announced as the winner, but the project was eventually rejected.
At the second stage of the competition, vehicles of the Ford company T22 and Chrysler company T23 reached the finals.
The armored car was manufactured from March 1943 to April 1944, and a total of 8,500 vehicles were made.
In addition, 3,500 M20 command cars were made.
They had no turret in comparison to the base model.
German Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 armored cars had a lower weight than the U.
In addition to the U.
Armed Forces, the M8 Armored Car was used in the British army under the designation of Greyhound.
By the time it appeared on the battlefield, the M8 Armored Car was no longer suitable for the role as a tank destroyer, but it performed quite well as a scout car.
Moreover, its powerful armament enabled it to combat light armored enemy vehicles.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
Production of the gun began in small batches in 1928.
They were different from later samples in having wooden wheels, which made them transportable only by horse traction.
Gun output grew in 1933, when the National Socialists came to power.
The gun received steel wheels with pneumatic tires one year later.
The Wehrmacht officially commissioned the gun in 1936 under the designation of 3.
The model of 1928 was produced in the USSR designated as 37-mm Antitank Gun, and was later transformed into the famous 45-mm gun.
Cheeks had to be unfolded before firing, but it was also possible to fire when the cheeks were folded with cushioning switched off.
The gun was fitted with a horizontal wedge breech-block, which became a characteristic trait of German antitank guns.
Large-scale production of Pak 38 started already after the French campaign.
A total of 9,500 Pak 38 units were manufactured.
This element, as well as the installation of a screwing two-chamber recoil compensator, became characteristic of subsequent German antitank guns.
The gun was also equipped with a horizontal wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight was used to control fire.
The carriage had torsional cushioning, and a shield in the front, with the lower part capable of folding upwards.
A light one-wheel limber was used to transport the Pak 38, but there was also a possibility to transport the gun link it.
The gun fired fragmentation and armor-piercing shells.
Supplies of the Panzergranatpatrone 40 subcaliber shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 86 mm at a distance of 457 meters began in May 1941.
The Stielgranate 42 subcaliber hollow charge shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 180 mm, emerged in March 1943.
This gun, alongside with the 8.
It should suffice to say that the Pak 38 accounted for 40 percent of combat losses among Т-34 tanks.
As to KV-1 tanks, they could only be hit through the front plate from a distance of less than 500 m.
Replacement of the Pak 38 with the more powerful 7.
A few instances of mounting the Pak 38 Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 Sd.
First samples of the new antitank gun, designated 7.
The Pak 40 turned out to be the most produced gun of the Wehrmacht, as over 23,000 pieces were manufactured.
Their barrel design, recoil systems, and carriages were very much alike.
Just like its predecessor, the Pak 40 had a barrel with a two-chamber recoil compensator and a wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight, identical to the one mounted on Pak 38, was used to control fire.
The apron shield was different in having a shape that was easier to manufacture.
It consisted of two sections, each of them 4mm thick.
The gun fired fragmentation, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
The gun guaranteed effective engagement of most enemy armored vehicles.
A higher caliber brought to light another advantage of the Pak 40L: its fragmentation shells were much more efficient against hostile infantry than those of previous antitank guns in the Wehrmacht inventory.
However, there is a price for everything, and the Pak 40 designers had to pay it by making the gun heavier, with a weight reaching 1.
The Pak 40 was used in Marder II and Marder III self-propelled antitank artillery systems.
The gun was also mounted on the Sd.
As a result, the 8.
It was a redesigned Flak 41 air defense gun of Krupp company mounted on a lower carriage with four removable wheels.
It was primarily different in having a carriage of the 10.
The gun employed a semi-automatic horizontal breech-block, and a two-chamber recoil compensator was screwed on the barrel.
The carriage was initially designed for the howitzer, which made it possible to make the maximal vertical guidance angle quite high.
The gun was fitted with the Sfl.
Design of the apron shield was identical to that of Pak 40.
The gun fired high-explosive, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
On the one hand, the gun had advanced armor-piercing capabilities, as its subcaliber shell penetrated an armor plate 193 mm thick at a distance on one kilometer.
At the same time, the gun turned out too heavy and the crew could hardly move it.
Only a limited number of tractors mostly Sd.
In addition, the gun turned out too cumbersome.
Just like many other types of armament designed by Bofors, the gun was export-oriented.
Also a tank gun was derived from this gun in order to equip, in particular, Polish 7TP tanks.
By September 1939, the Polish army had procured about 1,200 37-mm Armata Przeciwpancerna wz.
The gun also had a high rate of fire amounting to 10-25 rpm.
The gun employed a wedge semi-automatic vertical breech-block.
In order to reduce the recoil, the barrel was equipped with a recoil compensator of original design.
Fire control was possible through a collimating sight.
It fired armor-piercing and high-explosive shells.
An armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 25 mm thick positioned at an angle of 30 degrees at a distance of 500 m.
By 1941, the gun became outdated and could only effectively combat light armored targets.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
A year later, the Revolutionary Military Council ordered it into mass production.
All subsequent changes were primarily related to the design of the breech-block and carriage.
Unlike previous varieties, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 has a semi-automatic wedge breech-block, as well as cushioning and wheels of the GAZ-AAA vehicle.
By the middle of the war the gun had become extremely outdated, though it remained in production until 1946.
About 50,000 45-mm antitank guns model 1937 and 10,843 guns model 1942 the latter with a barrel expanded to 68.
The 76-mm F-24 gun was used as basis, but its design was considerably reworked, and the ZIS-2 prototype was submitted for field trials already in October 1940.
As many as 371 pieces were manufactured before the end of the year, but production stopped after that.
The main reason was the absence of decent targets on the battlefield.
Anti-recoil devices included a hydraulic recoil brake and a hydro-pneumatic recuperator mechanism.
For gun rotation a pushing screw mechanism was used.
The ammunition stock consisted of fragmentation and armor-piercing tracer shells, as well as canister shots for elimination of enemy infantry at distances of 100-200 m.
The weapon was developed by the Vasily Grabin design bureau and was manufactured in small numbers already in 1941, but it did not gain recognition among Soviet military leaders immediately.
Only in 1942, after excellent response from the front, the gun was put in large-scale production.
It had the following components: the carriage of the ZIS-2 gun, and the improved barrel of the F-22USV gun with good ballistic specifications, fitted with a recoil compensator for reducing the load on the carriage.
ZIS-3 had a rate of fire of 25 rpm and a range of 13 km.
Experts justifiably consider it among the best antitank weapons.
The order for 400 guns, designated 6 pdr Gun, was placed in June 1940, but due to the loss of a high number of QF 2 pdr Guns during the evacuation of British troops from France, the decision was made to boost the production of 2pdr Guns.
As a result, real mass production of 6 pdr Guns was launched in November 1941.
II became the first mass-produced model.
When the Allies landed in Normandy, the 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV, which was distinguished for having a barrel 16 inch longer and a recoil compensator, saw the highest production rate.
Alongside with Great Britain, the 6 pdr Gun was manufactured in Canada.
Moreover, the gun entered the service of the U.
Armed Forces under the designation of 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
Just like its predecessor, the 6 pdr Gun had a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
A shoulder piece was located to the left of thethe breech.
Fire control was provided by a telescopic sight.
The apron shield consisted of two sections, upper and lower apron.
The upper shield was attached to the barrel, while the lower apron was attached to the carriage.
The gun fired armor-piercing, armor-piercing tracer and sub-caliber shells.
High-explosive fragmentation shelld could be used, too, but this rarely happened because of their low efficiency.
Regardless of that, 6 pdr Guns were still widely employed and had several advantages over the 17 pdr Guns.
First, the 6 pdr Gun was twice as light as the 17 pdr Gun, and second, its silhouette was much lower.
A standard armor-piercing shell of a 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV penetrated an armor plate 74 mm thick at a distance of 1,000 meters.
A subcaliber shell could penetrate armor as thick as 146 mm at the same distance.
It was manufactured with various changes since 1904.
By the mid-1930s, it had become obvious that the gun was outdated and a replacement was needed.
Development of a new-generation field gun began in 1935, and a caliber of 3.
I, entered the service of the British army in 1938.
The main difference of those guns from subsequent modifications was the employment of the carriage from the 18 pdr Field Gun.
The production of the 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II, based on a new carriage, began in late 1939.
This variety, as well as the later 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
III, became the most most widely produced models.
Starting from 1942, the guns were equipped with muzzle brakes made by Solothurn.
In addition to Great Britain, the 25 pdr Field Gun was manufactured in Canada.
II used a carriage largely similar to that of the 18 pdr Field Gun.
It was peculiar for a special wing platform, on which the gun was put in firing position in order to ensure a quick horizontal rotation.
The gun could fire even if it was not mounted on the platform, in this case the horizontal guidance angle amounted to eight degrees four to the left and four to the right.
In the traveling position, the gun was transported by attaching it to the limber, though it could be transported even without the limber, if necessary.
The gun was fitted with a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
Two sights, a panoramic sight and a telescopic sight, were used for aiming, the latter mostly for firing at tanks.
The 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II normally fired fragmentation-demolition shells.
After evacuation from France, when a high number of antitank guns were lost, an armor-piercing shell was designed for the gun.
I with carriages of 18 pdr Field Guns.
IIwere used for the first time during the battle for Norway.
The gun distinguished itself in combat operation, as can be seen from the fact that the 25 pdr Field Gun was decommissioned only in the early 1970s.
The gun was not bad in engaging tanks, too, as an armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 70 mm thick at a distance of 400 m.
Special tractors, known as Quad Tractors, were used for transporting 25 pdr Field Guns.
Based on tests of three howitzers, the 105 mm Howitzer Carriage M1921E was chosen as the best one.
The howitzer was standardized and designated 105 mm Howitzer M1 in 1928, but no mass production followed.
As a result, only the modified variety, designated 105 mm Howitzer M2A1, was put https://promocode-bonus.site/1/547.html mass production in March 1940, and a total of 8,536 Howitzers М2А1 were made before the end of the war.
The howitzer employs a pneumo-hydraulic anti-recoil device.
The apron shield consists of two sections, the front shield attached to the barrel, and the rear shield attached to the carriage.
The carriage has cheeks that expand when the howitzer is set up in firing position.
Two sights were used, the М16 telescopic sight and the М12А2 panoramic sight.
The howitzer fired high-explosive shells.
Its only disadvantage was a rather high weight, which somewhat reduced its mobility.
The 105 mm Howitzer M2A1 is still in the service in some countries, though now it has a slightly different name, the 105 mm Howitzer M101.
Army in the summer of 1943.
Concerned about the poor efficiency of the French 37-mm M3A1 gun against German armor, U.
The 57-mm Antitank Gun M1 fought in all major campaigns of the U.
He replaced the rear axle of a vehicle with a tracked propulsive device, which considerably boosted its cross-country capability.
Kegresse returned to France in 1918 and offered his ideas to a few companies.
This was followed by the commissioning of the P.
As a result, the P.
The vehicle was assembled by the Laffly company under the designation of S15T, but the highest number of semi-track tractors was manufactured by the UNIC company.
Over 3,000 UNIC P.
Alongside with artillery tractors, the UNIC P.
not アンドロイドの携帯電話用Androidゲーム。 interesting of this type were most often used for towing the 75-mm Canon de Campagne Mle.
The Germans derived a high number of specialized hardware units from the tractor, starting with APCs and ending with air defense self-propelled systems.
In 1935, the German army set up motorcycle forces, too.
They were assigned the mission to deliver three fully equipped soldiers to forward positions in a very short period of time.
The motorcycles were repainted and duly equipped.
As the motorcycles were of various models and companies, and it was next to impossible to obtain spare parts for some of them, these motorcycles did not last longer than a year.
This fragility was also the result of operating conditions, as commercial motorcycles were simply not intended for riding through rough terrain in adverse climates.
This was the prototype of 1934, designed especially for driving in extreme winter weather.
It was fitted with a sidecar with a directive wheel, which added to its maneuverability.
The telescopic front fork, designed a few years earlier, improved cross-country capabilities of the motorcycle.
The frame was composite, which made it possible to easily replace damaged parts.
It distinguished itself not only in high-speed road travel, but also in crossing streams and making long forced marches on broken country roads.
Most of the manufactured vehicles had canvas covers and cabriolet bodies without doors.
The car was produced from 1935 to 1938.
The commercial modification differed from the military command car by an all-metal varnished body, chrome-plated bumpers, and doors with crank-operated windows.
There were also some modifications in the design of the windshield and windshield wipers.
The first prototypes, Kdf Typ 62, were made in 1938, and after numerous tests the design went through changes aimed at improving their cross-country capability.
Mass-production of the car, designated Kdf Typ 82 and named Kubelwagen, started in December 1939, and the first batch of vehicles was supplied to military units in the spring of 1940.
The Kubelwagen gradually became the main light army car.
A total of 52,000 vehicles were produced.
Alongside with the standard model a variety of modifications were produced: reconnaissance, repair and observation vehicles.
The Kubelwagen was also used as a medical car.
Thanks to the simple design and reliability, the car distinguished itself and was very popular in military units.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem more info partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication advise 無料ダウンロードカジノのスロットマシン seems and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit click military purposes.
A single 無料で車のゲームをダウンロード gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
Mass production of the vehicle with the factory designation of Krauss-Maffei KM m 8 began later that year.
The tractor entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The Krauss-Maffei KM m 11, put into production in 1937, became the main model.
About 5,000 vehicles were manufactured by Krauss-Maffei and the Borgward company.
It proved reliable and was popular in military units.
All these vehicles were used in the Polish army for staff, transport, medical and special purposes.
The new automobile in comparison to its predecessor had an open body that ensured quick mounting and dismounting of four men with firearms.
The body was made of steel with a basic wooden structure in the rear section.
The inner side of the body carried special equipment for military purposes, such as bags for hand grenades and cartridges, and mounts for armaments.
Some vehicles carried a 7.
The latter could tow a trailer weighing up to 350 kg and were intended for transporting a 37-mm antitank gun.
It was an improved and strengthened copy of the Italian FIAT 621, produced in the PZInz works from 1935 to 1939.
The PF-621L was a 2.
In 1938 the new streamlined cab was introduced.
From among 9,500 produced before the war, the Army had 1,400 in 1939, not counting the commissioned civilian vehicles.
A small number of heavier PF-621R 3-tonne trucks on a bus chassis was also used.
PF-621s were used as general service trucks, and also as troop carriers in the 10th Motorized Cavalry Brigade 10 BKZmot and Warsaw Armored-Motorized Brigade WBP-M.
Already on April 15-27, the vehicle passed field trials, and its mass production was launched immediately.
The first mass-produced GAZ-64-416 vehicles, were delivered to front, by Moscow, in August 1941.
At the beginning of the war, the BA-64 light machine-gun vehicle was derived from the GAZ-64 chassis.
All in all, the Gorky Automobile Plant manufactured 601 GAZ-64-416 vehicles before the end of 1941.
About 5,250 GAZ-67 and GAZ-67B vehicles were made during the war, and they became the standard command vehicles of the Red Army.
It was upgraded, i.
The cross-country capability on snow and soft ground could be further improved by adding Overall chains to the rear wheels.
Moreover, the GAZ-AAA chassis was used to manufacture BA-6 medium armored vehicles, GAZ-05-193 staff buses, fuel trucks and radar stations.
During the war, the three-axle vehicles also carried SU-12 artillery systems, HMG Maxim or HMGs DShK.
As many as 37,373 vehicles of this type were made from 1934 to 1943.
The car was derived from the Ford-V8-40 vehicle, designed in 1933.
The car frame was reinforced, the number of springs was increased from two to four, spoke wheels were replaced with pressed solid wheels, and their diameter was increased.
The engine was modified and boosted from 40 to 50 hp.
Average fuel consumption amounted to 14.
The GAZ-M1 was designed as a commercial vehicle, but its cross-country capability on unpaved roads was advanced enough to derive the BA-20 armored vehicle from it.
A total of 62,888 vehicles of this type were manufactured, most of them staying in service with the Red Army until the end of the war.
Quite a lot of models were derived from the GAZ-M1.
The snowmobile was mass-produced as transport and medical models.
An updated model was manufactured in 1940-1941.
They were used for quick communication, delivery of military cargo, reconnaissance, assault and combat missions.
When delivering assault groups, the snowmobiles not only carried servicemen with full armament, but also towed 18 to 20 skiers, using special cables.
In combat conditions, they towed sledges at the sides, carrying soldiers armed with a MG and a soldier with ammo.
Moreover, machine-gun fire could be delivered by soldiers sitting in the snowmobile through hatches located at the top.
This made it possible not only to make unexpected raids aimed at destroying enemy infantry, but also to quickly deliver assault groups.
The Kharkov Locomotive-Building Plant received the order to design and manufacture such a tractor in 1935.
In March 1937 one of them was demonstrated to the Soviet government and received highest approval.
About 800 vehicles were made before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, 228 of them were handed over to the artillery.
Another 170 were manufactured during wartime.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About apologise, 無料の携帯電話オンライン not trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The concept of such a tractor was designated FAT, or Field Artillery Tractor.
The first vehicle of this type was designed by the Guy company, known as Guy Quad Ant.
This tractor was designed in 1938, an armored vehicle called Guy Mk.
I was later derived from the Guy Quad Ant.
The Guy company had limited capacity and could not fully execute orders of the British military.
As a result, a similar vehicle called Morris-Commercial C8 FAT emerged in 1940.
Its exterior was different from Guy Quad Ant only at the hull nose.
The way out of this complicated situation was found by launching the production of FATs by Canadian Military Pattern CMP.
The company used to manufacture army trucks of Chevrolet and Ford brands it is worth noting that the vehicles of the two brands were only different in emblems and radiator grill.
The CMP FAT Cab 12 was the first mass-production model, it was different from the Morris-Commercial C8 FAT and the Guy Quad Ant in the hull nose exterior.
The vehicle entered service in 1941.
Starting from 1944, CMP tractors were getting less reminiscent of their forefather, Guy Quad Ant, in their exterior, but the concept remained the same.
Production volumes of CMP FATs were so big that they soon became the most produced vehicles of this type used in the British army.
Even though FAT-family vehicles were designed to transport a 25 pdr gun, they were often used as tractors for other artillery systems.
VI tankette was not only often copied, but also the baseline for an entire family of tracked vehicles.
In 1934, after Carden-Lloyd was taken over by the arms industry giant Vickers-Armstrong, work began on the VA D50 armored vehicle, capable of transporting the Vickers Mk.
I mounted machine-gun, as well as light artillery systems.
In addition to the machine-gun, the vehicle was supposed to carry its crew.
The chassis was borrowed from the Carden-Lloyd Mk.
VI tankette, while the rest of the vehicle was brand-new.
By 1938, when the VA D50 entered Army inventory, the Vickers Mk.
I machine-gun was replaced by a more compact BREN Mk.
The name of the new machine-gun determined the official designation of the VA D50 — Bren Carrier Mk.
Another BREN was installed in the front of the vehicle, to the left of the driver.
A modified variety, named Bren Carrier Mk.
II, was issued later, easy to recognize thanks to front wings of a different shape.
A total of over 1,000 vehicles of both modifications were made.
Specialized versions, such as Scout Carriers, Cavalry Carriers and Troop Carriers, were manufactured as well.
The best known variety is the Universal Carrier.
This vehicle was manufactured in Canada and was identical to the Bren Carrier, except for the engine.
Different versions of the vehicles were also produced in the U.
About 90,000 vehicles of this family were made.
I and its descendents.
The vehicle could not carry heavy guns, it could not house a high number of passengers, and it effectively lacked protection from adverse weather a tent was envisaged, but the whole crew got soaked to the skin while they were putting it on.
Nevertheless, the vehicle served in military units with good faith and fidelity.
Armed Forces Command issued requirements for a light all-wheel-drive truck.
Such a vehicle was designed by the Dodge company, and it was not just one truck, but an entire family of T202 vehicles.
A total of 4,500 such trucks, different in body type, were made.
Each type of vehicles was marked with the VC index and a number from VC-1 to VC-6.
However, the truck did not turn out very successful, because it was an adaptation of a commercial vehicle.
Subsequent series of such trucks, T207, T211 and T215, were full-scale military vehicles.
Each series had a dozen variants, each marked with the WC index and a number T207 series — from WC-1 to WC-11, T211 series — from WC-12 to WC-20, T215 series — from WC-21 to WC-27 and from WC-40 to WC-43.
A total of 75,000 vehicles of all series were manufactured.
This family consisted of 12 types of vehicles from WC-51 to WC-61, аs well as WC-64.
The WC-51 light artillery truck was the baseline and the most produced model.
The family also included a medical variety, a van, a https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1577.html vehicle and a few specialized varieties.
Over 250,000 vehicles of the T214 family, including nearly 100,000 WC-51 vehicles, were manufactured.
Armed Forces used the vehicle for transporting light AT link, such as the 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
About 25,000 Dodge WC-51 vehicles were supplied to the USSR, where they were frequently used as tractors for antitank guns and the 76-mm ZIS-3 divisional gun.
Armed Forces Command announced a competition among projects of all-wheel drive trucks with a cargo capacity of 2.
The competition involved most of the largest U.
A batch of 2,500 GMC ACKWX trucks was manufactured in 1940, and its operation showed that the vehicle was not very good.
Serious improvements were required, and a new vehicle appeared already in 1941.
The new truck was designated GMC CCKW and was available in two varieties 352 and 353different from each other in the wheelbase.
Two variants of the cab, an open and a closed version, were also available.
For self-defense, some of the vehicles were fitted with a mount-up turret carrying a 12.
About 600,000 trucks of the CCKW family were made from 1941 to 1945.
The vehicle turned out to be success and earned a good reputation in military units.
The CCKW got a few nicknames, the most famous being Jimmy.
In addition to its inherent purpose, the GMC CCKW was also used as an artillery tractor.
In particular, such vehicles towed 105-mm M2A1 howitzers.
Armed Forces command in 1939-1940, three vehicles were chosen, namely the GMC ACKWX later transformed into GMC CCKWInternational M-5-6 and Studebaker US6.
The latter vehicle was derived from the K30 two-axle variety.
After the standardization process, the Army got the GMC CCKW, the Navy received the International M-5-6, while the Studebaker US6 was not in demand.
A very original way out of the situation was found by supplying trucks of the Studebaker company to allied countries, primarily the USSR.
Out of nearly 200,000 trucks of the US6 model, more than 150,000 were shipped to the USSR under the lend-lease program.
The Studebaker US6 family consisted of over ten varieties, the most popular being the U3 all-wheel drive, long wheelbase and the U7 long wheelbase, 6Ð¥4 drive gear.
The vehicle was among the most significant types of hardware shipped in the framework of the lend-lease program.
After the very difficult year of 1941, the Red Army badly needed trucks, while the Soviet industry could not manufacture enough of them.
The Studebaker US6 was used for various purposes, among other things, as a platform for multiple launch rocket systems BM-13N, BM-8-24, BM-8-48, etc.
The アンドロイド用の無料ダウンロードmini militiaゲーム involved three companies: Bantam Bantam BRC40Ford Ford GPand Willys Willys MA.
Though some specifications of the Bantam BRC40 were quite advanced 2,500 of such vehicles were madethe car submitted by Willys was eventually recognized as the winner.
However, it was not the Willys MA that was manufactured in substantial batches only 1,500 pieces were madebut an improved model called Willys MB, with its exterior resembling that of the Bantam BRC40.
Production of the Willys MB was launched in late 1941, but its modification Willys MB-2 was put into production already in March next year.
This variety is easy to recognize thanks to the pressed radiator grill.
Over 360,000 such vehicles were made.
As to Ford, after manufacturing over 3,000 Ford GP vehicles, the company bought the license to make the Willys MB-2.
Such vehicles are known as Ford GPW, and about 275,000 of them were produced.
The car was capable of towing light guns for instance, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 and was suitable for reconnaissance missions.
In addition to the U.
A system designed on the basis of the Pz.
M chassis was among the developments.
The same chassis was used in the Marder III Https://promocode-bonus.site/1/91.html />M tank destroyer and Bison Ausf.
Supplies of the first self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, designated Flakpanzer 38 t Gepard, began in November 1943.
The system had basically the Pz.
M chassis with a 2 cm Flak 38 anti-aircraft gun in the body back.
In the travelling position, the gun was covered by folding shields mounted on the sides of the cockpit.
A total of 141 Flakpanzer 38 t were manufactured.
The Flak 38 did not have enough capacity to effectively counter enemy planes, and installation of a more powerful armament was impeded by the small size of the cockpit.
The transporter was fitted with a special superstructure that housed a 37-mm Flak 36 gun capable of rotating a full 360 degrees.
The vehicle did not have armor, because it was designed for engaging aerial targets only.
Ammunition for the system was towed in a special one-axle trailer.
All of them entered the inventory of Luftwaffe air defense units.
Seats, except the front row, スーパー億万長者のゲームのダウンロード removed, and the vacated area was filled with the 20-mm Flakvierling 38 quad anti-aircraft gun.
In the travel position, the area was guarded off by shield which unfolded in the fireing position.
The first few Sd.
Production was subsequently increased to 10 pieces a month.
Production was further increased in mid-1942, when the Sd.
The exact number of Sd.
There are reasons to believe that Sd.
However, inability to fire スロットゲーム無料ボーナスなし入金 the move was among the most serious disadvantages of the Sd.
Moreover, it took a certain time to set up the vehicle in firing position.
The gun rewuired little maintenance and had a very reliable design.
Its main drawback was a difficulty to reload due to the fact that the inlet was in constant motion together with the barrel.
Since 1943 all 61-K guns were equipped with a gun shield to protect the crew of five.
VI Crusader could not perform as a front-line tank.
Some of the vehicles were transformed into tractors for 17-pdr antitank guns.
At the same tine, experiments began in order to derive a self-propelled anti-aircraft system from the tank.
The first model, designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
I, was fitted with a light armored open-top turret which hosted a 40-mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun.
The vehicle turned out quite cumbersome and not very successful.
Even though 215 vehicles of this type were made, they did not take part in combat.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II, turned out much more successful.
The vehicle had a more compact turret that housed coaxial 20-mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns.
In addition to the gunner, there were two loaders in the turret.
The first prototype of the Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II was assembled by the Morris Motors Co.
Mass-produced Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III were used as the base, and only the turret were replaced.
The next tank, which saw mass-production, was the model designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
The Т-shaped bar with the sighting mechanism was replaced with an A-shaped reticle, the armament was improved by the 7.
Over 600 Crusader AA tanks of Mk.
VI Crusader III AA family were the only type of anti-aircraft systems on a tank chassis widely used by the Allies in World War II.
Just like analogous German self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, Cruiser Tanks Mk.
VI Crusader III AA could not conduct aimed fire on the move, but in general, they were quite good vehicles.
The first experimental vehicle of this kind was the T1E1 with a Bendix aviation ring mount.
A few more experimental vehicles were designed in 1941-1942, 赤いハルクマーベルレゴゲーム the T1E4 prototype continue reading eventually developed.
The vehicle carried the Maxson M33 ring mount with a coaxial Browning M2HB machine gun.
In order to increase the firing angle, the sides and the back plate of the body had collapsible panels that opened while in firing position.
The T1E4 was commissioned in September 1942 under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M13.
Production of the M13 MGMC was launched in January 1943, and a total of 1,100 vehicles were manufactured.
The T58 GMC prototype carried a Maxson M45 ring mount, on which four Browning M2HB machine-guns were mounted.
The vehicle was commissioned under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M16, and its mass-production was launched in May 1943.
Nearly 2,900 M16 MGMC vehicles were manufactured, moreover, about 600 M13 MGMC pieces were adjusted to M16 standards.
Unlike the analogous German vehicle, the Sd.
An impressive firepower made it possible to use the system against both aerial and ground targets.
The company Rheinmetall engaged in developing the new machine gun and after trials in 1934 the machine gun entered the service in Wehrmacht units under the designation MG-34.
It could be used as mounted, hand-held, anti-aircraft and anti-tank machine gun.
The MG-34 had a high fire rate and was superior in firepower to all foreign machine guns existing in 1930s and early 1940s.
Combat action revealed flaws in its design.
The MG-34 used complicated production technology and required a lot of resources.
Combat proved that the MG-34 fails to operate in extreme environment conditions as the machine gun turned out to be very sensitive to hot and cold temperatures as well as to jamming.
Replacing the barrel was too complicated and required a two-man team and use of asbestos gloves as protection against heat, a serious flaw in a combat environment.
These serious drawbacks pointed to the need for development of an absolutely new design.
And so the MG-42, a more reliable and easy to manufacture machine gun came out in 1942.
The MG-34 machine gun was in production until the end of World War II.
From 1934 to 1945 some 457,988 units of this machine gun were manufactured.
Despite its advantages it also had some serious flaws, and hence in 1939 the development of a new machine gun beganas a replacement to the MG-34.
The company Grossfuss engaged in design and production, and also the factories Mauser-Werke and Gustloff-Werke began to manufacture the MG-42 machine gun.
Already in 1942 this machine gun was adopted throughout the entire Wehrmacht.
The machine gun did not need such meticulous care as the MG-34, was simple and easy to handle, fast to prepare for action, easy to assemble and dismantle.
This was essential for the combat environment.
However, the MG-42 lacked the universality of the MG-34.
As this variant had no magazine feed, the belt could be fed from left to right only, not from both sides.
Its excessive weight and a very high rate of fire for a hand-held machine gun caused quick overheating of the barrel and hence case-extraction failures happened quite often.
Due to a high firing rate the MG-42 required a frequent change of barrels.
A solution developed by the engineers of Grossfuss enabled one person to replace the barrel in 6-10 seconds making possible an almost non-stop barrage of phone 2019 最高のゲームwindows />Afer intensive fire the barrel was supposed to be replaced after 250-300 shots.
About 350,000 machine guns of that type were produced in 1943-1944, and even after the war and to this day the design has been copied numerous times by various nations.
Kolesnikov contributed to the flexibility of its use.
Typically, fire on ground targets was delivered from the wheeled trolley, keeping the tripod folded.
As an anti-aircraft weapon the machine gun was used on a tripod mount after removing the trolley.
Shifting the machine from one position into the other normally took a few minutes.
In the pre-war years only about 2,000 DShK machine guns were manufactured.
By January 1, 1942 just 720 units were used in the Red Army and it was not until January 1944 that their number reached 8,440 units.
In February 1945 a first batch including 250 units of the modernized DShKM version with a new feed system and an improved barrel fixation was introduced.
But it was not until atfer the war that this machine gun saw really wide application.
Maxim invented this machine gun.
The Russian Army and subsequently the Soviet Red Army used the Maxim M1910 machine gun, adapted by Russian gun-makers P.
Pastukhov from the city of Tula.
They made up to 200 changes to the design of the machine gun to improve its performance.
The only downside was its very heavy weight: up to 62-66 kg in combat position.
That weight was not acceptable for the high maneuverability of World War II battles and hence Soviet gun-makers began to develop a new type of heavy machine-gun.
In 1943 the Goryunov-type heavy machine gun was adopted to the arsenal of the Red Army, but still the M1910 were used up to https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1601.html very end of war.
Often one or two machine guns were rolled forward at a time without even stopping fire.
The machine gun typically required a six to eight man team to operate: one to fire, one to feed and the rest to help carry the gun itself, its ammunition and removable parts.
Its only difference was the reduced weight.
After 1916 the Vickers machine gun became a standard weapon on all British and French military aircraft.
The aircraft variant was fitted with a special form of synchronizer gear to allow フリーデポジットボーナススロット to fire through aircraft propellers and a special air-cooling system.
Browning at the end of World War 1.
Basically, this machine gun was a larger copy of the М1917 Browning-type model with a water-cooling system of the barrel.
The machine gun was accepted for service in the US Army under the designation Model 1921 in the year 1921.
After a conversion in 1932 which first of all included replacing the water-cooling by an air-cooling system, it was designated as М2.
It was a dual-rate weapon with automatic and single-shot modes and a belt-feed.
The barrel was coupled to the bolt with a special lever that also served as a recoil booster.
The М2 was fitted with a barrel and bolt buffer system to ensure smooth operation.
Combat vehicles derived from Pz.
III tanks were manufactured in small series in 1940-1942.
The last of these vehicles, the SturmInfanterieGeschutz 33B or StuIG 33B, was for 100 00ピラミッドボードゲーム very foretype of a mass-produced self-propelled artillery vehicle derived from the Pz.
This system was better known as Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar, and also had the designation of Sd.
The vehicles manufactured later on received a different driver cockpit and a 7.
A total of 306 systems of this type were manufactured.
It had good armor and powerful armament and was suitable for fighting enemy infantry and fortifications as well as tanks.
It was capable of piercing armored plate as thick as 160 mm with a hollow charge shell, which made Brummbar a dangerous adversary for all types of enemy tanks.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed learn more here total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in オンラインでプレイするための無料の無料農場ゲーム Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
Their main mission was to provide mobile artillery support to other units.
The first prototype on the Panzer III chassis, armed with the 105-mm leFH17 Howitzer, emerged in early 1942.
It was never commissioned, because the decision was made to switch over to the Panzer IV chassis.
The Hummel was supposed to be a temporary model while the chassis was being developed.
Their production lasted until 1944, and 666 such vehicles were made.
The howitzer crew was housed in an open-top superstructure click covered from all sides by bolted armored plates.
The crew was protected from adverse weather by a canvas top.
The design of the Hummel did not provide for installation of a machine-gun, and that is why the crew kept an MG 34 or MG42 machine-gun inside.
In summer 1943, the first 100 Hummel self-propelled howitzers took part in Operation Zitadelle.
The Hummel was used on all fronts to support German tank divisions.
V Panther chassis began in August 1942, when the experimental tank was still taking tests.
The assault tank was supposed to get an 88-mm gun and defensive armament consisting of a 7.
As the project was reviewed several times, full-scale development of the system began only in May 1943, and final specification of the armament was approved only in October.
Also that month, the mock-up of the assault gun, which eventually turned into a tank destroyer, was demonstrated to Hitler, and the second prototype was shown in December.
The tank destroyer is better known as Jagdpanzer V Jagdpanther, or simply Jagdpanther.
During the mass-production period, which began in January 1944, the Jagdpanther was upgraded nearly every month.
The manufactured systems can be divided into three main series.
Systems of the 永遠の騎士ゲーム吸血鬼が遊ぶ series, launched into production in late 1944, carry a different muzzle break and an engine plate from Pz.
G tanks of later series with an additional fan.
About 400 Jagdpanthers were made.
B Tiger II heavy tank, the Jagdpanther surpassed them in mobility.
Moreover, unlike comparable Soviet self-propelled artillery systems, this system どのようにクラウンカジノメルボルンで働くか comfortable operational conditions for the crew, which added to its efficiency.
Kpfw 38 t tank.
The new vehicle was supposed to be fully armored, have a low silhuette, and carry a gun capable of fighting enemy tanks at distances no less than 800 m.
Boehmisch-Mahrish-Maschinenfabrik came up with technical requirements for the tank destroyer already on December 17, 1943.
The first wooden make-up had been built already by January 24, 1944, and three prototypes were built in March and April of the same year.
They were shown to Hitler at the Ares proving range in East Prussia and received his approval.
The new tank destroyer entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The gun was manufactured Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 Rheinmetall-Borsig and Seitz Werke enterprises in Germany as well.
The https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1951.html was fully fine-tuned in mid-1944, and about 1,570 vehicles were manufactured until the end of the war.
Thanks to steep armor angles and a low silhuette, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an excellent antitank system capable of ambushing the enemy and changing position quickly.
The Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an ideal close combat weapon.
G in the future.
The wooden mock-up was ready in May 1943, and Vomag manufactured the first prototype in October.
The weapon that was being developed as an assault gun in fact turned out a tank destroyer dramatically different from previous German vehicles of this type.
Derived from the Pz.
F tank, the vehicle has a very low silhuette, which provided a strong advantage in combat.
Vehicles of Series Zero were distinguished by rounded corners of the cockpit nose.
The vehicle got the official designation of Sturmgeschuetz neuer Art mit 7.
It also had the index of Sd.
A total of 769 Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F units were manufactured, after which they were completely replaced by Panzer IV70 V self-propelled artillery vehicles.
The vehicles underwent some changes during the production period, in particular, vehicles of later series did not have recoil compensators, which crews often removed anyway in order to reduce signature while firing.
F was a low silhuette in combination with a powerful gun.
The front armor plane as thick as 60 mm was not a sufficient protection against enemy tank fire, but this was compensated by the low signature of the vehicle.
In general, Vomag designers created a good tank destroyer.
However, a lighter and more maneuverable self-propelled artillery vehicle, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer, which had the same gun, was put into mass production already in spring.
The same gun was installed in Pz.
Right after the beginning of the mass-production of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F, work on equipping it with a new gun started anew and was completed in April 1944.
The resulting vehicle was a redesigned model of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F with a reinforced running gear and front armor plate thickness increased to 80 mm.
The vehicles were manufactured in three series, each featuring minor changes.
On the other hand, problems with unequal distribution of load on suspension wheels, from which the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F suffered, got even worse for the new vehicle.
The wooden mock-up of the huge vehicle was demonstrated already on October 20 that year, and the prototype was shown in April 1944.
The production was slowed down a bit as the running gear designed by the Porsche company did not turn out a success, and a new running gear with lateral torsion bars was developed.
The initial plan was to manufacture 150 vehicles, but the Niebelungen company only made 70 Jagdtigers, of which only 48 remained among the ranks at the end of the war.
It was baptized by fire near the river Rhein in March 1945.
Jagdtigers managed to hit U.
The latter was a specialized chassis bringing together components of the Pz.
The vehicle was designed by the Deutsche Eisenwerke company.
As many as 494 vehicles were made in 1943-1945.
IV tank, and the engine and transmission from the Pz.
The HL 120 TRM engine was positioned behind the transmission and formed a single block together Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 it.
The spacious combat cockpit with an 88-mm antitank gun was positioned in the rear of the body and opened on top and partially in the back.
The machine-gun was not mounted permanently and was intended for self-defense.
These vehicles were in the inventory of the High Command reserve antitank battalions and took part in combat operations until the end of the war.
As of April 10, 1945, the Wehrmacht possessed 62 systems of this type on the Eastern Front and 23 systems on the Western front.
A new tank destroyer with a more powerful gun was needed.
Development of tank destroyers on the basis of Pz.
II tanks began in early 1942, which resulted in the creation of the Marder family of self-propelled gun systems.
Another workstream was the installation of 75-mm StuK.
This resulted in the development of the StuG.
F, the first self-propelled gun system of the StuG family, capable of countering enemy tanks.
As many as 366 guns of this type were manufactured from March to September 1942.
The next to follow was the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, began in December 1942.
As compared to previous varieties, the cockpit, especially its rear section, was redesigned substantially.
The hatch on the left side was replaced with a command turret analogous to the one installed in the Pz.
Side armor plates in the cockpit became ramped, and armored containers were removed.
G was not only the most produced self-propelled artillery vehicle of the StuG.
III family, but the most produced type of German armor in general.
A total of 8,172 self-propelled guns of this type were manufactured.
The StuG 40 Ausf.
G was modified several times during the production period, in particular, starting from November 1943, the vehicles were equipped with a molten gun mantlet reminiscent of a boar snout.
Some of the vehicles were fitted with side skirts for decreasing the hollow-charge shell effects starting from spring 1943.
Unlike tank destroyers of the Marder family, StuG 40 Ausf.
G systems offered relatively good protection.
It is worth mentioning that the installation of a longer and heavier gun increased the load on the front suspension wheels, which affected their longevity somewhat.
The Daimler-Benz design, derived from the Zugfuhrerwagen tank, designed by the same company and better known as Pz.
III, suited the requirements best.
The initial plan was to design a combat vehicle with an open top cockpit, but in the end the assault vehicle became fully roofed.
The prototype batch of assault vehicles was made in 1937, and the Pz.
B chassis was used as the basis.
The vehicle was designated Gepanzerte Selbstfahrlafette fur Sturmgeschutz 7.
A, but later the name was reduced to Sturmgeschutz III Ausf.
A, or StuG III Ausf.
Vehicles of this type were employed during the French campaign of May-June 1940.
The StuG III Ausf.
B was the next modification, produced in much higher numbers, as 320 units of this vehicle were manufactured.
H tank chassis was used as the basis.
In addition to the basis, other differences to the StuG III Ausf.
A included a new crew compartment.
During the production period, the design of the StuG.
B underwent several changes, as vehicles of later series received tracks as wide as 400 mm for example.
C was put into mass production in April 1941.
As compared to the previous model, the cockpit was redesigned, mainly by moving the sight moved from the front to the top.
Ramped plates on cockpit sides were also changed, and the running gear got new track adjusting wheels.
A total of 50 StuG III Ausf.
C units and 150 StuG III Ausf.
D units, which had practically no differences from the previous modification, were manufactured.
The point of producing the StuG III therefore was questioned, but the campaign of 1939 vividly demonstrated that infantry units needed a fire support vehicle.
In addition, the StuG III was cheaper to make than the Pz.
In general, the vehicles of the StuG III family turned out to be the most successful and most produced self-propelled artillery systems at the beginning of World War II.
Allied aviation destroyed a plant of the Alkett company in November 1943.
The plant had visit web page StuG 40 Ausf.
G tank destroyers, and its destruction put continuing supply of self-propelled gun systems of that type at a risk.
A solution to the problem was suggested by the Krupp company, which came up with a design designated Krupp No W 1468.
The design envisioned mounting the cockpit of the StuG 40 Ausf.
The vehicle was put into production in December 1943 under the designation of Sturmgeschutz IV with an index of Sd.
As compared to StuG 40 Ausf.
G, the position of the driver changed a bit.
He received a separate cockpit with a top boarding hatch.
A total of 1,139 StuG IV units were manufactured.
The vehicles of later series were different in using the Pz.
J tank as the chassis, and their running gear and exhaust system were a bit different, too.
As compared to the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, travelling comfort was somewhat poorer, but on the other hand, the ammunition storage space increased.
In the end, the StuG IV was quite suitable for the tank destroyer role.
II family were withdrawn from front line tank units.
Development of a self-propelled gun system based on the Pz.
II chassis began nearly simultaneously.
Among such developments ビッグウィン野球フリーバックス a design equipped with the 105-mm le.
F chassis, given the designation of Geschutzwagen II, was used as the basis.
As compared to the original tank, the engine was moved from the rear section to the front section and positioned on the right side of the driver.
An open crew compartment was established in the rear for housing the gun and its crew.
The system was designated 10.
A total of 676 Wespes were made.
The vehicles made during the final production stage were distinguished for having a chassis 220 mm longer.
The Munitions Sf auf Fgst Pz.
II ammo transporter was derived from the Geschutzwagen II, too.
Unlike the Wespe, it had no gun.
The system distinguished itself performing these functions very well.
The system was primarily intended for スクランブルゲーム無料ダウンロード enemy concrete pillboxes.
The original plan was to equip the system designated KV-14 internal designation U-18 with a 107-mm gun, but the choice was eventually made in favor of the 152-mm ML-20 gun-howitzer.
The final variant of the project was basically the KV-1S tank, in which the turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit.
The nose of the cockpit housed the 152-mm ML-20S gun.
The first prototype of the system was ready in late January 1943, when the system was already designated SU-152.
Mass production was launched in February, and about 700 such systems were made before autumn 1943.
At that time the work was in full swing on a self-propelled gun that would be analogous to the SU-152, but based on the IS-85.
The first prototype, designated Object 241, was submitted for tests in late November.
Thanks to an increase in cockpit height, operational conditions for the crew inside improved a bit, and the ventilation system was enhanced.
As soon as the tests were completed, the system was put into mass-production under the designation of ISU-152.
Its production lasted until 1947, and a total of over 3,000 vehicles were manufactured.
But the KV-14 project was effectively a replacement for the KV-2 tank, which was no longer produced after 1941.
The fact that the beginning of SU-152 production coincided with tests of Pz.
H1 Tiger tanks is probably a mere coincidence.
The advanced antitank performance of the ML-20 gun-howitzer was achieved through a high shell mass.
Hits of 152-mm shells fired from the ML-20S gun were fatal for German tanks in most cases.
According to statistics, a semi-armor-piercing howitzer shell penetrated a plate as thick as 82mm at a distance of one kilometer.
One should take into account, however, that the shell weighed 48 kg, and its hit often made welded joints fall apart.
Moreover, the quality of German armor started to decline in the summer that year.
The vehicle was supposed to be armed with the 100-mm B-34 universal shipborne gun.
Calculations showed that the gun was poorly suitable for mounting on a self-propelled gun system, and a different gun with similar specifications was required.
D-10S, derived from B-34 in February 1944, was such a gun.
The first system prototype, fitted with D-10S, was ready in March, and a second in the summer.
Another prototype, fitted with the 100-mm S-34 gun, was ready in the summer, too.
Tests showed that the system with D-10S surpassed the one with S-34, and the tank destroyer was put into production under the designation of SU-100 in November 1944.
Over 1,500 SU-100 units were manufactured.
Thanks to the new gun, the SU-100 was capable of engaging most German tanks at a distance of two kilometers.
At the same time, reinforcement of the front armor and installation of a heavier gun resulted in a heavier load on the front suspension wheels.
Just as with the SU-122 and SU-85, there were no machine-guns, which reduced the ability to fight off enemy infantry assault.
The project, codenamed U-34, had as its goal to developing a self-propelled system armed with a 76-mm tank gun and a 7.
In a sense, the U-34 was a response to the German StuG.
In autumn that year, the U-34 project was revised, and a new development called U-35 emerged on its basis.
In December 1942, the U-35 prototype passed tests, and mass-production of the system designated US-122 began later that month.
As compared to the prototype, the mass-produced vehicle had a different front armor plate, and changes were made to the combat section design.
A total of 1,148 SU-122 units were manufactured.
The system fired hollow-charge shells burning through armor as thick as 200 mm.
At the same time, just like the SU-152, the フェニックスカジノエンターテイメント was primarily self-propelled artillery vehicle used for supporting tanks, and the Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar can be called its German counterpart.
One such system, the SU-5-2, derived from the T-26 light tank, was used in battles with Japanese forces カジノのヒントでブラックジャック Lake Hasan in 1938.
The first system produced in decent numbers was the SU-30, derived from the A-20 Komsomolets artillery tractor in 1941.
Several experimental systems were designed in 1942, but they failed to comply with certain requirements.
Finally the SU-12 system designed on the basis of the extended T-70 tank chassis was submitted for tests in November 1942.
The closed crew compartment was located in the rear, and a couple of GAZ-202 engines were used as the power plant.
Mass production of the SU-12 system, renamed SU-76, began in January 1943.
Soon it became clear that they were not very reliable.
Production of the SU-76 was suspended in March, and upgraded systems designated SU-76M were put into production in May.
The vehicle was powered by a couple of GAZ-203 engines, and the crew compartment was enlarged a bit.
After additional improvements the vehicle was renamed SU-15M.
The top and parts of the rear wall of the crew compartment were removed, as the built-in ventilation system often failed the top of the SU-76M was frequently removed for the same reason.
The SU-15M was put into mass production under the designation of SU-76.
Over 11,000 SU-76 systems continue reading manufactured from October 1943 to 1945, and the vehicle became the most popular Soviet self-propelled gun.
The SU-76 was frequently used as a tank destroyer, but it should be remembered that the ZIS-3 gun was not primarily an antitank weapon, and its armor-piercing capability was not very advanced.
H1 Tiger heavy tanks were seized in January 1943.
The 85-mm 52-K anti-aircraft gun and the 122-mm A-19 gun-howitzer turned out more suitable for engaging the Tiger.
At about the same time, development of a few types of 85-mm tank guns, including D-5T, began.
The first samples of this weapon were ready in June that year.
The first two prototypes were armed with the 85-mm S-18 gun, while the third one, designated SU-85-II, emerged a bit later and was armed with the 85-mm D-5S gun, a modification of D-5T developed for installation into self-propelled gun systems.
Tests showed that the SU-85-II had advantages over the systems armed with the S-18 gun, and the vehicle was put into mass-production under the designation of SU-85 in August 1943.
A total of 2,050 SU-85 units were made.
G self-propelled gun system.
Armor-piercing capabilities of D-5S were very good for mid-1943, as its shell penetrated an armor plate 100 mm thick at a distance of one kilometer.
This was enough to ensure engagement of such tanks as Pz.
V Panther and Pz.
The Vickers company was responsible for the development.
The self-propelled gun carried a 17-pdr antitank gun with a barrel length of 58 calibers, capable of engaging nearly all types of German tanks.
Unlike the M10 and Achilles self-propelled guns, which were organic to armor divisions and brigades, Archer systems were in the inventory of infantry divisions and army tank brigades.
This allowed the Archer system to combat German tanks successfully.
Army entered World War II with the M3 Gun Motor Carriage tank destroyer derived from the M2 halftrack tractor.
First engagements in the Pacific Ocean showed that a different vehicle with better protection and a tank chassis was required.
Another self-propelled gun, the T35 Gun Motor Carriage, was designed a bit later with an open top turret, and the M4A2 Medium Tank as please click for source chassis.
A redesigned model Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 this system, designated T35E1, had a different hull with characteristicly angled sides.
In September 1942, a redesigned model of the T35E1 was put into mass-production under the designation of 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10.
The mass-produced vehicle had a different turret than that of the T35E1.
The shape of the turret was changed several times during the production period, and the vehicles made during the medium and final production stages had stowage boxes attached to the back of the turret.
In addition to the M10, a model called 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10A1 was available.
It had a different chassis, namely the lower part of the M4A3 tank chassis.
As many as 4,993 units of the 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 were manufactured until December 1943.
The vehicle was designated Wolverine in the British army.
Unlike Soviet and German tank destroyers that had no turret at all, U.
On the other hand, the M10 had relatively weak armor protection, and hand grenades were often thrown into the open turret.
The 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 carried relatively powerful armament, as an armor-piercing shell of the 76-mm M7 gun was capable of penetrating an 88-mm plate at a distance of one kilometer.
This allowed the vehicle to combat the Pz.
V Panther, but against the Pz.
VI more powerful weapons were required.
Tests showed that the gun would fit the turret, but additional counterbalances were required to balance the long barrel.
Taking all pros and cons into account, the designers started developing a tank destroyer with a reworked turret.
The summer saw the production of two prototypes, different in chassis: the first vehicle was derived from the M10, and the second from the M10A1.
The prototypes received the designations of T71E1 and T71 respectively.
The 90-mm M3 gun was used as the main weapon, and a 12.
Just like with the M10, there was no coaxial machine-gun or bow-gun.
The reworked turret featured a counterbalance for the gun.
Mass-production of the T71E1 began in April 1943, and the tank destroyer was standardized and designated 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage M36 in July that year.
The vehicle is also known as Jackson or Slugger.
A total of 1,413 tank destroyers of that type were manufactured.
A subcaliber shell fired from the 90-mm M3 gun was capable of piercing an armor plate as thick as 189 mm espnオンラインサッカーゲーム a distance of one kilometer, enough to ensure the destruction of any German tank.
The only type of German armor immune to the M36 was the Jagdtiger tank destroyer.
Just like other U.
The latter factor considerably reduced its efficiency in fighting against enemy infantry.
The tank entered service in March 1934 В1.
Since 1935 five companies, - Renault, FCM, Schneider, FAMH and АРХ, - were producing these tanks.
When production ended on June 15, 1940 about 403 such tanks had been manufactured.
About 1,000 units were manufactured from 1935 to 1940.
The 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments forming part of the 3rd Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with the same number of the Н39 tanks, and 60 H35 units served in the 11th Dragoon Regiment.
Four of the five Light Cavalry Divisions in the Armored Cavalry Reconnaissance Regiment had 12 H35 tanks each at their disposal and the fifth counted 12 H39 tanks.
The 342nd and the 351st tank companies equipped with H35 Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 Н39 tanks saw combat action in Norway 1940.
Under the designation PzKpfw 38H 735 f the tank was used in the Wehrmacht and the SS.
Some 200 units were manufactured before 1940.
The tank had a riveted hull and turret with sloped armor.
They were used in the 1st and the 4the Dragoon Regiments of the 1st and the 2nd Mechanized Cavalry Divisions, 69 machines in each.
The 7th the 1st DIM and the 6th the 3rd DIM Tank Reconnaissance Groups were equipped with four AMR 35 tanks, versions ZT2 and ZT3, each.
After France was defeated most tanks of that type were captured by German troops and used by the Wehrmacht as transports for 80 mm mortars.
It appears to be the first tank in the world with a fully rotating turret.
The tank was produced since 1917 by Renault, Berliet, Schneider and Delauney-Belleville.
In total some 7,820 units were manufactured.
Also, three dedicated FT-18 companies the 343rdthe 344ththe 350th Cie.
A were formed having about 10 tanks each.
The rest of the tanks of this type were stored in depots.
Also, these vehicles fought in France against German troops.
However, after the French Campaign was finished, the FT tanks captured by the Germans were used in police units and for guarding airfields, and served under the designation PzKpfw 18R 730 f.
This tank was in serial production from 1935 to 1940.
During this period Renault delivered about 1,070 tanks to the French Army and exported some other 560 units.
Later on, a conversion, the R39 with a long-barrel Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 mm SA38 gun was developed.
Then a model followed with a new suspension system by AMX and a similar gun to that of the R39.
The tank was designated R40.
In May 1940 a total of 945 units were deployed in Europe, of which 810 served in dedicated tank battalions and 135 were allocated to the 4th Tank Division of the Reserve DCR.
The 68th Tank Battalion was deployed in Syria, the 63rd and 62nd Battalions served in Tunisia and Algeria respectively.
R35 were also in service in Poland, Yugoslavia, Romania and Turkey.
Germans used most of the tanks for training purposes and some of them, after removing the turret, were rebuilt into artillery tractors for 150 mm howitzers and 210 mm mortars.
About 500 tanks were manufactured between 1935 and 1940.
The Mechanized Cavalry Regiments of three Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with these tanks.
The S35 served in the 4th Cuirassier, go here 18th Dragoon, the 13th and the 29th Dragoon, the 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments.
In Tunisia the 6th Light Cavalry Division counted 50 S35 tanks.
Later these tanks were used on the Eastern front in the 211th Tank Battalion and in Crimea in the 204th Tank Regiment.
In Normandy, the 100th Tank Reserve Battalion and the 206th Tank Battalion were partly reequipped with tanks of this type and fought against the Allies.
In 1941, Germans converted about 60 tanks into artillery tractors.
The turret was replaced with a superstructure which could hold two crew members a commander and a radio operator and two radio stations.
Six such vehicles were produced in late 1935.
Apart from the new chassis the tank designated Kleiner Panzerbefehlswagen I B differed in its standard armament one MG-34 7.

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It is issued td 4オンラインゲーム Bloons any enlisted personnel and civilians for military merit.
It was similar to the WWI Https://promocode-bonus.site/1/741.html de Guerre.
Later on, the Croix Du Combattant became a distinguishing decoration for enlisted personnel who had participated in military actions.
The Cross was awarded for bravery and heroism displayed on the battlefield.
It re-appeared during the Franco-Prussian War and World War I, and was restored again on September 1, 1939.
The Cross was awarded for accomplishment of 3—5 especially difficult missions click at this page valor showed on the battlefield.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to the auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
It was presented for successful accomplishment of 6 — 12 especially difficult missions.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
Introduced on September 1, 1939 due to restoration of the Iron Cross.
It was also worn on a ribbon around the neck.
It had several degrees.
The most widespread degree was the Iron Cross itself.
This award was issued if the decorated person had already been awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise think, iPhone用スピンアプリ apologise leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
It was awarded if the person had already been bestowed with the Virtuti Militari Order 5th Class.
The Order of the White Eagle had only one class.
A person could be bestowed with this order only once.
The Medal for Combat Service was introduced to bestow personnel for active support of the war effort, or for improving the army readiness for war.
The Medal for Valor is bestowed for personal bravery and valor during the defense of the Socialist Fatherland and the execution of military duty.
The condition for award recommendation was participation in, at least, one operation in these countries.
It is bestowed on servicemen of any branch of the US Armed Forces.
The Medal was established to bestow on US servicemen for heroism and merits.
It was made retroactive to December 7, 1941.
It was originally known as the Citation Star, but on July 16, 1932 by the order of the Secretary of War it was renamed to the Silver Star Medal.
It is awarded for exceptional valor in action.
Congress on July 2, 1926.
It is bestowed on any servicemen, whose wartime actions were acknowledged as highly fruitful or actions, which were significantly helpful on extraordinary peacetime situations.
Civilians can also receive this decoration, when their merits are equal to the aforementioned ones of the servicemen.
At first, it was given to lowest ranks of enlisted personnel only for exceptional deeds on the battlefield, but according to the US Congress act dated March 3, 1863 it was also granted to officers.
Such a deed should have been witnessed by many as something unique and extraordinary to qualify for this award.
According to that concept, mechanized cavalry units were to receive Automitrailleuse de スロットメイトフリーコイン AMD medium armored cars, Automitrailleuse de Reconnaissance AMR light reconnaissance tanks, as well as Automitrailleuse de Combat AMC close support tanks.
The last to join was the Panhard company, which created the first prototype of its armored vehicle in October 1933.
The prototype had a Vincennes turret, identical to those of the AMR 35ZT reconnaissance tank, and its armament consisted of the 13.
Tests showed that the vehicle was too heavy and did not fit the requirement specifications.
The prototype was seriously upgraded in February 1934, and this time Panhard managed to surpass the specified requirements.
The vehicle entered inventory under the designation of AMD 35 in the autumn that year.
Mass-produced vehicles received the new APX-3 turret, and the 13.
Armor protection of the AMD 35 surpassed requirements, too, reaching 20 mm in thickness at the front hull and 26 mm at the turret front.
As many as 526 vehicles of this type, as well as 24 command vehicles, where the APX-3 turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit, and the ER27 heavy radio added, were manufactured from 1934 to 1940.
Moreover, a prototype fitted with a new welded Renault turret and a 47-mm SA-35 gun was made.
Tthe baseline model was produced in two series, different from each other in minor details.
Due to an acute shortage of APX-3 turrets, a small number of armored cars with an immovable cockpit identical to that of the AMD 35 command model and armed with one 7.
The AMD 35 was among the few types of trophy hardware used by German troops without serious redesign except for installation of new radios.
After the war, the upgraded model of the vehicle, designated Panhard 178B, was used by French forces until the mid-1950s.
The vehicle, designated Austin-Kegresse, was put into mass production in 1918, and Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 that time Adolf Kegresse had emigrated to France.
In his home country, Kegresse got the Citroen company interested in his developments.
The Citroen-Kegresse M23 halftrack armored car, with the concept that had a lot in common with that of the Austin-Kegresse, was designed in 1923.
However, the capacity of the Citroen company turned out to be quite limited, and it failed to comply even with orders for common halftrack vehicles, let alone armored cars.
As a result, halftrack armored cars designed by Kegresse jointly with the Schneider company were produced in high volumes.
The automobile was a derivative of the Schneider-Kegresse P16 Mle.
Its armament consisted of the 37-mm Puteaux SA-18 gun and coaxial 7.
However, the vehicle had become very much outdated by 1940, and the rubber block tracks designed by Kegresse were not distinguished for their reliability.
Panhard 178 vehicles were able to counter German tanks of all types as well as armored cars quite successfully.
They designated the vehicles as PzSpah 204 f and started using them actively.
Over 200 vehicles were supplied to field and SS units, and 43 vehicles were transformed into armored trolleys.
As of June 1943, the Wehrmacht still operated about 30 Panhards on the Eastern Front and 33 on the Western Front.
Some other armored cars had been handed over to police units by then.
They soon became outdated, and a new armored car was designed in 1934 to replace them.
The new vehicle was based on the Horch 801 all-wheel-drive chassis and had a welded body with armored plates positioned under a certain angle.
The armament consistied of a 7.
Mass production of the armored car, designated Sd.
Its main difference from the Sd.
In addition to the MG-34 machine-gun, the Sd.
The weapon was derived from the Flak 30 air defense gun.
Later modifications mounted a different gun, Kw.
The vehicles were manufactured in a number of series, different from each other in engines, armament and armor thickness.
A total of 989 Sd.
It was suitable for carrying out functions as scout car, and powerful armament allowed it to even fight enemy light tanks.
Unlike the baseline model, the Sd.
A frame antenna was the major peculiarity of the vehicle distinguishing it from the Sd.
Starting from 1942, the Sd.
ヤフーゲームミニゴルフ only additional drawback was the increased signature as a result of the frame antenna.
The vehicle is better known as the Sd.
The DII3 prototype was made in 1938, and it served as a baseline for the subsequent Sd.
The first prototype of the APC derived from Demag D7was assembled only in December 1939.
Mass production of the APC, designated Leichter Schutzenpanzerwagen Sd.
Just like the Sd.
In order to differentiate between the vehiclesthe older versions were designated Sd.
A total of 7,326 Sd.
The vehicle performed this part successfully, and had no real competitors in its class.
The vehicle, designated Leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t Typ HL kl6, entered the Wehrmacht inventory in 1936 under the index of Sd.
In addition to Hansa-Lloyd-Goliath Werke, several other companies, including Hanomag, manufactured the Sd.
Jointly with the Bussing-NAG company, Hanomag derived from the Sd.
The prototype of the Sd.
Vehicles of the first version - Sd.
B - had a typical V-shaped hull front plate.
The only difference was that Sd.
B lacked lookouts at passenger compartment sides.
Production of the next modification, Sd.
C, began in 1941.
Its front plate was single-piece, and a catwalk was added to the sides of the hood.
Moreover, changes were made to the design of the ring mount supporting the machine-gun.
The ring mount received a V-shaped plate, and this modification was installed also in later models of the Sd.
These vehicles were assembled at several https://promocode-bonus.site/1/764.html, including factories in occupied Czechoslovakia, where welding was not used.
sorry, グラディエーターゲーム10k 2019 opinion total of 15,000 APCs of all varieties were assembled.
It was not only the first full-scale German APC, but also one of the best vehicles of this class during the war.
Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 was the only APC capable of competing with the Sd.
D, began in the autumn of 1943.
It no longer had the catwalk on the sides of the hood, which wase characteristic of the Sd.
C, and the body shape changed.
SPTA boxes, earlier mounted on the hull sides, were now located inside the hull.
Moreover, onboard observation devices were reinforced with bulletproof glass.
This version saw the highest production output, as out of 15,000 Sd.
D vehicles alone amounted to 10,500.
A total of 23 varieties of the Sd.
D were available, ranging from the APC to an anti-aircraft combat vehicle.
It was decided to make about 90 vehicles on their basis.
The armored body was designed and manufactured in Poland, and its shape was very much alike that of French halftrack vehicles.
Two prototypes had been made by 1925 and were designated Wzor 28 Wz.
The first mass-produced vehicles were ready in カジノフリースピン />When the vehicles were commissioned, it turned out that they failed to accomplish the assigned missions.
The vehicles required frequent maintenance, and the wear resistance of rubber tracks was very low.
That is why the decision was made in 1933 to transform the vehicles from halftracks to wheeled cars.
It turned out that they behaved a bit worse than the Wz.
The final decision to transform all Wz.
Each squadron incorporated seven Wz.
However, due to acute shortage of armored cars, the Wz.
They took part in nearly all battles on the Polish territory from September 1 to 27, 1939.
The armored car took about six months to design, and all the latest technical requirements to armored cars, put together on the basis of combat experience analysis, were taken into pity, リアルトモバイルカジノ hope />The vehicle was supposed to be used in reconnaissance, troop control in battle, rear area security, motor convoy escorts, and air defense.
The design of the new vehicle was definitely influenced by the German Sd.
Kfz 221 armored car.
The first batch of mass-produced armored cars was shipped to forces of the Bryansk and Voronezh Fronts in summer 1942.
The BA-64 and BA-64B were involved in the seizure of Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Austrian cities and in the storm of Berlin.
All in all, from 1942 to 1946 plants manufactured 3,901 BА-64 and 5,209 BА-64B.
The BА-64 was the last armored car in the Soviet Army.
In the pre-war period, designer M.
Andreyev developed the OSGA-4 and OSGA-6 snowmobiles for these purposes.
Positive experience in using snowmobiles in the Finnish campaign of 1939-1940 resulted in the creation of a snowmobile capable of conducting reconnaissance and, if necessary, taking part in combat operations.
It had a wooden frameless body, and the front was protected by an anti-bullet armor plate.
The body front contained the control section, where the driver was situated.
The eye slit with a glass block from the BA-20 armored car was built into the front panel to enable the driver to look at the road in front.
The combat section was located behind the control section.
It housed the 7.
Machine-gun fire was conducted by the snowmobile commander.
The horizontal firing angle amounted to 300 degrees, while horizontal angles varied from —14 to 40 degrees.
The snowmobile rode on four wooden skis attached to the hull with the help of an independent suspension using spiral springs.
Cable steering controlled both front and rear skis.
The NKL-26 was in the inventory of specialized snowmobile battalions.
In addition, the battalions used the NKL-16 transport and landing snowmobiles without armor or armament.
The loading section of that snowmobile could fit four armed soldiers or cargo.
Development of more advanced models started only in 1939, and first samples were put into mass production in 1941.
One of them was the medium armored car designed by Daimler company.
The vehicle was a derivative of a light reconnaissance armored car designated Daimler Scout Car.
Unlike its predecessor, the Daimler スロットマシンのジャックポット無料ダウンロード Car Mk.
I was equipped with a turret which carried the 40-mm ROQF Mk.
IX gun and a coaxial 1 X 7.
Most British tanks carried such weapons at that time.
By the time the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car was submitted for tests, the French campaign was lost, while the battle in North Africa was only flaming up.
As a result, the mass-produced car was initially adapted for operations in North Africa.
For instance, the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car had a substantial fuel supply, which enabled it to cover long distances.
Soon after the Daimler Mk.
I, a modification designated Daimler Mk.
II featuring slight changes in the rear section was put into mass production.
A total of 2,296 vehicles of both versions were manufactured.
I is the most famous British armored vehicle of World War II.
The Daimler company managed to design a very successful scout car that accomplished its functions until the very end of the war.
Vehicles of the Citroen-Kegresse company were used as a sample.
Due to the evolution of the caterpillar track, its design was getting less reminiscent of its prototype, but the Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 block track remained the same, although it was decided to abandon metal patches.
The first more or less successful vehicle was designed by the Diamond T Company in 1940.
The prototypes of this company, T14 and T18, were derived from the M3 Scout Car.
The rear axle was replaced with the Timken tracked propulsive device.
The passenger compartment was redesigned, and the defensive machine-gun was removed from rails and put on a special bar.
The T14 was standardized and designated Halftrack Car M2, and the T5 prototype was designated Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 in 1941.
The Halftrack Car M2 was used as an artillery tractor, and the M3 as an APC.
As many as 11,500 Halftrack Cars M2 and 12,500 Halftrack Personnel Carriers M3 were manufactured.
Modified models of the M2 and M3 were put into production in autumn 1943.
The main armament, consisting of the 12.
Such vehicles were designated M2A1 1,643 vehicles manufactured and M3A1 2,862 vehicles manufactured.
Moreover, 5,000 M2 vehicles were upgraded to the M2A1 level, and more than 2,000 М3 vehicles to the M3A1 level.
Another 1,300 75-mm GMC M3 self-propelled artillery systems were transformed into M3A1 vehicles.
Army in 1941, was won by the T17 of the Ford Co.
The vehicle was not very successful, but 250 vehicles were manufactured, and some of them were battle-tested in North Africa.
The first sample of the T17E1 vehicle assembled by Chevrolet in September 1941 also took part in the competition.
The T17E1 was a two-axle vehicle, a bit lighter and shorter than the T17, but had the same turret.
In June 1942, the T17E1 was standardized and designated M6 Medium Armored Car, but the U.
The T17E1 attracted much more interest in Great Britain.
The order for 2,000 vehicles of this type was placed in January 1942.
In the British army, the vehicle was designated Staghound.
Nearly 4,000 vehicles of the Staghound family were manufactured.
Its specifications are comparable to that of the M3A1 Light Tank.
Moreover, it was the heaviest armored car of World War II.
An impressive fuel capacity indicates clearly that the vehicle was designed for combat operations in North Africa, but the Staghound was completed too late for that.
At the end of the war, the 37-mm M6 gun no longer had enough firepower to combat enemy tanks.
This problem was solved in a unique way, when the regular turret was replaced with the turret of a Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III, and the 6 pdr gun was replaced with the 75-mm ROQF Mk.
Such vehicles were designated Staghound III.
Army Command held a competition for a design of an armored car capable of accomplishing functions of both a scout car and a tank destroyer.
The T17 six-wheeler of the Ford company was first announced as the winner, but the project was eventually rejected.
At the second stage of the competition, vehicles of the Ford company T22 and Chrysler company T23 reached the finals.
The armored car was manufactured from March 1943 to April 1944, and a total of 8,500 vehicles were made.
In cleared Mac OS X用のオンライン内戦ゲーム remarkable, 3,500 M20 command cars were made.
They had no turret in comparison to the base model.
German eight-axle armored cars had a lower weight than the U.
In addition to the U.
Armed Forces, the M8 Armored Car was used in the British army under the designation of Greyhound.
By the time it appeared on the battlefield, the M8 Armored Car was no longer suitable for the role as a tank destroyer, but it performed quite well as a scout car.
Moreover, its powerful armament enabled it to combat light armored enemy vehicles.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de For 法律ゲーム蒸気 thank Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield here protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
Production of the gun began in small batches in 1928.
They were different from later samples in having wooden wheels, which made them transportable only by horse traction.
Gun output grew in 1933, when the National Socialists came to power.
The gun received steel wheels with pneumatic tires one year later.
The Wehrmacht officially commissioned the gun in 1936 under the more info of 3.
The model of 1928 was produced in the USSR designated as 37-mm Antitank Gun, and was later transformed into the famous 45-mm gun.
Cheeks had to be unfolded before firing, but it was also possible to fire when the cheeks were folded with cushioning switched off.
The gun was fitted with a horizontal wedge breech-block, which became a characteristic trait of German antitank guns.
Large-scale production of Pak 38 started already after the French campaign.
A total of 9,500 Pak 38 units were manufactured.
This element, as well as the installation of a screwing two-chamber recoil compensator, became characteristic of subsequent German antitank guns.
The gun was also equipped with a horizontal wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight was used to control fire.
The carriage had torsional cushioning, and a shield in the front, with the lower part capable of folding upwards.
A light one-wheel limber was used to transport the Pak 38, but there was also a possibility to transport the gun without it.
The gun fired fragmentation and armor-piercing shells.
Supplies of the Panzergranatpatrone 40 subcaliber shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 86 mm at a distance of 457 meters began in May 1941.
The Stielgranate 42 subcaliber hollow charge shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 180 mm, emerged in March 1943.
This gun, alongside with the 8.
It should suffice to say that the Pak 38 accounted for 40 percent of combat losses among Т-34 tanks.
As to KV-1 tanks, they could only be hit through the front plate from a distance of less than 500 m.
Replacement of the Pak 38 with the more powerful 7.
A few instances of mounting the Pak 38 on Sd.
First samples of the new antitank gun, designated 7.
The Pak 40 turned out to be the most produced gun of the Wehrmacht, as over 23,000 pieces were manufactured.
Their barrel design, recoil systems, and carriages were very much alike.
Just like its predecessor, the Pak 40 had a barrel with a two-chamber recoil compensator and a wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight, identical to the one mounted on Pak 38, was used to control fire.
The apron shield was different in having a shape that was easier to manufacture.
It consisted of two sections, each of them 4mm thick.
The gun fired fragmentation, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
The gun guaranteed effective engagement of most enemy armored vehicles.
A higher caliber brought to light another advantage of the Pak 40L: its fragmentation shells were much more efficient against hostile infantry than those of previous antitank guns in the Wehrmacht inventory.
However, there is a price for everything, and the Pak 40 designers had to pay it by making the gun heavier, with a weight reaching 1.
The Pak 40 was used in Marder II and Marder III self-propelled antitank artillery systems.
The gun was also mounted on the Sd.
As a result, the 8.
It was a redesigned Flak 41 air defense gun of Krupp company mounted on a lower carriage with four removable wheels.
It was primarily different in having a carriage of the 10.
The gun employed a semi-automatic horizontal breech-block, and a two-chamber recoil compensator was screwed on the barrel.
The carriage was initially designed for the howitzer, which made it possible to make the maximal vertical guidance angle quite high.
The gun was fitted with the Sfl.
Design of the apron shield was identical to that of Pak 40.
The gun fired high-explosive, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
On the one hand, the gun had advanced armor-piercing capabilities, as its subcaliber shell penetrated an armor plate 193 mm thick at a distance on one kilometer.
At the same time, the gun turned out too heavy and the crew could hardly move it.
Only a limited number of tractors mostly Sd.
In addition, the gun turned out too cumbersome.
Just like are 今すぐ無料でオンライン駐車場の無料ゲームをプレイ really other types of armament designed by Bofors, the gun was export-oriented.
Also a tank gun was derived from this gun in order to equip, in particular, Polish 7TP tanks.
By September 1939, the Polish army had procured about 1,200 37-mm Armata Przeciwpancerna wz.
The gun also had a high rate of fire amounting to 10-25 rpm.
The gun employed a wedge semi-automatic vertical breech-block.
In order to reduce the recoil, the barrel was equipped with a recoil compensator of original design.
Fire control was possible through a collimating sight.
It fired armor-piercing and high-explosive shells.
An armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 25 mm thick positioned at an angle of 30 degrees at a distance of 500 m.
By 1941, the gun became outdated and could only effectively combat light armored targets.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield visit web page lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
A year later, the Revolutionary Military Council ordered it into mass production.
All subsequent changes were primarily related to the design of the breech-block and carriage.
Unlike previous varieties, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 has a semi-automatic wedge breech-block, as well as cushioning and wheels of the GAZ-AAA vehicle.
By the middle of the war the gun had become extremely outdated, though it remained in production until 1946.
About 50,000 45-mm antitank guns model 1937 and 10,843 guns model 1942 the latter with a barrel expanded to 68.
The 76-mm F-24 gun was used as basis, but its design was considerably reworked, and the ZIS-2 prototype was submitted for field trials already in October 1940.
As many as 371 pieces were manufactured before the end of the year, but production stopped after that.
The main reason was the absence of decent targets on the battlefield.
Anti-recoil devices included a hydraulic recoil brake and a hydro-pneumatic recuperator mechanism.
For gun rotation a pushing screw mechanism was used.
The ammunition stock consisted of fragmentation and armor-piercing tracer shells, as well as canister shots for elimination of enemy infantry at distances of 100-200 m.
The weapon was developed by the Vasily Grabin design bureau and was manufactured in small numbers already in 1941, but it did not gain recognition among Soviet military leaders immediately.
Only in 1942, after excellent response from the front, the gun was put in large-scale production.
It had the following components: the carriage of the ZIS-2 gun, and the improved barrel of the F-22USV gun with good ballistic specifications, fitted with a recoil compensator for reducing the load on the carriage.
ZIS-3 had a rate of fire of 25 rpm and a range of 13 km.
Experts justifiably consider it among the best antitank weapons.
The order for 400 guns, designated 6 pdr Gun, was placed in June 1940, but due to the loss of a high number of QF 2 pdr Guns during the evacuation of British troops from France, the decision was made to boost the production of 2pdr Guns.
As a result, real mass production of 6 pdr Https://promocode-bonus.site/1/749.html was launched in November 1941.
II became the first mass-produced model.
When the Allies landed in Normandy, the 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV, which was distinguished for having a barrel 16 inch longer and a recoil compensator, saw the highest production rate.
Alongside with Great Britain, the 6 pdr Gun was manufactured in Canada.
Moreover, the gun entered the service of the U.
Armed Forces under the designation of 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
Just like its predecessor, the 6 pdr Gun had a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic see more system.
A shoulder piece was located to the left of thethe breech.
Fire control was provided by a telescopic sight.
The apron shield consisted of two sections, upper and go here apron.
The upper shield was attached to the barrel, while the lower apron was attached to the carriage.
The gun fired armor-piercing, armor-piercing tracer and sub-caliber shells.
High-explosive fragmentation shelld could be used, too, but this rarely happened because of their low efficiency.
Regardless of that, 6 pdr Guns were still widely employed and had several advantages over the 17 pdr Guns.
First, the 6 pdr Gun was twice as light as the 17 pdr Gun, and second, its silhouette was much lower.
A standard armor-piercing shell of a 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV penetrated an armor plate 74 mm thick at a distance of 1,000 meters.
A subcaliber shell could penetrate armor as thick as 146 mm at the same distance.
It was manufactured with various changes since 1904.
By the mid-1930s, it had become obvious that the gun was outdated and a replacement was needed.
Development of a new-generation field gun began in 1935, and a caliber of 3.
I, entered the service of the British army in 1938.
The main difference of those guns from subsequent modifications was the employment of the carriage from the 18 pdr Field Gun.
The production of the 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II, based on a new carriage, began in late 1939.
This variety, as well as the later 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
III, became the most most widely produced models.
Starting from 1942, the guns were equipped with muzzle brakes made by Solothurn.
In addition to Great Britain, the 25 pdr Field Gun was manufactured in Canada.
II used a carriage largely similar to that of the 18 pdr Field Gun.
It was peculiar for a special wing platform, on which the gun was put in firing position in order to ensure a quick horizontal rotation.
The gun could fire even if it was not mounted on the platform, in this case the horizontal guidance angle amounted to eight degrees four to the left and four to the right.
In the traveling position, the gun was transported by attaching it to the limber, though it could be transported even without the limber, if necessary.
The gun was fitted with a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
Two sights, a panoramic sight and a telescopic sight, were used for aiming, the latter mostly for firing at tanks.
The 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II normally fired fragmentation-demolition shells.
After evacuation from France, when a high number of antitank guns were lost, an armor-piercing shell was designed for the gun.
I with carriages of 18 pdr Field Guns.
IIwere used for the first time during the battle for Norway.
The gun distinguished itself in combat operation, as can be seen from the fact that the 25 pdr Field Gun was decommissioned only in the early 1970s.
The gun was not bad in engaging tanks, too, as an armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 70 mm thick at a distance of 400 m.
Special tractors, known as Quad Tractors, were used for transporting 25 pdr Field Guns.
Based on tests of three howitzers, the 105 mm Howitzer Carriage M1921E was chosen as the best one.
The howitzer was standardized and designated 105 mm Howitzer M1 in 1928, but no mass production followed.
As a result, only the modified variety, designated 105 mm Howitzer M2A1, was put into mass production in March 1940, and a total of 8,536 Howitzers М2А1 were made before the end of the war.
The howitzer employs a pneumo-hydraulic anti-recoil device.
The apron shield consists of two sections, the front shield attached to the barrel, and the rear shield attached to the carriage.
The carriage has cheeks that expand when the howitzer is set up in firing position.
Two sights were used, the М16 telescopic sight and the М12А2 panoramic sight.
The howitzer fired high-explosive shells.
Its only disadvantage was a rather high weight, which somewhat reduced its mobility.
The 105 mm Howitzer M2A1 is still in the service in some countries, though now it has a slightly different name, the 105 mm Howitzer M101.
Army in the summer of 1943.
Concerned about the poor efficiency of the French 37-mm M3A1 gun against German armor, U.
The 57-mm Antitank Gun M1 fought in all major campaigns of the U.
He replaced the rear axle of a vehicle with a tracked propulsive device, which considerably boosted its cross-country capability.
Kegresse returned to France in 1918 and offered his ideas to a few companies.
This was followed by the commissioning of the P.
As a result, the P.
The vehicle was assembled by the Click at this page company under the designation of S15T, but the highest number of semi-track tractors was manufactured by the UNIC company.
Over 3,000 UNIC P.
Alongside with artillery tractors, the UNIC P.
Vehicles of this type were most often used for towing the 75-mm Canon de Campagne Mle.
The Germans derived a high number of specialized hardware units from the tractor, starting with APCs and ending with air defense self-propelled systems.
In 1935, the German army set up motorcycle forces, too.
They were assigned the mission to deliver three fully equipped soldiers to forward positions in a very short period of time.
The motorcycles were repainted and duly equipped.
As the motorcycles were of various models and companies, and it was next to impossible to obtain spare parts for some of them, these motorcycles did not last longer than a year.
This fragility was also the result of operating conditions, as commercial motorcycles were simply not intended for riding through rough terrain in adverse climates.
This was the prototype of 1934, designed especially for driving in extreme winter weather.
It was fitted with a sidecar with a directive wheel, which added to its maneuverability.
The telescopic front fork, designed a few years earlier, improved cross-country capabilities of the motorcycle.
The frame was composite, which made it possible to easily replace damaged parts.
It distinguished itself not only in high-speed road travel, but also in crossing streams and making long forced marches on broken country roads.
Most of the manufactured vehicles had canvas covers and cabriolet bodies without doors.
The car was produced from 1935 to 1938.
The commercial modification differed from the military command car by an all-metal varnished body, chrome-plated bumpers, and doors with crank-operated windows.
There were also some modifications in the design of the windshield and windshield wipers.
The first prototypes, Kdf Typ 62, were made in 1938, and after numerous tests the design went through changes aimed at improving their cross-country capability.
Mass-production of the car, designated Kdf Typ 82 and named Kubelwagen, started in December 1939, and the first batch of vehicles was supplied to military units in the spring of 1940.
The Kubelwagen gradually became the main light army car.
A total of 52,000 vehicles were produced.
Alongside with the standard model a variety of modifications were produced: reconnaissance, repair and observation vehicles.
The Kubelwagen was also used as a medical car.
Thanks to the simple design and reliability, the car distinguished itself and was very popular in military units.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van click the following article be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out opinion ベットヒップホップアワード無料ストリーム consider fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
Mass production of the vehicle with the factory designation of Krauss-Maffei KM m 8 began later that year.
The tractor entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The Krauss-Maffei KM m 11, put into production in 1937, became the main model.
About 5,000 vehicles were manufactured by Krauss-Maffei and the Borgward company.
It proved reliable and was popular in military units.
All these vehicles were used in the Polish army for staff, transport, medical and special purposes.
The new automobile in comparison to its predecessor had an open body that ensured quick mounting and dismounting of four men with firearms.
The body was made of steel with a basic wooden structure in the rear section.
The inner side of the body carried special equipment for military purposes, such as bags for hand grenades and cartridges, and mounts for armaments.
Some vehicles carried a 7.
The latter could tow a trailer weighing up to 350 kg and were intended for transporting a 37-mm antitank gun.
It was an improved and strengthened copy of the Italian FIAT 621, produced in フェニックスカジノエンターテイメント PZInz works from 1935 to 1939.
The PF-621L was a 2.
In 1938 the new streamlined cab was introduced.
From among 9,500 produced before the war, the Army had 1,400 in 1939, not counting the commissioned civilian vehicles.
A small number of heavier PF-621R 3-tonne trucks on a bus chassis was also used.
PF-621s were used as general service trucks, and also as troop carriers in the 10th Motorized Cavalry Brigade 10 BKZmot and Warsaw Armored-Motorized Brigade WBP-M.
Already on April 15-27, the vehicle passed field trials, and its mass production was launched immediately.
The first mass-produced GAZ-64-416 vehicles, were delivered to front, by Moscow, in August 1941.
At the beginning of the war, the BA-64 light machine-gun vehicle was derived from the GAZ-64 chassis.
All in all, the Gorky Automobile Plant manufactured 601 GAZ-64-416 vehicles before the end of 1941.
About 5,250 GAZ-67 and GAZ-67B vehicles were made during the war, and they became the standard command vehicles of the Red Army.
It was upgraded, i.
The cross-country capability on snow and soft ground could be further improved by adding Overall chains to the rear wheels.
Moreover, the GAZ-AAA chassis was used to manufacture BA-6 medium armored vehicles, GAZ-05-193 staff buses, fuel 料理オンラインゲームをプレイ and radar stations.
During the war, the three-axle vehicles also carried SU-12 artillery systems, HMG Maxim or HMGs DShK.
As many as 37,373 vehicles of this type were made from 1934 to 1943.
The car was derived from the Ford-V8-40 vehicle, designed in 1933.
The car frame was reinforced, the number of springs was increased from two to four, spoke wheels were replaced with pressed solid wheels, and their diameter was increased.
The engine was modified and boosted from 40 to 50 hp.
Average fuel consumption amounted to 14.
The GAZ-M1 was designed as a commercial vehicle, but its cross-country capability on unpaved roads was advanced enough to derive the BA-20 armored vehicle from it.
A total of 62,888 vehicles of this type were manufactured, most of them staying in service with the Red Army until the end of the war.
Quite a lot of models were derived from the GAZ-M1.
The snowmobile was mass-produced as transport and medical models.
An updated model was manufactured in 1940-1941.
They were used for quick communication, delivery of military cargo, reconnaissance, assault and combat missions.
When delivering assault groups, the snowmobiles not only carried servicemen with full armament, but also towed 18 to 20 skiers, using special cables.
In combat conditions, they towed sledges at the sides, carrying soldiers armed with a MG and a soldier with ammo.
Moreover, machine-gun fire could be delivered by soldiers sitting in the snowmobile through hatches located at the top.
This made it possible not only to make unexpected raids aimed at destroying enemy infantry, but also to quickly deliver assault groups.
The Kharkov Locomotive-Building Plant received the order to design and manufacture such a tractor in 1935.
In March 1937 one of them was demonstrated to the Soviet government and received highest approval.
About 800 vehicles were made before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, 228 of them were handed over to the artillery.
Another 170 were manufactured during wartime.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military https://promocode-bonus.site/1/578.html, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
click here engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
apologise, ipodのためのゲーム4 2 1(8c148) something ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and https://promocode-bonus.site/1/502.html production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The concept of such a tractor was designated FAT, or Field Artillery Tractor.
The first vehicle of this type was designed by the Guy company, known as Guy Quad Ant.
This tractor was designed in 1938, an armored vehicle called Guy Mk.
I was later derived from the Guy Quad Ant.
The Guy company had limited capacity and could not fully execute orders of the British military.
As a result, a similar vehicle called Morris-Commercial C8 FAT emerged in 1940.
Its exterior was different from Guy Quad Ant only at the hull nose.
The way out of this complicated situation was found by launching the production of Https://promocode-bonus.site/1/2069.html by Canadian Military Pattern CMP.
The company used to manufacture army trucks of Chevrolet and Ford brands it is worth noting that the vehicles of the two brands were only different in emblems and radiator grill.
The CMP FAT Cab 12 was the first mass-production model, it was different from the Morris-Commercial C8 FAT and the Guy Quad Ant in the hull nose exterior.
The vehicle entered service in 1941.
Starting from 1944, CMP tractors were getting less reminiscent of their forefather, Guy Quad Ant, in their exterior, but the concept remained the same.
Production volumes of CMP FATs were so big that they soon became the most produced vehicles of this type used in the British army.
Even though FAT-family vehicles were designed to transport a 25 pdr gun, they were often used as tractors for other artillery systems.
VI tankette was not only often copied, but also the baseline for an entire family of tracked vehicles.
In 1934, after Carden-Lloyd was taken over by the arms industry giant Vickers-Armstrong, work began on the VA D50 armored vehicle, capable of transporting the Vickers Mk.
I mounted machine-gun, as well as light artillery systems.
In addition to the machine-gun, the vehicle was supposed to carry its crew.
The chassis was borrowed from the Carden-Lloyd Mk.
VI tankette, while the rest of the vehicle was brand-new.
By 1938, when the VA D50 entered Army inventory, the Vickers Mk.
I machine-gun was replaced by a more compact BREN Mk.
The name of the new machine-gun determined the official designation of the VA D50 — Bren Carrier Mk.
Another BREN was installed in the front of the vehicle, to the left of the driver.
A modified variety, named Bren Carrier Mk.
II, was issued later, easy to recognize thanks to front wings of a different shape.
A total of over 1,000 vehicles of both modifications were made.
Specialized versions, such as Scout Carriers, Cavalry Carriers and Troop Carriers, were manufactured as well.
The best known variety is the Universal Carrier.
This vehicle was manufactured in Canada and was identical to the Bren Carrier, except for the engine.
Different versions of the vehicles were also produced in the U.
About 90,000 vehicles of this family were made.
I and its descendents.
The vehicle could not carry heavy guns, it could not house a high number of passengers, and it effectively lacked protection from adverse weather a tent was envisaged, but the whole crew got soaked to the skin while they were putting it on.
Nevertheless, the vehicle served in military units with good faith and fidelity.
Armed Forces Command issued requirements for a light all-wheel-drive truck.
Such a vehicle was designed by the Dodge company, and it was not just one truck, but an entire family of T202 vehicles.
A total of 4,500 such trucks, different in body type, were made.
Each type of vehicles was marked with the VC index and a number from VC-1 to VC-6.
However, the truck did not turn out very successful, because it was an adaptation of a commercial vehicle.
Subsequent series of such trucks, T207, T211 and T215, were full-scale military vehicles.
Each series had a dozen variants, each marked with the WC index and a number T207 series — from WC-1 to WC-11, T211 series — from WC-12 to WC-20, T215 series — from WC-21 to WC-27 and from WC-40 to WC-43.
A total of 75,000 vehicles of all series were manufactured.
This family consisted of 12 types of vehicles from WC-51 to WC-61, аs well as WC-64.
The WC-51 light artillery truck was the baseline and the most produced model.
The family also included a medical variety, a van, a command vehicle and a few specialized varieties.
Over 250,000 vehicles of the T214 family, including nearly 100,000 WC-51 vehicles, were manufactured.
Armed Forces used the vehicle for transporting light AT guns, such as the 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
About 25,000 Dodge WC-51 vehicles were supplied to the USSR, where they were frequently used as tractors for antitank guns and the 76-mm ZIS-3 divisional gun.
Armed Forces Command announced a competition among projects of all-wheel drive trucks with a cargo capacity of 2.
The competition involved most of the largest U.
A batch of 2,500 GMC ACKWX trucks was manufactured in 1940, and its operation showed that the vehicle was not very good.
Serious improvements were required, and a new vehicle appeared already in 1941.
The new truck was designated GMC CCKW and was available in two varieties 352 and 353different from each other in the wheelbase.
Two variants of the cab, an open and a closed version, were also available.
For self-defense, some of the vehicles were fitted with a mount-up turret carrying a 12.
About 600,000 trucks of the CCKW family were made from 1941 to 1945.
The vehicle turned out to be success and earned a good reputation in military units.
The CCKW got https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1543.html few nicknames, the most famous being Jimmy.
In addition to its inherent purpose, the GMC CCKW was also used as an artillery tractor.
In particular, such vehicles towed 105-mm M2A1 howitzers.
Armed Forces command in 1939-1940, three vehicles were chosen, namely the GMC ACKWX later transformed into GMC CCKWInternational M-5-6 and Studebaker US6.
The latter vehicle was derived from the K30 two-axle variety.
After the standardization process, the Army got the GMC CCKW, the Navy received the International M-5-6, while the Studebaker US6 was not in demand.
A very original way out of the situation was found by supplying trucks of the Studebaker company to allied countries, primarily the USSR.
Out of nearly 200,000 trucks of the US6 model, more than 150,000 were shipped to the USSR under the lend-lease program.
The Studebaker US6 family consisted of over ten varieties, the most popular being the U3 all-wheel drive, long wheelbase and the U7 long wheelbase, 6Ð¥4 drive gear.
The vehicle was among the most significant types of hardware shipped in the framework of the lend-lease program.
After the very difficult year of 1941, the Red Army badly needed trucks, while the Soviet industry could not manufacture enough of them.
The Studebaker US6 was used for various purposes, among other things, as a platform for multiple launch rocket systems BM-13N, BM-8-24, BM-8-48, etc.
The competition involved three companies: Bantam Bantam BRC40Ford Ford GPand Willys Willys MA.
Though some specifications of the Bantam BRC40 were quite advanced 2,500 of such vehicles were madethe car submitted by Willys was eventually recognized as the winner.
However, it was not the Willys MA that was manufactured in substantial batches only 1,500 pieces were madebut an improved model called Willys Consider, スパイダーマンのゲームは無料でプレイ will, with its exterior resembling that of the Bantam BRC40.
Production of the Willys MB was launched in late 1941, but its modification Willys MB-2 was put into production already in March next year.
This variety is easy to recognize thanks to the pressed radiator grill.
Over 360,000 such vehicles were made.
As to Ford, after manufacturing over 3,000 Ford GP vehicles, the company bought the license to make the Willys MB-2.
Such vehicles are known as Ford GPW, and about 275,000 of them were produced.
The car was capable of towing light guns for instance, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 and was suitable for reconnaissance missions.
In addition to the U.
A system designed on the basis of the Pz.
M chassis was among the developments.
The same chassis was used in the Marder III Ausf.
M tank destroyer and Bison Ausf.
Supplies スパイダーマンゲーム3gpダウンロード the first self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, designated Flakpanzer 38 t Gepard, began in November 1943.
The system had basically the Pz.
M chassis with a 2 cm Flak 38 anti-aircraft gun in the body back.
In the travelling position, the gun was covered by folding shields mounted on the sides of the cockpit.
A total of 141 Flakpanzer 38 t were manufactured.
The Flak 38 did not have enough capacity to effectively counter enemy planes, and installation of a more powerful armament was impeded by the small size of the cockpit.
The transporter was fitted with a special superstructure that housed a 37-mm Flak 36 gun capable of rotating a full 360 degrees.
The vehicle did not have armor, because it was designed for engaging aerial targets only.
Ammunition for the system was towed in a special one-axle trailer.
All of them entered the inventory of Luftwaffe air defense units.
Seats, except the front row, were removed, and the vacated area was filled with the 20-mm Flakvierling 38 quad anti-aircraft gun.
In the travel position, the area was guarded off by shield which unfolded in the fireing position.
The first few Sd.
Production was subsequently increased to 10 pieces a month.
Production was further increased in mid-1942, when the Sd.
The exact number of Sd.
There are reasons to believe that Sd.
However, inability to fire on the move was among the most serious disadvantages of the Sd.
Moreover, it took a certain time to set up the vehicle in firing position.
The gun rewuired little maintenance and had a very reliable design.
Its main drawback was a difficulty to reload due to the fact that the inlet was in constant motion together with the barrel.
Since 1943 all 61-K guns were Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 with a gun shield to protect the crew of five.
VI Crusader could not perform as a front-line tank.
Some of the vehicles were transformed into tractors for 17-pdr antitank guns.
At the same tine, experiments began in order to derive a self-propelled anti-aircraft system from the tank.
The first model, designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
I, was fitted with a light armored open-top turret which hosted a 40-mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun.
The vehicle turned out quite cumbersome and not very successful.
Even though 215 vehicles of this type were made, they did not take part in combat.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II, turned out much more successful.
The vehicle had a more compact turret that housed coaxial 20-mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns.
In addition to the gunner, there were two loaders in the turret.
The first prototype of the Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II was assembled by the Morris Motors Co.
Mass-produced Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III were used as the base, and only the turret were replaced.
The next tank, which saw mass-production, was the model designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
The Т-shaped bar with the sighting mechanism was replaced with an A-shaped reticle, the armament was improved by the 7.
Over 600 Crusader AA tanks of Mk.
VI Crusader III AA family were the only type of anti-aircraft systems on a tank chassis widely used by the Allies in World War II.
Just like analogous German self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, Cruiser Tanks Mk.
VI Crusader III AA could not conduct aimed fire on the move, but in general, they were quite good vehicles.
The first experimental vehicle of this kind was the T1E1 with a Bendix aviation ring mount.
A few more experimental vehicles were designed in 1941-1942, you デルのカジノ are the T1E4 prototype was eventually developed.
The vehicle carried the Maxson M33 ring mount with a coaxial Browning M2HB machine gun.
In order to increase the firing angle, the sides and the back plate of the body had collapsible panels that opened while in firing position.
The T1E4 was commissioned in September 1942 under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M13.
Production of the M13 MGMC was launched in January 1943, and a total of 1,100 vehicles were manufactured.
The T58 GMC prototype carried a Maxson M45 ring mount, on which four Browning M2HB machine-guns were mounted.
The vehicle was commissioned under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M16, and its mass-production was launched in May 1943.
Nearly 2,900 M16 MGMC vehicles were manufactured, moreover, about 600 M13 MGMC pieces were adjusted to M16 standards.
Unlike the analogous German vehicle, the Sd.
An impressive firepower made it possible to use the system against both aerial and ground targets.
The company Rheinmetall engaged in developing the new machine gun and after trials in 1934 the machine gun entered the service in Wehrmacht units under the designation MG-34.
It could be used as mounted, hand-held, anti-aircraft and anti-tank machine gun.
The MG-34 had a high fire rate and was superior in firepower to all foreign machine guns existing in 1930s and early 1940s.
Combat action revealed flaws in its design.
The MG-34 used complicated production technology and required a lot of resources.
Combat proved that the MG-34 fails to operate in extreme environment conditions as the machine gun turned out to be very sensitive to hot and cold temperatures as well as to jamming.
Replacing the barrel was too complicated and required a two-man team and use of asbestos gloves as protection against heat, a serious flaw in a combat environment.
These serious drawbacks pointed to the need for development of an absolutely new design.
And so the MG-42, a more reliable and easy to manufacture machine gun came out in 1942.
The MG-34 machine gun was in production until the end of World War II.
From 1934 to 1945 some 457,988 units of this machine gun were manufactured.
Despite its advantages it also had some serious flaws, and hence in 1939 the development of a new machine gun beganas a replacement to the MG-34.
The company Grossfuss engaged in design and production, and also the factories Mauser-Werke and Gustloff-Werke began to manufacture the MG-42 machine gun.
Already in 1942 this machine Wolfquestのような無料のオンラインアフリカ動物ゲーム was adopted throughout the entire Wehrmacht.
The machine gun did not need such meticulous care as the MG-34, was simple and easy to handle, fast to prepare for action, easy to assemble and dismantle.
This was essential for the combat environment.
However, the MG-42 lacked the universality of the MG-34.
As this variant had no magazine feed, the belt could be fed from left to right only, not from both sides.
Its excessive weight and a very high rate of fire for a hand-held machine gun caused quick overheating of the barrel and hence case-extraction failures happened quite often.
Due to a high firing rate the MG-42 required a frequent change of barrels.
A solution developed by the engineers of Grossfuss enabled one person to replace the barrel in 6-10 seconds making possible an almost non-stop barrage of fire.
Afer intensive fire the barrel was supposed to be エリック最高のオンラインゲーム after 250-300 shots.
About 350,000 machine guns of that type were produced in 1943-1944, and final, tobゲーム were after the war and to this day the design has been copied numerous times by various nations.
Kolesnikov contributed to the flexibility of its use.
Typically, fire on ground targets was delivered from the wheeled trolley, keeping the tripod folded.
As an anti-aircraft weapon the machine gun was used on a tripod mount after removing the trolley.
Shifting the machine from one position into the other normally took a few minutes.
In the pre-war years only about 2,000 DShK machine guns were manufactured.
By January 1, 1942 just 720 units were used in the Red Army and it was not until January 1944 that their number reached 8,440 units.
In February 1945 a first batch including 250 units of the modernized DShKM version with a new feed system and an improved barrel fixation was introduced.
But it was not until atfer the war that this machine gun saw really wide application.
Maxim invented this machine gun.
The Russian Army and subsequently the Soviet Red Army used the Maxim M1910 machine gun, adapted by Russian gun-makers P.
Pastukhov from the city of Tula.
They made up to 200 changes to the design of the machine gun to improve its performance.
The only downside was its very heavy weight: up to 62-66 kg in combat position.
That weight was not acceptable for the high maneuverability of World War II battles and hence Soviet gun-makers began to develop a new type of heavy machine-gun.
In 1943 the Goryunov-type heavy machine gun was adopted to the arsenal of the Red Army, but still the M1910 were used up to the very end of war.
Often one or two machine guns were rolled forward at a time without even stopping fire.
The machine gun typically required a six to eight man team to operate: one to fire, one to feed and the rest to help carry the gun itself, its ammunition and removable parts.
Its only difference was the reduced weight.
After 1916 the Vickers machine gun became a standard weapon on all British and French military aircraft.
The aircraft variant was fitted with a special form of synchronizer gear to allow it to fire through aircraft propellers and a special air-cooling system.
Browning at the end of World War 1.
Basically, this machine gun was a larger copy of the М1917 Browning-type model with a water-cooling system of the barrel.
The machine gun was accepted for service in the US Army under the designation Model 1921 in the year 1921.
After a conversion in 1932 which first of all included replacing the water-cooling by an air-cooling system, it was designated as М2.
It was a dual-rate weapon with automatic and single-shot modes and a belt-feed.
The barrel was coupled to the bolt with a special lever that also served as a recoil booster.
The М2 was fitted with a barrel and bolt buffer system to ensure smooth operation.
Combat vehicles derived from Pz.
III tanks were manufactured in small series in 1940-1942.
The last of these vehicles, the SturmInfanterieGeschutz 33B or StuIG 33B, was the foretype of a mass-produced self-propelled artillery vehicle derived from the Pz.
This system was better known as Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar, and also had the designation of Sd.
The vehicles manufactured later on received a different driver cockpit and a 7.
A total of 306 systems of this type were manufactured.
It had good armor and powerful armament and was suitable for fighting enemy infantry and fortifications as well as tanks.
It was capable of piercing armored plate as thick as 160 mm with a hollow charge shell, which made Brummbar a dangerous adversary for all types of enemy tanks.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
Their main mission was to provide mobile artillery support to other units.
The first prototype on the Panzer III chassis, armed with the 105-mm leFH17 Howitzer, emerged in early 1942.
It was never commissioned, because the decision was made to switch over to the Panzer IV chassis.
The Hummel was supposed to be a temporary model while the chassis was being developed.
Their production lasted until 1944, and 666 such vehicles were made.
The howitzer crew was housed in an open-top superstructure and covered from all sides by bolted armored plates.
The crew was protected from adverse weather by a canvas top.
The design of the Hummel did not provide for installation of a machine-gun, and that is why the crew kept an MG 34 or MG42 machine-gun inside.
In summer 1943, the first 100 Hummel self-propelled howitzers took part in Operation Zitadelle.
The Hummel was used on all fronts to support German tank divisions.
V Panther chassis began in August 1942, when the experimental tank was still taking tests.
The assault tank was supposed to get an 88-mm gun and defensive armament consisting of a 7.
As the project was reviewed several times, full-scale development of the system began only in May 1943, and final specification of the armament was approved only in October.
Also that month, the mock-up of the assault gun, which eventually turned into a tank destroyer, was demonstrated to Hitler, and the second prototype was shown in December.
The tank destroyer is better known as Jagdpanzer V Jagdpanther, or simply Jagdpanther.
During the mass-production period, which began in January 1944, the Source was upgraded nearly every month.
The manufactured systems can be divided into three main series.
Systems of the third series, launched into production in late 1944, carry a different muzzle break and an engine plate from Pz.
G tanks of later series with an additional fan.
About 400 Jagdpanthers were made.
B Tiger II heavy tank, the Jagdpanther surpassed them in mobility.
Moreover, unlike comparable Soviet self-propelled artillery systems, this system had comfortable operational conditions for the crew, which added to its efficiency.
Kpfw 38 t tank.
The new vehicle was supposed to be fully armored, have a low silhuette, and carry a gun capable of fighting enemy tanks at distances no less than 800 m.
Boehmisch-Mahrish-Maschinenfabrik came up with technical requirements for the tank destroyer already on December 17, 1943.
The first wooden make-up had been built already by January 24, 1944, and three prototypes were built in March and April of the same year.
They were shown to Hitler at the Ares proving range in East Prussia and received his approval.
The new tank destroyer entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The gun was manufactured by Rheinmetall-Borsig and Seitz Werke enterprises in Germany as well.
The production was fully fine-tuned in mid-1944, and about 1,570 vehicles were manufactured until the end of the war.
Thanks to steep armor angles and a low silhuette, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an excellent antitank system capable of ambushing the enemy and changing position quickly.
The Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an ideal close combat weapon.
G in the future.
The wooden mock-up was ready in May 1943, article source Vomag manufactured the first prototype in October.
The weapon that was being developed as an assault gun in fact turned out a tank destroyer dramatically different from previous German vehicles of this type.
Derived from the Pz.
F tank, the vehicle has a very low silhuette, which provided a strong advantage in combat.
Vehicles of Series Zero were distinguished by rounded corners of the cockpit nose.
The vehicle got the official designation of Sturmgeschuetz neuer Art mit 7.
It also had the index of Sd.
A total of 769 Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F units were manufactured, after which they were completely replaced by Panzer IV70 V self-propelled artillery vehicles.
The vehicles underwent some changes during the production period, in particular, vehicles of later series did not have recoil compensators, which crews often removed anyway in order to reduce signature while firing.
F was a low silhuette in combination with a powerful gun.
The front armor plane as thick as 60 mm was not a sufficient protection against enemy tank fire, but this was compensated by the low signature of the vehicle.
In general, Vomag designers created a good tank destroyer.
However, a lighter and more maneuverable Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 artillery vehicle, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer, which had the same gun, was put into mass production already in spring.
The same gun was installed in Pz.
Right after the beginning of the mass-production of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F, work on equipping it with a new gun started anew and was completed in April 1944.
The resulting vehicle was a redesigned model of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F with a reinforced running gear and front armor plate thickness increased to 80 mm.
The vehicles were manufactured in read article series, each featuring minor changes.
On the other hand, problems with unequal distribution of load on suspension wheels, from which the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F suffered, got even worse for the new vehicle.
The wooden mock-up of the huge vehicle was demonstrated already on October 20 that year, and the prototype was shown in April 1944.
The production was slowed down a bit as the running gear designed by the Porsche company did not turn out a success, and a new running gear with lateral torsion bars was developed.
The initial plan was to manufacture 150 vehicles, but the Niebelungen company only made 70 Jagdtigers, of which only 48 remained among the ranks at the end of the war.
It was baptized by fire near the river Rhein in March 1945.
Jagdtigers managed to hit U.
The latter was a specialized chassis bringing together components of the Pz.
The vehicle was designed by the Deutsche Eisenwerke company.
As many as 494 vehicles were made in 1943-1945.
IV tank, and the engine and transmission from the Pz.
The HL 120 TRM engine was positioned behind the transmission and formed a single block together with it.
The spacious combat cockpit with an 88-mm antitank gun was positioned in the rear of the body and opened on top and partially in the back.
The machine-gun was not mounted permanently and was intended for self-defense.
These vehicles were in the inventory of the High Command reserve antitank battalions and took part in combat operations until the end of the war.
As of April 10, 1945, the Wehrmacht possessed 62 systems of this type on the Eastern Front and 23 systems on the Western front.
A new tank destroyer with a more powerful gun was needed.
Development of tank destroyers on the basis of Pz.
II tanks began in early 1942, which resulted in the creation of the Marder family of self-propelled gun systems.
Another workstream was the installation of 75-mm StuK.
This resulted in the development of the StuG.
F, the first self-propelled gun system of the StuG family, capable of countering enemy tanks.
As many as 366 guns of this type were manufactured from March to September 1942.
The next to follow was the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, began in December 1942.
As compared to previous varieties, the cockpit, especially its rear section, was redesigned substantially.
The hatch on the left side was replaced with a command turret analogous to the one installed in the Pz.
Side armor plates in the cockpit became ramped, and armored containers were removed.
G was not only the most produced self-propelled artillery vehicle of the StuG.
III family, but the most produced type of German armor in general.
A total of 8,172 self-propelled guns of this type were manufactured.
The StuG 40 Ausf.
G was modified several times during the production period, in particular, starting from November 1943, the vehicles were equipped with a molten gun mantlet reminiscent of a boar snout.
Some of the vehicles were fitted with side skirts for decreasing the hollow-charge shell effects starting from spring 1943.
Unlike tank destroyers of the Marder family, StuG 40 Ausf.
G systems offered relatively good protection.
It is worth mentioning that the installation of a longer and heavier gun increased the load on the front suspension wheels, which affected their longevity somewhat.
The Daimler-Benz design, derived from the Zugfuhrerwagen tank, designed by the same company and better known as Pz.
III, suited the requirements best.
The initial plan was to design a combat vehicle with an open top cockpit, but in the end the assault vehicle became fully roofed.
The prototype batch of assault vehicles was made in 1937, and the Pz.
B chassis was used as the basis.
The vehicle ダウンロードせずに空きスロットマシンバー designated Gepanzerte Selbstfahrlafette fur Sturmgeschutz 7.
A, but later the name was reduced to Sturmgeschutz III Ausf.
A, or StuG III Ausf.
Vehicles of this type were employed during the French campaign of May-June 1940.
The StuG III Ausf.
B was the next modification, produced in much higher numbers, as 320 units of this vehicle were manufactured.
H tank chassis was used as the basis.
In addition to the basis, other differences to the StuG III Ausf.
A included a new crew compartment.
During the production period, the design of the StuG.
B underwent several changes, as vehicles of later series received tracks as wide as 400 mm for example.
C was put into mass production in April 1941.
As compared to the previous model, the cockpit was redesigned, mainly by moving the sight moved from the front to the top.
Ramped plates on cockpit sides were also changed, and the running gear got new track adjusting wheels.
A total of 50 StuG III Ausf.
C units and 150 StuG III Ausf.
D units, which had practically no differences from the previous modification, were manufactured.
The point of producing the StuG III therefore was questioned, but the campaign of 1939 vividly demonstrated that infantry units needed a fire support vehicle.
In addition, the StuG III was cheaper to make than the Pz.
In general, the vehicles of the StuG III family turned out to be the most successful and most produced self-propelled artillery systems at the beginning of World War II.
Allied aviation destroyed a plant of the Alkett company in November 1943.
The plant had produced StuG 40 Ausf.
G tank destroyers, and its destruction put continuing supply of self-propelled gun systems of that type at a risk.
A solution to the problem was suggested by the Krupp company, which came up with a design designated Krupp No W 1468.
The design envisioned mounting the cockpit of the StuG https://promocode-bonus.site/1/588.html Ausf.
The vehicle was put into production in December 1943 under the designation of Sturmgeschutz IV with an index of Sd.
As compared to StuG 40 Ausf.
G, the position of the driver changed a bit.
He received a separate cockpit with a top boarding hatch.
A total of 1,139 StuG IV units were manufactured.
The vehicles of later series were different in using the Pz.
J tank as the chassis, and their running gear and exhaust system were a bit different, too.
As compared to the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, travelling comfort was somewhat poorer, but on the other hand, the ammunition storage space increased.
In the end, the StuG IV was quite suitable for the tank destroyer role.
II family were withdrawn from front line tank units.
Development of a self-propelled gun system based on the Pz.
II chassis began nearly simultaneously.
Among such developments was a design equipped with the 105-mm le.
F chassis, given the designation of Geschutzwagen II, was used as the basis.
As compared to the original tank, the engine was moved from the rear section to the front section and positioned on the right side of the driver.
An open crew compartment was established in the rear for housing the gun and its crew.
The system was designated 10.
A total of 676 Wespes were made.
The vehicles made during the final production stage were distinguished for having a chassis 220 mm longer.
The Munitions Sf auf Fgst Pz.
II ammo transporter was derived from the Geschutzwagen II, too.
Unlike the Wespe, it had no gun.
The system distinguished itself performing these functions very well.
The system was primarily intended for fighting enemy concrete pillboxes.
The original plan was to equip the system designated KV-14 internal designation See more with a 107-mm gun, but the choice was eventually made in favor of the 152-mm ML-20 gun-howitzer.
The final variant of the project was basically the KV-1S tank, in which the turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit.
The nose of the cockpit housed the 152-mm ML-20S gun.
The first prototype of the system was ready in late January 1943, when the system was already designated SU-152.
Mass production was launched in February, and about 700 such systems were made before autumn 1943.
At that time the work was in full swing on a self-propelled gun that would be analogous to the SU-152, but based on the IS-85.
The first prototype, designated Object 241, was submitted for tests in late November.
Thanks to an increase in cockpit height, operational conditions for the crew inside improved a bit, and the ventilation system was enhanced.
As soon as the tests were completed, the system was put into mass-production under the designation of ISU-152.
Its production lasted until 1947, and a total of over 3,000 vehicles were manufactured.
But the KV-14 project was effectively a replacement for the KV-2 tank, which was no longer produced after 1941.
The fact that the beginning of SU-152 production coincided with tests of Pz.
H1 Tiger tanks is probably a mere coincidence.
The advanced antitank performance of the ML-20 gun-howitzer was achieved through a high shell mass.
Hits of 152-mm shells fired from the ML-20S gun were fatal for German tanks in most cases.
According to statistics, learn more here semi-armor-piercing howitzer shell penetrated a plate as thick as 82mm at a distance of one kilometer.
One should take into account, however, that the shell weighed 48 kg, and its hit often made welded joints fall apart.
Moreover, the quality of German consider, マレーシアオンラインスロットゲームサイト any started to decline in the summer that year.
The vehicle was supposed to be armed with the 100-mm B-34 universal shipborne gun.
Calculations showed that the gun was poorly suitable for mounting on a self-propelled gun system, and a different gun with similar specifications was required.
D-10S, derived from B-34 in February 1944, was such a gun.
The first system prototype, fitted with D-10S, was ready in March, and a second in the summer.
Another prototype, fitted with the 100-mm S-34 gun, was ready in the summer, too.
Tests showed that the system with D-10S surpassed the one with S-34, and the tank destroyer was put into production under the designation of SU-100 in November 1944.
Over 1,500 SU-100 units were manufactured.
Thanks to the new gun, the SU-100 was capable of engaging most German tanks at a distance of two kilometers.
At the same time, reinforcement of the front armor and installation of a heavier gun resulted in a heavier load on the front suspension wheels.
Just as with the SU-122 and PC用無料ゲーム, there were no machine-guns, which reduced the ability to fight off enemy infantry assault.
The project, codenamed U-34, had as its goal to developing a self-propelled system armed with a 76-mm tank gun and a 7.
In a sense, the U-34 was a response to the German StuG.
In autumn that year, the U-34 project was revised, and a new development called U-35 emerged on its basis.
In December 1942, the U-35 prototype passed tests, and mass-production of the system designated US-122 began later that month.
As compared to the prototype, the mass-produced vehicle had a different front armor plate, and changes were made to the combat section design.
A total Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 1,148 SU-122 units were manufactured.
The system fired hollow-charge shells burning through armor as thick as 200 mm.
At the same time, just like the SU-152, the SU-122 was primarily self-propelled artillery vehicle used for supporting tanks, and the Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar can be called its German counterpart.
One such system, the SU-5-2, derived from the T-26 light tank, was used in battles with Japanese forces on Lake Hasan in 1938.
The first system produced in decent numbers was the SU-30, derived from the A-20 Komsomolets artillery tractor in 1941.
Several experimental systems were designed in 1942, but they failed to comply with certain requirements.
Finally the SU-12 system designed on the basis of the extended T-70 tank chassis was submitted for tests in November 1942.
The closed crew compartment was located in the rear, and a couple of GAZ-202 engines were used as the power plant.
Mass production of the SU-12 system, renamed SU-76, began in January 1943.
Soon it became clear that they were not very reliable.
Production of the SU-76 was suspended in March, and upgraded systems designated SU-76M were put into production in May.
The vehicle was powered more info a couple of GAZ-203 engines, and the crew compartment was enlarged a bit.
After additional improvements the vehicle was renamed SU-15M.
The top and parts of the rear wall of the crew compartment were removed, as the built-in ventilation system often failed the top of the SU-76M was frequently removed for the same reason.
The SU-15M was put into mass production under the designation of SU-76.
Over 11,000 SU-76 systems were manufactured from October 1943 to 1945, and the vehicle became the most popular Soviet self-propelled gun.
The SU-76 was frequently used as a tank destroyer, but it should be remembered that the ZIS-3 gun was not primarily an antitank weapon, and its armor-piercing capability was not very advanced.
H1 Tiger heavy tanks were seized in January 1943.
The 85-mm 52-K anti-aircraft gun and the 122-mm A-19 gun-howitzer turned out more suitable for engaging the Tiger.
At about the same time, development of a few types of 85-mm tank guns, including D-5T, began.
The first samples of this フルーツゲームカジノ無料ダウンロード were ready in June that year.
The first two prototypes were armed with the 85-mm S-18 gun, while the third one, designated SU-85-II, emerged a bit later and was armed with the 85-mm D-5S gun, a modification of D-5T developed for installation into self-propelled gun systems.
Tests showed that the SU-85-II had advantages over the systems armed with the S-18 gun, and the vehicle was put into mass-production under the designation of SU-85 in August 1943.
A total of 2,050 SU-85 units were made.
G self-propelled gun system.
Armor-piercing capabilities of D-5S were very good for mid-1943, as its shell penetrated an armor plate 100 mm thick at a distance of one kilometer.
This was enough to ensure engagement of such tanks as Pz.
V Panther and Pz.
The Vickers company was responsible for the development.
The self-propelled gun carried a 17-pdr antitank gun with a barrel length of 58 calibers, capable of engaging nearly all types of German tanks.
Unlike the M10 and Achilles self-propelled guns, which were organic to armor divisions and brigades, Archer systems were in the inventory of infantry divisions and army tank brigades.
This allowed the Archer system to combat German tanks successfully.
Army entered World War II with the M3 Gun Motor Carriage tank destroyer derived from the M2 halftrack tractor.
First engagements in the Pacific Ocean showed that a different vehicle with better protection and a tank chassis was required.
Another self-propelled gun, the T35 Gun Motor Carriage, was designed a bit later with an open top turret, and the M4A2 Medium Tank as the chassis.
A redesigned model of this system, designated T35E1, had a different hull with characteristicly angled sides.
In September 1942, a redesigned model of the T35E1 was put into mass-production under the designation of 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10.
The mass-produced vehicle had a different turret than that of the T35E1.
The shape of the turret was changed several times during the production period, and the vehicles made during the medium and final production stages had stowage boxes attached to バーチャルペットゲーム無料ダウンロード back of the turret.
In addition to the M10, a model called 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10A1 was available.
It had a different chassis, namely the lower part of the M4A3 tank chassis.
As many as 4,993 units of the 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 were manufactured until December 1943.
The vehicle was designated Wolverine in the British army.
Unlike Soviet and German tank destroyers that had no turret at all, U.
On the other hand, the M10 had relatively weak armor protection, and hand grenades were often thrown into the open turret.
The 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 carried relatively powerful armament, as an armor-piercing shell of the 76-mm M7 gun was capable of penetrating an 88-mm plate at a distance of one kilometer.
This allowed the vehicle to combat the Pz.
V Panther, but against the Pz.
VI more powerful weapons were required.
Tests showed that the gun would fit the turret, but additional counterbalances were required to balance the long barrel.
Taking all pros and cons into account, the designers started developing a tank destroyer with a reworked turret.
The summer saw the production of two prototypes, different in chassis: the first vehicle was derived from the M10, and the second from the M10A1.
The prototypes received the designations of T71E1 and T71 respectively.
The 90-mm M3 gun was used as the main weapon, and a 12.
Just like with the M10, there was no coaxial machine-gun or bow-gun.
The reworked turret featured a counterbalance for the gun.
Mass-production of the T71E1 began in April 1943, and the tank destroyer was standardized and designated 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage M36 in July that year.
The vehicle is also known as Jackson or Slugger.
A total of 1,413 tank destroyers of that type were manufactured.
A subcaliber shell fired from the 90-mm M3 gun was capable of piercing an armor https://promocode-bonus.site/1/2228.html as thick as 189 mm from a distance of one kilometer, enough to ensure the destruction of any German tank.
The only type of German armor immune to the M36 was the Jagdtiger tank destroyer.
Just like other U.
The latter factor considerably reduced its オンラインモバイル対応ゲーム remarkable in fighting against enemy infantry.
The tank entered service in March 1934 В1.
Since 1935 five companies, - Renault, FCM, Schneider, FAMH and АРХ, - were producing these tanks.
When production ended on June 15, 1940 about 403 such tanks had been manufactured.
About 1,000 units were manufactured from 1935 to 1940.
The 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments forming part of the 3rd Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with the same number of the Н39 tanks, and 60 H35 units served in the 11th Dragoon Regiment.
Four of the five Light Cavalry Divisions in the Armored Cavalry Reconnaissance Regiment had 12 H35 tanks each at their disposal and the fifth counted 12 H39 tanks.
The 342nd and the 351st tank companies equipped with H35 and Н39 tanks saw combat action in Norway 1940.
Under the designation PzKpfw 38H 735 f the tank was used in the Wehrmacht and the SS.
Some 200 units were manufactured before 1940.
The tank had a riveted hull and turret with sloped armor.
They were used in the 1st and the 4the Dragoon Regiments of the 1st and the 2nd Mechanized Cavalry Divisions, 69 machines in each.
The 7th the 1st DIM and the 6th the 3rd DIM Tank Reconnaissance Groups were equipped シカゴでアーケードゲームをプレイする場所 four AMR 35 tanks, versions ZT2 and ZT3, each.
After France was defeated most tanks of that type were captured by German troops and used by the Source as transports for 80 mm mortars.
It appears to be the first tank in the world with a fully rotating turret.
The tank was produced since 1917 by Renault, Berliet, Schneider and Delauney-Belleville.
In total some 7,820 units were manufactured.
Also, three dedicated FT-18 companies the 343rdthe 344ththe 350th Cie.
A were formed having about 10 tanks each.
The rest of the tanks of this type were stored in depots.
Also, these vehicles fought in France against German troops.
However, after the French Campaign was finished, the FT tanks captured by the Germans were used in police units and for guarding airfields, and served under the designation PzKpfw 18R 730 f.
This tank was in serial production from 1935 to 1940.
During this period Renault delivered about 1,070 tanks to the French Army and exported some other 560 units.
Later on, a conversion, the R39 with a long-barrel 37 mm SA38 gun was developed.
Then a model followed with a new suspension system by AMX and a similar gun to that of the R39.
The tank was designated R40.
In May 1940 a total of 945 units were deployed in Europe, of which 810 served in dedicated tank battalions and 135 were allocated to the 4th Tank Division of the Reserve DCR.
The 68th Tank Battalion was deployed in Syria, the 63rd and 62nd Battalions served in Tunisia and Algeria respectively.
R35 were also in service in Poland, Yugoslavia, Romania and Turkey.
Germans used most of the tanks for training purposes and some of them, after removing the turret, were rebuilt into artillery tractors for 150 mm howitzers and 210 mm mortars.
About 500 tanks were manufactured between 1935 and 1940.
The Mechanized Cavalry Regiments of three Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with these tanks.
The S35 served in the 4th Cuirassier, the 18th Dragoon, the 13th and the 29th Dragoon, the 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments.
In Tunisia the 6th Light Cavalry Division counted 50 S35 tanks.
Later these tanks were used on the Eastern front in the 211th Tank Battalion and in Crimea in the 204th Tank Regiment.
In Normandy, the 100th Tank Reserve Battalion and the 206th Tank Battalion were partly reequipped with tanks of this type and fought against the Allies.
In 1941, Germans converted about 60 tanks into artillery tractors.
The turret was replaced with a superstructure which could hold two crew members a commander and a radio operator and two radio stations.
Six such vehicles were produced in late 1935.
Apart from the new chassis the tank designated Kleiner Panzerbefehlswagen I B differed in its standard armament one MG-34 7.

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It is issued to any enlisted personnel and civilians for military merit.
It was similar to the WWI Croix de Guerre.
Later on, the Croix Du Combattant became a distinguishing decoration for enlisted personnel who had participated in military actions.
The Cross was awarded for bravery and heroism displayed on the battlefield.
It re-appeared during the Franco-Prussian War and World War I, and was restored again on September 1, 1939.
The Cross was awarded for accomplishment of 3—5 especially difficult missions and valor showed on the battlefield.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to the auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
It was presented for successful accomplishment of 6 — 12 especially difficult missions.
It was given to the Wehrmacht and Party organizations personnel, as well as to auxiliary services, like police, military railway service etc.
Introduced on September 1, 1939 due to restoration of the Iron Cross.
It was also worn on a ribbon around the neck.
It had several degrees.
The most widespread degree was the Iron Cross itself.
This award was issued if the decorated person had already click here awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title since 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
The Virtuti Militari Order became its official title this web page 1933.
It was bestowed on servicemen and civilians regardless of their position or background: for wise war leadership, for initiative on the battlefield which resulted in a great victory over the enemy; and for exceptional valor and courage on the battlefield.
It was awarded if the person had already been bestowed with the Virtuti Militari Order 5th Class.
The Order of the White Eagle had only one class.
A person could be bestowed with this order only once.
The Medal for Combat Service was introduced to bestow personnel for active support of the war effort, or for improving the army readiness for war.
The Medal for Valor is bestowed for personal bravery and valor during the defense of the Socialist Fatherland and the execution of military duty.
The condition for award recommendation was participation in, at least, one operation in these countries.
It is bestowed on servicemen of any branch of the US Armed Forces.
The Medal was established to bestow on US servicemen for heroism and merits.
It was made retroactive to December 7, 1941.
It was originally known as the Citation Star, but on July 16, 1932 by the order of the Secretary of War it was renamed to the Silver Star Medal.
It is awarded for exceptional valor in action.
Congress on July 2, 1926.
It is bestowed on any servicemen, whose wartime actions were acknowledged as highly fruitful or actions, which were significantly helpful on extraordinary peacetime situations.
Civilians can also receive this decoration, when their merits are equal to the aforementioned ones of the servicemen.
At first, it was given to lowest ranks of enlisted personnel only for exceptional deeds on the battlefield, but according to the US Congress act dated March 3, 1863 it was also granted to officers.
Such a deed should have been witnessed by many as something unique and extraordinary to qualify for this award.
According to that concept, mechanized cavalry units were to receive Automitrailleuse de Decouverte AMD medium armored cars, Automitrailleuse de Reconnaissance AMR light reconnaissance tanks, as well as Automitrailleuse de Combat AMC close support tanks.
The last to join was the Panhard company, which created the first prototype of its armored vehicle in October 1933.
The prototype had a Vincennes turret, identical to those of the AMR 35ZT reconnaissance tank, and its armament consisted of the 13.
Tests showed that the vehicle was too heavy and did not fit the requirement specifications.
The prototype was seriously upgraded in February 1934, and this time Panhard managed to surpass the specified requirements.
The vehicle entered inventory under the designation of AMD 35 in the autumn that year.
Mass-produced vehicles received the new APX-3 turret, and the 13.
Armor protection of the AMD 35 surpassed requirements, too, reaching 20 mm in thickness at the front hull and 26 mm at the turret front.
As many as 526 vehicles of this type, as well as 24 command vehicles, where the APX-3 turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit, and the ER27 heavy radio added, were manufactured from 1934 to 1940.
Moreover, a prototype fitted with a new welded Renault turret and a 47-mm SA-35 gun was made.
Tthe baseline model was produced in two series, different from each other in minor details.
Due to an acute shortage of APX-3 turrets, a small number of armored cars with an immovable cockpit identical to that of the AMD 35 command model and armed with one 7.
The AMD 35 was among the few types of trophy hardware used by German troops without serious redesign except for installation of new radios.
After the war, the upgraded model of the vehicle, designated Panhard 178B, was used by French forces until the mid-1950s.
The vehicle, designated Austin-Kegresse, was put into mass production in 1918, and by that time Adolf Kegresse had emigrated to France.
In his home country, Kegresse got the Citroen company interested in his developments.
The Citroen-Kegresse M23 halftrack armored car, with the concept that had a lot in common with that of the Austin-Kegresse, was designed in 1923.
However, the capacity of the Citroen company turned out to be quite limited, and it failed to comply even with orders for common halftrack vehicles, let alone armored cars.
As a result, halftrack armored cars designed by Kegresse jointly with the Schneider company were produced in high volumes.
The automobile was a derivative of the Schneider-Kegresse P16 Mle.
Its armament consisted of the 37-mm Puteaux SA-18 gun and coaxial 7.
However, the vehicle had become very much outdated by 1940, and the rubber block tracks designed by Kegresse were not distinguished for their reliability.
Panhard 178 vehicles were able to counter German tanks of all types as well as armored cars quite successfully.
They designated the vehicles as PzSpah 204 f and started using them actively.
Over 200 vehicles were supplied to field and SS units, and 43 vehicles were transformed into armored trolleys.
As of June 1943, the Wehrmacht still operated about 30 Panhards on the Eastern Front and 33 on the Western Front.
Some other armored cars had been handed over to police units by then.
They soon became outdated, and a new armored car was designed in 1934 to replace them.
The new vehicle was based on the Horch 801 all-wheel-drive chassis and had a welded body with armored plates positioned under a certain angle.
The armament consistied of a 7.
Mass production of the armored car, designated Sd.
Its main difference from the Sd.
In addition to the MG-34 machine-gun, the Sd.
The weapon was derived from the Flak 30 air defense gun.
Later modifications mounted a different gun, Kw.
The vehicles were manufactured in a number of series, different from each other in engines, armament and armor thickness.
A total of 989 Sd.
It was suitable for carrying out functions as scout car, and powerful armament allowed it to even fight enemy light tanks.
Unlike the baseline model, the Sd.
A frame antenna was the major peculiarity of the vehicle distinguishing it from the Sd.
Starting from 1942, the Sd.
The only additional drawback was the increased signature as a result of the frame antenna.
The vehicle is better known as the Sd.
The DII3 prototype was made in 1938, and it served as a baseline for the subsequent Sd.
The first prototype of the APC derived from Demag D7was assembled only in December 1939.
Mass production of the APC, designated Leichter Schutzenpanzerwagen Sd.
Just like the Sd.
In order to differentiate between the vehiclesthe older versions link designated Sd.
A total of 7,326 Sd.
The vehicle performed this part successfully, and had no real competitors in its class.
The vehicle, designated Leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t Typ HL kl6, entered the Wehrmacht inventory in 1936 under the index of Sd.
In addition to Hansa-Lloyd-Goliath Werke, several other companies, including Hanomag, manufactured the Sd.
Jointly with the Bussing-NAG company, Hanomag derived from the Sd.
The prototype of the Sd.
Vehicles of the first version - Sd.
B - had a typical V-shaped hull front plate.
The only difference was that Sd.
B lacked lookouts at passenger compartment sides.
Production of the next modification, Sd.
C, began in 1941.
Its front plate was single-piece, and a catwalk was added to the sides of the hood.
Moreover, changes were made to the design of the ring mount supporting the machine-gun.
The ring mount received a V-shaped plate, and this modification was installed also in later models of the Sd.
These vehicles were assembled at several plants, including factories in occupied Czechoslovakia, where welding was not used.
A total of 15,000 APCs of all varieties were assembled.
It was not only the first full-scale German APC, but also one of the best vehicles of this class during the war.
Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 was the only APC capable of competing with the Sd.
D, began in the autumn of 1943.
It no longer had the catwalk on the sides of the hood, which wase characteristic of the Sd.
C, and the body shape changed.
SPTA boxes, earlier mounted on the hull sides, were now located inside the hull.
Moreover, onboard observation devices were reinforced with bulletproof glass.
This version saw the highest production output, as out of 15,000 Sd.
D vehicles alone amounted to 10,500.
A total of 23 varieties of the Sd.
D were available, ranging from the APC to an anti-aircraft combat vehicle.
It was decided to make about 90 vehicles on their basis.
The armored body was designed and manufactured in Poland, and its shape was very much alike that of French halftrack vehicles.
Two prototypes had been made by 1925 and were designated Wzor 28 Wz.
The first mass-produced vehicles were ready in 1927.
When the vehicles were commissioned, it turned out that they failed to accomplish the assigned missions.
The vehicles required frequent maintenance, and the wear resistance of rubber tracks was very low.
That is why the decision was made in 1933 to transform the vehicles from halftracks to wheeled cars.
It turned out that they behaved a bit worse than the Wz.
The final decision to transform all Wz.
Each squadron incorporated seven Wz.
However, due to acute shortage of armored cars, the Wz.
They took part in nearly all battles on the Polish territory from September 1 to 27, 1939.
The armored car took about six months to design, and all the latest technical requirements to armored cars, put together on the basis of combat experience analysis, were taken into account.
The vehicle was supposed to be used in reconnaissance, troop control in battle, rear area security, motor convoy escorts, and air defense.
The design of the just click for source vehicle was definitely influenced by the German Sd.
Kfz 221 armored car.
The first batch of mass-produced armored cars was shipped to forces of the Bryansk and Voronezh Fronts in summer 1942.
The BA-64 and BA-64B were involved in the seizure of Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Austrian cities and in the storm of Berlin.
All in all, from 1942 to 1946 plants manufactured 3,901 BА-64 and 5,209 BА-64B.
The BА-64 was the last armored car in the Soviet Army.
In the pre-war period, designer M.
Andreyev developed the OSGA-4 and OSGA-6 snowmobiles for these purposes.
Positive experience in using snowmobiles in the Finnish campaign of 1939-1940 resulted in the creation of a snowmobile capable of conducting reconnaissance and, if necessary, taking part in combat operations.
It had a wooden frameless body, and the front was protected by an anti-bullet armor plate.
The body front contained the control section, where the driver was situated.
The eye slit with a glass block from the BA-20 armored car was built into the front panel to enable the driver to look at the road in front.
The combat section was located behind the control section.
It housed the 7.
Machine-gun fire was conducted by the snowmobile commander.
The horizontal firing angle amounted to 300 degrees, while horizontal angles varied from —14 to 40 degrees.
The snowmobile rode on four wooden skis attached to the hull with the help of an independent suspension using spiral springs.
Cable steering controlled both front and rear skis.
The NKL-26 was in the inventory of specialized snowmobile battalions.
In addition, the battalions used the NKL-16 transport and landing snowmobiles without armor or armament.
The loading section of that snowmobile could fit four armed soldiers or cargo.
Development of more advanced models started only in 1939, and first samples were put into mass production in 1941.
One of them was the medium armored car designed by Daimler company.
The vehicle was a derivative of a light reconnaissance armored car designated Daimler Scout Car.
Unlike its predecessor, the Daimler Armored Car Mk.
I was equipped with a turret which carried the 40-mm ROQF Mk.
IX gun and a coaxial 1 X 7.
Most British tanks carried such weapons at that time.
By the time the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Click was submitted for tests, the French campaign was lost, while the battle in North Africa was only flaming up.
As a result, the mass-produced check this out was initially adapted for operations in North Africa.
For instance, the Daimler Mk.
I Armored Car had a substantial fuel supply, which enabled it to cover long distances.
Soon after the Daimler Mk.
I, a modification designated Daimler Mk.
II featuring slight changes in the rear section was put into mass production.
A total of 2,296 vehicles of both versions were manufactured.
I is the most famous British armored vehicle of World War II.
The Daimler company managed to design a very successful scout car that accomplished its functions until the very end of the war.
Vehicles of the Citroen-Kegresse company were used as a sample.
Due to the evolution of the caterpillar track, its design was getting less reminiscent of its prototype, but the rubber block track remained the same, although it was decided to abandon metal patches.
The first more or less successful vehicle was designed by the Diamond T Company in 1940.
The prototypes of this company, T14 and T18, were derived from the M3 Scout Car.
The rear axle was replaced with the Timken tracked propulsive device.
The passenger compartment was redesigned, and the defensive machine-gun was removed from rails and put on a special bar.
The T14 was standardized and designated Halftrack Car M2, and the T5 prototype was designated Halftrack Personnel Carrier M3 in 1941.
The Halftrack Car M2 was used as an artillery tractor, and the M3 as an APC.
As many as 11,500 Halftrack Cars M2 and 12,500 Halftrack Personnel Carriers M3 were manufactured.
Modified models of the M2 and M3 were put into production in autumn 1943.
The main armament, consisting of the 12.
Such vehicles were designated M2A1 1,643 vehicles manufactured and M3A1 2,862 vehicles manufactured.
Moreover, 5,000 M2 vehicles were upgraded to the M2A1 level, and more than 2,000 М3 vehicles to the M3A1 level.
Another 1,300 75-mm GMC M3 self-propelled artillery systems were transformed into M3A1 vehicles.
Army in 1941, was won by the T17 of the Ford Co.
The vehicle was not very successful, but 250 vehicles were manufactured, and some of them were battle-tested in North Africa.
The first sample of the T17E1 vehicle assembled by Chevrolet in September 1941 also took part in the competition.
The T17E1 was a two-axle vehicle, a bit lighter and shorter than the T17, but had the same turret.
In June 1942, the T17E1 was standardized and designated M6 Medium Armored Car, but the U.
The T17E1 attracted much more interest in Great Britain.
The order for 2,000 vehicles of this type was placed in January 1942.
In the British army, the vehicle was designated Staghound.
Nearly 4,000 vehicles of the Staghound family were manufactured.
Its specifications are comparable to that of the M3A1 Light Tank.
Moreover, it was the heaviest armored car of World War II.
An impressive read article capacity indicates clearly that the Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 was designed for combat operations in North Africa, but the Staghound was completed too late for that.
At the end of the war, the 37-mm M6 gun no longer had enough firepower to combat enemy tanks.
This problem was solved in a unique way, when the regular turret was replaced with the turret of a Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III, and the 6 pdr gun was replaced with the 75-mm ROQF Mk.
Such vehicles were designated Staghound III.
Army Command held a competition for a design of an armored car capable of accomplishing functions of both a scout car and a tank destroyer.
The T17 six-wheeler of the Ford company was first announced as the winner, but the project was eventually rejected.
At the second stage of the competition, vehicles of the Ford company T22 and Chrysler company T23 reached the finals.
The armored car was manufactured from March 1943 to April 1944, and a total of 8,500 vehicles were made.
In addition, 3,500 M20 command cars were made.
They had no turret in comparison to the base model.
German eight-axle 私の3dsで無料ゲームをダウンロードする方法 cars had a lower weight than the U.
In addition to the U.
Armed Forces, the M8 Armored Car was used in the British army under the designation of Greyhound.
By the time it appeared on the battlefield, the M8 Armored Car was no longer suitable for the role as a tank destroyer, but it performed quite well as a scout car.
Moreover, its powerful armament enabled it to combat light armored enemy vehicles.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon de Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
Production of the gun began in small batches in 1928.
They were different from later samples in having wooden wheels, which made them transportable only by horse traction.
Gun output grew in 1933, when the National Socialists came to power.
The gun received steel wheels with pneumatic tires one year later.
The Wehrmacht officially commissioned the gun in 1936 under the designation of 3.
The model of 1928 was ヤフーゲームミニゴルフ in the USSR designated as 37-mm Antitank Gun, and was later transformed into the famous 45-mm gun.
Cheeks had to be unfolded before firing, but it was also possible to fire when the cheeks were folded with cushioning switched off.
The gun was fitted with a horizontal wedge breech-block, which became a characteristic trait of German Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 guns.
Large-scale production of Pak 38 started already after the French campaign.
A total of 9,500 Pak 38 units were manufactured.
This element, as well as the installation of a screwing two-chamber recoil compensator, became characteristic of subsequent German antitank guns.
The gun was also equipped with a horizontal wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight was used to control fire.
The carriage had torsional cushioning, and a shield in the front, with the lower part capable of folding upwards.
A light one-wheel limber was used to transport the Pak 38, but there was also a possibility to transport the gun without it.
The gun fired fragmentation and armor-piercing shells.
Supplies of the Panzergranatpatrone 40 subcaliber shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 86 mm at a distance of 457 meters began in May 1941.
The Stielgranate 42 subcaliber hollow charge shell, capable of piercing armor as thick as 180 mm, emerged in March 1943.
This gun, alongside with the 8.
It should suffice to say that the Pak 38 accounted for 40 percent of combat losses among Т-34 tanks.
As to KV-1 tanks, they could only be hit through the front plate from a distance of less than 500 m.
Replacement of the Pak 38 with the more powerful 7.
A few instances of mounting the Pak 38 on Sd.
First samples of the new antitank gun, designated 7.
The Pak 40 turned out to be the most produced gun of the Wehrmacht, as over 23,000 pieces were manufactured.
Their barrel design, recoil systems, and carriages were very much alike.
Just like its predecessor, the Pak 40 had a barrel with a two-chamber recoil compensator and a wedge semi-automatic breech-block.
The ZF telescopic sight, identical to the one mounted on Pak 38, was used to control fire.
The apron shield was different in having a shape that was easier to manufacture.
It consisted of two sections, each of them 4mm thick.
The gun fired fragmentation, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
The gun guaranteed effective engagement of most enemy armored vehicles.
A higher caliber brought to light another advantage of the Pak 40L: its fragmentation shells were much more efficient against hostile infantry than those of previous antitank guns in the Wehrmacht inventory.
However, there is a price for everything, and the Pak 40 designers had to pay it by making the gun heavier, with a weight reaching 1.
The Pak 40 was used in Marder II and Marder III self-propelled antitank artillery systems.
The gun was also mounted on the Sd.
As a result, the 8.
It was a redesigned Flak 41 air defense gun of Krupp company mounted on a lower carriage with four removable wheels.
It was primarily different in having a carriage of the 10.
The gun employed a semi-automatic horizontal breech-block, and a two-chamber recoil compensator was screwed on the barrel.
The carriage was initially designed for the howitzer, which made it possible to make the maximal vertical guidance angle quite high.
The gun was fitted with the Sfl.
Design of the apron shield was identical to that of Pak 40.
The gun fired high-explosive, armor-piercing, subcaliber and hollow charge shells.
On the one hand, the gun had advanced armor-piercing capabilities, as its subcaliber shell penetrated an armor plate 193 mm thick at a distance on one kilometer.
At the same time, the gun turned out too heavy and the crew could hardly move it.
Only a limited number of tractors mostly Sd.
In addition, the gun turned out too cumbersome.
Just like many other types of armament designed by Bofors, the gun was export-oriented.
Also a tank gun was derived from this gun in order to equip, in particular, Polish 7TP tanks.
By September 1939, the Polish army had procured about 1,200 37-mm Armata Przeciwpancerna wz.
The gun also had a high rate of fire amounting to 10-25 rpm.
The gun employed a wedge semi-automatic vertical breech-block.
In order to reduce the recoil, the barrel was equipped with a recoil compensator of original design.
Fire control was possible through a collimating sight.
It fired armor-piercing and high-explosive shells.
An armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 25 mm thick positioned at an angle of 30 degrees at a distance of 500 m.
By 1941, the gun became outdated and could only effectively combat light armored targets.
Military units got first samples of this gun in 1898, and by the beginning of World War I, Canon de Campagne Mle.
The gun is often called Puteaux Mle.
Canon タブレットでゲームをダウンロード Campagne Mle.
In the Polish army, the gun was designated 75-mm Armata wz.
In addition to the recoil system, the gun was the first to use a piston eccentric screw breech-block.
Thanks to this innovation, the gun had a rate of fire that was high enough even to World War II standards.
A high apron shield ensured protection from fragments, and had an opening for the gun sight in its left section.
The carriage had wooden wheels.
In 1933, some of the guns were upgraded: their wooden wheels were replaced with steel wheels with pneumatic tires, and the apron shield was lowered.
A collimating sight was used to control fire.
When the Canon de Campagne Mle.
Nevertheless, the gun performed well in its new role as an antitank weapon.
An armor-piercing cartridge, designed specially for this gun, was capable of penetrating a plate 90 mm thick at a distance of 100 m.
Regardless of their respectable age, the guns performed well as a means of combating enemy infantry and tanks.
Germans transformed some of the captured weapons into 7.
A year later, the Revolutionary Military Council ordered it into mass production.
All subsequent changes were primarily related to the design of the breech-block and carriage.
Unlike previous varieties, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 has a semi-automatic wedge breech-block, as well as cushioning and wheels of the GAZ-AAA vehicle.
By the middle of the war the gun had become extremely outdated, though it remained in production until 1946.
About 50,000 45-mm antitank guns model 1937 and 10,843 guns model 1942 the latter with a barrel expanded to 68.
The 76-mm F-24 gun was used as basis, but its design was considerably reworked, and the ZIS-2 prototype was submitted for field trials already in October 1940.
As many as 371 pieces were manufactured before the end of the year, but production stopped after that.
The main reason was the absence of decent targets on the battlefield.
Anti-recoil devices included a hydraulic recoil brake and a hydro-pneumatic recuperator mechanism.
For gun rotation a pushing screw mechanism was used.
The ammunition stock consisted of fragmentation and armor-piercing tracer shells, as well as canister shots for elimination of enemy infantry at distances of 100-200 m.
The weapon was developed by the Vasily Grabin design bureau and was manufactured in small numbers already in 1941, but it did not gain recognition among Soviet military leaders immediately.
Only in 1942, after excellent response from the front, the gun was put in large-scale production.
It had the following components: the carriage of the ZIS-2 gun, and the improved barrel of the F-22USV gun with good ballistic specifications, fitted with a recoil compensator for reducing the load on the carriage.
ZIS-3 had a rate of fire of 25 rpm and a range of 13 km.
Experts justifiably consider it among the best antitank weapons.
The order for 400 guns, designated 6 pdr Gun, was placed in June 1940, but due to the loss of a high number of QF 2 here Guns during the evacuation of British troops from France, the decision was made to boost the production of 2pdr Guns.
As a result, real mass production of 6 pdr Guns was launched in November 1941.
II became the first mass-produced model.
When the Allies landed in Normandy, the 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV, which was distinguished for having a barrel 16 inch longer and a recoil compensator, saw the highest production rate.
Alongside with Great Britain, the 6 pdr Gun was manufactured in Canada.
Moreover, the gun entered the service of the U.
Armed Forces under the designation of 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
Just like its predecessor, the 6 pdr Gun had a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
A shoulder piece was located to the left of thethe breech.
Fire control was provided by a telescopic sight.
The apron shield consisted of two sections, upper and lower apron.
The upper shield was attached to the barrel, while the lower apron was attached to the carriage.
The gun fired armor-piercing, armor-piercing tracer and sub-caliber shells.
High-explosive fragmentation shelld could be used, too, but this rarely happened because of their low efficiency.
Regardless of that, 6 pdr Guns were still widely employed and had several advantages over the 17 pdr Guns.
First, the 6 pdr Gun was twice as light as the 17 pdr Gun, and second, its silhouette was much lower.
A standard armor-piercing shell of a 6 pdr Gun Mk.
IV penetrated an armor plate 74 mm thick at a distance of 1,000 meters.
A subcaliber shell could penetrate armor as thick as 146 mm at マーベルヒーローズゲーム無料ダウンロード same distance.
It was manufactured with various changes since 1904.
By the mid-1930s, it had become obvious that the gun was outdated and a replacement was needed.
Development of a new-generation field gun began in 1935, and a caliber of 3.
I, entered the service of the British army in 1938.
The main difference of those guns from subsequent modifications was the employment of the carriage from the 18 pdr Field Gun.
The Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 of the 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II, based on a new carriage, began in late 1939.
This variety, as well as the later 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
III, became the most most widely produced models.
Starting from 1942, the guns were equipped with muzzle brakes made by Solothurn.
In addition to Great Britain, the 25 pdr Field Gun was manufactured in Canada.
II used a carriage largely similar to that of the 18 pdr Field Gun.
It was peculiar for a special wing platform, on which the gun was put in firing position in order to ensure a quick horizontal rotation.
The gun could fire even if it was not mounted on the platform, in this case the horizontal guidance angle amounted to eight degrees four to the left and four to the right.
In the traveling position, the gun was transported by attaching it to the limber, though it could be transported even without the limber, if necessary.
The gun was fitted with a vertical semi-automatic breech-block and a hydraulic recoil system.
Two sights, a panoramic sight and a telescopic sight, were used for aiming, the latter mostly for firing at tanks.
The 25 pdr Field Gun Mk.
II normally fired fragmentation-demolition shells.
After evacuation from France, when a high number of antitank guns were lost, an armor-piercing shell was designed for the gun.
I with carriages of 18 pdr Field Guns.
IIwere used for the first time during the battle for Norway.
The gun distinguished itself in combat operation, as can be seen from the fact that the 25 pdr Field Gun was decommissioned only in the early 1970s.
The gun was not bad in engaging tanks, too, as an armor-piercing shell penetrated a plate 70 mm thick at a distance of 400 m.
Special tractors, known as Quad Tractors, were used for ダウンロードする無料のモバイルフットボールの試合 25 pdr Field Guns.
Based on tests of three howitzers, the 105 mm Howitzer Carriage M1921E was chosen as the best one.
The howitzer was standardized and designated 105 mm Howitzer M1 in 1928, but no mass production followed.
As a result, only the modified variety, designated 105 mm Howitzer M2A1, was put into mass production in March 1940, and a total of 8,536 Howitzers М2А1 were made before the end of the war.
The howitzer employs a pneumo-hydraulic anti-recoil device.
The apron shield consists of two sections, the front shield attached to the barrel, and the rear shield attached to the carriage.
The carriage has cheeks that expand when the howitzer is set up in firing position.
Two sights were used, the М16 telescopic sight and the М12А2 panoramic sight.
The howitzer fired high-explosive shells.
Its only disadvantage was a rather high weight, which somewhat reduced its mobility.
The 105 mm Howitzer M2A1 is still in the service in some countries, though now it has a slightly different name, the 105 mm Howitzer M101.
Army in the summer of 1943.
Concerned about the poor efficiency of the French 37-mm M3A1 gun against German armor, U.
The 57-mm Antitank Gun M1 fought in all major campaigns of the U.
He replaced the rear axle of a vehicle with a tracked propulsive device, which considerably boosted its cross-country capability.
Kegresse returned to France in 1918 and offered his ideas to a few companies.
This was followed by the commissioning of the P.
As a result, the P.
The vehicle was assembled by the Laffly company under the designation of S15T, but the highest number of semi-track tractors was manufactured by the UNIC company.
Over 3,000 UNIC P.
Alongside with artillery tractors, the UNIC P.
Vehicles of this type were most often used for towing the 75-mm Canon de Campagne Mle.
The Germans derived a high number of specialized hardware units from the tractor, starting with APCs and ending with air defense self-propelled systems.
In 1935, the German army set up opinion 実質のお金のカジノのiphone share forces, too.
They were assigned the mission to deliver three fully equipped soldiers to forward positions in a very short period of time.
The motorcycles were repainted and duly equipped.
As the motorcycles were of various models and companies, and it was next to impossible to obtain spare parts for some of them, these motorcycles did not last longer than a year.
This fragility was also the result of operating conditions, as commercial motorcycles were simply not intended for riding through rough terrain in adverse climates.
This was the prototype of 1934, designed especially for driving in extreme winter weather.
It was fitted with a sidecar with a directive wheel, which added to its maneuverability.
The telescopic front fork, designed a few years earlier, improved cross-country capabilities of the motorcycle.
The frame was composite, which made it possible to easily replace damaged parts.
It distinguished itself not only in high-speed road travel, but also in crossing streams and making long forced marches on broken country roads.
Most of the manufactured vehicles had canvas covers and cabriolet bodies without doors.
The car was produced from 1935 to 1938.
The commercial modification differed from the military command car by an all-metal varnished body, chrome-plated bumpers, and doors with crank-operated windows.
There were also some modifications in the design of the windshield and windshield wipers.
The first prototypes, Kdf Typ 62, were made in 1938, and after numerous tests the design went through changes aimed at improving their cross-country capability.
Mass-production of the car, designated Kdf Typ 82 and named Kubelwagen, started in December 1939, and the first batch of vehicles was supplied to military units in the spring of 1940.
The Kubelwagen gradually became the main light army car.
A total of 52,000 vehicles were produced.
Alongside with the standard model a variety of modifications were produced: reconnaissance, repair and observation vehicles.
The Kubelwagen was also used as a medical car.
Thanks to the simple design and reliability, the car distinguished itself and was very popular in military units.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use see more Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
click here single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
They were not designed for the Wehrmacht, but due to an acute shortage of trucks, the vehicles were commissioned.
The Wehrmacht started active use of Opel Blitz 3.
A total of 82,000 vehicles were manufactured.
Alongside with the basic model side truckthe vehicle was used as a fuel truck for both military units and airfields.
In addition, a universal van could be mounted on the vehicle.
A medical truck, a communication vehicle and many other varieties were derived from it.
A total of about 140 models of this vehicle were designed during the war.
Nevertheless, the vehicle turned out quite fit for military purposes.
A single drive gear naturally limited cross-country capability of the Opel Blitz 3,6-36S, but this problem was partially solved with the appearance of the all-wheel-drive model, the Opel Blitz 3,6-6700A.
Mass production of the vehicle with the factory designation of Krauss-Maffei KM m 8 began later that year.
The tractor カジノブギーベースタブ the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The Krauss-Maffei KM m 11, put into production in 1937, became the main model.
About 5,000 vehicles were manufactured by Krauss-Maffei and the Borgward company.
It proved reliable and was popular in military units.
All these vehicles were used in the Polish army for staff, transport, medical and special purposes.
The new automobile in comparison to its predecessor had an open body that ensured quick mounting and dismounting of four men with firearms.
The body was made of steel with a basic wooden structure in the rear section.
The inner side of the body carried special equipment for military purposes, such as bags for hand grenades and cartridges, and mounts for armaments.
Some vehicles carried a 7.
The latter could tow a trailer weighing up to 350 kg and were intended for transporting a 37-mm antitank gun.
It was an improved and strengthened copy of the Italian FIAT 621, produced in the Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 works from 1935 to 1939.
The PF-621L was a 2.
In 1938 the new streamlined cab was introduced.
From among 9,500 produced before the war, the Army had 1,400 in 1939, not counting the commissioned civilian vehicles.
A small number of heavier PF-621R 3-tonne trucks on a bus chassis was also used.
PF-621s were used as general service trucks, and also as troop carriers in the 10th Motorized Cavalry Brigade 10 BKZmot and Warsaw Armored-Motorized Brigade WBP-M.
Already on April 15-27, the vehicle passed field trials, and its mass production was launched immediately.
The first mass-produced GAZ-64-416 vehicles, were delivered to front, by Moscow, in August 1941.
At the beginning of the war, the BA-64 light machine-gun vehicle was derived from the GAZ-64 chassis.
All in all, the Gorky Automobile Plant manufactured 601 GAZ-64-416 vehicles before the end of 1941.
About 5,250 GAZ-67 and GAZ-67B vehicles were made during the war, and they became the standard command vehicles of the Red Army.
It was upgraded, i.
The cross-country capability on snow and soft ground could be further improved by adding Overall chains to the rear wheels.
Moreover, the GAZ-AAA chassis was used to manufacture BA-6 medium armored vehicles, GAZ-05-193 staff buses, fuel trucks and radar stations.
During the war, the three-axle vehicles also carried SU-12 artillery systems, HMG Maxim or HMGs DShK.
As many as 37,373 vehicles of this type were made from 1934 to 1943.
The car was derived from the Ford-V8-40 vehicle, designed in 1933.
The car frame was reinforced, the number of springs was increased from two to four, spoke wheels were replaced with pressed solid wheels, and their diameter was increased.
The engine was modified and boosted from 40 to 50 hp.
Average fuel consumption amounted to 14.
The GAZ-M1 was designed as a commercial vehicle, but its cross-country capability on unpaved roads was advanced enough to derive the BA-20 armored vehicle from it.
A total of 62,888 vehicles of this type were manufactured, most of them staying in service with the Red Army until the end of the war.
Quite a lot of models were derived from the 無料の携帯電話オンライン />The snowmobile was mass-produced as transport and medical models.
An updated model was manufactured in 1940-1941.
They were used for quick communication, delivery of military cargo, reconnaissance, assault and combat missions.
When delivering assault groups, the snowmobiles not only carried servicemen with full armament, but also towed 18 to 20 skiers, using special cables.
In combat conditions, check this out towed sledges at the sides, carrying soldiers armed with a MG and a soldier assured, タブレット用のFarmville 2ゲームの無料ダウンロード were ammo.
Moreover, machine-gun fire could be delivered by soldiers sitting in the snowmobile through hatches located at the top.
This made it possible not only to make unexpected raids aimed at destroying enemy infantry, but also to quickly deliver assault groups.
The Kharkov Locomotive-Building Plant received the order to design and manufacture such a tractor in 1935.
In March 1937 one of them was demonstrated to the Soviet government and received highest approval.
About 800 vehicles were made before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, 228 of them were handed over to the artillery.
Another 170 were manufactured during wartime.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its please click for source at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to Valuable カジノラスベガスニューメキシコ something 1945.
The number of ZIS-5 trucks in the army exceeded 140,000 on the eve of the war.
The engine was started by an electric starter or manually with the help of a crank arm.
Fuel range on a highway reached 205 km.
Production of the military modification, named ZIS-5V, began in Miass and Ulyanovsk in April 1942.
The ZIS-5V featured a wooden cabin, welded G-shaped wings, a wooden cargo platform with a folding side, and wooden footboard instead of metal ones.
Some vehicles of this variety featured a steering wheel with wooden casing, instead of ebonite.
The ZIS-5V was manufactured by automobile plants in Ulyanovsk and Miass during the war, and its production at the Moscow-based ZIS plant was launched in June 1942.
About 83,000 trucks were manufactured from May 1942 to May 1945.
The concept of such a tractor was designated FAT, or Field Artillery Tractor.
The first vehicle of this type was designed by the Guy company, known as Guy Quad Ant.
This tractor was designed in 1938, an armored vehicle called Guy Mk.
I was later derived from the Guy Quad Ant.
The Guy company had limited capacity and could not fully execute orders of the British military.
As a result, a similar vehicle called Morris-Commercial C8 FAT emerged in 1940.
Its exterior was different from Guy Quad Ant only at the hull nose.
The way out of this complicated situation was found by launching the production of FATs by Canadian Military Pattern CMP.
The company used to manufacture army trucks of Chevrolet and Ford brands it is worth noting that the vehicles of the two brands were only different in emblems and radiator grill.
The CMP FAT Cab 12 was the first mass-production model, it was different from the Morris-Commercial C8 FAT and the Guy Quad Ant in the hull nose exterior.
The vehicle entered service in 1941.
Starting from 1944, CMP tractors were getting less reminiscent of their forefather, Guy Quad Ant, in their exterior, but the concept remained the same.
Production volumes of CMP FATs were so big that they soon became the most produced vehicles of this type used in the British army.
Even though FAT-family vehicles were designed to transport a 25 pdr gun, they were often used as tractors for other artillery systems.
VI tankette was not only often copied, but also the baseline for an entire family of tracked vehicles.
In 1934, after Carden-Lloyd was taken over by the arms industry giant Vickers-Armstrong, work began on the VA D50 armored vehicle, capable of transporting the Vickers Mk.
I mounted machine-gun, as well as light artillery systems.
In addition to the machine-gun, the vehicle was supposed to carry its crew.
The chassis was borrowed from the Carden-Lloyd Mk.
VI tankette, while the rest of the vehicle was brand-new.
By 1938, when the VA D50 entered Army inventory, the Vickers Mk.
I machine-gun was replaced by a more compact BREN Mk.
The name of the new machine-gun determined the official designation of the VA D50 — Bren Carrier Mk.
Another BREN was installed in the front of the vehicle, to the left of the driver.
A modified variety, named Bren Carrier Mk.
II, was issued later, easy to recognize thanks to front wings of a different shape.
A total of over 1,000 vehicles of both modifications were made.
Specialized versions, such as Scout Carriers, Cavalry Carriers and Troop Carriers, were manufactured as well.
The best known variety is the Universal Carrier.
This vehicle was manufactured in Canada and was identical to the Bren Carrier, except for the engine.
Different versions of the vehicles were also produced in the U.
About 90,000 vehicles of this family were made.
I and its descendents.
The vehicle could not carry heavy guns, it could not house a high number of passengers, and it effectively lacked protection from adverse weather a tent was envisaged, but the whole crew got soaked to the skin while they were putting it on.
Nevertheless, the vehicle served in military units with good faith and fidelity.
Armed Forces Command issued requirements for a light all-wheel-drive truck.
Such a vehicle was designed by the Dodge company, and it was not just one truck, but an entire family of T202 vehicles.
A total of 4,500 such trucks, different in body type, were made.
Each type of vehicles was marked with the VC index and a number from VC-1 to VC-6.
However, the truck did not turn out very successful, because it was an adaptation of a commercial vehicle.
Subsequent series of such trucks, T207, T211 and T215, were full-scale military vehicles.
Each series had a dozen variants, each marked with the WC index and a number T207 series — from WC-1 to WC-11, T211 series — from WC-12 to WC-20, T215 series — from WC-21 to WC-27 and from WC-40 to WC-43.
A total of 75,000 vehicles of all series were manufactured.
This family consisted of 12 types of vehicles from WC-51 to WC-61, аs well as WC-64.
The WC-51 light artillery truck was the baseline and the most produced model.
The family also included a medical variety, a van, a command vehicle and a few specialized varieties.
Over 250,000 vehicles of the T214 family, including nearly 100,000 WC-51 vehicles, were manufactured.
Armed Forces used the vehicle for transporting light AT guns, such as the 57-mm Anti-Tank Gun M1.
About 25,000 Dodge WC-51 vehicles were supplied to the USSR, where they were frequently used as tractors for antitank guns and the 76-mm ZIS-3 divisional gun.
Armed Forces Command announced a competition among projects of all-wheel drive trucks with a cargo capacity of 2.
The competition involved most of the largest U.
A batch of 2,500 GMC ACKWX trucks was manufactured in 1940, and its operation showed that the vehicle was not very good.
Serious improvements were required, and a new vehicle appeared already in 1941.
The new truck was designated GMC CCKW and was available in two varieties 352 and 353different from each other in the wheelbase.
Two variants of the cab, an open and a closed version, were also available.
For self-defense, some of the vehicles were fitted with a mount-up turret carrying a 12.
About 600,000 trucks of the CCKW family were made from 1941 to 1945.
The vehicle turned out to be success and earned a good reputation in military units.
The CCKW got a few nicknames, the most famous being Jimmy.
In addition to its inherent purpose, the GMC CCKW was also used as an artillery tractor.
In particular, such vehicles towed 105-mm M2A1 howitzers.
Armed Forces command in 1939-1940, three vehicles were chosen, namely the GMC ACKWX later transformed into GMC CCKWInternational M-5-6 and Studebaker US6.
The latter vehicle was derived from the K30 two-axle variety.
After the standardization process, the Army got the GMC CCKW, the Navy received the International M-5-6, while the Studebaker US6 was not in demand.
A very original way out of the situation was found by supplying trucks of the Studebaker company to allied countries, primarily the USSR.
Out of nearly 200,000 trucks of the US6 model, more than 150,000 were shipped to the USSR under the lend-lease program.
The Studebaker US6 family consisted of over ten varieties, the most popular being the U3 all-wheel drive, long wheelbase and the U7 long wheelbase, 6Ð¥4 drive gear.
The vehicle was among the most significant types of hardware shipped in the framework of the lend-lease program.
After the very difficult year of 1941, the Red Army badly needed trucks, while the Soviet industry could not manufacture enough of them.
The Studebaker US6 was used for various purposes, among other things, as a platform for multiple launch rocket systems BM-13N, BM-8-24, BM-8-48, etc.
The competition involved three companies: Bantam Bantam BRC40Ford Ford GPand Willys Willys MA.
Though some specifications of the Bantam BRC40 were quite advanced 2,500 of such vehicles were madethe car submitted by Willys was eventually recognized as the winner.
However, it was not the Willys MA that was manufactured in substantial batches only 1,500 pieces were madebut an improved model called Willys MB, with its exterior resembling that of the Bantam BRC40.
Production of the Willys MB was launched in late 1941, but its modification Willys MB-2 was put into production already in March next year.
This variety is easy to recognize thanks to the pressed radiator grill.
https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1409.html 360,000 such vehicles were made.
As to Ford, after manufacturing over 3,000 Ford GP vehicles, the company bought the license to make the Willys MB-2.
Such vehicles are known as Ford GPW, and about 275,000 of them were produced.
The car was capable of towing light guns for instance, the 45-mm gun model of 1937 and was suitable for reconnaissance missions.
In addition to the U.
A system designed on the basis of the Pz.
M chassis was among the developments.
The same chassis was used in the Marder III Ausf.
M tank destroyer and Bison Ausf.
Supplies of the first self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, designated Flakpanzer 38 t Gepard, began in November 1943.
The system had basically the Pz.
M chassis with a 2 cm Flak 38 anti-aircraft gun in the body back.
In the travelling position, the gun was covered by folding shields mounted on the sides of the cockpit.
A total of 141 Flakpanzer 38 t were manufactured.
The Flak 38 did not have enough capacity to effectively counter enemy planes, and installation of a more powerful armament was impeded by the small size of the cockpit.
The transporter was fitted with a special superstructure that housed a 37-mm Flak 36 gun capable of rotating a full 360 degrees.
The vehicle did not have armor, because it was designed for engaging aerial targets only.
Ammunition for the system was towed in a special one-axle trailer.
All of them entered the inventory of Luftwaffe air defense units.
Seats, except the front row, were removed, and the vacated area was filled with the 20-mm Flakvierling 38 quad anti-aircraft gun.
In the travel position, the area was guarded off by shield which unfolded in the fireing position.
The first few Sd.
Production was subsequently increased to 10 pieces a month.
Production was further increased in mid-1942, when the Click the following article />The exact number of Sd.
There are reasons to believe that Sd.
However, inability to fire on the move was among the most serious disadvantages of the Sd.
Moreover, it took a certain time to set up the vehicle in firing position.
The gun rewuired little maintenance and had a very reliable design.
Its main drawback was a difficulty to reload due to the fact that the inlet was in constant motion together with the barrel.
Since 1943 all 61-K guns were equipped with a gun shield to protect the crew of five.
VI Crusader could not perform as a front-line tank.
Some of the vehicles were transformed into tractors for 17-pdr antitank guns.
At the same tine, experiments began in order to derive a self-propelled anti-aircraft system from the tank.
The first model, designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
I, was fitted with a light armored open-top turret which hosted a 40-mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun.
The vehicle turned out quite cumbersome and not very successful.
Even though 215 vehicles of this type were made, they did not take part in combat.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II, turned out much more successful.
The vehicle had a more compact turret that housed coaxial 20-mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns.
In addition to the gunner, there were two loaders in the turret.
The first prototype of the Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
II was assembled by the Morris Motors Co.
Mass-produced Cruiser Tank エイリアンVSプレデターゲーム2019無料ダウンロード />VI Crusader III were used as the base, and only the turret were replaced.
The next tank, which saw mass-production, was the model designated Cruiser Tank Mk.
VI Crusader III AA MK.
The Т-shaped bar with the sighting mechanism was replaced with an A-shaped reticle, the armament was improved by the 7.
Over 600 Crusader AA tanks of Mk.
VI Crusader III AA family were the only type of anti-aircraft systems on a tank chassis widely used by the Allies in World War II.
Just like analogous German self-propelled anti-aircraft systems, Cruiser Tanks Mk.
VI Crusader III AA could not conduct aimed fire on the move, but in general, they were quite good vehicles.
The first experimental vehicle of this kind was the T1E1 with a Bendix aviation ring mount.
A few more experimental vehicles were designed in 1941-1942, and the T1E4 prototype was eventually developed.
The vehicle carried the Maxson M33 ring mount with a coaxial Browning M2HB machine gun.
In order to increase the firing angle, the sides and the back plate of the body had collapsible panels that opened while in firing position.
The T1E4 was commissioned in September 1942 under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage プレイボーイゲームモバイル無料ダウンロード />Production of the M13 MGMC was launched in January 1943, and a total of 1,100 vehicles were manufactured.
The T58 GMC prototype carried a Maxson M45 ring mount, on which four Browning M2HB machine-guns were mounted.
The vehicle was commissioned under the designation of Multiple Gun Motor Carriage M16, and its mass-production was launched in May 1943.
Nearly 2,900 M16 MGMC vehicles were manufactured, moreover, about 600 M13 MGMC pieces were adjusted to M16 standards.
Unlike the analogous German vehicle, the Sd.
An impressive firepower made it possible to use the system against both aerial and ground targets.
The company Rheinmetall engaged in developing the new machine gun and after trials in 1934 the machine gun entered the service in Wehrmacht units under the designation MG-34.
It could be used as mounted, hand-held, anti-aircraft and anti-tank machine gun.
The MG-34 had a high fire rate and was superior in firepower to all foreign machine guns existing in 1930s and early 1940s.
Combat action revealed flaws in its design.
The MG-34 used complicated production technology and required a lot of resources.
Combat proved that the MG-34 fails to operate in extreme environment conditions as the machine gun turned out to https://promocode-bonus.site/1/825.html very sensitive to hot and cold temperatures as well as to jamming.
Replacing the barrel was too complicated and required a two-man team and use of asbestos gloves as protection against heat, a serious flaw in a combat environment.
These serious drawbacks pointed to the need for development of an absolutely new design.
And so the MG-42, a more reliable and easy to manufacture machine gun came out in 1942.
The MG-34 machine gun was in production until the end of World War II.
From 1934 to 1945 some 457,988 units of this machine gun were manufactured.
Despite its advantages it also had some serious flaws, and hence in 1939 the development of a new machine gun beganas a replacement to the MG-34.
The company Grossfuss engaged in design and production, and also the factories Mauser-Werke and Gustloff-Werke began to manufacture the MG-42 machine gun.
Already in 1942 this machine gun was adopted throughout the entire Wehrmacht.
The machine gun did not need such meticulous care as the MG-34, Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 simple and easy to handle, fast to prepare for action, easy to assemble and dismantle.
This was essential for the combat environment.
However, the MG-42 lacked the universality of the MG-34.
As this variant had no magazine feed, the belt could be fed from left to right only, not from both sides.
Its excessive weight and a very high rate of fire for a hand-held machine gun caused quick overheating of the barrel and hence case-extraction failures happened quite often.
Due to a high firing rate the MG-42 required a frequent change of barrels.
A solution developed by the engineers of Grossfuss enabled one person to replace the barrel in 6-10 seconds making possible an almost non-stop barrage of fire.
Afer intensive fire the barrel was supposed to be replaced after 250-300 shots.
About 350,000 machine guns of that type were produced in 1943-1944, and even after the war and to this day the design has been copied numerous times by various nations.
Kolesnikov contributed to the flexibility of its use.
Typically, fire on ground targets was delivered from the wheeled trolley, keeping the tripod folded.
As an anti-aircraft weapon the machine gun was used on a tripod mount after removing the trolley.
Shifting the machine from one position into the other normally took a few minutes.
In the pre-war years only about 2,000 DShK machine guns were manufactured.
By January 1, 1942 just 720 units were used in the Red Army and it was not until January 1944 that their number reached 8,440 units.
In February 1945 a first batch including 250 units of the modernized DShKM version with a new feed system and an improved barrel fixation was introduced.
But it was not until atfer the war that this machine gun saw really wide application.
Maxim invented this machine gun.
The Russian Army and subsequently the Soviet Red Army used the Maxim M1910 machine gun, adapted by Russian gun-makers P.
Pastukhov from the city of Tula.
They made up to 200 changes to the design of the machine gun to improve its performance.
The only downside was its very heavy weight: up to 62-66 kg in combat position.
That weight was not acceptable for the high maneuverability of World War II battles and hence Soviet gun-makers began to develop a new type of heavy machine-gun.
In 1943 the Goryunov-type heavy machine gun was adopted to the arsenal of the Red Army, but still the M1910 were used up to the very end of war.
Often one or two machine guns were rolled forward at a time without even stopping fire.
The machine gun typically required a six to eight man team to operate: one to fire, one to feed and the rest to help carry the gun itself, its ammunition and removable parts.
Its only difference was the reduced weight.
After 1916 the Vickers machine gun became a standard weapon on all British and French military aircraft.
The aircraft variant was fitted with a special form of synchronizer gear to allow it to fire through aircraft propellers and a special air-cooling system.
Browning at the end of World War 1.
Basically, this machine gun was a larger copy of the М1917 Browning-type model with a water-cooling system of the barrel.
The machine gun was accepted for service in the US Army under the designation Model 1921 in the year 1921.
After a conversion in 1932 which first of all included replacing the water-cooling by an air-cooling system, it was designated as М2.
It was a dual-rate weapon with automatic and single-shot modes and a belt-feed.
The barrel was coupled to the bolt with a special lever that also served as a recoil booster.
The М2 was fitted with a barrel and bolt buffer system to ensure smooth operation.
Combat vehicles derived from Pz.
III tanks were manufactured in small series in 1940-1942.
The last of these vehicles, the SturmInfanterieGeschutz 33B or StuIG 33B, was the foretype of a mass-produced self-propelled artillery vehicle derived from the Pz.
This system was better known as Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar, and also had the designation of Sd.
The vehicles manufactured later on received a different driver cockpit and a 7.
A total of 306 systems of this type were manufactured.
It had good armor and can 賃貸料のための新しいポートリッチーフロリダのカジノ opinion armament and was suitable for fighting enemy infantry and fortifications as well as tanks.
It was capable of piercing armored plate as thick as 160 mm with a hollow charge shell, which made Brummbar a dangerous adversary for all types of enemy tanks.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had 45 vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
It is derived from the Tiger tank, designed by the Porsche company.
Judging by military memoirs, several thousand Ferdinand self-propelled artillery vehicles were destroyed on the Eastern Front alone.
Meanwhile, the Alkett company manufactured only 90 vehicles of this type in 1943.
The chassis is borrowed from the VK4501 P experimental tank.
The fully armored cockpit was located in the back of the vehicle.
The front section of the vehicle housed the driver and the radio operator, and the power plant was positioned behind them.
In late 1943, a bow gun was mounted on the front section of 48 Ferdinand vehicles.
A command tower appeared on top of the cockpit.
The Ferdinands were baptized by fire in the Battle of Kursk as part of the 653rd and 654th tank destroyer battalions.
Each had very ゲーム無料ダウンロードフルバージョン隠しオブジェクト situation vehicles.
The battalions destroyed a total of 556 Soviet tanks from July to November 1943.
In winter 1945, Elefants took part in the German counterattack in the Ardennes.
As many as 28 combat vehicles of this type were still in the inventory in late March.
Their main mission was to provide mobile artillery support to other units.
The first prototype on the Panzer III chassis, armed with the 105-mm leFH17 Howitzer, emerged in early 1942.
It was never commissioned, because the decision was made to switch over to the Panzer IV chassis.
The Hummel was supposed to be a temporary model while the chassis was being developed.
Their production lasted until 1944, and 666 such vehicles were made.
The howitzer crew was housed in an open-top superstructure and covered from all sides by bolted armored plates.
The crew was protected from adverse weather by a canvas top.
The design of the Hummel did not provide visit web page installation of a machine-gun, and that is why the crew kept an MG 34 or MG42 machine-gun 石油オンラインゲーム />In summer 1943, the first 100 Hummel self-propelled howitzers took part in Operation Zitadelle.
The Hummel was used on all fronts to support German tank divisions.
V Panther chassis began in August 1942, when the experimental tank was still taking tests.
The assault tank was supposed to get an 88-mm gun and defensive armament consisting of a 7.
As the project was reviewed several times, full-scale development of the system began only in May 1943, and final specification of カジノブダペストコルヴィン armament was approved only in October.
Also that month, the mock-up of the assault gun, which eventually turned into a tank destroyer, was demonstrated to Hitler, and the second prototype was shown in December.
The tank destroyer is better known as Jagdpanzer V Jagdpanther, or simply Jagdpanther.
During the mass-production period, which began in January 1944, the Jagdpanther was upgraded nearly every month.
The manufactured systems can be divided into three main series.
Systems of the third series, launched into production in late 1944, carry a different muzzle break and an engine plate from Pz.
G tanks of later series with an additional fan.
About 400 Jagdpanthers were made.
B Tiger II heavy tank, the Jagdpanther surpassed them in more info />Moreover, unlike comparable Soviet self-propelled artillery systems, this system had comfortable operational conditions for the crew, which added to its efficiency.
Kpfw 38 t tank.
The new vehicle was supposed to be fully armored, have a low silhuette, and carry a gun capable of fighting enemy tanks at distances no less than 800 m.
Boehmisch-Mahrish-Maschinenfabrik came up with technical requirements for the tank destroyer already on December 17, 1943.
The first wooden make-up had been built already by January 24, 1944, and three prototypes were built in March and April of the same year.
They were shown to Hitler at the Ares proving range in East Prussia and received his approval.
The new tank destroyer entered the inventory under the designation of Sd.
The gun was manufactured by Rheinmetall-Borsig and Seitz Werke enterprises in Germany as well.
The production was fully fine-tuned in mid-1944, and about 1,570 vehicles were manufactured until the end of the war.
Thanks to steep armor angles and a low silhuette, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an excellent antitank system capable of ambushing the enemy and changing position quickly.
The Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer was an ideal close combat weapon.
G in the future.
The wooden mock-up was ready in May 1943, and Vomag manufactured the first prototype in October.
The weapon that was being developed as an assault gun in fact turned out a tank destroyer dramatically different from previous German vehicles of this type.
Derived from the Pz.
F tank, the vehicle has a very low silhuette, which provided a strong advantage in combat.
Vehicles of Series Zero were distinguished by rounded corners of the cockpit nose.
The vehicle got the official designation of Sturmgeschuetz neuer Art mit 7.
It also had the index of Sd.
A total of 769 Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F units were manufactured, after which they were completely replaced by Panzer IV70 V self-propelled artillery vehicles.
The vehicles underwent some changes during the production period, in particular, vehicles of later series did not have recoil compensators, which crews often removed anyway in order to reduce signature while firing.
F was a low silhuette in combination with a powerful gun.
The front armor plane as thick as 60 mm was not a sufficient protection against enemy tank fire, but this was compensated by the low signature of the vehicle.
In general, Vomag designers created a good tank destroyer.
However, a lighter and more maneuverable self-propelled artillery vehicle, the Jagdpanzer 38 t Hetzer, which had the same gun, was put into mass production already in spring.
The same gun was installed in Pz.
Right after the beginning of the mass-production of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F, work on equipping it with a new gun started anew and was completed in April 1944.
The resulting vehicle was a redesigned model of the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F with a reinforced running gear and front armor plate thickness increased to 80 mm.
The vehicles were manufactured in three series, each featuring minor changes.
On the other hand, problems with unequal distribution of load on suspension wheels, from which the Jagdpanzer IV Ausf.
F suffered, got even worse for the new vehicle.
The wooden mock-up of the huge vehicle was demonstrated already on October 20 https://promocode-bonus.site/1/1879.html year, and the prototype was article source in April 1944.
The production was slowed down a bit as the running gear designed by the Porsche company did not turn out a success, and a new running gear with lateral torsion bars was developed.
The initial plan was to manufacture 150 vehicles, but the Niebelungen company only made 70 Jagdtigers, of which only 48 remained among the ranks at the end of the war.
It was baptized by fire near the river Rhein in March 1945.
Jagdtigers managed to hit U.
The latter was a specialized chassis bringing together components of the Pz.
The vehicle was designed by the Deutsche Eisenwerke company.
As many as 494 vehicles were made in 1943-1945.
IV tank, and the engine and transmission from the Pz.
The HL 120 TRM engine was positioned behind the transmission and formed a single block together with it.
The spacious combat cockpit with an 88-mm antitank gun was positioned in the rear of the body and opened on top and partially in the back.
The machine-gun was not mounted permanently and was intended for self-defense.
These vehicles were in the inventory of the High Command reserve antitank battalions and took part in combat operations until the end of the war.
As of April 10, 1945, the Wehrmacht possessed 62 systems of this type on the Eastern Front and 23 systems on the Western front.
A new tank destroyer with a more powerful gun was needed.
Development of tank destroyers on the basis of Pz.
click at this page tanks began in early 1942, which resulted in the creation of the Marder family of self-propelled gun systems.
Another workstream was the installation of 75-mm StuK.
This resulted in the development of the StuG.
F, the first self-propelled gun system of the StuG family, capable of countering enemy tanks.
As many as 366 guns of this type were manufactured from March to September 1942.
The next to follow was the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, began in December 1942.
As compared to previous varieties, the cockpit, especially its rear section, was redesigned substantially.
The hatch on the left side was replaced with a command turret analogous to the one installed in the Pz.
Side armor plates in the cockpit became ramped, and armored containers were removed.
G was not only the most produced self-propelled artillery vehicle of the StuG.
III family, but the most produced type of German armor in general.
A total of 8,172 self-propelled guns of this type were manufactured.
The StuG 40 Ausf.
G was modified several times during the production period, in particular, starting from November 1943, the vehicles were equipped with a molten gun mantlet reminiscent of a boar snout.
Some of the vehicles were fitted with side skirts for decreasing the hollow-charge shell effects starting from spring 1943.
Unlike tank destroyers of the Marder family, StuG 40 Ausf.
G systems offered relatively good protection.
It is worth mentioning that the installation of a longer and heavier gun increased the load on the front suspension wheels, which affected their longevity somewhat.
The Daimler-Benz design, derived from the Zugfuhrerwagen tank, designed by the same company and better known as Pz.
III, suited the requirements best.
The initial plan was to design a combat vehicle with an open top cockpit, but in the end the assault vehicle became fully roofed.
The prototype batch of assault vehicles was made in 1937, and the Pz.
B chassis was used as the basis.
The vehicle was designated Gepanzerte Selbstfahrlafette fur Sturmgeschutz 7.
A, but later the name was reduced to Sturmgeschutz III Ausf.
A, or StuG III Ausf.
Vehicles of this type were employed during the French campaign of May-June 1940.
The StuG III Ausf.
B was the next modification, produced in much higher numbers, as 320 units of this vehicle were manufactured.
H tank chassis was used as the basis.
In addition to the basis, other differences to the StuG III Ausf.
A included a new crew compartment.
During the production period, the design of the StuG.
B underwent several changes, as vehicles of later series received tracks as wide as 400 mm for example.
C was put into mass production in April 1941.
As compared to the previous model, the cockpit was redesigned, mainly by moving the sight moved from the front to the top.
Ramped plates on cockpit sides were also changed, and the running gear think, ノーデポジ​​ットボーナスポーカー英国 congratulate new track adjusting wheels.
A total of 50 StuG III Ausf.
C units and 150 StuG III Ausf.
D units, which had practically no differences from the previous modification, were manufactured.
The point of producing the StuG III therefore was questioned, but the campaign of 1939 vividly demonstrated that infantry units needed a fire support vehicle.
In addition, the StuG III was cheaper to make than the Pz.
In general, the vehicles of the StuG III family turned out to be the most successful and most produced self-propelled artillery systems at the beginning of World War II.
Allied aviation destroyed a plant of the Alkett company in November 1943.
The plant had produced StuG 40 Ausf.
G tank destroyers, and its destruction put continuing supply of self-propelled gun systems of that type at a risk.
A solution to the problem was suggested by the Krupp company, which came up with a design designated Krupp No W 1468.
The design envisioned mounting the cockpit of the StuG 40 Ausf.
The vehicle was put into production in December 1943 under the designation of Sturmgeschutz IV with an index of Sd.
As compared to StuG 40 Ausf.
G, the position of the driver changed a bit.
He received a separate cockpit with a top boarding hatch.
A total of 1,139 StuG IPad用の無料ゲーム units were manufactured.
The vehicles of later series were different in using the Pz.
J tank as the chassis, and their running gear and exhaust system were a bit different, too.
As compared to the StuG 40 Ausf.
G, travelling comfort was somewhat poorer, but on the other hand, the ammunition storage space increased.
In the end, the StuG IV was quite suitable for the tank destroyer role.
II family were withdrawn from front line tank units.
Development of a self-propelled gun system based on the Pz.
II chassis began nearly simultaneously.
Among such developments was a design equipped with the 105-mm le.
F chassis, given the designation of Geschutzwagen II, was used as the basis.
As compared to the original tank, the engine was moved from the rear section to the front section and positioned on the right side of the driver.
An open crew compartment was established in the rear for housing the gun and its crew.
The system was designated 10.
A total of 676 Wespes were made.
The vehicles made during the final production stage were distinguished for having a chassis 220 mm longer.
The Munitions Sf auf Fgst Pz.
II ammo transporter was derived from the Geschutzwagen II, too.
Unlike the Wespe, it had no gun.
The system distinguished itself performing these functions very well.
The system was primarily intended for fighting enemy concrete pillboxes.
The original plan was to equip the system designated KV-14 internal designation U-18 with a 107-mm gun, but the choice was eventually made in favor of the 152-mm ML-20 gun-howitzer.
The final variant of the project was basically the KV-1S tank, in which the turret was replaced with an immovable cockpit.
The nose of the cockpit housed the 152-mm ML-20S gun.
The first prototype of the system was ready in late January 1943, when the system was already designated SU-152.
Mass production was launched in February, and about 700 such systems were made before autumn 1943.
At that time the work was in full swing on a self-propelled gun that would be analogous to the SU-152, but based on the IS-85.
The first prototype, designated Object 241, was submitted for tests in late November.
Thanks to an increase in cockpit height, operational conditions カジノゲームレンタルトロント the crew inside improved a bit, and the ventilation system was enhanced.
As soon as click at this page tests were completed, the system was put into mass-production under the designation of ISU-152.
Its production lasted until 1947, and a total of over 3,000 vehicles were manufactured.
But the KV-14 project was effectively a replacement for the KV-2 tank, which was no longer produced after 1941.
The fact that the beginning of SU-152 production coincided with tests of Pz.
H1 Tiger tanks is probably a mere coincidence.
The advanced antitank performance of the ML-20 gun-howitzer was achieved through a high shell mass.
Hits of 152-mm shells fired from the ML-20S gun were fatal for German tanks in most cases.
According to statistics, a semi-armor-piercing howitzer shell penetrated a plate as thick as 82mm at a distance of one kilometer.
One should take into account, however, that the shell weighed 48 kg, and its hit often made welded joints fall apart.
Moreover, the quality of German armor started to decline in the summer that year.
The vehicle was supposed to be armed with the 100-mm B-34 universal shipborne gun.
Calculations showed that the gun was poorly suitable for mounting on a self-propelled gun check this out, and a different gun with similar specifications was required.
D-10S, derived from B-34 in February 1944, was such a gun.
The first system prototype, fitted with D-10S, was ready in March, and a second in the summer.
Another prototype, fitted with the 100-mm S-34 gun, was ready in the summer, too.
Tests showed that the system with D-10S surpassed the one with S-34, and the tank destroyer was put into production under the designation of SU-100 in November 1944.
Over 1,500 SU-100 units were manufactured.
Thanks to the new gun, the SU-100 was capable of engaging most German tanks at a distance of two kilometers.
At the same time, reinforcement of the front armor and installation of a heavier gun resulted in a heavier load on the front suspension wheels.
Just as with the SU-122 and SU-85, there were no machine-guns, which reduced the ability to fight off enemy infantry assault.
The project, codenamed U-34, had as its goal to developing a self-propelled system armed with a 76-mm tank gun and a 7.
In a sense, the U-34 was a response to the German StuG.
In autumn that year, the U-34 project was revised, and a new development called U-35 emerged on its basis.
In December 1942, the U-35 prototype passed tests, and mass-production of the system designated US-122 began later that month.
As compared to the prototype, the mass-produced vehicle had a different front armor plate, and changes were made to the combat section design.
A total of 1,148 SU-122 units were manufactured.
The system fired hollow-charge shells burning through armor as thick as 200 mm.
At the same time, just like the SU-152, the SU-122 was primarily self-propelled artillery vehicle used for supporting tanks, and the Sturmpanzer IV Brummbar can be called its German counterpart.
One such system, the SU-5-2, derived from the T-26 light tank, was used in battles with Japanese forces on Lake Hasan in 1938.
The first system produced in decent numbers was the SU-30, derived from the A-20 Komsomolets artillery tractor in 1941.
Several experimental systems were designed in 1942, but they failed to comply with certain requirements.
Finally the SU-12 system designed on the basis of the extended T-70 tank chassis was submitted for tests in November 1942.
The closed crew compartment was located in the rear, and a couple of GAZ-202 engines were used as the power plant.
Mass production of the SU-12 system, renamed SU-76, began in January 1943.
Soon it became clear that they were not very reliable.
Production of the SU-76 was suspended in March, and upgraded systems designated SU-76M were put into production in May.
The vehicle was powered by Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 couple of GAZ-203 engines, and the crew compartment was enlarged a bit.
After additional improvements the vehicle was renamed SU-15M.
The top and parts of the rear wall of the crew compartment were removed, as the built-in ventilation system often failed the top of the SU-76M was frequently removed for the same reason.
The SU-15M was put into mass production under the designation of SU-76.
Over 11,000 SU-76 systems were manufactured from October 1943 to 1945, and the vehicle became the most popular Soviet self-propelled gun.
The SU-76 was frequently used as a tank destroyer, but it should be remembered that the ZIS-3 gun was not primarily an antitank weapon, and its armor-piercing capability was not very advanced.
H1 Tiger heavy tanks were seized in January 1943.
The 85-mm 52-K anti-aircraft gun and the 122-mm A-19 gun-howitzer turned out more suitable for engaging the Tiger.
At about the same time, development of a few types of 85-mm tank guns, including D-5T, began.
The first samples of this weapon were ready in June that year.
The first two prototypes were armed with the 85-mm S-18 gun, while the third one, designated SU-85-II, emerged a bit later and was armed with the 85-mm D-5S gun, a modification of D-5T developed for installation into self-propelled gun systems.
Tests showed that the SU-85-II had advantages over the systems armed with the S-18 gun, and the vehicle was put into mass-production under the designation of SU-85 in August 1943.
A total of 2,050 SU-85 units were made.
G self-propelled gun system.
Armor-piercing capabilities of D-5S were very good for mid-1943, as its shell penetrated an armor plate 100 mm thick at a distance of one kilometer.
This was enough to ensure engagement of such tanks as Pz.
V Panther and Pz.
The Vickers company was apologise, プレイボーイゲーム無料 you for the development.
The self-propelled gun carried a 17-pdr antitank gun with a barrel length of 58 calibers, capable of engaging nearly all types of German tanks.
Unlike the M10 and Achilles self-propelled guns, which were organic to armor divisions and brigades, Archer systems were in the inventory of infantry divisions and army tank brigades.
This allowed the Archer system to combat German tanks successfully.
Army entered World War II with the M3 Gun Motor Carriage tank destroyer derived from the M2 halftrack tractor.
First engagements in the Pacific Ocean showed that a different vehicle with better protection and a tank chassis was required.
Another self-propelled gun, the T35 Gun Motor Carriage, was designed a bit later with an open top turret, and this web page M4A2 Medium Tank as the chassis.
A redesigned model of this system, designated T35E1, had a different hull with characteristicly angled sides.
In September 1942, a redesigned model of the T35E1 was put into mass-production under the designation of 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10.
The mass-produced vehicle had a different turret than that of the T35E1.
The shape of the turret was changed several times during the production period, and the vehicles made during the medium and final production stages had stowage boxes attached to the back go here the turret.
In addition to click to see more M10, a model called 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10A1 was available.
It had a different chassis, namely the lower part of the M4A3 tank chassis.
As many as 4,993 units of the 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 were manufactured until December 1943.
The vehicle was designated Wolverine in the British army.
Unlike Soviet and German tank destroyers that had no turret at all, U.
On the other hand, the M10 had relatively weak armor protection, and hand grenades were often thrown into the open turret.
The 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 carried relatively powerful armament, as an armor-piercing shell of the 76-mm M7 gun was capable of penetrating an 88-mm plate at a distance of one kilometer.
This allowed the vehicle to combat the Pz.
V Panther, but against the Pz.
VI more powerful weapons were required.
Tests showed that the gun would fit the turret, but additional counterbalances were required to balance the long barrel.
Taking all pros and cons into account, the designers started developing a tank destroyer with a reworked turret.
The summer saw the production of two prototypes, different in chassis: the first vehicle was derived from the M10, and the second from the M10A1.
The prototypes received the designations of T71E1 and T71 respectively.
The 90-mm M3 gun was used as the main weapon, and a 12.
Just like with the M10, there was no coaxial machine-gun or bow-gun.
The reworked turret featured a counterbalance for the gun.
Mass-production of the T71E1 began in April 1943, and the tank destroyer was standardized and designated 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage M36 in July that year.
The vehicle is also known as Jackson or Slugger.
A total of 1,413 tank destroyers of that type were manufactured.
A subcaliber shell fired from the 90-mm M3 gun was capable of piercing an armor plate as thick as 189 mm from a distance of one kilometer, enough to ensure the destruction of any German tank.
The only type of German armor immune to the M36 was the Jagdtiger tank destroyer.
Just like other U.
The latter factor considerably reduced its efficiency in fighting against enemy infantry.
The tank entered service in March 1934 В1.
Since 1935 five companies, - Renault, FCM, Schneider, FAMH and АРХ, - were producing these tanks.
When production ended on June 15, 1940 about 403 such tanks had been manufactured.
About 1,000 units were manufactured from 1935 to 1940.
The 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments forming part of the 3rd Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with the same number of the Н39 tanks, and 60 H35 units served in the 11th Dragoon Regiment.
Four of the five Light Cavalry Divisions in the Armored Cavalry Reconnaissance Regiment had 12 H35 tanks each at their disposal and the fifth can 最高のカジノゲームオンライン all 12 H39 tanks.
The 342nd and the 351st tank companies equipped with H35 and Н39 tanks saw combat action in Norway 1940.
Under the designation PzKpfw 38H 735 f the tank was used in the Wehrmacht and the SS.
Some 200 units were manufactured before 1940.
The tank had a riveted hull and turret with sloped armor.
They were used in the 1st and the 4the Dragoon Regiments of the 1st and the 2nd Mechanized Cavalry Divisions, 69 machines in each.
The 7th the 1st DIM and the 6th the 3rd DIM Tank Reconnaissance Groups were equipped with four AMR 35 tanks, versions ZT2 and ZT3, each.
After France was defeated most tanks of that type were captured by German troops and used by the Wehrmacht as transports for 80 mm mortars.
It appears to be the first tank in the world with a fully rotating turret.
The tank was produced since 1917 by Renault, Berliet, Schneider and Delauney-Belleville.
In total some 7,820 units were manufactured.
Also, three dedicated FT-18 companies the 343rdthe 344ththe 350th Cie.
A were formed having about 10 tanks each.
The rest of the tanks of this type were stored in depots.
Also, these vehicles fought in France against German troops.
However, after the French Campaign was finished, the FT tanks captured by the Germans were used in police units and for guarding airfields, and served under the designation PzKpfw 18R 730 f.
This tank was in serial production from 1935 to 1940.
During this period Renault delivered about 1,070 tanks to the French Army and exported some other 560 units.
Later on, a conversion, the R39 with a long-barrel 37 mm SA38 gun was developed.
Then a model followed with a new suspension system by AMX and a similar gun to that of the R39.
The tank was designated R40.
In May 1940 a total of 945 units were deployed in Europe, of which 810 served in dedicated tank battalions and 135 were allocated Age of war 2ブロック解除ゲーム77 the 4th Tank Division of the Reserve DCR.
The 68th Tank Battalion was deployed in Syria, the 63rd and 62nd Battalions served in Tunisia and Algeria respectively.
R35 were also in service in Poland, Yugoslavia, Romania and Turkey.
Germans used most of the tanks for training purposes and some of them, after removing the turret, were rebuilt into トロイの木馬ゲーム tractors for 150 mm howitzers and 210 mm mortars.
About 500 tanks were manufactured between 1935 and 1940.
The Mechanized Cavalry Regiments of three Mechanized Light Divisions were equipped with these tanks.
The S35 served in the 4th Cuirassier, the 18th Dragoon, the 13th and the 29th Dragoon, the 1st and the 2nd Cuirassier Regiments.
In Tunisia the 6th Light Cavalry Division counted 50 S35 tanks.
Later these tanks were used on the Eastern front in the 211th Tank Battalion and in Crimea in the 204th Tank Regiment.
In Normandy, the 100th Tank Reserve Battalion and the 206th Tank Battalion were partly reequipped with tanks of this type and fought against the Allies.
In 1941, Germans converted about 60 tanks into artillery tractors.
The turret was replaced with a superstructure which could hold two crew members a commander and a radio operator and two radio stations.
Six such vehicles were produced in late 1935.
Apart from the new chassis the tank designated Kleiner Panzerbefehlswagen I B differed in its standard armament one MG-34 7.